The Human Truth Foundation

Norway

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Norway

Norway
Kingdom of Norway
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index5th best
CapitalOslo
Land Area1 304 250 km2
LocationEurope, Scandinavia
Population24.96 million
Life Expectancy381.251yrs (2012)
GNI3$48 688
ISO3166-1 Codes4NO, NOR, 578
Internet Domain5.no
Currency6Krone (NOK)
Telephone7+47

1. Overview

#christianity #denmark #germany #sweden

Two centuries of Viking raids into Europe tapered off following the adoption of Christianity by King Olav TRYGGVASON in 994. Conversion of the Norwegian kingdom occurred over the next several decades. In 1397, Norway was absorbed into a union with Denmark that lasted more than four centuries. In 1814, Norwegians resisted the cession of their country to Sweden and adopted a new constitution. Sweden then invaded Norway but agreed to let Norway keep its constitution in return for accepting the union under a Swedish king. Rising nationalism throughout the 19th century led to a 1905 referendum granting Norway independence. Although Norway remained neutral in World War I, it suffered heavy losses to its shipping. Norway proclaimed its neutrality at the outset of World War II, but was nonetheless occupied for five years by Nazi Germany (1940-45). In 1949, neutrality was abandoned and Norway became a member of NATO. Discovery of oil and gas in adjacent waters in the late 1960s boosted Norway's economic fortunes. In referenda held in 1972 and 1994, Norway rejected joining the EU. Key domestic issues include immigration and integration of ethnic minorities, maintaining the country's extensive social safety net with an aging population, and preserving economic competitiveness.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Norway National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
4Netherlands92.185.5
5Germany92.082.3
6New Zealand91.985.3
7Ireland91.682.3
8Sweden91.684.9
9Switzerland91.385.4
10Japan91.284.3
11Canada91.186.5
12Korea, S.90.977.5
13Iceland90.683.2
14Hong Kong90.680.3
15Denmark90.183.7
16Israel90.082.7
17Belgium89.783.2
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
4Finland86.2
5Norway86.1
6New Zealand85.0
7Netherlands83.0
8Australia82.7
9Austria81.7
10Switzerland81.2
11Germany81.1
12Canada80.8
13Belgium80.1
14UK80.1
15Andorra79.4
16Luxembourg79.4
17Ireland79.2
18Hong Kong77.1
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
11Sweden81.6
12Spain81.6
13Singapore81.2
14Norway81.3
15Canada81.1
16Andorra81.1
17Austria81
18Netherlands80.8
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
4France2.0
5Turkey2.0
6Australia2.0
7Uruguay2.0
8Norway2.0
9Myanmar (Burma)2.0
10Indonesia2.1
11Sweden1.9
12Tunisia1.9
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
114Finland5.403m18
115Singapore5.256m7509
116Turkmenistan5.17m11
117Norway4.96m16
118Costa Rica4.794m94
119Ireland4.579m66
120Central African Rep.4.576m7
Data Source

Norway's population is predicted to rise to 5.574 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.95.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
4Norway1913
5Iceland1915
6Denmark1915
7Russia1917
8Estonia1918
9Kyrgyzstan1918
10Latvia1918
11Germany1919
12Slovakia1919
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
4Switzerland0.06
5Norway0.06
6Finland0.08
7Germany0.08
8Slovenia0.08
9France0.08
10Iceland0.09
11Italy0.09
12Belgium0.10
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Norway is notable for its equality between the sexes and this has been a feature of the country's culture for quite some time.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
13Slovenia35%
14Bulgaria34%
15Hungary32%
16Norway31%
17Korea, S.30%
18Finland28%
19Russia27%
20Australia25%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian84.7%
Muslim3.7%
Hindu0.5%
Buddhist0.6%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated10.1%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 88.5% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (31%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Church of Norway (Evangelical Lutheran - official) 85.7%, Pentecostal 1%, Roman Catholic 1%, other Christian 2.4%, Muslim 1.8%, other 8.1% (2004)10.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Norway states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. However, the Evangelical Lutheran Church (ELC), the state church, enjoys some benefits not available to other religious and humanist groups, even though 2012 saw a move towards greater separation between state and church. The state supports the church financially. Other religion or belief communities may register with the government to receive state financial support, which is provided to all registered life-stance groups in proportion to their formally registered membership. The largest such group after the state church is the Norwegian Humanist Association, a non-religious life-stance organization with around 80,000 members.

The Christian Knowledge and Religious and Ethical Information (CKREE) course for grades 1 through 10 (generally ages 6 to 16) reviews world religions and philosophy while promoting tolerance and respect for all religious beliefs. Citing the country's Christian history (and the stated importance of Christianity to society), the CKREE course devotes an extensive amount of time to studying Christianity, but the course includes discussion of other religions. This course is mandatory; there are no exceptions for children of other religious groups, or Humanists or other non-religious students. Students may be exempted from participating in or performing specific religious acts, such as church services or prayer.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)11

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
4Luxembourg90.08
5Sweden90.02
6Denmark88.77
7Finland86.90
8UK84.73
9New Zealand83.00
10Germany82.53
11Korea, S.82.52
12Switzerland82.17
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)12
CountryValue12
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
11Netherlands10
12UAE12
13Bahrain13
14Norway13.33
15Malta14
16Indonesia14.75
17Iceland16
18Bhutan17.5
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
21Oman7.7
22Jordan7.7
23Kuwait7.6
24Norway7.6
25Austria7.6
26Peru7.6
27Sweden7.6
28Lithuania7.6
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
15Germany1.42
16Portugal1.47
17Hungary1.48
18Norway1.48
19Bhutan1.48
20Malaysia1.49
21Mauritius1.49
22Australia1.49
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
7Iceland101
8Mongolia101
9Switzerland101
10Norway100
11Austria100
12Netherlands100
13UK100
14Germany99
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
30Ukraine20
31Liechtenstein20
32Hungary20
33Norway20
34Czech Rep.20
35New Zealand20
36Albania20
37Korea, S.20
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
4Luxembourg99.0
5Andorra99.0
6Denmark99.0
7Liechtenstein99.0
8New Zealand99.0
9Iceland99.0
10Sweden99.0
11Estonia99.0
12Austria99.0
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2913
2Israel4.1113
3Japan3.5813
...
18Netherlands1.9713
19Iceland1.8913
20UK1.7013
21Norway1.7013
22Canada1.6113
23Ireland1.5213
24Estonia1.4313
25Hungary1.3713
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
4Singapore$52 613
5Norway$48 688
6Luxembourg$48 285
7Brunei$45 690
8Hong Kong$45 598
9USA$43 480
10UAE$42 716
11Switzerland$40 527
12Netherlands$37 282
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
4Sweden7.5
5Switzerland7.5
6Venezuela7.5
7Austria7.5
8Australia7.4
9Finland7.4
10Canada7.4
11Israel7.4
12Costa Rica7.3
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
4Sweden86.0
5Norway81.1
6Mauritius80.6
7France78.2
8Cuba78.1
9Austria78.1
10Colombia76.8
11Malta76.3
12Finland74.7
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
7Denmark225
8Iceland220
9Andorra210
10Norway210
11Argentina200
12Brazil196
13France195
14Réunion185
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/norway.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/no.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  12. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  13. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^

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