The Human Truth Foundation

Cyprus (Republic of Cyprus)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Cyprus

Cyprus
Republic of Cyprus
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index48th best
CapitalNicosia
Land Area1 9 240 km2
LocationAsia, Europe, Mediterranean, Middle East
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population21.129 million
Life Expectancy379.763yrs (2012)
GNI3$23 825
ISO3166-1 Codes4CY, CYP, 196
Internet Domain5.cy
Currency6Pound (CYP)
Telephone7+357

1. Overview

#cyprus #greece #turkey #UK

A former British colony, Cyprus became independent in 1960 following years of resistance to British rule. Tensions between the Greek Cypriot majority and Turkish Cypriot minority came to a head in December 1963, when violence broke out in the capital of Nicosia. Despite the deployment of UN peacekeepers in 1964, sporadic intercommunal violence continued forcing most Turkish Cypriots into enclaves throughout the island. In 1974, a Greek Government-sponsored attempt to seize control of Cyprus was met by military intervention from Turkey, which soon controlled more than a third of the island. In 1983, the Turkish Cypriot-occupied area declared itself the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" ("TRNC"), but it is recognized only by Turkey. The election of a new Cypriot president in 2008 served as the impetus for the UN to encourage both the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities to reopen unification negotiations. In September 2008, the leaders of the two communities began discussions under UN auspices aimed at reuniting the divided island. The talks are ongoing. The entire island entered the EU on 1 May 2004, although the EU acquis - the body of common rights and obligations - applies only to the areas under the internationally recognized government, and is suspended in the areas administered by Turkish Cypriots. However, individual Turkish Cypriots able to document their eligibility for Republic of Cyprus citizenship legally enjoy the same rights accorded to other citizens of European Union states.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Cyprus National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
28Czech Rep.87.383.9
29Greece86.078.7
30Brunei85.579.7
31Cyprus84.879.5
32Malta84.777.1
33Andorra84.683.8
34Estonia84.677.5
35Slovakia84.078.6
36Qatar83.476.4
37Hungary83.174.9
38Barbados82.579.1
39Poland82.179.0
40Chile81.972.0
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.9
2Iceland88.7
3Denmark88.3
...
45Hungary67.7
46Poland67.5
47St Lucia67.3
48Cyprus67.1
49Jamaica66.8
50Brunei66.4
51Dominica65.7
52Croatia65.5
53Chile65.4
54Argentina65.0
55Mauritius64.9
56Albania64.6
57Grenada64.6
58Suriname63.9
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
28Nauru80
29Liechtenstein79.8
30Malta79.8
31Cyprus79.8
32Portugal79.7
33Slovenia79.5
34Costa Rica79.4
35Cuba79.3
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
87Belarus1.5
88Slovenia1.5
89Italy1.5
90Cyprus1.5
91Moldova1.5
92Cuba1.4
93India2.6
94Germany1.4
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
153Mauritius1.314m647
154Swaziland1.22m71
155Timor-Leste (E. Timor)1.187m80
156Cyprus1.129m122
157Djibouti922 70840
158Fiji875 82248
159Comoros773 344416
Data Source

Cyprus's population is predicted to rise to 1.301 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.46.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
123Tunisia1959
124Tanzania1959
125Tonga1960
126Cyprus1960
127Gambia1960
128El Salvador1961
129Paraguay1961
130Sierra Leone1961
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
19Ireland0.12
20Czech Rep.0.12
21Japan0.13
22Cyprus0.13
23Greece0.14
24Poland0.14
25Israel0.14
26Luxembourg0.15
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Cyprus is on the way towards ending gender inequality.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
40Mexico73%
41Armenia73%
42Poland75%
43Cyprus75%
44Macedonia76%
45Bosnia & Herzegovina77%
46Venezuela79%
47Costa Rica79%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian73.2%
Muslim25.3%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.2%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated1.2%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 99% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 75% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, other (includes Maronite and Armenian Apostolic) 4%10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
43Malaysia56.30
44Bahrain54.99
45Italy53.74
46Cyprus53.02
47Bosnia & Herzegovina52.00
48Montenegro51.96
49Macedonia51.91
50Portugal51.28
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
31Uzbekistan29
32Libya29
33Puerto Rico29
34Cyprus31
35Iran32
36Sweden33
37Turkmenistan33.75
38Philippines34.75
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom12
CountryRank12
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
30Romania30
31France31
32Japan32
33Cyprus33
34Mauritius34
35Korea, S.35
36Spain36
37Hungary37
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
70Cuba1.95
71Ukraine1.95
72Tunisia1.96
73Cyprus1.96
74Gambia1.96
75Gabon1.97
76Paraguay1.97
77Greece1.98
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
35New Zealand20
36Albania20
37Korea, S.20
38Cyprus20
39Portugal20
40Panama20
41Macedonia20
42Romania20
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
21Belgium99.1
22Poland99.1
23Slovakia99.1
24Cyprus99.1
25Cape Verde99.1
26Australia99.1
27Uruguay99.1
28Portugal99.1
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2913
2Israel4.1113
3Japan3.5813
...
58Mexico0.5413
59UAE0.4914
60Uganda0.4815
61Cyprus0.4816
62Qatar0.4717
63Cuba0.4716
64Costa Rica0.4714
65Macedonia0.4416
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
32New Zealand$24 358
33Oman$24 092
34Slovenia$23 999
35Cyprus$23 825
36Saudi Arabia$22 616
37Seychelles$22 615
38Czech Rep.$22 067
39Trinidad & Tobago$21 941
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
25Mexico6.8
26Brazil6.8
27Germany6.7
28Cyprus6.7
29Thailand6.7
30Saudi Arabia6.7
31Trinidad & Tobago6.7
32El Salvador6.7
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
92Nicaragua57.1
93Korea, S.57.0
94Gabon56.4
95Cyprus56.3
96Jordan56.1
97Bosnia & Herzegovina55.9
98Saudi Arabia55.3
99Eritrea54.6
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
68Costa Rica25
69Moldova25
70Georgia25
71Cyprus25
72Guernsey25
73Bolivia25
74Bosnia & Herzegovina25
75Venezuela25
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/cyprus.html
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 28.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cy.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  12. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  13. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2010.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  17. World Bank data for year 2012.^

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