The Human Truth Foundation

Botswana (Republic of Botswana)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Botswana

Botswana
Republic of Botswana
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index131st best
CapitalGaborone
Land Area 566 730 km21
LocationAfrica
Population2.053 million (2011)2
Life Expectancy64.51yrs (2017)3
GNI$14 663 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesBW, BWA, 725
Internet Domain.bw6
CurrencyPula (BWP)7
Telephone+2678

1. Overview

#UK

Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name upon independence in 1966. Four decades of uninterrupted civilian leadership, progressive social policies, and significant capital investment have created one of the most stable economies in Africa. Mineral extraction, principally diamond mining, dominates economic activity, though tourism is a growing sector due to the country's conservation practices and extensive nature preserves. Botswana has one of the world's highest known rates of HIV/AIDS infection, but also one of Africa's most progressive and comprehensive programs for dealing with the disease.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

2. Botswana National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)10
CountryRank10
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
105Maldives105
106Uzbekistan105
107Moldova107
108Botswana108
109Gabon109
110Paraguay110
111Egypt111
112Turkmenistan111
113Indonesia113
114Palestine114
115Vietnam115
116Philippines116
117El Salvador117
118Bolivia118
119S. Africa119
120Kyrgyzstan120
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Iceland89.1
2Sweden85.7
3Denmark84.0
...
128S. Sudan53.2
129Russia53.1
130Indonesia52.8
131Botswana52.6
132Moldova52.4
133Ghana51.9
134Algeria51.7
135Marshall Islands51.1
136Laos51.1
137China51.1
138Namibia50.9
139Kenya50.7
140Sao Tome & Principe50.7
141Egypt50.7
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (2015)11
CountryYears11
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
146Gabon64.94
147Rwanda64.75
148Ethiopia64.60
149Botswana64.51
150Eritrea64.19
151Yemen64.05
152Malawi63.88
153Sudan63.73
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
103Fiji2.6
104Korea, S.1.4
105Slovakia1.4
106Botswana2.6
107Kyrgyzstan2.6
108Austria1.3
109Egypt2.7
110Singapore1.3
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
141Latvia2.235m36
142Lesotho2.217m73
143Macedonia2.067m82
144Botswana2.053m4
145Slovenia2.04m101
146Qatar1.939m167
147Gambia1.825m180
Data Source

Botswana's population is predicted to rise to 2.344 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.64.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
147Sudan1964
148Papua New Guinea1964
149Lesotho1965
150Botswana1965
151Tuvalu1967
152Kiribati1967
153Ecuador1967
154Nauru1968
Gender Inequality (2015)12
CountryValue12
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
92Brazil0.41
93Jamaica0.42
94Algeria0.43
95Botswana0.44
96Philippines0.44
97Samoa0.44
98Bolivia0.45
99Suriname0.45

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
84Peru1%
85Paraguay1%
86El Salvador1%
87Botswana0%
88UAE0%
89Benin0%
90Tanzania0%
91Egypt0%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below13:

Christian72.1%
Muslim0.4%
Hindu0.3%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion6%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated20.6%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Christian 71.6%, Badimo 6%, other 1.4%, unspecified 0.4%, none 20.6% (2001 census)14.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Botswana states:

The constitution and other laws mandate a secular state and protect freedom of religion or belief. However, there are widespread state privileges for Christianity and routine bias against the nonreligious. Government meetings often begin with a Christian prayer15. Even though the constitution prohibits forced religious instruction, forced participation in religious ceremonies, or taking oaths that run counter to an individual's religious beliefs, religious education is part of the curriculum in public schools. This public education emphasizes Christianity15 but also addresses other religious groups in the country, while excluding humanists and other non-theists. Additionally, the constitution provides that every religious community may establish places for religious instruction at the community's expense.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)16

Links:

6. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)12
CountryPer 100012
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
84Grenada30.5
85Trinidad & Tobago31.5
86Morocco31.7
87Botswana32.3
88Romania34.6
89Bulgaria37.7
90Tajikistan38.1
91Vietnam38.6
Alcohol Consumption (2010)17
CountryPer Capita17
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
131Guyana8.1
132Peru8.1
133St Kitts & Nevis8.2
134Botswana8.4
135Cameroon8.4
136Belize8.5
137Brazil8.7
138Montenegro8.7

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Anti-Semite Opinions18
Country%18
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
53Costa Rica32
54Uruguay33
55Croatia33
56Botswana33
57Nicaragua34
58Romania35
59Cameroon35
60Paraguay35
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
19
CountryValue19
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
70Bolivia61.5
71Honduras61.75
72Italy63.5
73Botswana63.75
74Ghana63.75
75Spain64
76Sudan64
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom (2014)20
CountryRank20
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
90Bahrain88
91Jordan91
92Cape Verde92
93Botswana93
94Liberia94
95Lesotho94
96Kazakhstan96
97Ecuador97
Global Peace Index (2012)21
CountryValue21
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
28Netherlands1.61
29UK1.61
30Chile1.62
31Botswana1.62
32Romania1.63
33Uruguay1.63
34Vietnam1.64
35Croatia1.65
Research and Development
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2922
2Israel4.1122
3Japan3.5822
...
80Kuwait0.3023
81Pakistan0.2923
82Zambia0.2824
83Botswana0.2525
84Armenia0.2423
85Sudan0.2326
86Uruguay0.2325
87Mongolia0.2323
Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)27
CountryTreaties27
1Argentina24
2Mexico23
3Costa Rica23
...
109Libya15
110Maldives15
111Chad15
112Botswana14
113Sudan14
114Madagascar14
115Dominican Rep.14
116Cameroon14
Press Freedom (2013)28
CountryValue28
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
36France2160
37El Salvador2286
38Latvia2289
39Botswana2291
40Papua New Guinea2297
41Romania2305
42Niger2308
43Trinidad & Tobago2312
Life Satisfaction (2011)29
CountryValue29
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
143Burundi3.8
144Afghanistan3.8
145Yemen3.7
146Chad3.7
147Benin3.7
148Central African Rep.3.6
149Botswana3.6
150Togo2.8
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)11
CountryPPP $11
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
72Montenegro$15 410
73Venezuela$15 129
74Barbados$14 952
75Botswana$14 663
76Thailand$14 519
77Libya$14 303
78Brazil$14 145
79Turkmenistan$14 026
Environmental Performance (2010)30
CountryValue30
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
145Equatorial Guinea41.9
146Korea, N.41.8
147Cambodia41.7
148Botswana41.3
149Iraq41.0
150Chad40.8
151UAE40.7
152Nigeria40.2
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3China105
...
108Ghana71
109Jamaica71
110Rwanda70
111Botswana70
112Benin70
113Togo70
114Namibia70
115Malawi69
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
158Turkmenistan-40
159Algeria-40
160Pakistan-40
161Botswana-50
162Morocco-50
163Togo-50
164Benin-50
165Oman-50
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/botswana.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#Botswana #buddhism #christianity #hinduism #humanism #islam #judaism #theism #UK

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Apr 26.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

UNESCO
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from unesdoc.unesco.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 30.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bc.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  12. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  13. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  14. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  15. 2010 IRF report (US International Religious Freedom report). In IHEU 2012.^
  16. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  17. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  18. ADL (2014) . Lower is better.^
  19. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  20. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  21. ^
  22. OECD (2016) . Data for year 2014.^
  23. World Bank . Data for year 2013.^
  24. World Bank . Data for year 2008.^
  25. World Bank . Data for year 2012.^
  26. UNESCO . Data for year 2007.^
  27. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  28. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  29. UN (2013) Table 9. Higher is better. Table 9. The UN's data is the latest available from a range of data from 2007-2011.^
  30. UN (2011) Table 6. Higher is better.^

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