The Human Truth Foundation

Thailand (Kingdom of Thailand)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#charity #climate_change #economics #happiness #intelligence #morals #research #science #thailand #the_environment

Thailand
Kingdom of Thailand
StatusIndependent State
CapitalBangkok
Land Area 510 890km21
LocationAsia
Population69.9m (2011)2
Life Expectancy74.62yrs (2017)3
GNI$14 519 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesTH, THA, 7645
Internet Domain.th6
CurrencyBaht (THB)7
Telephone+668

1. Overview

A unified Thai kingdom was established in the mid-14th century. Known as Siam until 1939, Thailand is the only Southeast Asian country never to have been taken over by a European power. A bloodless revolution in 1932 led to a constitutional monarchy. In alliance with Japan during World War II, Thailand became a US treaty ally in 1954 after sending troops to Korea and later fighting alongside the United States in Vietnam. Thailand since 2005 has experienced several rounds of political turmoil including a military coup in 2006 that ousted then Prime Minister THAKSIN Chinnawat, followed by large-scale street protests by competing political factions in 2008, 2009, and 2010. Demonstrations in 2010 culminated with clashes between security forces and pro-THAKSIN protesters, elements of which were armed, and resulted in at least 92 deaths and an estimated $1.5 billion in arson-related property losses. THAKSIN's youngest sister, YINGLAK Chinnawat, in 2011 led the Puea Thai Party to an electoral win and assumed control of the government. YINGLAK's leadership was almost immediately challenged by historic flooding in late 2011 that had large swathes of the country underwater and threatened to inundate Bangkok itself. Throughout 2012 the Puea Thai-led government struggled with the opposition Democrat Party to fulfill some of its main election promises, including constitutional reform and political reconciliation. Since January 2004, thousands have been killed and wounded in violence associated with the ethno-nationalist insurgency in Thailand's southern Malay-Muslim majority provinces.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverFriendly and fun-loving, exotic and tropical, cultured and historic, Thailand radiates a golden hue from its gaudy temples and tropical beaches to the ever-comforting Thai smile. Lustrous Thailand radiates a hospitality that makes it one of the most accessibly exotic destinations on earth. Its natural landscape is part of the allure: the blonde beaches are lapped at by cerulean seas, while the northern mountains cascade into the misty horizon. In between are emerald-coloured rice fields and busy, prosperous cities built around sacred temples. It is a bountiful land where the markets are piled high with pyramids of colourful fruits and the rót khen (vendor cart) is an integral piece of a city´s infrastructure.

You´ll suffer few travelling hardships, save for a few pushy touts, in this land of comfort and convenience. Bangkok reigns as an Asian superstar, Chiang Mai excels in liveability and the tropical islands are up all night to party. It is relatively cheap to hop around by plane and the kingdom provides a gateway to everywhere else in the region. Though the fiery curries and simple stir-fries might delay your departure.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

Prime Minister Gen. Prayuth Chan-ocha, in his concurrent position as NCPO chairman, [wields] absolute power without oversight or accountability. The 2017 constitution, promulgated in March, endorses the continuance of this power, thereby guaranteeing that both the NCPO and officials operating under its orders cannot be held accountable for their rights violations. An unelected Senate and other elements of the new constitution lay the foundations for prolonged military control even if the junta fulfills its promise to hold elections in November 2018.

"World Report 2018" by Human Rights Watch (2018)11

2. Thailand National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)12
Pos.Lower is better
Rank12
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
85Ukraine84
86Jordan86
87Peru87
88Thailand87
89Ecuador89
90China90
91Fiji91
92St Lucia92
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13
Pos.Higher is better
Points13
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
84Cuba55.4
85Andorra55.3
86Guatemala55.0
87Thailand54.8
88Jordan54.7
89Dominican Rep.54.5
90Vietnam54.5
91Belarus54.4
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population #Thailand

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)14
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10014
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
135Macedonia27.7
136Luxembourg28.3
137Armenia28.7
138Thailand29.2
139Ireland29.2
140Russia29.5
141Georgia29.7
142Montenegro30.0
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)15
Pos.
%15
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
167Malawi1.4%
168Congo, DR1.3%
169N. Korea1.3%
170Thailand1.2%
171UAE1.2%
172Mongolia1.2%
173Kenya1.1%
174Indonesia1.1%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

Fertility Rate (2013)16
Pos.2.0 is best16
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
68Cambodia2.45
69Bulgaria1.54
70Bahrain2.46
71Thailand1.54
72Greece1.54
73Georgia1.53
74Switzerland1.53
75Mongolia2.48
World Avg2.81
q=180.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Immigrants (2010)15
Pos.
%15
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
133Malawi1.8%
134Sudan1.7%
135Japan1.7%
136Thailand1.7%
137Sri Lanka1.7%
138Senegal1.6%
139Guyana1.5%
140Tanzania1.5%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)17
Pos.Higher is better
Years17
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
76Romania74.84
77Peru74.81
78Brazil74.75
79Thailand74.62
80Mauritius74.60
81Kuwait74.55
82Saudi Arabia74.44
83Venezuela74.39
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)18
Pos.
Population18
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
16Germany82.0m
17Iran75.6m
18Turkey74.5m
19Thailand69.9m
20Congo, DR69.6m
21France63.5m
22UK62.8m
23Italy61.0m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Thailand's population is predicted to rise to 73.32 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.54. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Human Rights, Equality and Freedom

#equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #thailand #tolerance

Thailand is generally poor at ensuring human rights and freedom compared to the rest of the world. Thailand comes in the best 20 in terms of fighting anti-semitic opinions19. It does better than average for the year from which women could participate in democracy20, LGBT equality21 and in opposing gender inequality22. Thailand does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average when it comes to commentary in Human Rights Watch reports23 (still high for Asia), fighting corruption24, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms25, its Global Peace Index rating26, supporting press freedom27, eliminating modern slavery28 and in its nominal commitment to Human Rights29. Military Prime Minister Gen. Prayuth Chan-ocha wields "absolute power without oversight or accountability" and he and his officials "cannot be held accountable for their rights violations"11. Civil rights are suffering and critics of the government are being suppressed and silenced and some protests have been violently dispersed. Thailand's fishing industry has become infamous for using modern slavery techniques to acquire and keep workers via human trafficking and debt bondage techniques30.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism #Thailand

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
18Japan18
19Chile19
20Kazakhstan20
21Thailand21
22Algeria22
23Guatemala23
24Ecuador24
25Madagascar25
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
20Luxembourg20
21Ireland21
22Costa Rica22
23Thailand23
24Poland24
25S. Africa25
26Chile26
27Panama27
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Global Peace Index (2012)26
Pos.Lower is better26
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
122Venezuela2.28
123Guatemala2.29
124Mauritania2.30
125Thailand2.30
126S. Africa2.32
127Iran2.32
128Honduras2.34
129Turkey2.34
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"26. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark26 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan26.

Impact of Terrorism (2019)32
Pos.Lower is better
Score32
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
130Kenya5.76
131Sudan5.81
132Colombia5.91
133Thailand6.03
134S. Sudan6.32
135Turkey6.53
136Cameroon6.62
137Central African Rep.6.62
World Avg2.78
q=150.

6. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)33
Pos.Lower is better
%33
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
101Comoros97
102Egypt97
103Morocco97
104Thailand97
105Mauritania98
106Djibouti98
107Somaliland98
108Burundi98
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)34
Pos.Higher is better
%34
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
92Botswana0
93Syria0
94Sierra Leone0
95Thailand0
96Togo0
97Benin0
98Tunisia0
99Uganda0
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below35:

Christian0.9%
Muslim5.5%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist93.2%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.3%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Buddhist (official) 94.6%, Muslim 4.6%, Christian 0.7%, other 0.1% (2000 census)36.

Links:

7. The Internet

#internet #politics #Thailand #the_internet

Freedom On The Internet (2012)37
Pos.Lower is better37
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
32Sri Lanka55
33Kazakhstan58
34Egypt59
35Thailand61
36Pakistan63
37Belarus69
38Bahrain71
39Saudi Arabia71
World Avg46.7
q=47.
Internet Users (2016)38
Pos.Higher is better38
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
113Philippines44%
114Jamaica43%
115Ecuador43%
116Thailand43%
117Mauritius43%
118Cape Verde43%
119Suriname42%
120Bolivia41%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)39
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio39
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
35Singapore4.0
36Sweden3.8
37Poland3.6
38Thailand3.3
39Denmark3.1
40Bosnia & Herzegovina3.1
41Sri Lanka2.9
42Latvia2.2
World Avg3.82
q=176.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

8. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #genetics #health #mental_health #obesity #organ_donation #public_health #smoking #sociology #suicide #Thailand #UK

Thailand does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Thailand does better than average in terms of its immunizations take-up40, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance31, its suicide rate41 and in the prevalence of overweight adults42. Thailand does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average for its adolescent birth rate22, its smoking rate43 and in its alcohol consumption rate44. And finally, it falls into the worst-performing 20 for number of organ donors45. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)44
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita44
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
122Burkina Faso8.2
123St Vincent & Grenadines8.2
124Dominica8.2
125Thailand8.3
126Ivory Coast8.4
127Botswana8.4
128Trinidad & Tobago8.4
129Vietnam8.4
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking46 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink47 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies48 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"49. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"50. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Organ Donors (At Death) (2017)45
Pos.Higher is better
pmp45
1Spain46.9051
2Portugal34.0151
3Belgium33.6251
...
48Kuwait5.00
49Ecuador5.00
50Moldova4.50
51Thailand4.27
52Panama4.15
53Mexico3.96
54Russia3.90
55China3.67
World Avg13.03
q=70.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
34Macedonia34
35India35
36Fiji36
37Thailand37
38Pakistan38
39Portugal39
40Brazil40
41Iceland41
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)42
Pos.Lower is better
%42
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
53China32.3
54Mauritius32.3
55N. Korea32.4
56Thailand32.6
57Cameroon33.6
58Mauritania34.4
59Cape Verde34.8
60Sao Tome & Principe35.4
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese52. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up53. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight53 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year54 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"55. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes56. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar57.

Smoking Rates (2014)43
Pos.Lower is better43
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
111Sweden 831
112Laos 836
113Iran 869
114Thailand 895
115Turkmenistan 92558
116Chile 930
117Ireland 954
118Australia 956
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)41
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100k41
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
40Ecuador14.1
41Spain15.3
42Argentina15.6
43Thailand15.8
44Australia16.4
45El Salvador16.5
46Kyrgyzstan17.7
47Netherlands18.6
World Avg20.93
q=91.

9. Children's Health

#health #parenting #population #Thailand #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)22
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100022
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
96Georgia39.7
97Barbados40.7
98Vanuatu43.1
99Thailand44.6
100Antigua & Barbuda44.8
101Fiji44.8
102S. Africa45.5
103Cuba45.6
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)40
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %40
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
17Antigua & Barbuda98.0
18Cuba97.9
19Belgium97.8
20Thailand97.8
21Mauritius97.6
22Fiji97.6
23Kuwait97.5
24Morocco97.5
World Avg88.3
q=194.

10. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
59
Pos.Lower is better59
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
27Denmark25.5
28Malaysia27.5
29Finland28.25
30Thailand28.75
31Uzbekistan29
32Libya29
33Puerto Rico29
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
104Swaziland104
105Albania105
106Madagascar106
107Thailand107
108Yemen108
109Brazil109
110Nicaragua110
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
51Chile51
52Bahamas52
53UAE53
54Thailand54
55Macedonia55
56Mauritania56
57India57
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
18Japan18
19Chile19
20Kazakhstan20
21Thailand21
22Algeria22
23Guatemala23
24Ecuador24
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
20Luxembourg20
21Ireland21
22Costa Rica22
23Thailand23
24Poland24
25S. Africa25
26Chile26
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
106Bolivia106
107Ghana107
108Mexico108
109Thailand109
110Ecuador110
111Malawi111
112Laos112
q=163.
Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2960
2Israel4.1160
3Japan3.5860
...
66Puerto Rico0.4461
67Jordan0.4362
68Mozambique0.4263
69Thailand0.3964
70Tanzania0.3863
71Romania0.3860
72Montenegro0.3861
73Chile0.3860
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)65
Pos.Higher is better65
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
26Brazil6.8
27El Salvador6.7
28Cyprus6.7
29Thailand6.7
30Saudi Arabia6.7
31Germany6.7
32Trinidad & Tobago6.7
33Kuwait6.6
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)17
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $17
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
73Venezuela$15 129
74Barbados$14 952
75Botswana$14 663
76Thailand$14 519
77Libya$14 303
78Brazil$14 145
79Turkmenistan$14 026
80Costa Rica$14 006
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)66
Pos.Higher is better66
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
118Grenada50.9
119Tanzania50.8
120China50.7
121Thailand49.9
122Micronesia49.8
123Libya49.8
124Ghana49.7
125Timor-Leste (E. Timor)49.5
q=180.
IQ (2006)67
Pos.Higher is better67
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
49Malaysia92
50Greece92
51Brunei91
52Thailand91
53Lithuania91
54Cambodia91
55Albania90
56Croatia90
q=138.