The Human Truth Foundation

Romania

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Romania

Romania
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index73rd best
CapitalBucharest
Land Area 230 160 km21
LocationEurope
Population 21.39 million (2011)2
Life Expectancy74.84yrs (2017)3
GNI$19 428 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesRO, ROU, 6425
Internet Domain.ro6
CurrencyLeu (RON)7
Telephone+408

1. Overview

The principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia - for centuries under the suzerainty of the Turkish Ottoman Empire - secured their autonomy in 1856; they were de facto linked in 1859 and formally united in 1862 under the new name of Romania. The country gained recognition of its independence in 1878. It joined the Allied Powers in World War I and acquired new territories - most notably Transylvania - following the conflict. In 1940, Romania allied with the Axis powers and participated in the 1941 German invasion of the USSR. Three years later, overrun by the Soviets, Romania signed an armistice. The post-war Soviet occupation led to the formation of a Communist "people's republic" in 1947 and the abdication of the king. The decades-long rule of dictator Nicolae CEAUSESCU, who took power in 1965, and his Securitate police state became increasingly oppressive and draconian through the 1980s. CEAUSESCU was overthrown and executed in late 1989. Former Communists dominated the government until 1996 when they were swept from power. Romania joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

2. Romania National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)10
CountryRank10
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
47Bahrain47
48Montenegro48
49Russia49
50Romania50
51Kuwait51
52Belarus52
53Oman52
54Barbados54
55Uruguay54
56Kazakhstan56
57Bulgaria56
58Bahamas58
59Malaysia59
60Palau60
61Panama60
62Antigua & Barbuda62
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.7
2Iceland88.6
3Denmark86.5
...
70Mongolia62.3
71Bulgaria62.3
72Brazil62.2
73Romania61.8
74Mexico61.5
75Nicaragua60.6
76Cuba60.6
77Dominican Rep.60.3
78Kyrgyzstan60.0
79Tonga60.0
80Peru59.9
81S. Sudan59.3
82Ukraine59.3
83Micronesia59.3
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (2015)11
CountryYears11
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
73Tunisia74.98
74Malaysia74.90
75Armenia74.89
76Romania74.84
77Peru74.81
78Brazil74.75
79Thailand74.62
80Mauritius74.60
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
95Laos2.6
96Malaysia2.6
97Hungary1.4
98Romania1.4
99Japan1.4
100Poland1.4
101Nepal2.6
102Macedonia1.4
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
50Mozambique 24.48m31
51Australia 22.92m3
52Madagascar 21.93m38
53Romania 21.39m93
54Sri Lanka 21.22m338
55Syria 21.12m115
56Ivory Coast 20.59m65
Data Source

Romania's population is predicted to fall to 20 291 000 by 2030, decreasing the burden on the planet's resources. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.42.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
64Macedonia1946
65Cameroon1946
66Panama1946
67Romania1946
68Singapore1947
69Pakistan1947
70Malta1947
71Argentina1947
Gender Inequality (2015)12
CountryValue12
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
69Turkey0.33
70Kuwait0.33
71Vietnam0.34
72Romania0.34
73Mexico0.35
74St Lucia0.35
75Fiji0.36
76Georgia0.36

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
56Mexico4%
57Georgia4%
58Argentina4%
59Romania4%
60Iran4%
61Uzbekistan4%
62Congo, (Brazzaville)3%
63India3%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
55Iraq84%
56Peru84%
57Nicaragua84%
58Romania84%
59Tajikistan85%
60S. Africa85%
61Malta86%
62Dominican Rep.87%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below13:

Christian99%
Muslim0.3%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 99.4% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (4%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 99.7% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 84% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 86.8%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformate and Pentecostal) 7.5%, Roman Catholic 4.7%, other (mostly Muslim) and unspecified 0.9%, none 0.1% (2002 census)14.

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
212Switzerland0.56
211Poland0.55
210Turkey0.53
209Romania0.52
208Sweden0.44
207Taiwan0.44
206Pakistan0.38
205Latvia0.33
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
69Brazil40.65
70Moldova40.12
71St Lucia40.06
72Romania40.02
73Turkey39.82
74Dominican Rep.39.53
75Jordan38.88
76Kuwait38.26
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)12
CountryPer 100012
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
85Trinidad & Tobago31.5
86Morocco31.7
87Botswana32.3
88Romania34.6
89Bulgaria37.7
90Tajikistan38.1
91Vietnam38.6
92Pakistan38.7
Alcohol Consumption (2010)15
CountryPer Capita15
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
184Hungary13.3
185Andorra13.8
186Ukraine13.9
187Romania14.4
188Russia15.1
189Lithuania15.4
190Moldova16.8
191Belarus17.5

8. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Anti-Semite Opinions16
Country%16
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
55Croatia33
56Botswana33
57Nicaragua34
58Romania35
59Cameroon35
60Paraguay35
61Kenya35
62Lithuania36
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
17
CountryValue17
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
108Belarus94.75
109Poland96.5
110Macedonia98.75
111Romania99.75
112Cambodia99.75
113Ukraine100
114Albania101.25
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom (2014)18
CountryRank18
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
27Slovakia27
28Italy28
29Chile29
30Romania30
31France31
32Japan32
33Cyprus33
34Mauritius34
Global Peace Index (2012)19
CountryValue19
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
29UK1.61
30Chile1.62
31Botswana1.62
32Romania1.63
33Uruguay1.63
34Vietnam1.64
35Croatia1.65
36Costa Rica1.66
Research and Development
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2920
2Israel4.1120
3Japan3.5820
...
69Thailand0.3921
70Montenegro0.3822
71Ghana0.3823
72Romania0.3820
73Tanzania0.3823
74Chile0.3820
75Moldova0.3522
76Ecuador0.3421
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
39Kazakhstan94
40Armenia94
41Vietnam94
42Romania94
43Georgia94
44Bulgaria93
45Argentina93
46Ireland92
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
39Portugal20
40Panama20
41Macedonia20
42Romania20
43Poland20
44Honduras20
45Burkina Faso20
46Georgia20
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
38Latvia99.2
39Botswana99.2
40Papua New Guinea99.2
41Romania99.2
42Niger99.2
43Trinidad & Tobago99.2
44Malta99.2
45Burkina Faso99.2
Data Source
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)11
CountryPPP $11
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
58Antigua & Barbuda$20 907
59Croatia$20 291
60Panama$19 470
61Romania$19 428
62Uruguay$19 148
63Gabon$19 044
64Turkey$18 705
65Mauritius$17 948
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
84Bangladesh5
85China5
86Iraq5
87Romania5
88Mozambique5
89Laos5
90Mongolia5
91Latvia5
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
41Algeria67.4
42Mexico67.3
43Ireland67.1
44Romania67.0
45Netherlands66.4
46Canada66.4
47Fiji65.9
48Maldives65.9
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
40Slovenia70
41Colombia65
42Ecuador55
43Romania50
44Austria45
45Greece45
46Ireland45
47Bulgaria40
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/romania.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism #Romania

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Apr 13.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ro.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  12. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  13. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  14. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  15. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  16. ADL (2014) . Lower is better.^
  17. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  18. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  19. ^
  20. OECD (2016) . Data for year 2014.^
  21. World Bank . Data for year 2011.^
  22. World Bank . Data for year 2013.^
  23. World Bank . Data for year 2010.^

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