Kazakhstan (Republic of Kazakhstan)

#Kazakhstan

Like this page:


Share this page:

Kazakhstan
Republic of Kazakhstan
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index108th best
CapitalAstana
Land Area12 699 700 km2
LocationAsia
Population2 16.38 million
Life Expectancy367.364yrs (2012)
GNI3$10 451
ISO3166-1 Codes4KZ, KAZ, 398
Internet Domain5.kz
Currency6Tenge (KZT)
Telephone7+7

1. Overview

Ethnic Kazakhs, a mix of Turkic and Mongol nomadic tribes who migrated into the region in the 13th century, were rarely united as a single nation. The area was conquered by Russia in the 18th century, and Kazakhstan became a Soviet Republic in 1936. During the 1950s and 1960s agricultural "Virgin Lands" program, Soviet citizens were encouraged to help cultivate Kazakhstan's northern pastures. This influx of immigrants (mostly Russians, but also some other deported nationalities) skewed the ethnic mixture and enabled non-ethnic Kazakhs to outnumber natives. Non-Muslim ethnic minorities departed Kazakhstan in large numbers from the mid-1990s through the mid-2000s and a national program has repatriated about a million ethnic Kazakhs thus far back to Kazakhstan. These trends have allowed Kazakhs to become the titular majority again. This dramatic demographic shift has also undermined the previous religious diversity and made the country more than 70 percent Muslim. Kazakhstan's economy is larger than those of all the other Central Asian states largely due to the country's vast natural resources. Current issues include: developing a cohesive national identity; managing Islamic revivalism; expanding the development of the country's vast energy resources and exporting them to world markets; diversifying the economy outside the oil, gas, and mining sectors; enhancing Kazakhstan's economic competitiveness; developing a multiparty parliament and advancing political and social reform; and strengthening relations with neighboring states and other foreign powers.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Kazakhstan National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
66Malaysia76.966.3
67Trinidad & Tobago76.070.2
68Antigua & Barbuda76.076.3
69Kazakhstan75.469.8
70Albania74.969.5
71Venezuela74.866.0
72St Kitts & Nevis74.573.5
73Lebanon74.573.7
74Dominica74.571.1
75Georgia74.572.9
76Iran74.257.9
77Peru74.164.5
78Ukraine74.070.0
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
105Azerbaijan54.9
106Swaziland54.5
107Oman54.4
108Kazakhstan54.3
109Honduras54.2
110Kuwait54.0
111Moldova53.4
112Sao Tome & Principe53.2
113Guatemala53.1
114Micronesia53.0
115Timor-Leste (E. Timor)53.0
116Samoa53.0
117Namibia52.8
118Palestine52.7
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
135Laos67.8
136Bhutan67.6
137Tuvalu67.5
138Kazakhstan67.4
139Madagascar66.9
140Bolivia66.9
141Yemen65.9
142India65.8
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
81Croatia1.5
82Dominican Rep.2.5
83Lithuania1.5
84Kazakhstan2.5
85Ukraine1.5
86Nicaragua2.5
87Belarus1.5
88Slovenia1.5
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
60Chile 17.42m23
61Netherlands 16.71m496
62Niger 16.64m13
63Kazakhstan 16.38m6
64Mali 16.32m13
65Malawi 15.88m168
66Guatemala 15.14m141
Data Source

Kazakhstan's population is predicted to rise to 18.87 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 2.52. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
180Central African Rep.1986
181Namibia1989
182Samoa1990
183Kazakhstan1993
184Moldova1994
185Oman1994
186Qatar2003
187Kuwait2005
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
49Moldova0.30
50Trinidad & Tobago0.31
51Russia0.31
52Kazakhstan0.31
53Bahamas0.32
54Azerbaijan0.32
55Romania0.33
56Mongolia0.33
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Kazakhstan has made some steps towards ending gender inequality but much more needs to be done.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#Buddhism #Christianity #Hinduism #Islam #Judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
36Lithuania13%
37Singapore13%
38Uruguay12%
39Kazakhstan12%
40China12%
41USA10%
42Trinidad & Tobago9%
43Albania8%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
17Uruguay41%
18Lithuania42%
19Canada42%
20Kazakhstan43%
21Korea, S.43%
22Ukraine46%
23Slovenia47%
24Spain49%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian24.8%
Muslim70.4%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.2%
Folk Religion0.3%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated4.2%

By adding up the Pew Forum data for the major monotheistic religions we can see that these make up 95.3% of the population. Yet there are simply too many who disbelieve in God for this to be true (12%). This is due to the so-called 'Census Effect', whereby many put down a religion for cultural reasons rather than because it reflects their beliefs. In highly Christian countries, as many as half of those who say they're a Christian lack any connection to a Church, and do not hold Christian beliefs (such as believing in God!).

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 95.9% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 43% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim 47%, Russian Orthodox 44%, Protestant 2%, other 7%10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Freedom
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
30Russia52
31Zimbabwe54
32Sri Lanka55
33Kazakhstan58
34Egypt59
35Thailand61
36Pakistan63
37Belarus69
Data Source
IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
252Mongolia1.42
251UK1.34
250Djibouti1.29
249Kazakhstan1.23
248Turkmenistan1.23
247Malawi1.23
246Armenia1.22
245Belarus1.22
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
83China34.38
84Peru34.30
85Grenada33.62
86Kazakhstan33.38
87Belarus32.05
88Suriname31.57
89Mexico31.05
90Lebanon31.00
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
76Indonesia6.9
77Kenya6.9
78Jamaica6.9
79Kazakhstan6.8
80Tunisia6.8
81Italy6.8
82Greece6.8
83Croatia6.8
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
101Mali2.13
102Sri Lanka2.14
103Congo, (Brazzaville)2.15
104Kazakhstan2.15
105Saudi Arabia2.18
106Haiti2.18
107Cambodia2.21
108Belarus2.21
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
39Vietnam94
40Georgia94
41Romania94
42Kazakhstan94
43Armenia94
44Bulgaria93
45Argentina93
46Malaysia92
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
51Netherlands19
52Nicaragua19
53Ireland19
54Kazakhstan19
55Luxembourg19
56Finland19
57Greece19
58Rwanda19
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
156Belarus99.5
157Egypt99.5
158Pakistan99.6
159Kazakhstan99.6
160Rwanda99.6
161Sri Lanka99.6
162Saudi Arabia99.6
163Uzbekistan99.7
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2911
2Israel4.1111
3Japan3.5811
...
93Vietnam0.1912
94Panama0.1812
95Mauritius0.1813
96Kazakhstan0.1714
97Oman0.1714
98Kyrgyzstan0.1612
99Sri Lanka0.1615
100Bolivia0.1616
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
74Costa Rica$10 863
75Iran$10 695
76Montenegro$10 471
77Kazakhstan$10 451
78Brazil$10 152
79S. Africa$9 594
80Serbia$9 533
81Macedonia$9 377
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
61Ghana5.6
62Croatia5.6
63Poland5.6
64Kazakhstan5.5
65Estonia5.5
66Hong Kong5.5
67Mauritius5.5
68Montenegro5.5
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
88Jamaica58.0
89Lebanon57.9
90Sao Tome & Principe57.3
91Kazakhstan57.3
92Nicaragua57.1
93Korea, S.57.0
94Gabon56.4
95Cyprus56.3
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
130Iraq-10
131Namibia-10
132Angola-10
133Kazakhstan-10
134Kiribati-10
135Bhutan-10
136Mali-10
137Lesotho-10
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/kazakhstan.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 01.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kz.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  12. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2010.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2009.^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.