The Human Truth Foundation

Chile (Republic of Chile)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Chile

Chile
Republic of Chile
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index53rd best
CapitalSantiago (administrative/judical) and Valparaiso (legislative)
Land Area1 743 532 km2
LocationSouth America, The Americas
Population2 17.42 million
Life Expectancy379.252yrs (2012)
GNI3$14 987
ISO3166-1 Codes4CL, CHL, 152
Internet Domain5.cl
Currency6Peso (CLP)
Telephone7+56

1. Overview

#bolivia #peru

Prior to the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, the Inca ruled northern Chile while the Mapuche inhabited central and southern Chile. Although Chile declared its independence in 1810, decisive victory over the Spanish was not achieved until 1818. In the War of the Pacific (1879-83), Chile defeated Peru and Bolivia and won its present northern regions. It was not until the 1880s that the Mapuche were brought under central government control. After a series of elected governments, the three-year-old Marxist government of Salvador ALLENDE was overthrown in 1973 by a military coup led by Augusto PINOCHET, who ruled until a freely elected president was inaugurated in 1990. Sound economic policies, maintained consistently since the 1980s, have contributed to steady growth, reduced poverty rates by over half, and have helped secure the country's commitment to democratic and representative government. Chile has increasingly assumed regional and international leadership roles befitting its status as a stable, democratic nation.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Chile National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
37Hungary83.174.9
38Barbados82.579.1
39Poland82.179.0
40Chile81.972.0
41UAE81.872.9
42Lithuania81.877.7
43Portugal81.673.3
44Latvia81.474.2
45Argentina81.172.7
46Seychelles80.676.8
47Croatia80.577.1
48Bahrain79.673.8
49Bahamas79.476.1
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
50Poland66.4
51Dominica65.7
52Argentina65.1
53Chile65.1
54Mauritius64.9
55Grenada64.6
56Croatia64.5
57Albania64.5
58Trinidad & Tobago64.0
59Suriname63.7
60Maldives63.1
61Romania62.4
62Bulgaria62.4
63Panama62.0
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
33Slovenia79.5
34Costa Rica79.4
35Cuba79.3
36Chile79.3
37Denmark79
38USA78.7
39Qatar78.5
40Brunei78.1
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
20UK1.9
21New Zealand2.1
22Azerbaijan2.2
23Chile1.8
24Bangladesh2.2
25Belgium1.8
26Algeria2.2
27Oman2.2
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
57Cameroon 20.47m43
58Angola 20.16m16
59Burkina Faso 17.48m64
60Chile 17.42m23
61Netherlands 16.71m496
62Niger 16.64m13
63Kazakhstan 16.38m6
Data Source

Chile's population is predicted to rise to 19.54 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.84.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
76Israel1948
77Suriname1948
78China1949
79Chile1949
80Bosnia & Herzegovina1949
81Costa Rica1949
82India1950
83Haiti1950
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
63Cuba0.36
64Kyrgyzstan0.36
65Maldives0.36
66Chile0.36
67Thailand0.36
68Turkey0.37
69Uruguay0.37
70Mauritius0.38
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Chile has made some steps towards ending gender inequality but much more needs to be done.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
66Lebanon3%
67Turkmenistan2%
68Tajikistan2%
69Chile2%
70Angola2%
71Central African Rep.2%
72Indonesia2%
73Costa Rica1%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
30USA65%
31Argentina66%
32Croatia70%
33Chile70%
34Singapore70%
35Montenegro71%
36Greece71%
37Italy72%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian89.4%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion1.5%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated8.6%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 91.3% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 70% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 70%, Evangelical 15.1%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.1%, other Christian 1%, other 4.6%, none 8.3% (2002 census)10.

A Pew Forum poll in 2006 found that nearly half or more of all Protestants in several countries, including Chile, identified as Pentecostal Christians11.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Chile states:

Church and state are officially separate; however, anti-incitement laws exist for religious groups. A 2002 law on freedom of expression and information and the press prohibits the use of any means of social communication to publish or transmit information designed to promote hatred of or hostility towards persons or groups based on religion and establishes fines for infractions. Publicly subsidized schools are required to offer religious education two teaching hours per week through high school; although parents may decide to have their children omit religious education. Religious instruction in public schools is almost exclusively Catholic, although the Ministry of Education approved curricula for 14 other religious groups. Schools must teach the religion requested by the parents.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)12

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
220Moldova0.71
219Uzbekistan0.69
218Guinea-Bissau0.67
217Chile0.66
216Qatar0.65
215Libya0.63
214Australia0.63
213Korea, S.0.56
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
55Dominica47.28
56Azerbaijan46.68
57Bulgaria45.99
58Chile45.00
59Albania44.99
60Ukraine44.59
61Greece44.57
62Armenia44.00
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)13
CountryValue13
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
55Israel45.25
56Taiwan46
57Belgium47.25
58Chile47.25
59Saudi Arabia48
60Iraq50.25
61Zambia51.5
62Sierra Leone51.67
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
8Mauritius7.9
9Finland7.9
10UAE7.9
11Chile7.9
12Estonia7.8
13Ireland7.8
14UK7.8
15Denmark7.8
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
27Taiwan1.60
28Netherlands1.61
29UK1.61
30Chile1.62
31Botswana1.62
32Romania1.63
33Uruguay1.63
34Vietnam1.64
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
50Thailand91
51Lithuania91
52Brunei91
53Chile90
54Croatia90
55Kyrgyzstan90
56Albania90
57Laos89
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
7Serbia23
8Sweden23
9Uruguay23
10Chile23
11Costa Rica23
12Paraguay23
13Peru23
14Austria22
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
56Italy99.3
57Hong Kong99.3
58Senegal99.3
59Chile99.3
60Sierra Leone99.3
61Mauritius99.3
62Serbia99.3
63Croatia99.3
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2914
2Israel4.1114
3Japan3.5814
...
67Jordan0.4315
68Mozambique0.4216
69Thailand0.3917
70Chile0.3814
71Montenegro0.3818
72Romania0.3814
73Ghana0.3816
74Tanzania0.3816
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
50Hungary$16 088
51Croatia$15 419
52Argentina$15 347
53Chile$14 987
54Latvia$14 724
55Russia$14 461
56Antigua & Barbuda$13 883
57Libya$13 765
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
31Trinidad & Tobago6.7
32El Salvador6.7
33Qatar6.6
34Chile6.6
35Kuwait6.6
36Singapore6.5
37Spain6.5
38Belize6.5
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
13Slovakia74.5
14UK74.2
15New Zealand73.4
16Chile73.3
17Germany73.2
18Italy73.1
19Portugal73.0
20Latvia72.5
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
53Australia32
54Cuba30
55Lithuania30
56Chile30
57Nepal30
58Albania30
59Serbia30
60Montenegro30
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2015 Nov 09
http://www.humantruth.info/chile.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

Terence O. Ranger
(2008, Ed.) Evangelical Christianity And Democracy in Africa. Published by Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. Part of the series of books on Evangelical Christianity and Democracy in the Global South (series editor Timothy Samuel Shah).

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ci.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Terence (2008) in the preface written by Timothy Shah.^
  12. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  13. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  14. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2008.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2010.^
  17. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  18. World Bank data for year 2013.^

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