The Human Truth Foundation

Norway

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#charity #climate_change #economics #happiness #humanism #intelligence #morals #norway #research #scandinavia #science #the_environment

Norway
Kingdom of Norway
StatusIndependent State
CapitalOslo
Land Area 304 250km21
LocationEurope, Scandinavia
Population5.0m (2011)2
Life Expectancy81.71yrs (2017)3
GNI$67 614 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesNO, NOR, 5785
Internet Domain.no6
CurrencyKrone (NOK)7
Telephone+478

1. Overview

#christianity #denmark #germany #sweden

Two centuries of Viking raids into Europe tapered off following the adoption of Christianity by King Olav TRYGGVASON in 994. Conversion of the Norwegian kingdom occurred over the next several decades. In 1397, Norway was absorbed into a union with Denmark that lasted more than four centuries. In 1814, Norwegians resisted the cession of their country to Sweden and adopted a new constitution. Sweden then invaded Norway but agreed to let Norway keep its constitution in return for accepting the union under a Swedish king. Rising nationalism throughout the 19th century led to a 1905 referendum granting Norway independence. Although Norway remained neutral in World War I, it suffered heavy losses to its shipping. Norway proclaimed its neutrality at the outset of World War II, but was nonetheless occupied for five years by Nazi Germany (1940-45). In 1949, neutrality was abandoned and Norway became a member of NATO. Discovery of oil and gas in adjacent waters in the late 1960s boosted Norway's economic fortunes. In referenda held in 1972 and 1994, Norway rejected joining the EU. Key domestic issues include immigration and integration of ethnic minorities, maintaining the country's extensive social safety net with an aging population, and preserving economic competitiveness.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverNorway is a once-in-a-lifetime destination and the essence of its appeal is remarkably simple: this is one of the most beautiful countries on earth. The drama of Norway´s natural world is difficult to overstate. Impossibly steep-sided fjords of extraordinary beauty cut gashes from a jagged coastline deep into the interior. The fjords´ fame is wholly merited, but this is also a land of glaciers, grand and glorious, snaking down from icefields that rank among Europe´s largest. Elsewhere, the mountainous terrain of Norway´s interior resembles the ramparts of so many natural fortresses, and yields to rocky coastal islands that rise improbably from the waters like apparitions. And then, of course, there´s the primeval appeal of the Arctic…

The counterpoint to so much natural beauty is found in the country´s vibrant cultural life, which celebrates local traditions and draws in the best from around the world. Norwegian cities are cosmopolitan and brimfull of architecture that showcases the famous Scandinavian flair for design through the ages. At the same time, a busy calendar of festivals, many of international renown, are worth planning your trip around.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Norway National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
4Germany4
5Denmark5
6Singapore5
7Netherlands7
8Ireland8
9Iceland9
10Canada10
11USA10
12Hong Kong12
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
4Netherlands82.0
5Norway81.9
6Switzerland81.4
7Germany80.6
8New Zealand80.4
9Iceland80.3
10Belgium80.3
11Ireland79.4
12Canada79.2
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #Norway #overpopulation #population

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
145Australia31.3
146Slovakia31.6
147Albania31.8
148Norway32.2
149Iceland32.5
150Serbia32.7
151Hungary32.9
152Romania33.6
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
124Syria4.2%
125Burundi4.2%
126Panama4.0%
127Norway3.8%
128Bahrain3.7%
129Gambia3.7%
130Chile3.7%
131Peru3.7%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
4France1.99
5Turkey2.04
6Australia1.96
7Uruguay2.05
8Norway1.95
9Myanmar (Burma)1.95
10Indonesia2.07
11Sweden1.93
12Tunisia1.93
World Avg2.81
q=180.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
53Armenia10.5%
54Libya10.4%
55Greece10.1%
56Norway10.0%
57Syria9.8%
58Bahamas9.7%
59St Kitts & Nevis9.6%
60Denmark8.8%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)16
Pos.Higher is better
Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
14New Zealand82.03
15Chile81.96
16Luxembourg81.88
17Norway81.71
18Netherlands81.71
19Austria81.58
20Andorra81.46
21Portugal81.18
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
Pos.
Population17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
114Finland5.4m
115Singapore5.3m
116Turkmenistan5.2m
117Norway5.0m
118Costa Rica4.8m
119Ireland4.6m
120Central African Rep.4.6m
121New Zealand4.5m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Norway's population is predicted to rise to 5.574 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.95. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Human Rights, Equality and Freedom

#equality #freedom #human_rights #norway #politics #tolerance

When it comes to ensuring human rights and freedom, Norway leads the world, setting excellent examples. Norway comes in the best 20 when it comes to supporting press freedom18 (one of the lowest in Europe), fighting corruption19, the year from which women could participate in democracy20 (amongst the best in Europe), opposing gender inequality21, LGBT equality22, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms23, fighting anti-semitic opinions24 and in its Global Peace Index rating25. And finally, it does better than average in eliminating modern slavery26, its nominal commitment to Human Rights27 and in commentary in Human Rights Watch reports28 (but low for Europe). Since 2009, gay couples in Norway have been able to marry and adopt children despite resistance from members of the Christian Democratic Party and the Lutheran-affiliated Church29. Human Rights Watch's 2018 report states that Norway's support of women's rights at home and internationally has been notable30.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #Norway #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
48UK48
49Timor-Leste (E. Timor)49
50Ireland50
51Norway51
52Finland52
53France53
54Australia54
55Italy55
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
4Sweden4
5Malta5
6Australia6
7Norway7
8Finland8
9Denmark9
10Switzerland10
11Canada11
12UK12
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Global Peace Index (2012)25
Pos.Lower is better25
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
15Germany1.42
16Portugal1.47
17Hungary1.48
18Norway1.48
19Bhutan1.48
20Malaysia1.49
21Mauritius1.49
22Australia1.49
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"25. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark25 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan25.

Impact of Terrorism (2019)32
Pos.Lower is better
Score32
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
20Guyana0.04
21UAE0.05
22Slovakia0.06
23Norway0.08
24Lesotho0.10
25Liberia0.11
26Moldova0.12
27Serbia0.12
World Avg2.78
q=150.

6. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Disbelief In God (2007)33
Pos.Higher is better
%33
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
13Slovenia35
14Bulgaria34
15Hungary32
16Norway31
17S. Korea30
18Finland28
19Russia27
20Australia25
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below34:

Christian84.7%
Muslim3.7%
Hindu0.5%
Buddhist0.6%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated10.1%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 88.5% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (31%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Church of Norway (Evangelical Lutheran - official) 85.7%, Pentecostal 1%, Roman Catholic 1%, other Christian 2.4%, Muslim 1.8%, other 8.1% (2004)35.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012)36, in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Norway states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. However, the Evangelical Lutheran Church (ELC), the state church, enjoys some benefits not available to other religious and humanist groups, even though 2012 saw a move towards greater separation between state and church. The state supports the church financially. Other religion or belief communities may register with the government to receive state financial support, which is provided to all registered life-stance groups in proportion to their formally registered membership. The largest such group after the state church is the Norwegian Humanist Association, a non-religious life-stance organization with around 80,000 members.

The Christian Knowledge and Religious and Ethical Information (CKREE) course for grades 1 through 10 (generally ages 6 to 16) reviews world religions and philosophy while promoting tolerance and respect for all religious beliefs. Citing the country's Christian history (and the stated importance of Christianity to society), the CKREE course devotes an extensive amount of time to studying Christianity, but the course includes discussion of other religions. This course is mandatory; there are no exceptions for children of other religious groups, or Humanists or other non-religious students. Students may be exempted from participating in or performing specific religious acts, such as church services or prayer.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)37

Links:

7. The Internet

#internet #Norway #the_internet

Internet Users (2016)38
Pos.Higher is better38
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
4Bermuda97%
5Andorra97%
6Denmark96%
7Liechtenstein96%
8Luxembourg95%
9Netherlands94%
10Sweden93%
11Monaco93%
12UK93%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)39
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio39
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
15Ecuador18.2
16Estonia17.6
17Malaysia16.5
18Norway14.7
19Australia14.6
20Trinidad & Tobago14.5
21Finland14.1
22Brazil13.9
World Avg3.82
q=176.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

8. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #genetics #health #mental_health #Norway #obesity #organ_donation #public_health #smoking #sociology #suicide #UK

Norway does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Norway comes in the best 20 for its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance31, its adolescent birth rate21 and in number of organ donors40. It does better than average in its immunizations take-up41 and in its smoking rate42 (amongst the lowest in Europe). Norway does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in its suicide rate43, its alcohol consumption rate44 (still low for Europe) and in the prevalence of overweight adults45. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% between 1976 and 2016.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)44
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita44
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
110Albania7.5
111Burundi7.5
112Italy7.5
113Norway7.5
114Kazakhstan7.7
115Congo, (Brazzaville)7.8
116Brazil7.8
117Panama7.9
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking46 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink47 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies48 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"49. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"50. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Organ Donors (At Death) (2017)40
Pos.Higher is better
pmp40
1Spain46.9051
2Portugal34.0151
3Belgium33.6251
...
10Austria24.7051
11UK23.0552
12Belarus22.10
13Norway22.06
14Canada21.91
15Finland21.41
16Slovenia20.87
17Ireland20.80
World Avg13.03
q=70.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
4UK4
5Norway5
6Switzerland6
7Germany7
8Canada8
9Netherlands9
10USA10
11Luxembourg11
12Finland12
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)45
Pos.Lower is better
%45
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
120Finland57.9
121Macedonia58.1
122Nicaragua58.2
123Norway58.3
124Poland58.3
125Ukraine58.4
126Cuba58.5
127Italy58.5
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese53. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up54. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight54 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year55 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"56. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes57. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar58.

Smoking Rates (2014)42
Pos.Lower is better42
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
86Tajikistan 533
87S. Africa 537
88Iceland 551
89Norway 556
90Gabon 559
91Venezuela 565
92Uzbekistan 573
93Oman 577
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)43
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100k43
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
56Iceland23.5
57New Zealand23.6
58Ireland23.7
59Norway23.8
60Denmark23.9
61Germany23.9
62Cuba24.5
63Romania24.5
World Avg20.93
q=91.

9. Children's Health

#health #Norway #parenting #population #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)21
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100021
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
9Japan4.1
10Cyprus5.0
11Sweden5.7
12Norway5.9
13Luxembourg5.9
14Italy6.0
15Iceland6.1
16Libya6.2
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)41
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %41
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
74Singapore94.6
75UK94.6
76Solomon Islands94.5
77Norway94.3
78Bolivia94.2
79UAE94.0
80Bangladesh94.0
81Tanzania94.0
World Avg88.3
q=194.

10. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
59
Pos.Lower is better59
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
11Netherlands10
12UAE12
13Bahrain13
14Norway13.33
15Malta14
16Indonesia14.75
17Iceland16
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
46Belarus46
47Moldova47
48Montenegro48
49Norway49
50Fiji50
51Dominica51
52Malaysia52
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
19Hungary19
20Slovakia20
21Poland21
22Norway22
23Lithuania23
24St Lucia24
25Canada25
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
48UK48
49Timor-Leste (E. Timor)49
50Ireland50
51Norway51
52Finland52
53France53
54Australia54
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
4Sweden4
5Malta5
6Australia6
7Norway7
8Finland8
9Denmark9
10Switzerland10
11Canada11
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
4Netherlands4
5Switzerland5
6Serbia6
7Belgium7
8Norway8
9Finland9
10Croatia10
11Georgia11
q=163.
Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2960
2Israel4.1160
3Japan3.5860
...
17Czechia2.0060
18Netherlands1.9760
19Iceland1.8960
20Norway1.7060
21UK1.7060
22Canada1.6160
23Ireland1.5260
24Estonia1.4360
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)61
Pos.Higher is better61
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
4Venezuela7.5
5Sweden7.5
6Switzerland7.5
7Austria7.5
8Canada7.4
9Australia7.4
10Israel7.4
11Finland7.4
12Costa Rica7.3
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)16
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
4Liechtenstein$75 065
5Brunei$72 843
6Norway$67 614
7UAE$66 203
8Luxembourg$62 471
9Switzerland$56 364
10Hong Kong$54 265
11USA$53 245
12Saudi Arabia$51 320
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)62
Pos.Higher is better62
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
11Iceland78.6
12Spain78.4
13Germany78.4
14Norway77.5
15Belgium77.4
16Italy77.0
17New Zealand76.0
18Netherlands75.5
q=180.
IQ (2006)63
Pos.Higher is better63
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
9Switzerland101
10Mongolia101
11Netherlands100
12Norway100
13Austria100
14UK100
15New Zealand99
16Poland99
q=138.