The Human Truth Foundation

Austria (Republic of Austria)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#austria

Austria
Republic of Austria
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index8th best
CapitalVienna
Land Area 82 409km21
LocationEurope
Population8.9m2
Life Expectancy81.58yrs (2017)3
GNI$43 609 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesAT, AUT, 405
Internet Domain.at6
CurrencyEuro (EUR)7
Telephone+438

1. Overview

#germany

Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies in 1945, Austria's status remained unclear for a decade. A State Treaty signed in 1955 ended the occupation, recognized Austria's independence, and forbade unification with Germany. A constitutional law that same year declared the country's "perpetual neutrality" as a condition for Soviet military withdrawal. The Soviet Union's collapse in 1991 and Austria's entry into the European Union in 1995 have altered the meaning of this neutrality. A prosperous, democratic country, Austria entered the EU Economic and Monetary Union in 1999.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverAustria is a contrast of spectacular natural landscapes and elegant urban sleeves. One day you´re plunging into an alpine lake, the next you´re exploring a narrow backstreet of Vienna. [...] This is where the Habsburgs built their 600-year empire, and where past glories still shine in the resplendent baroque palaces and chandelier-lit coffee houses of Vienna, Innsbruck and Salzburg. [... W]hatever it does - mountains, classical music, new media, castles, cake, you name it - Austria does it exceedingly well. Beyond its grandiose cities, Austria´s allure lies outdoors. And whether you´re schussing down the legendary slopes of Kitzbühel, climbing high in the Alps of Tyrol or pedalling along the banks of the sprightly Danube (Donau), you´ll find the kind of inspiring landscapes that no well-orchestrated symphony, camera lens or singing nun could ever quite do justice.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Austria National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
21France21
22Belgium22
23Finland23
24Austria24
25Slovenia25
26Italy26
27Spain27
28Czechia28
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
17Germany$45 000
18Denmark$44 519
19Ireland$43 798
20Austria$43 609
21Australia$42 822
22Canada$42 582
23Belgium$41 243
24Finland$38 868
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
4Finland32.0
5Sweden33.3
6Germany34.3
7Netherlands35.5
8Austria35.6
9Canada36.8
10Switzerland37.2
11New Zealand37.6
12Luxembourg39.5
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Austria's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Austria's population is predicted to fall to 8 590 000 by 2030. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.35. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
93Honduras9.6m
94Belarus9.5m
95Tajikistan9.1m
96Austria8.9m
97Serbia8.8m
98Papua New Guinea8.6m
99Switzerland8.5m
100Israel8.4m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
16Luxembourg81.88
17Norway81.71
18Netherlands81.71
19Austria81.58
20Andorra81.46
21Portugal81.18
22Germany81.09
23Greece81.07
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
105Slovakia1.36
106Botswana2.64
107Kyrgyzstan2.64
108Austria1.35
109Egypt2.65
110Singapore1.35
111Saudi Arabia2.67
112Portugal1.31
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
172Croatia39.7
173Malta39.9
174France40.5
175Austria40.5
176Greece41.3
177Spain41.4
178Netherlands41.9
179Slovenia42.7
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
22New Zealand22.7%
23Canada21.5%
24Kazakhstan20.0%
25Austria19.0%
26Sweden17.6%
27Equatorial Guinea17.5%
28Ireland16.9%
29Cyprus16.0%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
83Mali7.6%
84UK7.5%
85Honduras7.5%
86Austria7.1%
87Uzbekistan7.0%
88Bolivia6.8%
89Guinea-Bissau6.8%
90Slovenia6.5%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#Austria #equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance

When it comes to ensuring human rights and freedom, Austria leads the world, setting excellent examples. Austria comes in the best 20 in commentary in Human Rights Watch reports19, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms20, supporting press freedom21, its nominal commitment to Human Rights22 and in opposing gender inequality23. And finally, it does better than average when it comes to LGBT equality24, speed of uptake of HR treaties25 and in its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice26.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Austria's Health

#alcohol #Austria #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Health (2020)27,28
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank27,28
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
25Luxembourg72.9
26Germany73.3
27Saudi Arabia73.4
28Austria73.9
29Iran74.4
30Denmark74.9
31Morocco75.1
32Sweden75.6
33Armenia76.0
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives27. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea27.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe27, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia27.

Health:

Austria does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Austria comes in the best 20 for its fertility rate15 and in its average life expectancy12. It does better than average for its adolescent birth rate23, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance29 and in its immunizations take-up30 (but bad for Europe). Austria does not succeed in everything, however. It falls into the worst 20 for its suicide rate31, its smoking rate32 and in its alcohol consumption rate33. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the past 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
16Luxembourg81.88
17Norway81.71
18Netherlands81.71
19Austria81.58
20Andorra81.46
21Portugal81.18
22Germany81.09
23Greece81.07
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)33
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita33
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
168Gabon11.5
169Slovakia11.5
170Switzerland11.5
171Austria11.6
172Estonia11.6
173Poland11.6
174Russia11.7
175Seychelles12.0
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
105Slovakia1.36
106Botswana2.64
107Kyrgyzstan2.64
108Austria1.35
109Egypt2.65
110Singapore1.35
111Saudi Arabia2.67
112Portugal1.31
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)32
Pos.Higher is worse32
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
170Azerbaijan2 114
169Greece2 086
168S. Korea2 073
167Austria1 988
166Jordan1 855
165Ukraine1 854
164Estonia1 775
163Hungary1 759
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)31
Pos.
Per 100k31
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
68Suriname28.7
69Hong Kong29.7
70Poland30.5
71Austria30.9
72Uruguay32.3
73France33.2
74Moldova35.7
75Switzerland36.2
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
25Qatar25
26Oman26
27Estonia27
28Austria28
29Greece29
30Nicaragua30
31Armenia31
32Bangladesh32
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)34
Pos.Lower is better
%34
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
89S. Africa53.8
90Georgia54.2
91Switzerland54.3
92Austria54.3
93Armenia54.4
94Belize54.8
95Haiti54.9
96St Vincent & Grenadines55.0
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)23
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100023
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
18Germany6.7
19Maldives6.7
20Tunisia6.8
21Austria7.1
22China7.3
23Greece7.5
24Oman8.1
25Belgium8.2
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)30
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %30
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
84Estonia93.9
85N. Korea93.8
86Italy93.8
87Austria93.8
88Argentina93.7
89Bulgaria93.7
90Serbia93.5
91Egypt93.4
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Austria's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #maths #modernity #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)35
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank35
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
13Germany17.1
14Japan17.3
15Netherlands18.6
16Austria18.9
17Iceland19.1
18Slovenia19.5
19Canada20.4
20Singapore21.1
21Hungary21.2
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2936
2Israel4.1136
3Japan3.5836
4Finland3.1736
5Sweden3.1636
6Denmark3.0536
7Taiwan3.0136
8Austria3.0037
9Switzerland2.9638
10Germany2.8436
11USA2.7439
12Belgium2.4636
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)40
Pos.Higher is better40
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
4Canada100.0%
5Finland100.0%
6Iceland100.0%
7Uzbekistan99.9%
8Czechia99.8%
9Slovakia99.3%
10Latvia99.2%
11Kazakhstan98.6%
12Kyrgyzstan98.4%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)41
Pos.Higher is better
Years41
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
26Uruguay16.3
27Singapore16.3
28Portugal16.3
29Austria16.3
30USA16.3
31Italy16.2
32Switzerland16.2
33Canada16.1
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
4Denmark4
5UK5
6Austria6
7Finland7
8Netherlands8
9Belgium9
10Slovenia10
11Switzerland11
12New Zealand12
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)42
Pos.Higher is better
Score42
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
...
24Portugal1491
25France1487
26Sweden1487
27Austria1477
28Russia1476
29Spain1475
30Czechia1472
31USA1463
World Avg1389
q=70.
IQ (2006)43
Pos.Higher is better43
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
10Mongolia101
11Netherlands100
12Norway100
13Austria100
14UK100
15New Zealand99
16Poland99
17Germany99
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)44
Pos.Higher is better44
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
32Singapore83%
33Slovakia83%
34Spain82%
35Austria81%
36Ireland81%
37Barbados80%
38Hungary80%
39Kuwait80%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)45
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio45
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
24Czechia10.1
25New Zealand9.7
26Romania8.7
27Austria7.5
28Hungary7.4
29Guatemala6.9
30Saudi Arabia6.8
31Vietnam5.9
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
46
Pos.Lower is better46
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
18Bhutan17.5
19Kenya17.75
20Jamaica20.5
21Austria21.25
22Kuwait21.5
23Hong Kong21.5
24Germany22.75
25Switzerland25
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)47
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score47
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
18USA74.0
19Ireland72.6
20Uruguay72.6
21Austria72.2
22Barbados71.5
23Chile70.4
24France70.0
25Bahamas69.8
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)48
Pos.Higher is better48
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
9Sweden7.3
10Australia7.3
11Israel7.2
12Austria7.1
13Costa Rica7.1
14Ireland7.0
15Germany7.0
16Belgium6.9
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
4Switzerland4
5Sweden5
6Denmark6
7Austria7
8Ireland8
9Czechia9
10Luxembourg10
11UK11
12Portugal12
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
10Croatia10
11Georgia11
12Philippines12
13Austria13
14Germany14
15Albania15
16Togo16
17France17
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)49
Pos.Lower is better49
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
4Canada1.32
5Japan1.33
6Austria1.33
7Ireland1.33
8Slovenia1.33
9Finland1.35
10Switzerland1.35
11Belgium1.38
12Qatar1.40
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
62Grenada62
63Kenya63
64Denmark64
65Austria65
66Ghana66
67Sweden67
68Congo, (Brazzaville)68
69Bulgaria69
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
4Sweden4
5Malta5
6Australia6
7Norway7
8Finland8
9Denmark9
10Switzerland10
11Canada11
12UK12
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)50
Pos.Lower is better
Score50
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
64Kyrgyzstan1.47
65Ghana1.56
66Kazakhstan1.57
67Austria1.66
68Argentina1.68
69Madagascar1.96
70Finland2.03
71Haiti2.18
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)51
Pos.Higher is better
%51
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
64Iraq03.3
65USA02.7
66Georgia02.6
67Austria02.5
68Finland01.8
69Ivory Coast01.8
70Czechia01.5
71Germany01.2
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)52
Pos.Higher is better52
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
4Malta80.9
5Sweden80.5
6UK79.9
7Luxembourg79.1
8Austria79.0
9Ireland78.8
10Finland78.6
11Iceland78.6
12Spain78.4
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)53
Pos.Higher is better53
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
29Egypt11.76
30El Salvador11.76
31Romania11.49
32Austria11.24
33Germany11.24
34Greece11.24
35Tunisia11.24
36Indonesia11.11
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
74Grenada1994 Nov 09
75Kiribati1994 Nov 14
76Romania1994 Nov 15
77Austria1994 Nov 16
78Indonesia1994 Nov 21
79Slovakia1994 Nov 23
80Costa Rica1994 Nov 24
81Nigeria1994 Nov 27
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)54
Pos.Higher is better
%54
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
87Kyrgyzstan32.0%
88Georgia31.9%
89Australia31.8%
90Austria31.8%
91Azerbaijan31.7%
92Guinea31.2%
93Slovakia31.1%
94Guyana30.1%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)55
Pos.Higher is worse55
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
29UK4.10
28Germany3.80
27France3.80
26Austria3.70
25Australia3.70
24Denmark3.60
23Cyprus3.60
22Montenegro3.60
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)56
Pos.Lower is better
%56
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
20Malta29.4
21Iraq29.5
22Hungary30.4
23Austria30.5
24Sao Tome & Principe30.8
25Poland30.8
26Croatia31.1
27S. Korea31.6
World Avg38.1
q=152.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion #religion_in_austria

Disbelief In God (2007)57
Pos.Higher is better
%57
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
24Latvia20
25Ukraine20
26Mongolia20
27Austria18
28Slovakia17
29Switzerland17
30Belarus17
31Greece16
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below58:

Christian80.4%
Muslim5.4%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.2%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.2%
Unaffiliated13.5%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 86% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (18%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 73.6%, Protestant 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 3.5%, unspecified 2%, none 12% (2001 census)59.

Freedom of Religion and Belief: "The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief" but "there are some restrictions on speech that might offend religious feelings" which are sometimes abused to protect Christians, at the expense of others.60

Links: