The Human Truth Foundation

Romania

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#romania

Romania
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index63rd best
CapitalBucharest
Land Area 230 160km21
LocationEurope
Population21.4m (2011)2
Life Expectancy74.84yrs (2017)3
GNI$19 428 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesRO, ROU, 6425
Internet Domain.ro6
CurrencyLeu (RON)7
Telephone+408

1. Overview

The principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia - for centuries under the suzerainty of the Turkish Ottoman Empire - secured their autonomy in 1856; they were de facto linked in 1859 and formally united in 1862 under the new name of Romania. The country gained recognition of its independence in 1878. It joined the Allied Powers in World War I and acquired new territories - most notably Transylvania - following the conflict. In 1940, Romania allied with the Axis powers and participated in the 1941 German invasion of the USSR. Three years later, overrun by the Soviets, Romania signed an armistice. The post-war Soviet occupation led to the formation of a Communist "people's republic" in 1947 and the abdication of the king. The decades-long rule of dictator Nicolae CEAUSESCU, who took power in 1965, and his Securitate police state became increasingly oppressive and draconian through the 1980s. CEAUSESCU was overthrown and executed in late 1989. Former Communists dominated the government until 1996 when they were swept from power. Romania joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverFortified churches and painted monasteries stand regally amid a pristine landscape. In the cities, former Saxon settlements such as Sibiu and Brasov ooze charm, while vibrant Bucharest is all energy. Beautiful and beguiling, Romania´s rural landscape remains relatively untouched by the country´s urban evolution. It´s a land of aesthetically stirring hand-ploughed fields, sheep-instigated traffic jams, and lots and lots of homemade plum brandy. The Carpathian Mountains offer uncrowded hiking and skiing, while Transylvania´s Saxon towns are time-warp strolling grounds for Gothic architecture, Austro-Hungarian legacies and, naturally, plenty of Vlad Tepes–inspired `Dracula´ shtick. Fish – and the birds that chomp them – thrive in the Danube Delta, bucolic Maramures has the `Merry Cemetery´, and Unesco-listed painted monasteries dot southern Bucovina. And, for the record, the big cities are a blast too.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Romania National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
47Bahrain47
48Montenegro48
49Russia49
50Romania50
51Kuwait51
52Belarus52
53Oman52
54Barbados54
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Iceland84.3
2Sweden81.7
3Norway80.9
...
60Mongolia58.7
61Antigua & Barbuda58.6
62St Lucia58.6
63Romania58.4
64Mexico58.2
65Peru57.9
66Suriname57.3
67Malaysia57.2
World Avg53.8
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
149Iceland32.5
150Serbia32.7
151Hungary32.9
152Romania33.6
153USA33.8
154New Zealand34.9
155UK35.0
156Barbados35.6
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8
2Palestine68.4
3Samoa67.3
...
47Israel14.0
48Swaziland13.4
49Lithuania13.2
50Romania13.1
51Iceland13.0
52Bahamas12.8
53Estonia12.6
54Nicaragua12.5
World Avg11.5
q=192.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1Korea, N.2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
95Laos2.58
96Malaysia2.58
97Hungary1.42
98Romania1.42
99Japan1.40
100Poland1.40
101Nepal2.60
102Macedonia1.40
World Avg2.81
q=180.

Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5
2Monaco71.6
3UAE70.0
...
161Congo, DR0.7
162El Salvador0.7
163Ethiopia0.6
164Romania0.6
165Philippines0.5
166India0.4
167Guatemala0.4
168Mongolia0.4
World Avg9.2
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)16
Pos.Higher is better
Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
73Tunisia74.98
74Malaysia74.90
75Armenia74.89
76Romania74.84
77Peru74.81
78Brazil74.75
79Thailand74.62
80Mauritius74.60
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
Pos.The Overpopulation of the Earth17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
50Mozambique24.5m
51Australia22.9m
52Madagascar21.9m
53Romania21.4m
54Sri Lanka21.2m
55Syria21.1m
56Ivory Coast20.6m
57Cameroon20.5m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Romania's population is predicted to fall to 20 291 000 by 2030. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.42. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Gender Inequality (2015)18
Pos.Lower is better18
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
69Turkey0.33
70Kuwait0.33
71Vietnam0.34
72Romania0.34
73Mexico0.35
74St Lucia0.35
75Fiji0.36
76Georgia0.36
World Avg0.36
q=159.
Year Women Can Vote19
Pos.Lower is better
Year19
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
57Togo1945
58Korea, N.1946
59Liberia1946
60Romania1946
61Panama1946
62Cameroon1946
63Macedonia1946
64Venezuela1946
World Avg1930
q=189.

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Romania has made some steps towards ending gender inequality but much more needs to be done.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Religiosity (2009)20
Pos.Lower is better
%20
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
51Ecuador82
52Colombia83
53El Salvador83
54Romania84
55Honduras84
56Peru84
57Iraq84
58Nicaragua84
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)21
Pos.Higher is better21
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
55Iran4
56Mexico4
57Portugal4
58Romania4
59Argentina4
60Georgia4
61Uzbekistan4
62Lebanon3
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below22:

Christian99%
Muslim0.3%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 99.7% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 84% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 86.8%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformate and Pentecostal) 7.5%, Roman Catholic 4.7%, other (mostly Muslim) and unspecified 0.9%, none 0.1% (2002 census)23.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users (2016)24
Pos.Higher is better24
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
80St Lucia59%
81Bulgaria59%
82Turkey58%
83Romania58%
84Venezuela58%
85Seychelles58%
86Morocco58%
87Colombia57%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)25
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio25
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
23Netherlands10.5
24Czech Rep.10.1
25New Zealand9.7
26Romania8.7
27Austria7.5
28Hungary7.4
29Guatemala6.9
30Saudi Arabia6.8
World Avg3.82
q=176.
IT Security (2013)26
Pos.Lower is better26
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
16Pakistan0.38
17Taiwan0.44
18Sweden0.44
19Romania0.52
20Turkey0.52
21Poland0.55
22Switzerland0.55
23Korea, S.0.56
World Avg0.98
q=81.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

7. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)18
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100018
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
85Trinidad & Tobago31.5
86Morocco31.7
87Botswana32.3
88Romania34.6
89Bulgaria37.7
90Tajikistan38.1
91Vietnam38.6
92Pakistan38.7
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Alcohol Consumption (2010)27
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita27
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
184Hungary13.3
185Andorra13.8
186Ukraine13.9
187Romania14.4
188Russia15.1
189Lithuania15.4
190Moldova16.8
191Belarus17.5
World Avg6.2
q=191.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)28
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %28
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
97Nauru92.9
98USA92.8
99Latvia92.8
100Romania92.7
101France92.6
102El Salvador92.4
103Swaziland92.4
104Palau92.4
World Avg88.3
q=194.

Smoking Rates (2014)29
Pos.Lower is better29
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
153Armenia1 545
154Turkey1 581
155Slovakia1 618
156Romania1 620
157Tunisia1 628
158Switzerland1 634
159Serbia1 644
160Cyprus1 688
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)30
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100k30
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
60Denmark23.9
61Germany23.9
62Cuba24.5
63Romania24.5
64Bulgaria25
65Sweden25.5
66Slovakia25.7
67Czech Rep.28.3
World Avg20.93
q=91.

8. Politics and Freedom

Corruption (2012-2016)31
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score31
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
63Ghana45.8
64Turkey45.4
65Lesotho45.2
66Romania44.8
67Kuwait44.2
68Italy43.8
69S. Africa43.6
70Montenegro43.2
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)32
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties32
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
39S. Africa20
40Liechtenstein20
41Iceland20
42Romania20
43Bulgaria20
44Burkina Faso20
45Norway20
46Portugal20
World Avg15.1
q=194.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
27Slovakia27
28Italy28
29Chile29
30Romania30
31France31
32Japan32
33Cyprus33
34Mauritius34
World Avg79.7
q=159.

Press Freedom (2013)34
Pos.Lower is better34
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
38Latvia2289
39Botswana2291
40Papua New Guinea2297
41Romania2305
42Niger2308
43Trinidad & Tobago2312
44Malta2330
45Burkina Faso2370
World Avg3249
q=178.

9. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Anti-Semite Opinions35
Pos.Lower is better
%35
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
55Croatia33
56Botswana33
57Nicaragua34
58Romania35
59Cameroon35
60Paraguay35
61Kenya35
62Lithuania36
q=101.
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
36
Pos.Lower is better36
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
108Belarus94.75
109Poland96.5
110Macedonia98.75
111Romania99.75
112Cambodia99.75
113Ukraine100
114Albania101.25
q=156.
Global Peace Index (2012)37
Pos.Lower is better37
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
29UK1.61
30Chile1.62
31Botswana1.62
32Romania1.63
33Uruguay1.63
34Vietnam1.64
35Croatia1.65
36Costa Rica1.66
q=157.
Research and Development
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.29
2Israel4.11
3Japan3.58
...
68Mozambique0.42
69Thailand0.39
70Tanzania0.38
71Romania0.38
72Montenegro0.38
73Chile0.38
74Ghana0.38
75Moldova0.35
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)38
Pos.Higher is better38
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
88Mauritania5.0
89Latvia5.0
90Mongolia5.0
91Romania5.0
92Bangladesh5.0
93China5.0
94Mozambique5.0
95Namibia4.9
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)16
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
58Antigua & Barbuda$20 907
59Croatia$20 291
60Panama$19 470
61Romania$19 428
62Uruguay$19 148
63Gabon$19 044
64Turkey$18 705
65Mauritius$17 948
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2010)39
Pos.Higher is better39
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
41Algeria67.4
42Mexico67.3
43Ireland67.1
44Romania67.0
45Netherlands66.4
46Canada66.4
47Maldives65.9
48Fiji65.9
q=162.
LGBT Equality (2017)40
Pos.Higher is better
Score40
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
44Greece39
45Czech Rep.39
46Slovakia39
47Romania39
48San Marino35
49Montenegro35
50Guatemala35
51Japan35
q=196.
IQ (2006)41
Pos.Higher is better41
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3Korea, S.106
...
41Kazakhstan94
42Vietnam94
43Armenia94
44Romania94
45Georgia94
46Argentina93
47Bulgaria93
48Ireland92
q=138.

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2017 Jun 21
http://www.humantruth.info/romania.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism #romania

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Dec 30.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lonely Planet
(2014) The World. Subtitled: "A Traveller's Guide to the Planet". Published by Lonely Planet, London, UK. Each chapter is devoted to a specific country and includes a list of the most interesting places to visit and a few other cultural notes..

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Available on hdr.undp.org/... UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Available on hdr.undp.org/... UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ro.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. Lonely Planet (2014) chapter "Romania" .^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  12. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  13. UN (2017) Dashboard 2. Higher is worse. Old-age is counted as 65+, and ratio is of these to people ages 15-64. Projections are for 2030 based on medium-fertility variant of growth.^
  14. UN (2013) Table 11.^
  15. UN (2013) Table 14. Births per woman (2012), expressed as deviance (positive or negative) from the value of 2.0.^
  16. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  17. UN (2013) Table 14.^
  18. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  19. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life: 3.6. Women Stand for Election & Vote (1893+) New Zealand, Australia, Finland" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  20. Gallup (2009) .^
  21. Zuckerman, P. (2007). Atheism: contemporary numbers and patterns. In M.Martin (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. In "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" by Lynn et al. (2009).^
  22. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  23. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  24. internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country accessed 2017 Mar 10.^
  25. % of internet access via native IPv6 compared to IPv4. As of 2017 Jun 20, from http://www.cidr-report.org. Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  26. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life: 4.4. Malware and Email Spam (2010-2) " by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  27. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  28. World Health Organisation data for 2011-2015 from 7 data series accessed 2017 May 21. Details in "Immunizations: International Statistics on Vaccines and the Autism Scare: 3. World Health Organisation Statistics" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).^
  29. Annual Cigarette Consumption Per Adult (age 15 and above) - compustible cigarettes. Euromonitor International (2014), via tobaccoatlas.org/topic/cigarette-use-globally/ . Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  30. UN (2013) World Health Organisation statistics. Suicide Rates Per 100k.^
  31. Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index (2017). Accessed 2017 Dec 30. The scores given are the TI average for the years 2012-2016.^
  32. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  33. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  34. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  35. ADL (2014) . Lower is better.^
  36. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  37. ^
  38. UN (2013) Table 9. Higher is better. Table 9. The UN's data is the latest available from a range of data from 2007-2011.^
  39. UN (2011) Table 6. Higher is better.^
  40. Sources:^
  41. Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg (2009) .^

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