Fiji (Republic of the Fiji Islands)

#Fiji

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Fiji
Republic of the Fiji Islands
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index69th best
CapitalSuva
Land Area1 18 270 km2
LocationAustralasia, Melanesia
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population2875 822
Life Expectancy369.381yrs (2012)
GNI3$4 087
ISO3166-1 Codes4FJ, FJI, 242
Internet Domain5.fj
Currency6Dollar (FJD)
Telephone7+679

1. Overview

Fiji became independent in 1970 after nearly a century as a British colony. Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups in 1987 caused by concern over a government perceived as dominated by the Indian community (descendants of contract laborers brought to the islands by the British in the 19th century). The coups and a 1990 constitution that cemented native Melanesian control of Fiji led to heavy Indian emigration; the population loss resulted in economic difficulties, but ensured that Melanesians became the majority. A new constitution enacted in 1997 was more equitable. Free and peaceful elections in 1999 resulted in a government led by an Indo-Fijian, but a civilian-led coup in May 2000 ushered in a prolonged period of political turmoil. Parliamentary elections held in August 2001 provided Fiji with a democratically elected government led by Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE. Re-elected in May 2006, QARASE was ousted in a December 2006 military coup led by Commodore Voreqe BAINIMARAMA, who initially appointed himself acting president but in January 2007 became interim prime minister. Since taking power BAINIMARAMA has neutralized his opponents, crippled Fiji's democratic institutions, and initially refused to hold elections. In 2012, he promised to hold elections in 2014.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Fiji National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
95Tonga71.067.7
96Samoa70.267.1
97Dominican Rep.70.260.9
98Fiji70.263.6
99Belize70.265.9
100Jordan70.061.9
101China69.954.1
102Turkmenistan69.868.1
103Thailand69.058.9
104Maldives68.861.7
105Suriname68.467.7
106Gabon68.360.4
107El Salvador68.057.0
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
66Panama62.7
67Ukraine62.0
68Brazil61.7
69Fiji61.6
70Belize61.5
71Trinidad & Tobago61.4
72Mexico60.9
73Belarus60.5
74Peru60.1
75Nicaragua59.9
76Bosnia & Herzegovina59.8
77Dominican Rep.59.2
78Bhutan59.1
79Tunisia59.1
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
117Guyana70.2
118Indonesia69.8
119Moldova69.6
120Fiji69.4
121Iraq69.6
122Micronesia69.2
123Bangladesh69.2
124Korea, N.69
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
100Poland1.4
101Nepal2.6
102Macedonia1.4
103Fiji2.6
104Korea, S.1.4
105Slovakia1.4
106Botswana2.6
107Kyrgyzstan2.6
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
155Timor-Leste (E. Timor)1.187m80
156Cyprus1.129m122
157Djibouti922 70840
158Fiji875 82248
159Comoros773 344416
160Guyana757 6234
161Bhutan750 44320
Data Source

Fiji's population is predicted to rise to 958 253 by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.61. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
139Afghanistan1963
140Equatorial Guinea1963
141Bahamas1963
142Fiji1963
143Iran1963
144Morocco1963
145Kenya1963
146Sudan1964

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#Buddhism #Christianity #Hinduism #Islam #Judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian64.4%
Muslim6.3%
Hindu27.9%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.8%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Protestant 55.4% (Methodist 34.6%, Assembly of God 5.7%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.9%, Anglican 0.8%, other 10.4%), Hindu 27.9%, Roman Catholic 9.1%, Muslim 6.3%, Sikh 0.3%, other or unspecified 0.3%, none 0.7% (2007 census)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
113Senegal16.00
114El Salvador15.90
115Cuba15.90
116Fiji14.83
117Libya14.00
118Bhutan13.60
119Iran13.00
120Rwanda13.00
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
60Dominican Rep.7.1
61Cambodia7.1
62Philippines7.1
63Fiji7.1
64Saudi Arabia7.1
65Iceland7.1
66Hungary7.1
67Botswana7.0
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
158Saudi Arabia10
159Solomon Islands10
160India10
161Fiji10
162Qatar10
163Laos10
164Oman9
165Cook Islands9
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
103Uganda99.3
104Peru99.3
105Kyrgyzstan99.3
106Fiji99.3
107Brazil99.3
108Bolivia99.3
109Qatar99.3
110Panama99.3
Data Source
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
119Guatemala$4 235
120Indonesia$4 154
121Tonga$4 153
122Fiji$4 087
123Vanuatu$3 960
124Samoa$3 928
125Philippines$3 752
126Cape Verde$3 609
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
44Romania67.0
45Netherlands66.4
46Canada66.4
47Fiji65.9
48Maldives65.9
49Philippines65.7
50Australia65.7
51Morocco65.6
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
92Mozambique20
93Armenia20
94Philippines18
95Fiji15
96Cambodia15
97Taiwan15
98Rwanda15
99Gibraltar15
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/fiji.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

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References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 01.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/fj.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.