The Human Truth Foundation

Seychelles (Republic of Seychelles)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

Seychelles
Republic of Seychelles
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index78th best
CapitalVictoria
Land Area 460km21
LocationAfrica
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population97 0962
Life Expectancy73.30yrs (2017)3
GNI$23 886 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesSC, SYC, 6905
Internet Domain.sc6
CurrencyRupee (SCR)7
Telephone+2488

1. Overview

A lengthy struggle between France and Great Britain for the islands ended in 1814, when they were ceded to the latter. Independence came in 1976. Socialist rule was brought to a close with a new constitution and free elections in 1993. President France-Albert RENE, who had served since 1977, was re-elected in 2001, but stepped down in 2004. Vice President James MICHEL took over the presidency and in July 2006 was elected to a new five-year term; he was reelected in May 2011.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverWelcome to paradise. It may be a much-abused cliché, but the sandy, turquoise-rimmed islands that make up the Seychelles come as close to living up to this claim as anywhere on the planet. Close your eyes and imagine: you´re lazing on a talcum-powder beach lapped by topaz waters and backed by lush hills and big glacis boulders. Brochure material? No, just routine in the Seychelles. Many think the eye-catching images of turquoise seas and shimmering white sands are digitally enhanced but, once here, they realise the pictures barely do them justice.

With such a dreamlike setting, the Seychelles is unsurprisingly a choice place for newlyweds. But for those looking for more than a suntan or romance, this archipelago offers a number of high-energy distractions. There are jungle and coastal walks, boat excursions, and diving and snorkelling to keep you buzzing, as well marine parks and natural reserves filled with endemic species.

The Seychelles is also more affordable than you think. On top of ultra-luxurious options, the country has plenty of self-catering facilities and family-run guesthouses. So if you are suffering from visions of tropical paradise, here is your medicine.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Seychelles National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
60Palau60
61Panama60
62Antigua & Barbuda62
63Seychelles63
64Mauritius64
65Trinidad & Tobago65
66Costa Rica66
67Serbia66
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
45Greece$24 808
46Malaysia$24 620
47Poland$24 117
48Seychelles$23 886
49Hungary$23 394
50Russia$23 286
51Latvia$22 589
52St Kitts & Nevis$22 436
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
75Thailand78.5
76S. Africa79.0
77Vietnam79.0
78Seychelles79.5
79Philippines79.5
80Qatar80.4
81Jordan80.6
82Russia81.1
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

Progress is always going to be difficult in a country where the richest 10% hold 40% of the country's entire income15.

3. Seychelles's Demographics

#demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #population

Population:

Seychelles's population is predicted to fall to 92 000 by 2030. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
181Grenada0.1m
182St Vincent & Grenadines0.1m
183Tonga0.1m
184Seychelles97 096
185Antigua & Barbuda96 286
186Andorra77 006
187Dominica71 625
188Marshall Islands58 413
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
93Cape Verde73.54
94Lithuania73.50
95Honduras73.33
96Seychelles73.30
97El Salvador73.27
98Palestine73.07
99St Vincent & Grenadines73.04
100Paraguay73.00
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
115Colombia18.8
116Antigua & Barbuda19.0
117St Vincent & Grenadines19.7
118Seychelles19.8
119St Lucia19.9
120Brazil19.9
121Argentina20.3
122Jamaica21.0
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
37Estonia14.7%
38Gabon13.8%
39St Kitts & Nevis13.7%
40Seychelles13.6%
41Croatia13.4%
42UK13.4%
43Latvia13.2%
44Spain12.8%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
41Bulgaria16.0%
42Lebanon15.6%
43Equatorial Guinea14.9%
44Seychelles14.6%
45New Zealand14.5%
46Ukraine14.4%
47Israel14.0%
48Swaziland13.4%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Seychelles's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #mass_media #morals #politics #prejudice #tolerance #women

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)19,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank19,20
1Denmark9.7
2Sweden10.0
3Norway16.1
...
61Paraguay66.7
62Colombia68.9
63Armenia70.5
64Seychelles71.0
65Nicaragua71.1
66Montenegro72.6
67Honduras73.2
68Mauritius73.4
69Philippines75.2
World Avg89.8
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Denmark, Sweden and Norway19. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are Tuvalu, The Solomon Islands and Palestine19.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice and LGBT equality. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe19, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Melanesia and Australasia19.

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)21
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties21
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
84Egypt16
85Togo16
86Belarus16
87Seychelles16
88Tajikistan16
89Ghana16
90Belize16
91Monaco16
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag (2019)22
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty22
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
...
56Jamaica7.61
57Honduras7.64
58Congo, DR7.72
59Seychelles7.73
60Jordan7.75
61Madagascar7.75
62Cuba7.80
63Guyana7.85
World Avg10.02
q=195.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)23
Pos.Lower is better
Rank23
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
48Bahamas48
49Greece48
50Albania50
51Seychelles51
52Israel52
53Peru53
54Bosnia & Herzegovina54
55Armenia55
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)24
Pos.Lower is better24
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
89Timor-Leste (E. Timor)2872
90Paraguay2878
91Guinea-Bissau2894
92Seychelles2919
93Northern Cyprus2934
94Guatemala2939
95Ivory Coast2977
96Liberia2989
World Avg3249
q=178.

Gender Equality:

See:

Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Lower is better
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
74Belgium1948
75Niger1948
76Suriname1948
77Seychelles1948
78Costa Rica1949
79Chile1949
80China1949
81Bosnia & Herzegovina1949
World Avg1930
q=189.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)25
Pos.Higher is better
Score25
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
74Turkey25
75Latvia25
76Dominican Rep.25
77Seychelles25
78Panama25
79Vietnam25
80Nepal25
81Cuba25
World Avg12.6
q=196.

5. Seychelles's Health

#alcohol #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Health (2020)26,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank26,20
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
109Indonesia94.9
110Vanuatu95.7
111Paraguay96.3
112Seychelles96.3
113Panama96.5
114Chile96.5
115Kazakhstan97.9
116Honduras98.3
117Azerbaijan98.4
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives26. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea26.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe26, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia26.

Health:

Seychelles has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. Seychelles comes in the best 20 for its immunizations take-up27 (the best in Africa). It does better than average in its suicide rate28 (amongst the lowest in Africa). However Seychelles performs less well in most areas. It does worse than average in terms of its smoking rate29, its average life expectancy12 (still high for Africa), its adolescent birth rate30 (still low for Africa) and in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance31. And finally, it falls into the worst 20 in its alcohol consumption rate32 (one of the worst in Africa). The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
93Cape Verde73.54
94Lithuania73.50
95Honduras73.33
96Seychelles73.30
97El Salvador73.27
98Palestine73.07
99St Vincent & Grenadines73.04
100Paraguay73.00
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)32
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita32
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
172Estonia11.6
173Poland11.6
174Russia11.7
175Seychelles12.0
176Belgium12.1
177Portugal12.3
178Slovenia12.6
179France12.6
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Smoking Rates (2014)29
Pos.Higher is worse29
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
98Fiji 618
97N. Korea 610
96Jamaica 593
95Seychelles 590
94Malaysia 584
93Oman 577
92Uzbekistan 573
91Venezuela 565
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)28
Pos.
Per 100k28
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
25Mexico8.5
26Israel8.5
27Georgia8.8
28Seychelles8.9
29Cyprus9.1
30Uzbekistan9.3
31Brazil9.7
32Colombia9.9
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
117Swaziland117
118Iran118
119Yemen119
120Seychelles120
121Guinea-Bissau121
122Argentina122
123Laos123
124Antigua & Barbuda124
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)33
Pos.Lower is better
%33
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
58Mauritania34.4
59Cape Verde34.8
60Sao Tome & Principe35.4
61Seychelles36.8
62Zimbabwe38.2
63Swaziland38.4
64Djibouti38.6
65Lesotho38.7
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)30
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100030
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
116Papua New Guinea54.8
117Uruguay56.1
118Costa Rica56.5
119Seychelles57.4
120Paraguay57.4
121Ethiopia58.4
122Palestine58.6
123Jamaica59.7
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)27
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %27
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
4Niue98.8
5Mongolia98.7
6Czechia98.7
7Seychelles98.6
8S. Korea98.6
9Sri Lanka98.4
10St Lucia98.2
11Bahrain98.2
12Iran98.1
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Seychelles's Modernity and Learning

#education #modernity #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)34
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank34
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
86Dominican Rep.68.3
87Azerbaijan68.6
88Bahamas68.6
89Seychelles69.8
90Morocco70.0
91Grenada70.5
92Cuba71.2
93Jordan71.8
94Lebanon71.9
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Length of Schooling (2018)35
Pos.Higher is better
Years35
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
38Palau15.6
39Russia15.5
40France15.5
41Seychelles15.5
42Georgia15.4
43Brazil15.4
44Costa Rica15.4
45Belarus15.4
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
86Georgia86
87Benin87
88Pakistan88
89Seychelles89
90Iran90
91Antigua & Barbuda91
92Burkina Faso92
93Trinidad & Tobago93
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)36
Pos.Higher is better36
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
82Turkey58%
83Romania58%
84Venezuela58%
85Seychelles58%
86Morocco58%
87Colombia57%
88Costa Rica56%
89Kazakhstan56%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)37
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio37
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
62Uruguay0.3
63Moldova0.3
64UAE0.3
65Seychelles0.2
66Puerto Rico0.2
67Indonesia0.2
68S. Africa0.1
69Jersey0.1
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

Creativity and Culture (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
46Moldova46
47Greece47
48Australia48
49Seychelles49
50Grenada50
51Chile51
52Bahamas52
53UAE53
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
98Czechia98
99Israel99
100Argentina100
101Seychelles101
102Australia102
103Madagascar103
104Dominica104
105Iceland105
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
147UAE147
148Central African Rep.148
149Bosnia & Herzegovina149
150Seychelles150
151Sierra Leone151
152Afghanistan152
153Lebanon153
154Liberia154
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)31
Pos.Lower is better
Rank31
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
57Ukraine57
58Croatia58
59Bangladesh59
60Seychelles60
61Philippines61
62Indonesia62
63Uganda63
64Moldova64
World Avg82.0
q=163.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)38
Pos.Higher is better
%38
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
70Czechia01.5
71Germany01.2
72Estonia01.2
73Seychelles01.1
74Palestine01.0
75Tajikistan01.0
76Slovakia01.0
77Russia00.8
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)39
Pos.Higher is better39
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
36St Vincent & Grenadines66.5
37Latvia66.1
38Turkmenistan66.1
39Seychelles66.0
40Albania65.5
41Croatia65.5
42Colombia65.2
43Hungary65.0
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
11Monaco1993 Dec 29
12Maldives1993 Dec 29
13Marshall Islands1993 Dec 29
14Seychelles1993 Dec 29
15Mauritius1993 Dec 29
16Antigua & Barbuda1993 Dec 29
17Mongolia1993 Dec 29
18St Kitts & Nevis1993 Dec 29
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)40
Pos.Higher is worse40
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
80Jamaica10.00
79Samoa10.00
78Moldova9.60
77Seychelles9.60
76Mauritius9.40
75Iran9.20
74Libya9.10
73Tunisia9.00
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)41
Pos.Lower is better
%41
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
129S. Sudan46.3
130Cameroon46.6
131Chile46.6
132Seychelles46.8
133Cape Verde47.2
134Benin47.8
135Guatemala48.3
136Costa Rica48.3
World Avg38.1
q=152.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below42:

Christian94%
Muslim1.1%
Hindu2.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated2.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 82.3%, Protestant 7.5% (Anglican 6.4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.1%), other Christian 3.4%, Hindu 2.1%, Muslim 1.1%, other non-Christian 1.5%, unspecified 1.5%, none 0.6% (2002 census)43.

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