Ghana (Republic of Ghana)

#Ghana

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Ghana
Republic of Ghana
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index138th best
CapitalAccra
Land Area1 227 540 km2
LocationAfrica
Population2 25.55 million
Life Expectancy364.572yrs (2012)
GNI3$1 684
ISO3166-1 Codes4GH, GHA, 288
Internet Domain5.gh
Currency6Cedi (GHC)
Telephone7+233

1. Overview

Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana in 1957 became the first sub-Saharan country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. Ghana endured a long series of coups before Lt. Jerry RAWLINGS took power in 1981 and banned political parties. After approving a new constitution and restoring multiparty politics in 1992, RAWLINGS won presidential elections in 1992 and 1996 but was constitutionally prevented from running for a third term in 2000. John KUFUOR succeeded him and was reelected in 2004. John Atta MILLS took over as head of state in early 2009, but he died in July 2012 and was succeeded by his vice president John Dramani MAHAMA, who subsequently won a December 2012 special presidential election.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Ghana National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
132Cape Verde58.654.5
133Guatemala58.149.7
134Timor-Leste (E. Timor)57.644.8
135Ghana55.844.7
136India55.443.9
137Equatorial Guinea55.451.1
138Laos54.344.8
139Cambodia54.347.8
140Bhutan53.851.8
141Swaziland53.651.3
142Congo, (Brazzaville)53.449.3
143Solomon Islands53.049.3
144Sao Tome & Principe52.550.6
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
135China49.0
136Indonesia47.9
137Madagascar47.9
138Ghana47.8
139Vanuatu47.5
140Kenya47.4
141Gabon46.7
142Papua New Guinea46.3
143Laos45.8
144Syria45.5
145Sierra Leone45.3
146Haiti45.2
147Liberia45.1
148Comoros44.9
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
144Myanmar (Burma)65.7
145Turkmenistan65.2
146Sao Tome & Principe64.9
147Ghana64.6
148Cambodia63.6
149Papua New Guinea63.1
150Gabon63.1
151Timor-Leste (E. Timor)62.9
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
139Guatemala3.9
140Togo3.9
141Ethiopia3.9
142Ghana4.0
143Solomon Islands4.1
144Burundi4.1
145Ivory Coast4.3
146Eritrea4.3
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
45Saudi Arabia 28.71m13
46Uzbekistan 28.08m66
47Yemen 25.57m48
48Ghana 25.55m112
49Korea, N. 24.55m204
50Mozambique 24.48m31
51Australia 22.92m3
Data Source

Ghana's population is predicted to rise to 36.54 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 4.03. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
98Syria1953
99Colombia1954
100Belize1954
101Ghana1954
102Honduras1955
103Nicaragua1955
104Eritrea1955
105Cambodia1955
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
118Syria0.55
119Tanzania0.56
120Iraq0.56
121Ghana0.57
122Togo0.57
123Pakistan0.57
124Malawi0.57
125Mozambique0.58
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Ghana and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting. Ghana is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#Buddhism #Christianity #Hinduism #Islam #Judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
130Iraq0%
131Jordan0%
132Kenya0%
133Kuwait0%
134Liberia0%
135Libya0%
136Niger0%
137Ghana0%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
89Chad95%
90Qatar95%
91Zambia95%
92Ghana95%
93Mali95%
94Nigeria96%
95Senegal96%
96Philippines96%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian74.9%
Muslim15.8%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion4.9%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated4.2%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Christian 71.2% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 28.3%, Protestant 18.4%, Catholic 13.1%, other 11.4%), Muslim 17.6%, traditional 5.2%, other 0.8%, none 5.2% (2010 census)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
135Angola10.00
136Nicaragua10.00
137Indonesia9.90
138Ghana9.55
139Gambia9.20
140Swaziland9.01
141Kiribati8.96
142Haiti8.37
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
67Botswana7.0
68Macedonia7.0
69Malaysia7.0
70Ghana7.0
71Mongolia7.0
72Papua New Guinea7.0
73Barbados6.9
74Turkey6.9
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
47Kuwait1.79
48Mozambique1.80
49Namibia1.80
50Ghana1.81
51Zambia1.83
52Sierra Leone1.86
53Lesotho1.86
54Morocco1.87
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
106S. Africa72
107Jamaica71
108Zambia71
109Ghana71
110Namibia70
111Benin70
112Togo70
113Botswana70
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
91Seychelles16
92Gabon16
93Nigeria16
94Ghana16
95Burundi16
96Tajikistan16
97Benin16
98Monaco16
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
27Uruguay99.1
28Portugal99.1
29UK99.1
30Ghana99.1
31Suriname99.2
32USA99.2
33Lithuania99.2
34Slovenia99.2
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2911
2Israel4.1111
3Japan3.5811
...
71Romania0.3811
72Montenegro0.3812
73Tanzania0.3813
74Ghana0.3813
75Moldova0.3512
76Ecuador0.3414
77Bosnia & Herzegovina0.3312
78Iran0.3113
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
154Myanmar (Burma)$1 817
155Bangladesh$1 785
156Gambia$1 731
157Ghana$1 684
158Senegal$1 653
159Ivory Coast$1 593
160Kenya$1 541
161Benin$1 439
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
58Jordan5.7
59Nicaragua5.7
60Peru5.6
61Ghana5.6
62Croatia5.6
63Poland5.6
64Kazakhstan5.5
65Estonia5.5
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
105Congo, DR51.6
106Malawi51.4
107Kenya51.4
108Ghana51.3
109Myanmar (Burma)51.3
110Tajikistan51.3
111Mozambique51.2
112Solomon Islands51.1
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
153Somalia-30
154Uzbekistan-30
155Zimbabwe-30
156Ghana-30
157Mauritius-40
158Turkmenistan-40
159Algeria-40
160Pakistan-40
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/ghana.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 01.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gh.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  12. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2010.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2011.^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.