The Human Truth Foundation

Chile (Republic of Chile)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#chile #pentecostalism

Chile
Republic of Chile
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index38th best
CapitalSantiago (administrative/judicial) and Valparaiso (legislative)
Land Area 743 532km21
LocationSouth America, The Americas
Population17.4m (2011)2
Life Expectancy81.96yrs (2017)3
GNI$21 665 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesCL, CHL, 1525
Internet Domain.cl6
CurrencyPeso (CLP)7
Telephone+568

1. Overview

#bolivia #peru #spain

Prior to the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, the Inca ruled northern Chile while the Mapuche inhabited central and southern Chile. Although Chile declared its independence in 1810, decisive victory over the Spanish was not achieved until 1818. In the War of the Pacific (1879-83), Chile defeated Peru and Bolivia and won its present northern regions. It was not until the 1880s that the Mapuche were brought under central government control. After a series of elected governments, the three-year-old Marxist government of Salvador ALLENDE was overthrown in 1973 by a military coup led by Augusto PINOCHET, who ruled until a freely elected president was inaugurated in 1990. Sound economic policies, maintained consistently since the 1980s, have contributed to steady growth, reduced poverty rates by over half, and have helped secure the country's commitment to democratic and representative government. Chile has increasingly assumed regional and international leadership roles befitting its status as a stable, democratic nation.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverChile is nature on a colossal scale, but travel here is surprisingly easy. Your trip can be as hard-core or as pampered as you like, but you´ll always feel welcome. Spindly Chile stretches 4300km - over half the continent - from the driest desert in the world to massive glacial fields. In between the Andes and the Pacific, the landscape is dotted with volcanoes, geysers, beaches, lakes, rivers, steppe and countless islands. What´s on offer? Everything. In Chile, adventure is what happens on the way to having an adventure: explore sweeping desert solitude, craggy Andean summits, the lush forests of the fjords, first-class wine regions, up-and-coming surfing hot spots, even the exotic getaway of Rapa Nui (Easter Island). Of course, Chile is more than its striking geography: its far-flung location has fired the imagination of literary heavyweights and has been known to make poets out of bartenders and dreamers out of presidents. Closer borders have fostered intimacy with the Chilean people and rituals such as the sharing of maté tea and the welcoming attitude of buena onda (good vibes) are integral to the fabric of local life.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Chile National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
35Cyprus33
36Poland36
37Lithuania37
38Chile38
39Saudi Arabia38
40Slovakia40
41Portugal41
42UAE42
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
51Latvia$22 589
52St Kitts & Nevis$22 436
53Kazakhstan$22 093
54Chile$21 665
55Bahamas$21 565
56Equatorial Guinea$21 517
57Argentina$20 945
58Antigua & Barbuda$20 907
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Denmark28.3
2Norway29.1
3Finland29.7
...
34Cyprus57.8
35Latvia57.8
36Uruguay58.3
37Chile59.1
38Monaco59.4
39Croatia61.1
40Lithuania61.7
41Romania62.0
World Avg86.9
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Chile's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population

Population:

Chile's population is predicted to rise to 19.54 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.84. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2012)15
Pos.
Population15
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
57Cameroon20.5m
58Angola20.2m
59Burkina Faso17.5m
60Chile17.4m
61Netherlands16.7m
62Niger16.6m
63Kazakhstan16.4m
64Mali16.3m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
12Canada82.22
13S. Korea82.13
14New Zealand82.03
15Chile81.96
16Luxembourg81.88
17Norway81.71
18Netherlands81.71
19Austria81.58
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)16
Pos.2.0 is best16
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
20UK1.87
21New Zealand2.15
22Azerbaijan2.16
23Chile1.84
24Bangladesh2.16
25Belgium1.83
26Algeria2.17
27Oman2.17
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)17
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10017
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
131Mauritius25.9
132Uruguay26.8
133Cyprus26.9
134Chile27.0
135Macedonia27.7
136Luxembourg28.3
137Armenia28.7
138Thailand29.2
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
125Comoros2.0%
126Mozambique1.9%
127Uganda1.9%
128Chile1.9%
129Turkey1.9%
130Sierra Leone1.8%
131Central African Rep.1.8%
132Zambia1.8%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
127Norway3.8%
128Bahrain3.7%
129Gambia3.7%
130Chile3.7%
131Peru3.7%
132Czechia3.6%
133Mauritania3.5%
134Canada3.5%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#chile #equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance

Chile performs very well in ensuring human rights and freedom compared to most other countries. Chile does the second-best in its nominal commitment to Human Rights19. It comes in the best 20 in terms of eliminating modern slavery20 (amongst the best in The Americas). It does better than average in terms of supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms21 (amongst the best in The Americas), commentary in Human Rights Watch reports22 (one of the highest in The Americas), supporting press freedom23, opposing gender inequality24 and in the year from which women could participate in democracy. Chile does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average for its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice25. In 2017, the courts continued to prosecute those responsible for human rights violations during Augusto Pinochet's dictatorship from 1973 to 199026. But there are still ongoing issues with the justice system including too much mistreatment and overcrowding26. Inhumane restrictions on family planning services (including the end of the total ban on abortion) were lightened in 2017, including access for LGBT folk26.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Chile's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #Chile #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Health (2020)27,28
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank27,28
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
111Paraguay96.3
112Seychelles96.3
113Panama96.5
114Chile96.5
115Kazakhstan97.9
116Honduras98.3
117Azerbaijan98.4
118Moldova98.6
119Serbia99.1
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives27. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea27.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia.

Health:

Chile does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Chile comes in the best 20 in its average life expectancy12 (amongst the highest in The Americas). It does better than average when it comes to its fertility rate16 and in its immunizations take-up29. Chile does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in its suicide rate30, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance31, its adolescent birth rate24 (still low for The Americas), its smoking rate32 and in its alcohol consumption rate33. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
12Canada82.22
13S. Korea82.13
14New Zealand82.03
15Chile81.96
16Luxembourg81.88
17Norway81.71
18Netherlands81.71
19Austria81.58
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)33
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita33
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
135Rwanda9.0
136Iceland9.1
137Sweden9.2
138Chile9.3
139Grenada9.3
140S. Africa9.3
141St Kitts & Nevis9.4
142Tanzania9.4
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)16
Pos.2.0 is best16
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
20UK1.87
21New Zealand2.15
22Azerbaijan2.16
23Chile1.84
24Bangladesh2.16
25Belgium1.83
26Algeria2.17
27Oman2.17
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)32
Pos.Higher is worse32
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
119Mongolia 957
118Australia 956
117Ireland 954
116Chile 930
115Turkmenistan 92534
114Thailand 895
113Iran 869
112Laos 836
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)30
Pos.
Per 100k30
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
51India20.8
52Trinidad & Tobago21.7
53USA22.2
54Chile22.4
55Canada22.7
56Iceland23.5
57New Zealand23.6
58Ireland23.7
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
88Syria88
89Azerbaijan89
90Uganda90
91Chile91
92Tunisia92
93Bahrain93
94Philippines94
95Bosnia & Herzegovina95
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)35
Pos.Lower is better
%35
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
155Oman62.6
156Argentina62.7
157Uruguay62.9
158Chile63.1
159Venezuela63.4
160Egypt63.5
161Andorra63.7
162UK63.7
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)24
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100024
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
103Cuba45.6
104Suriname46.1
105Timor-Leste (E. Timor)46.6
106Chile47.8
107Solomon Islands48.4
108Peru49.1
109Indonesia49.6
110Colombia50.2
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)29
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %29
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
91Egypt93.4
92Cape Verde93.4
93Burundi93.3
94Chile93.3
95Georgia93.1
96New Zealand92.9
97Nauru92.9
98USA92.8
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Chile's Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #it_security #maths #modernity #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)36
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank36
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
39Croatia40.0
40Ukraine41.9
41Bulgaria42.7
42Chile43.3
43S. Africa43.7
44Romania44.6
45Brazil45.1
46Malaysia45.6
47Belarus46.0
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2937
2Israel4.1137
3Japan3.5837
...
70Tanzania0.3838
71Romania0.3837
72Montenegro0.3839
73Chile0.3837
74Ghana0.3838
75Moldova0.3539
76Ecuador0.3440
77Bosnia & Herzegovina0.3339
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)41
Pos.Higher is better41
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
60Singapore79.6%
61Italy79.6%
62Hong Kong79.4%
63Chile79.3%
64China78.6%
65Belize78.6%
66Malta78.2%
67Fiji76.9%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)42
Pos.Higher is better
Years42
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
17Saudi Arabia17.0
18Czechia16.8
19Grenada16.6
20Chile16.5
21Hong Kong16.5
22Lithuania16.5
23Turkey16.4
24Poland16.4
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
71Burundi71
72Tunisia72
73Timor-Leste (E. Timor)73
74Chile74
75Argentina75
76Costa Rica76
77Jamaica77
78Colombia78
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)43
Pos.Higher is better
Score43
1Singapore1655
2Hong Kong1598
3Japan1586
...
41Malta1391
42Slovakia1389
43Greece1376
44Chile1329
45Bulgaria1319
46Romania1313
47Cyprus1313
48UAE1298
World Avg1389
q=70.
Religiosity (2009)44
Pos.Lower is better
%44
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
29Ireland54
30USA65
31Argentina66
32Chile70
33Croatia70
34Singapore70
35Montenegro71
36Greece71
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)45
Pos.Higher is better45
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
55Albania90
56Croatia90
57Kyrgyzstan90
58Chile90
59Costa Rica89
60Laos89
61Ecuador88
62Mexico88
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)46
Pos.Higher is better46
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
38Hungary80%
39Kuwait80%
40Malta80%
41Chile78%
42Lithuania77%
43Latvia76%
44Lebanon76%
45Croatia74%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IT Security (2013)47
Pos.Lower is better47
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
24Australia0.63
25Libya0.63
26Qatar0.65
27Chile0.66
28Guinea-Bissau0.67
29Uzbekistan0.69
30Moldova0.71
31Zambia0.76
World Avg0.98
q=81.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)48
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio48
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
83Macedonia0.0
84Pakistan0.0
85Paraguay0.0
86Chile0.0
87US Virgin Islands0.0
88Mauritius0.0
89Botswana0.0
90El Salvador0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
49
Pos.Lower is better49
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
55Israel45.25
56Taiwan46
57Belgium47.25
58Chile47.25
59Saudi Arabia48
60Iraq50.25
61Zambia51.5
62Sierra Leone51.67
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Life Satisfaction (2011)50
Pos.Higher is better50
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
32Trinidad & Tobago6.7
33Kuwait6.6
34Qatar6.6
35Chile6.6
36Spain6.5
37Singapore6.5
38Belize6.5
39Argentina6.4
World Avg5.4
q=150.
Corruption (2012-2016)51
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score51
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
20Uruguay72.6
21Austria72.2
22Barbados71.5
23Chile70.4
24France70.0
25Bahamas69.8
26UAE68.6
27St Lucia68.3
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)52
Pos.Higher is better52
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
22Malta6.6
23France6.5
24Mexico6.5
25Chile6.5
26Taiwan6.4
27Panama6.4
28Brazil6.4
29Argentina6.4
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
48Australia48
49Seychelles49
50Grenada50
51Chile51
52Bahamas52
53UAE53
54Thailand54
55Macedonia55
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
70Tunisia70
71Montenegro71
72Ukraine72
73Chile73
74Macedonia74
75Oman75
76Dominican Rep.76
77Slovenia77
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)53
Pos.Lower is better53
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
27Taiwan1.60
28Netherlands1.61
29UK1.61
30Chile1.62
31Botswana1.62
32Romania1.63
33Uruguay1.63
34Vietnam1.64
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
16Costa Rica16
17Hungary17
18Japan18
19Chile19
20Kazakhstan20
21Thailand21
22Algeria22
23Guatemala23
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
23Thailand23
24Poland24
25S. Africa25
26Chile26
27Panama27
28Portugal28
29USA29
30Singapore30
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)54
Pos.Lower is better
Score54
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
102Uganda3.96
103Mexico4.08
104Venezuela4.10
105Chile4.12
106Greece4.17
107Germany4.25
108Lebanon4.40
109China4.47
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)55
Pos.Higher is better
%55
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
31Algeria17.3
32Bulgaria17.1
33Thailand17.1
34Chile16.2
35Hungary14.0
36Morocco13.7
37UK13.2
38Denmark12.6
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)56
Pos.Higher is better56
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
82Philippines57.7
83Mongolia57.5
84Serbia57.5
85Chile57.5
86Saudi Arabia57.5
87Ecuador57.4
88Algeria57.2
89Cape Verde56.9
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)57
Pos.Higher is better57
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
40Netherlands10.75
41Mexico10.64
42Paraguay10.53
43Chile10.42
44Lithuania10.42
45Norway10.42
46Japan10.20
47Brazil10.10
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
84Djibouti1994 Nov 30
85Kazakhstan1994 Dec 05
86El Salvador1994 Dec 07
87Chile1994 Dec 08
88Iceland1994 Dec 11
89Venezuela1994 Dec 12
90Comoros1994 Dec 28
91S. Korea1995 Jan 01
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

10. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)44
Pos.Lower is better
%44
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
29Ireland54
30USA65
31Argentina66
32Chile70
33Croatia70
34Singapore70
35Montenegro71
36Greece71
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)58
Pos.Higher is better
%58
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
65Jamaica3
66India3
67Angola2
68Chile2
69Central African Rep.2
70Tajikistan2
71Turkmenistan2
72Indonesia2
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below59:

Christian89.4%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion1.5%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated8.6%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 91.3% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 70% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 70%, Evangelical 15.1%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.1%, other Christian 1%, other 4.6%, none 8.3% (2002 census)60.

A Pew Forum poll in 2006 found that nearly half or more of all Protestants in several countries, including Chile, identified as Pentecostal Christians61.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012)62, in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Chile states:

Church and state are officially separate; however, anti-incitement laws exist for religious groups. A 2002 law on freedom of expression and information and the press prohibits the use of any means of social communication to publish or transmit information designed to promote hatred of or hostility towards persons or groups based on religion and establishes fines for infractions. Publicly subsidized schools are required to offer religious education two teaching hours per week through high school; although parents may decide to have their children omit religious education. Religious instruction in public schools is almost exclusively Catholic, although the Ministry of Education approved curricula for 14 other religious groups. Schools must teach the religion requested by the parents.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)63

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