China (People's Republic of China)

#China

Like this page:


Share this page:

China
People's Republic of China
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index135th best
CapitalBeijing
Land Area19 327 490 km2
LocationAsia
Population21353.6 billion
Life Expectancy373.664yrs (2012)
GNI3$7 945
ISO3166-1 Codes4CN, CHN, 156
Internet Domain5.cn
Currency6Yuan Renminbi (CNY)
Telephone7+86

1. Overview

For centuries China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries, the country was beset by civil unrest, major famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the Communists under MAO Zedong established an autocratic socialist system that, while ensuring China's sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life and cost the lives of tens of millions of people. After 1978, MAO's successor DENG Xiaoping and other leaders focused on market-oriented economic development and by 2000 output had quadrupled. For much of the population, living standards have improved dramatically and the room for personal choice has expanded, yet political controls remain tight. Since the early 1990s, China has increased its global outreach and participation in international organizations.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. China National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
98Fiji70.263.6
99Belize70.265.9
100Jordan70.061.9
101China69.954.1
102Turkmenistan69.868.1
103Thailand69.058.9
104Maldives68.861.7
105Suriname68.467.7
106Gabon68.360.4
107El Salvador68.057.0
108Mongolia67.558.1
109Bolivia67.558.5
110Palestine67.064.0
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
132Kiribati50.1
133Tuvalu50.0
134Cambodia49.8
135China49.0
136Indonesia47.9
137Madagascar47.9
138Ghana47.8
139Vanuatu47.5
140Kenya47.4
141Gabon46.7
142Papua New Guinea46.3
143Laos45.8
144Syria45.5
145Sierra Leone45.3
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
83Colombia73.9
84Seychelles73.8
85Brazil73.8
86China73.7
87Jordan73.5
88Dominican Rep.73.6
89Mauritius73.5
90Bulgaria73.6
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
62Panama2.4
63Peru2.4
64Barbados1.6
65China1.6
66Serbia1.6
67Libya2.4
68Cambodia2.4
69Bulgaria1.5
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
4Indonesia 244.77m135
5Brazil 198.36m23
6Pakistan 179.95m233
7Nigeria 166.63m183
8Bangladesh 152.41m1171
9Russia 142.7m9
10Japan 126.43m347
11Mexico 116.15m60
Data Source

China's population is predicted to rise to 1 393.08 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.57. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
75Korea, S.1948
76Israel1948
77Suriname1948
78China1949
79Chile1949
80Bosnia & Herzegovina1949
81Costa Rica1949
82India1950
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
32Slovakia0.17
33Croatia0.18
34UK0.21
35China0.21
36Latvia0.22
37Libya0.22
38Bulgaria0.22
39Malta0.24
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

China is on the way towards ending gender inequality but women are still in an unfavourable position much of the time.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#Buddhism #Christianity #Hinduism #Islam #Judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
37Singapore13%
38Uruguay12%
39Kazakhstan12%
40China12%
41USA10%
42Trinidad & Tobago9%
43Albania8%
44Cambodia7%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian5.1%
Muslim1.8%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist18.2%
Folk Religion21.9%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated52.2%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%. note: officially atheist (2002 est.)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Freedom
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
40Vietnam73
41Myanmar (Burma)75
42Ethiopia75
43Uzbekistan77
44Syria83
45China85
46Cuba86
47Iran90
Data Source
IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
265Oman1.72
264Sri Lanka1.67
263Angola1.61
262China1.59
261Maldives1.57
260Tanzania1.50
259Rwanda1.50
258Netherlands1.47
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
80Palestine36.42
81Argentina36.00
82Venezuela35.85
83China34.38
84Peru34.30
85Grenada33.62
86Kazakhstan33.38
87Belarus32.05
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
103Madagascar6.4
104Bolivia6.4
105Brazil6.4
106China6.4
107Tanzania6.4
108Bangladesh6.3
109Cameroon6.3
110Nepal6.3
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
86Ecuador2.03
87Equatorial Guinea2.04
88USA2.06
89China2.06
90Dominican Rep.2.07
91Bangladesh2.07
92Guinea2.07
93Papua New Guinea2.08
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
4Japan105
5China105
6Italy102
7Mongolia101
8Switzerland101
9Iceland101
10Netherlands100
11Austria100
12Norway100
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
110Liberia15
111Libya15
112Dominican Rep.14
113China14
114Syria14
115Botswana14
116Madagascar14
117Uzbekistan14
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
169Sudan99.8
170Cuba99.8
171Vietnam99.8
172China99.9
173Iran99.9
174Somalia99.9
175Syria99.9
176Turkmenistan99.9
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2911
2Israel4.1111
3Japan3.5811
...
119Honduras0.0412
120Colombia0.0413
121Bahrain0.0413
122Guatemala0.0414
123China0.0313
124El Salvador0.0314
125Iraq0.0315
126Lesotho0.0115
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
87Azerbaijan$8 153
88Tunisia$8 103
89St Lucia$7 971
90China$7 945
91Albania$7 822
92Turkmenistan$7 782
93Thailand$7 722
94Bosnia & Herzegovina$7 713
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
85Mongolia5
86Mauritania5
87Romania5
88China5
89Philippines5
90Zambia5
91Bangladesh5
92Laos5
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
117Honduras49.9
118Uganda49.8
119Madagascar49.2
120China49.0
121Qatar48.9
122India48.3
123Yemen48.3
124Pakistan48.0
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
115Burkina Faso10
116Sao Tome & Principe10
117Puerto Rico10
118China10
119Madagascar10
120Congo, (Brazzaville)10
121Bermuda10
122Anguilla10
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/china.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 01.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ch.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  12. World Bank data for year 2000.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2011.^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.