The Human Truth Foundation

Suriname (Republic of Suriname)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

Suriname
Republic of Suriname
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index125th best
CapitalParamaribo
Land Area 156 000km21
LocationSouth America, The Americas
Population0.6m2
Life Expectancy71.28yrs (2017)3
GNI$16 018 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesSR, SUR, 7405
Internet Domain.sr6
CurrencyDollar (SRD)7
Telephone+5978

1. Overview

#china #india #indonesia #netherlands

First explored by the Spaniards in the 16th century and then settled by the English in the mid-17th century, Suriname became a Dutch colony in 1667. With the abolition of African slavery in 1863, workers were brought in from India and Java. Independence from the Netherlands was granted in 1975. Five years later the civilian government was replaced by a military regime that soon declared a socialist republic. It continued to exert control through a succession of nominally civilian administrations until 1987, when international pressure finally forced a democratic election. In 1990, the military overthrew the civilian leadership, but a democratically elected government - a four-party coalition - returned to power in 1991. The coalition expanded to eight parties in 2005 and ruled until August 2010, when voters returned former military leader Desire BOUTERSE and his opposition coalition to power.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverSuriname is a warm, dense convergence of rivers that thumps with the lively rhythm of ethnic diversity. From Paramaribo, the country´s effervescent Dutch-colonial capital, to the fathomless jungles of the interior, you will get a genuine welcome to this tiny country - whether from the descendants of escaped African slaves, Dutch and British colonialists, Indian, Indonesian and Chinese indentured laborers or indigenous Amerindians.

You get the best of both worlds here: a city that is chock-full of restaurants, shopping venues and night spots and an untamed jungle utterly away from modern development.It´s not easy to get around this river-heavy, forest-dense country, and the mix of languages can make it hard to communicate, sometimes even for Dutch speakers. Don´t forget that a meeting of culinary traditions means the food here is as spicy and rich as the country itself.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Suriname National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
94Jamaica94
95Colombia95
96Dominica96
97Suriname97
98Tunisia97
99Dominican Rep.99
100St Vincent & Grenadines99
101Tonga101
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
67Iran$16 395
68Mexico$16 383
69Bulgaria$16 261
70Suriname$16 018
71Belarus$15 629
72Montenegro$15 410
73Venezuela$15 129
74Barbados$14 952
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Denmark27.7
2Norway28.3
3Finland29.6
...
121Guyana96.3
122Algeria96.6
123Cape Verde97.1
124Suriname97.2
125Turkmenistan97.9
126Iran99.1
127Honduras99.3
128Burkina Faso99.6
World Avg86.5
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Suriname's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Suriname's population is predicted to rise to 601 679 by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.28. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
163Solomon Islands0.7m
164Montenegro0.6m
165Luxembourg0.6m
166Suriname0.6m
167Cape Verde0.5m
168Maldives0.5m
169Malta0.4m
170Brunei0.4m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
107Moldova71.73
108Belarus71.46
109Egypt71.33
110Suriname71.28
111Ukraine71.13
112Azerbaijan70.90
113Kyrgyzstan70.79
114N. Korea70.52
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
42Kuwait2.27
43Bhutan2.27
44Jamaica2.28
45Suriname2.28
46Uzbekistan2.29
47Cape Verde2.29
48Estonia1.71
49UAE1.70
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
102Kazakhstan15.6
103Ecuador16.0
104Morocco16.1
105Suriname16.2
106Grenada16.2
107Brunei16.2
108El Salvador17.3
109Panama17.7
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
63Ivory Coast9.0%
64Malaysia8.5%
65Portugal8.5%
66Suriname8.5%
67Costa Rica8.4%
68Russia8.1%
69Congo, (Brazzaville)7.6%
70Botswana7.3%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
9Tonga45.4%
10Albania45.4%
11Barbados41.0%
12Suriname39.0%
13Bosnia & Herzegovina38.9%
14Palau38.8%
15St Vincent & Grenadines37.7%
16Cape Verde37.6%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Suriname's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #gender #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #mass_media #misogyny #morals #politics #slavery #tolerance #women

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)19,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank19,20
1Denmark9.7
2Sweden10.0
3Norway16.1
...
76Dominican Rep.80.4
77Russia80.7
78Venezuela80.8
79Suriname81.3
80Cape Verde81.3
81Azerbaijan81.4
82Turkey81.6
83Kyrgyzstan83.2
84Trinidad & Tobago83.9
World Avg89.8
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Denmark, Sweden and Norway19. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are Tuvalu, The Solomon Islands and Palestine19.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice, commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, LGBT equality, opposing gender inequality and the year from which women could participate in democracy. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe19, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Melanesia and Australasia19.

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)21
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties21
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
141Bahrain12
142Israel12
143Angola12
144Suriname12
145Kuwait12
146Trinidad & Tobago12
147Lebanon12
148Thailand11
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag Days (2019)22
Pos.Lower is better
Days22
1Ecuador8619
2Uruguay9043
3Tunisia14639
...
148Monaco51222
149Antigua & Barbuda51234
150Georgia51267
151Suriname51424
152Andorra51841
153Bhutan52248
154Swaziland52832
155Equatorial Guinea52903
World Avg40249.1435897436
q=195.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)23
Pos.Lower is better
Rank23
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
54Bosnia & Herzegovina54
55Armenia55
56Macedonia55
57Suriname55
58El Salvador58
59Ghana59
60Jamaica60
61Haiti61
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)24
Pos.Lower is better24
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
28Portugal1675
29UK1689
30Ghana1727
31Suriname1819
32USA1822
33Lithuania1824
34Slovenia2049
35Spain2050
World Avg3249
q=178.
Slavery (2018)25
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims25
1Japan0.03
2Canada0.05
3Taiwan0.05
...
40UK0.21
41Tunisia0.22
42Slovenia0.22
43Suriname0.23
44Spain0.23
45Ecuador0.24
46Italy0.24
47Morocco0.24
World Avg0.65
q=167.
LGBT Equality (2017)26
Pos.Higher is better
Score26
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
60S. Korea30
61Timor-Leste (E. Timor)30
62Costa Rica30
63Suriname30
64Venezuela30
65Lithuania30
66Taiwan25
67Chile25
World Avg12.6
q=196.

Gender Equality:

Suriname has made some steps towards ending gender inequality but much more needs to be done.

See:

Gender Inequality (2015)27
Pos.Lower is better27
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
96Philippines0.44
97Samoa0.44
98Bolivia0.45
99Suriname0.45
100Panama0.46
101Honduras0.46
102Venezuela0.46
103Nicaragua0.46
World Avg0.36
q=159.
Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Lower is better
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
73Israel1948
74Belgium1948
75Niger1948
76Suriname1948
77Seychelles1948
78Costa Rica1949
79Chile1949
80China1949
World Avg1930
q=189.

5. Suriname's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Health (2020)28,29
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28,29
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
117Azerbaijan98.4
118Moldova98.6
119Serbia99.1
120Suriname99.3
121Bolivia100.0
122Jamaica100.3
123Cape Verde100.3
124Colombia100.6
125Egypt100.6
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives28. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea28.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe28, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia28.

Health:

Suriname has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. Suriname comes in the best 20 for its smoking rate30 (one of the best in The Americas). It does better than average in terms of its alcohol consumption rate31 and in its fertility rate15. Suriname does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average when it comes to its suicide rate32 (amongst the highest in The Americas), its adolescent birth rate27 (still good for The Americas), its average life expectancy12, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance33 and in its immunizations take-up34. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% between 1976 and 2016.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
107Moldova71.73
108Belarus71.46
109Egypt71.33
110Suriname71.28
111Ukraine71.13
112Azerbaijan70.90
113Kyrgyzstan70.79
114N. Korea70.52
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)31
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita31
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
78Zambia4.8
79Zimbabwe4.8
80Lesotho5.0
81Suriname5.1
82Nicaragua5.2
83Turkmenistan5.4
84Armenia5.5
85Venezuela5.6
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
42Kuwait2.27
43Bhutan2.27
44Jamaica2.28
45Suriname2.28
46Uzbekistan2.29
47Cape Verde2.29
48Estonia1.71
49UAE1.70
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)30
Pos.Higher is worse30
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
14Mozambique 82
13Tonga 81
12Malawi 80
11Suriname 79
10Guyana 77
9Vanuatu 76
8Ethiopia 76
7Congo, DR 74
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)32
Pos.
Per 100k32
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
65Sweden25.5
66Slovakia25.7
67Czechia28.3
68Suriname28.7
69Hong Kong29.7
70Poland30.5
71Austria30.9
72Uruguay32.3
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
129Ivory Coast129
130Mongolia130
131Afghanistan131
132Suriname132
133Grenada133
134Montenegro134
135Iraq135
136Madagascar136
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)35
Pos.Lower is better
%35
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
127Italy58.5
128Luxembourg58.7
129Panama58.8
130Suriname58.9
131Colombia59.0
132Cyprus59.1
133Iceland59.1
134Montenegro59.4
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)27
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100027
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
101Fiji44.8
102S. Africa45.5
103Cuba45.6
104Suriname46.1
105Timor-Leste (E. Timor)46.6
106Chile47.8
107Solomon Islands48.4
108Peru49.1
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)34
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %34
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
132Paraguay88.1
133Bosnia & Herzegovina88.0
134Sierra Leone87.7
135Suriname87.2
136Ecuador86.8
137Cambodia86.5
138Namibia86.5
139Dominican Rep.86.3
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Suriname's Modernity and Learning

#education #modernity #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)36
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank36
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
136Botswana93.5
137Namibia94.2
138Ivory Coast94.3
139Suriname94.8
140Nigeria95.3
141St Vincent & Grenadines95.5
142Burkina Faso95.7
143Benin97.0
144Syria97.7
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Secondary Education (2018)37
Pos.Higher is better37
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
89Ghana63.1%
90Peru62.2%
91Palestine61.1%
92Suriname60.5%
93Mexico59.7%
94Bahrain59.6%
95Brazil59.5%
96Bolivia58.8%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)38
Pos.Higher is better
Years38
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
100Indonesia12.9
101Gabon12.9
102Panama12.9
103Suriname12.9
104Palestine12.8
105Bahamas12.8
106Venezuela12.8
107Libya12.8
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
131Mongolia131
132Haiti132
133Botswana133
134Suriname134
135Uruguay135
136Honduras136
137Papua New Guinea137
138Congo, DR138
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)39
Pos.Higher is better39
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
116Thailand43%
117Mauritius43%
118Cape Verde43%
119Suriname42%
120Bolivia41%
121Peru41%
122Guyana40%
123Grenada39%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)40
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio40
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
160Palau0.0
161Equatorial Guinea0.0
162Belize0.0
163Suriname0.0
164Grenada0.0
165Gabon0.0
166Lebanon0.0
167St Lucia0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
41
Pos.Lower is better41
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
77Tajikistan64.5
78Guinea65.75
79Cameroon66
80Suriname66
81S. Korea66.33
82Tanzania69
83Afghanistan69
84Mauritius69
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)42
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score42
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
82Burkina Faso38.8
83China38.4
84El Salvador38.0
85Suriname38.0
86Mongolia38.0
87Liberia38.0
88Trinidad & Tobago37.8
89Zambia37.8
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Creativity and Culture (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
77Togo77
78Albania78
79Brunei79
80Suriname80
81Fiji81
82Kenya82
83Guatemala83
84Cape Verde84
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
148Iran148
149India149
150Cameroon150
151Suriname151
152Gabon152
153Iraq153
154Paraguay154
155Grenada155
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
111Equatorial Guinea111
112Botswana112
113Slovakia113
114Suriname114
115Greece115
116Trinidad & Tobago116
117Benin117
118Venezuela118
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
102Timor-Leste (E. Timor)102
103Barbados103
104Armenia104
105Suriname105
106Namibia106
107Tunisia107
108Cape Verde108
109China109
World Avg82.0
q=163.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)43
Pos.Higher is better
%43
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
101Papua New Guinea-00.2
102Canada-00.3
103Jordan-00.6
104Suriname-00.6
105Guyana-00.8
106Malaysia-00.8
107Armenia-00.9
108Bosnia & Herzegovina-01.5
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)44
Pos.Higher is better44
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
100Nigeria54.8
101Kazakhstan54.6
102Samoa54.5
103Suriname54.2
104Sao Tome & Principe54.0
105Paraguay53.9
106El Salvador53.9
107Fiji53.1
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
136Latvia1996 Mar 13
137Singapore1996 Mar 20
138Syria1996 Apr 03
139Suriname1996 Apr 11
140Poland1996 Apr 17
141Lithuania1996 May 01
142Yemen1996 May 21
143Niue1996 May 28
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)45
Pos.Higher is worse45
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
103Syria13.00
102Morocco13.00
101Vietnam12.90
100Suriname12.80
99El Salvador12.50
98Cape Verde12.20
97Solomon Islands12.10
96Palestine12.00
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)46
Pos.Lower is better
Severity46
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
38Tajikistan.029
39El Salvador.032
40Iraq.033
41Suriname.041
42Mongolia.042
43Peru.053
44Gabon.066
45Nicaragua.074
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below47:

Christian51.6%
Muslim15.2%
Hindu19.8%
Buddhist0.6%
Folk Religion5.3%
Jew0.2%
Unaffiliated5.4%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Hindu 27.4%, Protestant 25.2% (predominantly Moravian), Roman Catholic 22.8%, Muslim 19.6%, indigenous beliefs 5%48.

Links: