The Human Truth Foundation

Suriname (Republic of Suriname)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Suriname

Suriname
Republic of Suriname
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index58th best
CapitalParamaribo
Land Area1 156 000 km2
LocationSouth America, The Americas
Population2534 175
Life Expectancy370.798yrs (2012)
GNI3$7 327
ISO3166-1 Codes4SR, SUR, 740
Internet Domain5.sr
Currency6Dollar (SRD)
Telephone7+597

1. Overview

#india #netherlands

First explored by the Spaniards in the 16th century and then settled by the English in the mid-17th century, Suriname became a Dutch colony in 1667. With the abolition of African slavery in 1863, workers were brought in from India and Java. Independence from the Netherlands was granted in 1975. Five years later the civilian government was replaced by a military regime that soon declared a socialist republic. It continued to exert control through a succession of nominally civilian administrations until 1987, when international pressure finally forced a democratic election. In 1990, the military overthrew the civilian leadership, but a democratically elected government - a four-party coalition - returned to power in 1991. The coalition expanded to eight parties in 2005 and ruled until August 2010, when voters returned former military leader Desire BOUTERSE and his opposition coalition to power.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Suriname National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
102Turkmenistan69.868.1
103Thailand69.058.9
104Maldives68.861.7
105Suriname68.467.7
106Gabon68.360.4
107El Salvador68.057.0
108Mongolia67.558.1
109Bolivia67.558.5
110Palestine67.064.0
111Paraguay66.959.8
112Egypt66.253.3
113Moldova66.061.5
114Philippines65.459.1
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.9
2Iceland88.7
3Denmark88.3
...
55Mauritius64.9
56Albania64.6
57Grenada64.6
58Suriname63.9
59Trinidad & Tobago63.6
60Maldives63.1
61Romania63.0
62Bulgaria62.8
63Greece62.3
64Serbia62.1
65Panama62.1
66Macedonia61.8
67Brazil61.7
68Fiji61.5
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
111Guatemala71.4
112Vanuatu71.3
113Azerbaijan70.9
114Suriname70.8
115Belarus70.6
116Trinidad & Tobago70.3
117Guyana70.2
118Indonesia69.8
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
42Kuwait2.3
43Bhutan2.3
44Jamaica2.3
45Suriname2.3
46Uzbekistan2.3
47Cape Verde2.3
48Estonia1.7
49UAE1.7
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
162Equatorial Guinea740 47126
163Montenegro632 79647
164Solomon Islands566 48120
165Suriname534 1753
166Luxembourg523 362202
167Cape Verde505 335125
168Malta419 2121310
Data Source

Suriname's population is predicted to rise to 601 679 by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.28.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
74Belgium1948
75Korea, S.1948
76Israel1948
77Suriname1948
78China1949
79Chile1949
80Bosnia & Herzegovina1949
81Costa Rica1949
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
91S. Africa0.46
92Bhutan0.46
93Venezuela0.47
94Suriname0.47
95Paraguay0.47
96Cambodia0.47
97Bolivia0.47
98Burundi0.48
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian51.6%
Muslim15.2%
Hindu19.8%
Buddhist0.6%
Folk Religion5.3%
Jew0.2%
Unaffiliated5.4%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Hindu 27.4%, Protestant 25.2% (predominantly Moravian), Roman Catholic 22.8%, Muslim 19.6%, indigenous beliefs 5%10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
85Grenada33.62
86Kazakhstan33.38
87Belarus32.05
88Suriname31.57
89Mexico31.05
90Lebanon31.00
91Cape Verde30.00
92Guyana29.88
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
77Tajikistan64.5
78Guinea65.75
79Cameroon66
80Suriname66
81Korea, S.66.33
82Tanzania69
83Afghanistan69
84Mauritius69
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom12
CountryRank12
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
52Israel52
53Peru53
54Bosnia & Herzegovina54
55Suriname55
56Macedonia55
57Armenia55
58El Salvador58
59Ghana59
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
143Ethiopia12
144Trinidad & Tobago12
145Bahrain12
146Suriname12
147Haiti12
148Guyana11
149Bahamas11
150Swaziland11
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
28Portugal99.1
29UK99.1
30Ghana99.1
31Suriname99.2
32USA99.2
33Lithuania99.2
34Slovenia99.2
35Spain99.2
Data Source
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
95Maldives$7 478
96Ecuador$7 471
97Algeria$7 418
98Suriname$7 327
99Jamaica$6 701
100Ukraine$6 428
101Namibia$5 973
102El Salvador$5 915
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
35Dominican Rep.68.4
36Lithuania68.3
37Nepal68.2
38Suriname68.2
39Bhutan68.0
40Luxembourg67.8
41Algeria67.4
42Mexico67.3
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
28Japan110
29Turkey100
30Germany100
31Suriname100
32Vietnam100
33New Zealand90
34Croatia90
35Switzerland90
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/suriname.html
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ns.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  12. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^

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