The Human Truth Foundation

Madagascar (Republic of Madagascar)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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Madagascar
Republic of Madagascar
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index139th best
CapitalAntananarivo
Land Area 581 540 km21
LocationAfrica
Population 21.93 million (2011)2
Life Expectancy65.52yrs (2017)3
GNI$1 320 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesMG, MDG, 4505
Internet Domain.mg6
CurrencyAriary (MGA)7
Telephone+2618

1. Overview

Formerly an independent kingdom, Madagascar became a French colony in 1896 but regained independence in 1960. During 1992-93, free presidential and National Assembly elections were held ending 17 years of single-party rule. In 1997, in the second presidential race, Didier RATSIRAKA, the leader during the 1970s and 1980s, was returned to the presidency. The 2001 presidential election was contested between the followers of Didier RATSIRAKA and Marc RAVALOMANANA, nearly causing secession of half of the country. In April 2002, the High Constitutional Court announced RAVALOMANANA the winner. RAVALOMANANA achieved a second term following a landslide victory in the generally free and fair presidential elections of 2006. In early 2009, protests over increasing restrictions on opposition press and activities resulted in RAVALOMANANA handing over power to the military, which then conferred the presidency on the mayor of Antananarivo, Andry RAJOELINA, in what amounted to a coup d'etat. Numerous attempts have been made by regional and international organizations to resolve the subsequent political gridlock by forming a power-sharing government. Madagascar's independent electoral commission and the UN originally planned to hold a presidential election in early May 2013, but postponed the election until late July 2013, due to logistical delays.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

2. Madagascar National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)10
CountryRank10
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
155Papua New Guinea154
156Solomon Islands156
157Mauritania157
158Madagascar158
159Rwanda159
160Comoros160
161Lesotho160
162Senegal162
163Uganda163
164Haiti163
165Sudan165
166Togo166
167Benin167
168Yemen168
169Afghanistan169
170Malawi170
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.2
2Iceland88.1
3Denmark85.9
...
136Cambodia50.2
137Haiti50.2
138Algeria50.1
139Madagascar49.7
140Solomon Islands49.6
141Egypt49.3
142Swaziland49.1
143Comoros49.1
144Nepal49.1
145Lesotho49.0
146Liberia49.0
147Papua New Guinea48.7
148China48.6
149Bangladesh48.3
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (2015)11
CountryYears11
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
140Kiribati66.23
141Myanmar (Burma)66.12
142Turkmenistan65.73
143Madagascar65.52
144Tanzania65.51
145Namibia65.06
146Gabon64.94
147Rwanda64.75
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
149Mauritania4.4
150Congo, (Brazzaville)4.5
151Central African Rep.4.5
152Madagascar4.5
153Iraq4.6
154Kenya4.6
155Senegal4.7
156Gambia4.7
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
49Korea, N. 24.55m204
50Mozambique 24.48m31
51Australia 22.92m3
52Madagascar 21.93m38
53Romania 21.39m93
54Sri Lanka 21.22m338
55Syria 21.12m115
Data Source

Madagascar's population is predicted to rise to 35.33 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 4.52.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
119Chad1958
120Hungary1958
121Laos1958
122Madagascar1959
123Tunisia1959
124Tanzania1959
125Tonga1960
126Cyprus1960

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Madagascar and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
103Yemen0%
104Thailand0%
105Brunei0%
106Madagascar0%
107Somalia0%
108Pakistan0%
109Oman0%
110Nigeria0%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below12:

Christian85.3%
Muslim3%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion4.5%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated6.9%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: indigenous beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7%13.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
172Turkmenistan2.20
173Burundi2.10
174Chad1.70
175Madagascar1.70
176Burkina Faso1.40
177Papua New Guinea1.28
178Cambodia1.26
179Guinea1.00
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Alcohol Consumption (2010)14
CountryPer Capita14
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
35Tuvalu1.5
36Tonga1.6
37Solomon Islands1.7
38Madagascar1.8
39Singapore2
40Turkey2
41Bahrain2.1
42Benin2.1
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
15
CountryValue15
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
129Egypt112.25
130Croatia113
131Chad113.75
132Madagascar114
133Benin114.25
134Niger115
135Angola115
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom (2014)16
CountryRank16
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
62Haiti61
63Dominican Rep.63
64Cambodia64
65Madagascar65
66Brunei66
67Serbia67
68Guatemala68
69Moldova69
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
96Cameroon2.11
97Uganda2.12
98Tajikistan2.12
99Madagascar2.12
100Liberia2.13
101Mali2.13
102Sri Lanka2.14
103Congo, (Brazzaville)2.15
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
87Algeria83
88Oman83
89Libya83
90Madagascar82
91Bangladesh82
92Dominican Rep.82
93India82
94Lebanon82
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
113China14
114Syria14
115Botswana14
116Madagascar14
117Uzbekistan14
118Sudan14
119Mauritius14
120Cameroon14
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
84Kosovo99.3
85Guinea99.3
86Bulgaria99.3
87Madagascar99.3
88Gabon99.3
89Timor-Leste (E. Timor)99.3
90Paraguay99.3
91Guinea-Bissau99.3
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2917
2Israel4.1117
3Japan3.5817
...
104Georgia0.1318
105Tajikistan0.1219
106Burundi0.1220
107Madagascar0.1120
108Myanmar (Burma)0.1121
109Philippines0.1122
110Peru0.1023
111Paraguay0.0924
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)11
CountryPPP $11
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
180Eritrea$1 490
181Guinea-Bissau$1 369
182Comoros$1 335
183Madagascar$1 320
184Togo$1 262
185Mozambique$1 098
186Malawi$1 073
187Guinea$1 058
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
115Djibouti4.4
116Ethiopia4.4
117Armenia4.4
118Madagascar4.4
119Tajikistan4.3
120Ivory Coast4.2
121Sri Lanka4.2
122Liberia4.2
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
116Libya50.1
117Honduras49.9
118Uganda49.8
119Madagascar49.2
120China49.0
121Qatar48.9
122India48.3
123Yemen48.3
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
116Sao Tome & Principe10
117Puerto Rico10
118China10
119Madagascar10
120Congo, (Brazzaville)10
121Bermuda10
122Anguilla10
123Nauru0
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/madagascar.html
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

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References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Mar 24.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

UNESCO
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from unesdoc.unesco.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 30.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Data for 2015. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ma.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  12. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  13. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  14. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  15. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  16. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  17. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  18. World Bank data for year 2014.^
  19. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  20. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  21. World Bank data for year 2000.^
  22. World Bank data for year 2007.^
  23. UNESCO data for year 2007.^
  24. World Bank data for year 2012.^

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