The Human Truth Foundation

Austria (Republic of Austria)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#austria #charity #climate_change #economics #happiness #intelligence #morals #research #science #the_environment

Austria
Republic of Austria
StatusIndependent State
CapitalVienna
Land Area 82 409km21
LocationEurope
Population8.4m (2011)2
Life Expectancy81.58yrs (2017)3
GNI$43 609 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesAT, AUT, 405
Internet Domain.at6
CurrencyEuro (EUR)7
Telephone+438

1. Overview

#germany

Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies in 1945, Austria's status remained unclear for a decade. A State Treaty signed in 1955 ended the occupation, recognized Austria's independence, and forbade unification with Germany. A constitutional law that same year declared the country's "perpetual neutrality" as a condition for Soviet military withdrawal. The Soviet Union's collapse in 1991 and Austria's entry into the European Union in 1995 have altered the meaning of this neutrality. A prosperous, democratic country, Austria entered the EU Economic and Monetary Union in 1999.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverAustria is a contrast of spectacular natural landscapes and elegant urban sleeves. One day you´re plunging into an alpine lake, the next you´re exploring a narrow backstreet of Vienna. [...] This is where the Habsburgs built their 600-year empire, and where past glories still shine in the resplendent baroque palaces and chandelier-lit coffee houses of Vienna, Innsbruck and Salzburg. [... W]hatever it does - mountains, classical music, new media, castles, cake, you name it - Austria does it exceedingly well. Beyond its grandiose cities, Austria´s allure lies outdoors. And whether you´re schussing down the legendary slopes of Kitzbühel, climbing high in the Alps of Tyrol or pedalling along the banks of the sprightly Danube (Donau), you´ll find the kind of inspiring landscapes that no well-orchestrated symphony, camera lens or singing nun could ever quite do justice.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Austria National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
21France21
22Belgium22
23Finland23
24Austria24
25Slovenia25
26Italy26
27Spain27
28Czechia28
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
11Ireland79.4
12Canada79.2
13UK79.0
14Austria78.7
15Australia78.7
16Taiwan78.4
17Luxembourg78.1
18Hong Kong77.0
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#Austria #birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
172Croatia39.7
173Malta39.9
174France40.5
175Austria40.5
176Greece41.3
177Spain41.4
178Netherlands41.9
179Slovenia42.7
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
83Mali7.6%
84UK7.5%
85Honduras7.5%
86Austria7.1%
87Uzbekistan7.0%
88Bolivia6.8%
89Guinea-Bissau6.8%
90Slovenia6.5%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
105Slovakia1.36
106Botswana2.64
107Kyrgyzstan2.64
108Austria1.35
109Egypt2.65
110Singapore1.35
111Saudi Arabia2.67
112Portugal1.31
World Avg2.81
q=180.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
28Cyprus17.5%
29Gambia16.6%
30Croatia15.9%
31Austria15.6%
32Spain15.2%
33Belize15.0%
34Latvia15.0%
35Sweden14.1%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)16
Pos.Higher is better
Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
16Luxembourg81.88
17Norway81.71
18Netherlands81.71
19Austria81.58
20Andorra81.46
21Portugal81.18
22Germany81.09
23Greece81.07
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
Pos.
Population17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
90Azerbaijan9.4m
91Benin9.4m
92Burundi8.7m
93Austria8.4m
94UAE8.1m
95Honduras7.9m
96Switzerland7.7m
97Israel7.7m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Austria's population is predicted to rise to 8.59 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.35. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Human Rights, Equality and Freedom

#Austria #equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance

When it comes to ensuring human rights and freedom, Austria leads the world, setting excellent examples. Austria comes in the best 20 in its Global Peace Index rating18 (amongst the lowest in Europe), commentary in Human Rights Watch reports19, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms20, supporting press freedom21, the year from which women could participate in democracy22, its nominal commitment to Human Rights23, opposing gender inequality24 and in eliminating modern slavery25. And finally, it does better than average in fighting corruption26, LGBT equality27 and in fighting anti-semitic opinions28.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Peace Versus Instability

#Austria #extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
62Grenada62
63Kenya63
64Denmark64
65Austria65
66Ghana66
67Sweden67
68Congo, (Brazzaville)68
69Bulgaria69
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
4Sweden4
5Malta5
6Australia6
7Norway7
8Finland8
9Denmark9
10Switzerland10
11Canada11
12UK12
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Global Peace Index (2012)18
Pos.Lower is better18
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
4Canada1.32
5Japan1.33
6Austria1.33
7Ireland1.33
8Slovenia1.33
9Finland1.35
10Switzerland1.35
11Belgium1.38
12Qatar1.40
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"18. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark18 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan18.

Impact of Terrorism (2019)30
Pos.Lower is better
Score30
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
64Kyrgyzstan1.47
65Ghana1.56
66Kazakhstan1.57
67Austria1.66
68Argentina1.68
69Madagascar1.96
70Finland2.03
71Haiti2.18
World Avg2.78
q=150.

6. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion #religion_in_austria

Disbelief In God (2007)31
Pos.Higher is better
%31
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
24Latvia20
25Ukraine20
26Mongolia20
27Austria18
28Slovakia17
29Switzerland17
30Belarus17
31Greece16
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below32:

Christian80.4%
Muslim5.4%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.2%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.2%
Unaffiliated13.5%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 86% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (18%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 73.6%, Protestant 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 3.5%, unspecified 2%, none 12% (2001 census)33.

Freedom of Religion and Belief: "The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief" but "there are some restrictions on speech that might offend religious feelings" which are sometimes abused to protect Christians, at the expense of others.34

Links:

7. The Internet

#Austria #internet #the_internet

Internet Users (2016)35
Pos.Higher is better35
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
32Singapore83%
33Slovakia83%
34Spain82%
35Austria81%
36Ireland81%
37Barbados80%
38Hungary80%
39Kuwait80%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)36
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio36
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
24Czechia10.1
25New Zealand9.7
26Romania8.7
27Austria7.5
28Hungary7.4
29Guatemala6.9
30Saudi Arabia6.8
31Vietnam5.9
World Avg3.82
q=176.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

8. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #Austria #genetics #health #mental_health #obesity #organ_donation #public_health #smoking #sociology #suicide #UK

Austria does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Austria comes in the best 20 in terms of number of organ donors37. It does better than average for its adolescent birth rate24, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance29, its immunizations take-up38 (but bad for Europe) and in the prevalence of overweight adults39. Austria does not succeed in everything, however. It falls into the worst 20 in its suicide rate40, its smoking rate41 and in its alcohol consumption rate42. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the past 40 years.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)42
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita42
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
168Gabon11.5
169Slovakia11.5
170Switzerland11.5
171Austria11.6
172Estonia11.6
173Poland11.6
174Russia11.7
175Seychelles12.0
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking43 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink44 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies45 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"46. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"47. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Organ Donors (At Death) (2017)37
Pos.Higher is better
pmp37
1Spain46.9048
2Portugal34.0148
3Belgium33.6248
...
7Italy28.50
8France26.84
9Czechia25.51
10Austria24.7048
11UK23.0549
12Belarus22.10
13Norway22.06
14Canada21.91
World Avg13.03
q=70.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
25Qatar25
26Oman26
27Estonia27
28Austria28
29Greece29
30Nicaragua30
31Armenia31
32Bangladesh32
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)39
Pos.Lower is better
%39
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
89S. Africa53.8
90Georgia54.2
91Switzerland54.3
92Austria54.3
93Armenia54.4
94Belize54.8
95Haiti54.9
96St Vincent & Grenadines55.0
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese50. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up51. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight51 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year52 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"53. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes54. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar55.

Smoking Rates (2014)41
Pos.Lower is better41
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
164Estonia1 775
165Ukraine1 854
166Jordan1 855
167Austria1 988
168S. Korea2 073
169Greece2 086
170Azerbaijan2 114
171Kazakhstan2 157
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)40
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100k40
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
68Suriname28.7
69Hong Kong29.7
70Poland30.5
71Austria30.9
72Uruguay32.3
73France33.2
74Moldova35.7
75Switzerland36.2
World Avg20.93
q=91.

9. Children's Health

#Austria #health #parenting #population #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)24
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100024
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
18Germany6.7
19Maldives6.7
20Tunisia6.8
21Austria7.1
22China7.3
23Greece7.5
24Oman8.1
25Belgium8.2
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)38
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %38
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
84Estonia93.9
85N. Korea93.8
86Italy93.8
87Austria93.8
88Argentina93.7
89Bulgaria93.7
90Serbia93.5
91Egypt93.4
World Avg88.3
q=194.

10. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
56
Pos.Lower is better56
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
18Bhutan17.5
19Kenya17.75
20Jamaica20.5
21Austria21.25
22Kuwait21.5
23Hong Kong21.5
24Germany22.75
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
4Denmark4
5UK5
6Austria6
7Finland7
8Netherlands8
9Belgium9
10Slovenia10
11Switzerland11
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
4Switzerland4
5Sweden5
6Denmark6
7Austria7
8Ireland8
9Czechia9
10Luxembourg10
11UK11
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
62Grenada62
63Kenya63
64Denmark64
65Austria65
66Ghana66
67Sweden67
68Congo, (Brazzaville)68
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
4Sweden4
5Malta5
6Australia6
7Norway7
8Finland8
9Denmark9
10Switzerland10
11Canada11
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
10Croatia10
11Georgia11
12Philippines12
13Austria13
14Germany14
15Albania15
16Togo16
q=163.
Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2957
2Israel4.1157
3Japan3.5857
4Finland3.1757
5Sweden3.1657
6Denmark3.0557
7Taiwan3.0157
8Austria3.0058
9Switzerland2.9659
10Germany2.8457
11USA2.7460
12Belgium2.4657
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)61
Pos.Higher is better61
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
4Venezuela7.5
5Sweden7.5
6Switzerland7.5
7Austria7.5
8Canada7.4
9Australia7.4
10Israel7.4
11Finland7.4
12Costa Rica7.3
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)16
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
17Germany$45 000
18Denmark$44 519
19Ireland$43 798
20Austria$43 609
21Australia$42 822
22Canada$42 582
23Belgium$41 243
24Finland$38 868
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)62
Pos.Higher is better62
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
4Malta80.9
5Sweden80.5
6UK79.9
7Luxembourg79.1
8Austria79.0
9Ireland78.8
10Finland78.6
11Iceland78.6
12Spain78.4
q=180.
IQ (2006)63
Pos.Higher is better63
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
10Mongolia101
11Netherlands100
12Norway100
13Austria100
14UK100
15New Zealand99
16Poland99
17Germany99
q=138.