The Human Truth Foundation

Tajikistan (Republic of Tajikistan)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Tajikistan

Tajikistan
Republic of Tajikistan
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index126th best
CapitalDushanbe
Land Area1 139 960 km2
LocationAsia
Population27.079 million
Life Expectancy367.811yrs (2012)
GNI3$2 119
ISO3166-1 Codes4TJ, TJK, 762
Internet Domain5.tj
Currency6Somoni (TJS)
Telephone7+992

1. Overview

The Tajik people came under Russian rule in the 1860s and 1870s, but Russia's hold on Central Asia weakened following the Revolution of 1917. Bolshevik control of the area was fiercely contested and not fully reestablished until 1925. Much of present-day Sughd province was transferred from the Uzbek SSR to the newly formed Tajik SSR in 1929. Ethnic Uzbeks form a substantial minority in Tajikistan. Tajikistan became independent in 1991 following the breakup of the Soviet Union, and experienced a civil war between regional factions from 1992-97. Tajikistan endured several domestic security incidents in 2010-12, including a mass prison-break from a Dushanbe detention facility, the country's first suicide car bombing in Khujand, and armed conflict between government forces and local strongmen in the Rasht Valley and government forces and criminal groups in Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast. The country remains the poorest in the former Soviet sphere. Attention by the international community since the beginning of the NATO intervention in Afghanistan has brought increased economic and security assistance, which could create jobs and strengthen stability in the long term. Tajikistan joined NATO's Partnership for Peace in 2002, and became a member of the World Trade Organization in March 2013.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Tajikistan National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
123Indonesia62.951.5
124Vanuatu62.661.5
125Kyrgyzstan62.259.4
126Tajikistan62.256.5
127Vietnam61.751.8
128Namibia60.858.8
129Nicaragua59.951.2
130Morocco59.147.1
131Iraq59.056.7
132Cape Verde58.654.5
133Guatemala58.149.7
134Timor-Leste (E. Timor)57.644.8
135Ghana55.844.7
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
123Bahrain52.1
124Lebanon52.0
125Morocco51.8
126Tajikistan51.6
127Laos51.2
128Korea, N.51.1
129Lesotho50.5
130Kenya50.4
131Ghana50.3
132Indonesia50.2
133Kiribati50.1
134Tuvalu50.0
135Cambodia48.6
136Haiti48.4
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
131Kiribati68.4
132Solomon Islands68.2
133Kyrgyzstan68
134Tajikistan67.8
135Laos67.8
136Bhutan67.6
137Tuvalu67.5
138Kazakhstan67.4
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
123Lesotho3.1
124Namibia3.1
125Zimbabwe3.1
126Tajikistan3.2
127Haiti3.2
128Gabon3.2
129Swaziland3.2
130Bolivia3.2
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
98Bulgaria7.398m68
99Hong Kong7.196m6906
100Papua New Guinea7.17m16
101Tajikistan7.079m51
102Paraguay6.683m17
103Libya6.469m4
104Jordan6.457m73
Data Source

Tajikistan's population is predicted to rise to 9.016 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 3.19.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
28Ireland1922
29Mongolia1924
30St Lucia1924
31Tajikistan1924
32Turkmenistan1927
33UK1928
34S. Africa1930
35Spain1931
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
54Azerbaijan0.32
55Romania0.33
56Mongolia0.33
57Tajikistan0.34
58Ukraine0.34
59Armenia0.34
60Oman0.34
61Barbados0.34
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Tajikistan has made some steps towards ending gender inequality but much more needs to be done.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
65Jamaica3%
66Lebanon3%
67Turkmenistan2%
68Tajikistan2%
69Chile2%
70Angola2%
71Central African Rep.2%
72Indonesia2%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
56Peru84%
57Nicaragua84%
58Romania84%
59Tajikistan85%
60S. Africa85%
61Malta86%
62Dominican Rep.87%
63Lebanon87%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian1.6%
Muslim96.7%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated1.5%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 98.4% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (2%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Sunni Muslim 85%, Shia Muslim 5%, other 10% (2003 est.)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
237British Virgin Islands1.08
236Indonesia1.05
235Brazil1.02
234Tajikistan1.01
233Canada0.96
232Malaysia0.96
231Saudi Arabia0.94
230Kuwait0.93
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
126S. Africa12.33
127Tonga12.01
128Sri Lanka12.00
129Tajikistan11.55
130Zimbabwe11.50
131Honduras11.09
132Tanzania11.00
133Guatemala10.50
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
74Ghana63.75
75Spain64
76Sudan64
77Tajikistan64.5
78Guinea65.75
79Cameroon66
80Suriname66
81Korea, S.66.33
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
95Angola2.11
96Cameroon2.11
97Uganda2.12
98Tajikistan2.12
99Madagascar2.12
100Liberia2.13
101Mali2.13
102Sri Lanka2.14
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
93Nigeria16
94Ghana16
95Burundi16
96Tajikistan16
97Benin16
98Monaco16
99Belize16
100Togo16
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
119Cameroon99.4
120Chad99.4
121Brunei99.4
122Tajikistan99.4
123S. Sudan99.4
124Algeria99.4
125Ukraine99.4
126Honduras99.4
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2912
2Israel4.1112
3Japan3.5812
...
102Namibia0.1413
103Gambia0.1314
104Georgia0.1315
105Tajikistan0.1216
106Burundi0.1214
107Madagascar0.1114
108Myanmar (Burma)0.1117
109Philippines0.1118
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
142Djibouti$2 350
143Mauritania$2 174
144Solomon Islands$2 172
145Tajikistan$2 119
146Cameroon$2 114
147Nigeria$2 102
148Cambodia$2 095
149Kyrgyzstan$2 009
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
116Ethiopia4.4
117Armenia4.4
118Madagascar4.4
119Tajikistan4.3
120Ivory Coast4.2
121Sri Lanka4.2
122Liberia4.2
123Georgia4.2
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
107Kenya51.4
108Ghana51.3
109Myanmar (Burma)51.3
110Tajikistan51.3
111Mozambique51.2
112Solomon Islands51.1
113Kuwait51.1
114S. Africa50.8
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
137Lesotho-10
138Liberia-10
139Niger-10
140Tajikistan-10
141Guinea-Bissau-15
142Egypt-20
143Burundi-20
144Djibouti-20
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/tajikistan.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ti.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  12. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2010.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2014.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  17. World Bank data for year 2000.^
  18. World Bank data for year 2007.^

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