Botswana (Republic of Botswana)

#Botswana

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Botswana
Republic of Botswana
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index121st best
CapitalGaborone
Land Area1 566 730 km2
LocationAfrica
Population22.053 million
Life Expectancy353.034yrs (2012)
GNI3$13 102
ISO3166-1 Codes4BW, BWA, 72
Internet Domain5.bw
Currency6Pula (BWP)
Telephone7+267

1. Overview

#UK

Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name upon independence in 1966. Four decades of uninterrupted civilian leadership, progressive social policies, and significant capital investment have created one of the most stable economies in Africa. Mineral extraction, principally diamond mining, dominates economic activity, though tourism is a growing sector due to the country's conservation practices and extensive nature preserves. Botswana has one of the world's highest known rates of HIV/AIDS infection, but also one of Africa's most progressive and comprehensive programs for dealing with the disease.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Botswana National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
116Syria64.856.5
117Micronesia64.563.5
118Guyana63.655.0
119Botswana63.456.4
120Honduras63.253.9
121S. Africa62.960.3
122Kiribati62.962.1
123Indonesia62.951.5
124Vanuatu62.661.5
125Kyrgyzstan62.259.4
126Tajikistan62.256.5
127Vietnam61.751.8
128Namibia60.858.8
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
118Palestine52.7
119Vietnam52.5
120Algeria52.4
121Botswana52.3
122Bahrain52.1
123Uzbekistan52.0
124Tajikistan51.3
125Egypt51.3
126Korea, N.51.1
127Turkmenistan51.0
128Thailand50.8
129Bolivia50.8
130Lesotho50.5
131Sri Lanka50.4
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
172Malawi54.8
173Uganda54.5
174Guinea54.5
175Botswana53
176S. Africa53.4
177Nigeria52.3
178Cameroon52.1
179Mali51.9
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
103Fiji2.6
104Korea, S.1.4
105Slovakia1.4
106Botswana2.6
107Kyrgyzstan2.6
108Austria1.3
109Egypt2.7
110Singapore1.3
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
141Latvia2.235m36
142Lesotho2.217m73
143Macedonia2.067m82
144Botswana2.053m4
145Slovenia2.04m101
146Qatar1.939m167
147Gambia1.825m180
Data Source

Botswana's population is predicted to rise to 2.344 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.64. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
147Libya1964
148Papua New Guinea1964
149Lesotho1965
150Botswana1965
151Tuvalu1967
152Kiribati1967
153Ecuador1967
154Swaziland1968
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
99Jordan0.48
100Honduras0.48
101Laos0.48
102Botswana0.49
103Nepal0.49
104Guyana0.49
105Gabon0.49
106Indonesia0.49
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Botswana is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#Buddhism #Christianity #Hinduism #Islam #Judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
94Algeria0%
95Benin0%
96Chad0%
97Botswana0%
98Mauritania0%
99Mali0%
100Burkina Faso0%
101Tanzania0%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian72.1%
Muslim0.4%
Hindu0.3%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion6%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated20.6%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Christian 71.6%, Badimo 6%, other 1.4%, unspecified 0.4%, none 20.6% (2001 census)10.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Botswana states:

The constitution and other laws mandate a secular state and protect freedom of religion or belief. However, there are widespread state privileges for Christianity and routine bias against the nonreligious. Government meetings often begin with a Christian prayer11. Even though the constitution prohibits forced religious instruction, forced participation in religious ceremonies, or taking oaths that run counter to an individual's religious beliefs, religious education is part of the curriculum in public schools. This public education emphasizes Christianity11 but also addresses other religious groups in the country, while excluding humanists and other non-theists. Additionally, the constitution provides that every religious community may establish places for religious instruction at the community's expense.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)12

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
150Namibia6.50
151Djibouti6.50
152Equatorial Guinea6.00
153Botswana6.00
154Eritrea5.40
155Togo5.38
156Comoros5.10
157Solomon Islands5.00
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
64Saudi Arabia7.1
65Iceland7.1
66Hungary7.1
67Botswana7.0
68Macedonia7.0
69Malaysia7.0
70Ghana7.0
71Mongolia7.0
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
28Netherlands1.61
29UK1.61
30Chile1.62
31Botswana1.62
32Romania1.63
33Uruguay1.63
34Vietnam1.64
35Croatia1.65
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
110Namibia70
111Benin70
112Togo70
113Botswana70
114Rwanda70
115Malawi69
116Burundi69
117Mali69
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
112Dominican Rep.14
113China14
114Syria14
115Botswana14
116Madagascar14
117Uzbekistan14
118Sudan14
119Mauritius14
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
36France99.2
37El Salvador99.2
38Latvia99.2
39Botswana99.2
40Papua New Guinea99.2
41Romania99.2
42Niger99.2
43Trinidad & Tobago99.2
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2913
2Israel4.1113
3Japan3.5813
...
80Kuwait0.3014
81Pakistan0.2914
82Zambia0.2815
83Botswana0.2516
84Armenia0.2414
85Sudan0.2317
86Mongolia0.2314
87Uruguay0.2316
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
61Belarus$13 385
62Uruguay$13 333
63Mauritius$13 300
64Botswana$13 102
65Mexico$12 947
66Gabon$12 521
67St Kitts & Nevis$12 460
68Lebanon$12 364
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
143Burundi3.8
144Haiti3.8
145Chad3.7
146Benin3.7
147Yemen3.7
148Botswana3.6
149Central African Rep.3.6
150Togo2.8
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
145Equatorial Guinea41.9
146Korea, N.41.8
147Cambodia41.7
148Botswana41.3
149Iraq41.0
150Chad40.8
151UAE40.7
152Nigeria40.2
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
158Turkmenistan-40
159Algeria-40
160Pakistan-40
161Botswana-50
162Morocco-50
163Togo-50
164Benin-50
165Oman-50
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/botswana.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 01.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

UNESCO
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from unesdoc.unesco.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 30.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bc.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. 2010 IRF report (US International Religious Freedom report). In IHEU 2012.^
  12. IHEU (2012) Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  13. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2008.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  17. UNESCO data for year 2007.^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.