The Human Truth Foundation

Iraq (Republic of Iraq)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#charity #climate_change #economics #happiness #intelligence #iraq #morals #research #science #the_environment

Iraq
Republic of Iraq
StatusIndependent State
CapitalBaghdad
Land Area 434 320km21
LocationAsia, Middle East
Population33.7m (2011)2
Life Expectancy69.63yrs (2017)3
GNI$11 608 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesIQ, IRQ, 3685
Internet Domain.iq6
CurrencyDinar (IQD)7
Telephone+9648

1. Overview

#iran #iraq #kuwait #UK

Formerly part of the Ottoman Empire, Iraq was occupied by Britain during the course of World War I; in 1920, it was declared a League of Nations mandate under UK administration. In stages over the next dozen years, Iraq attained its independence as a kingdom in 1932. A "republic" was proclaimed in 1958, but in actuality a series of strongmen ruled the country until 2003. The last was SADDAM Husayn. Territorial disputes with Iran led to an inconclusive and costly eight-year war (1980-88). In August 1990, Iraq seized Kuwait but was expelled by US-led, UN coalition forces during the Gulf War of January-February 1991. Following Kuwait's liberation, the UN Security Council (UNSC) required Iraq to scrap all weapons of mass destruction and long-range missiles and to allow UN verification inspections. Continued Iraqi noncompliance with UNSC resolutions over a period of 12 years led to the US-led invasion of Iraq in March 2003 and the ouster of the SADDAM Husayn regime. US forces remained in Iraq under a UNSC mandate through 2009 and under a bilateral security agreement thereafter, helping to provide security and to train and mentor Iraqi security forces. In October 2005, Iraqis approved a constitution in a national referendum and, pursuant to this document, elected a 275-member Council of Representatives (COR) in December 2005. The COR approved most cabinet ministers in May 2006, marking the transition to Iraq's first constitutional government in nearly a half century. In January 2009, Iraq held elections for provincial councils in all governorates except for the three governorates comprising the Kurdistan Regional Government and Kirkuk Governorate. Iraq held a national legislative election in March 2010 - choosing 325 legislators in an expanded COR - and, after nine months of deadlock the COR approved the new government in December 2010. Nearly nine years after the start of the Second Gulf War in Iraq, US military operations there ended in mid-December 2011.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverOne of the cradles of civilisation, Iraq has, despite its recent troubles and persistent bad press, a wealth of human and cultural riches to reveal. Torn between its glorious past as the cradle of civilisation and the turmoil of its recent bloody history, Iraq is a country of contradictions. It is the birthplace of writing and the legendary home of the Garden of Eden, Hanging Gardens of Babylon and the Epic of Gilgamesh. But it is also a place of unimaginable horrors.

Since the 2003 US-led invasion, Iraq has been caught in a cycle of violence. The country has since intermittently hovered on the cusp of a new beginning. Even so, with the exception of Iraqi Kurdistan, much of Iraq remains too dangerous for independent travellers. The future is far from certain, but with its rich history and warm hospitality, Iraq could become one of the great travel destinations of the Middle East, insha´ Allah.

Iraqi Kurdistan´s slogan, `The Other Iraq´, could not be more fitting. This is the Iraq you don´t see in the news. It´s a safe and tranquil oasis with happening cities, soaring mountains and welcoming people.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Iraq National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
118Bolivia118
119S. Africa119
120Kyrgyzstan120
121Iraq121
122Cape Verde122
123Morocco123
124Nicaragua124
125Guatemala125
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
191Syria35.5
192Congo, DR35.3
193Angola35.1
194Chad34.8
195Afghanistan34.4
196Somalia33.7
197Yemen32.2
198Iraq31.8
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #Iraq #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
23Benin05.8
24Burundi05.9
25Liberia05.9
26Iraq06.0
27Guinea06.1
28Guinea-Bissau06.1
29Lesotho06.1
30Kenya06.1
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
110Turkmenistan5.0%
111Mozambique5.0%
112Senegal5.0%
113Iraq4.9%
114Denmark4.7%
115Yemen4.7%
116Hungary4.6%
117Colombia4.6%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
150Congo, (Brazzaville)4.46
151Central African Rep.4.46
152Madagascar4.52
153Iraq4.57
154Kenya4.64
155Senegal4.65
156Gambia4.73
157Mozambique4.75
World Avg2.81
q=180.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
178Lesotho0.3%
179Laos0.3%
180Egypt0.3%
181Iraq0.3%
182Somalia0.2%
183Colombia0.2%
184Madagascar0.2%
185Myanmar (Burma)0.2%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)16
Pos.Higher is better
Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
120Bhutan69.85
121Mongolia69.81
122Syria69.65
123Iraq69.63
124Kazakhstan69.59
125Tajikistan69.58
126Uzbekistan69.40
127Micronesia69.27
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
Pos.
Population17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
35Uganda35.6m
36Sudan35.0m
37Canada34.7m
38Iraq33.7m
39Afghanistan33.4m
40Morocco32.6m
41Nepal31.0m
42Venezuela29.9m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Iraq's population is predicted to rise to 55.26 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 4.57. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Human Rights, Equality and Freedom

#equality #freedom #human_rights #iraq #politics #tolerance

Iraq is amongst the very worst places in the world at ensuring any human rights and freedoms, and it has severe cultural issues when it comes to tolerance and equality. Iraq does worse than average in commentary in Human Rights Watch reports18, eliminating modern slavery19, opposing gender inequality20, supporting press freedom21, its nominal commitment to Human Rights22 and in LGBT equality23. It falls into the worst-performing 20 in terms of its Global Peace Index rating24 (one of the worst in Asia), fighting corruption25 (one of the lowest in Asia) and in the year from which women could participate in democracy26. And finally, it is the worst in fighting anti-semitic opinions27. Violence against women is rife, and women have few legal protections to shield them from domestic abuse28. Homosexual relations are illegal28. As a result of the death penalty, "Iraq has long had one of the highest rates of executions in the world"28.

Human Rights Watch finds that ISIS have "carried out the most serious human rights abuses, war crimes and crimes against humanity"28 and the UN finds the ISIS responsible for genocide28. Iraq forces have conducted widespread 'collective punishments' against families and communities28.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #Iraq #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
155Mali155
156Swaziland156
157Yemen157
158Iraq158
159Bahrain159
160Slovenia160
161Tonga161
162Marshall Islands162
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
112Libya112
113Belize113
114Morocco114
115Iraq115
116Dominica116
117Saudi Arabia117
118Lesotho118
119Oman119
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Global Peace Index (2012)24
Pos.Lower is better24
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
150Central African Rep.2.87
151N. Korea2.93
152Russia2.94
153Congo, DR3.07
154Iraq3.19
155Sudan3.19
156Afghanistan3.25
157Somalia3.39
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"24. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark24 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan24.

Impact of Terrorism (2019)30
Pos.Lower is better
Score30
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
143Yemen7.26
144India7.52
145Somalia7.80
146Pakistan7.89
147Syria8.01
148Nigeria8.60
149Iraq9.24
150Afghanistan9.60
World Avg2.78
q=150.

6. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #iraq #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)31
Pos.Lower is better
%31
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
54Romania84
55Honduras84
56Peru84
57Iraq84
58Nicaragua84
59S. Africa85
60Tajikistan85
61Malta86
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)32
Pos.Higher is better
%32
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
106Tanzania0
107Malaysia0
108Haiti0
109Iraq0
110Guinea0
111Ghana0
112Jordan0
113Gambia0
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below33:

Christian0.8%
Muslim99%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 100% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 84% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim (official) 97% (Shia 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or other 3%. note: while there has been voluntary relocation of many Christian families to northern Iraq, recent reporting indicates that the overall Christian population may have dropped by as much as 50 percent since the fall of the Saddam HUSSEIN regime in 2003, with many fleeing to Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon34.

Freedom of Religion and Belief: When it comes to religious freedom and persecution, sociologists Grim & Finke place Iraq into the worst category, along with just 13 other countries. In this category, severe restrictions on religious freedom and freedom of belief stem simultaneously from top-down pressure from government and institutionalized religion, and from bottom-up grassroots movements that often go even further than the government in harassing those who do not believe the right things (2011)35.

Links:

7. The Internet

#internet #Iraq #it_security #the_internet

Internet Users (2016)36
Pos.Higher is better36
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
165Namibia16%
166Turkmenistan15%
167Bangladesh13%
168Iraq13%
169Kiribati13%
170Rwanda12%
171Mali12%
172Haiti12%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)37
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio37
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
141Kiribati0.0
142Ivory Coast0.0
143Mauritania0.0
144Iraq0.0
145Oman0.0
146Papua New Guinea0.0
147French Polynesia0.0
148Palestine0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.
IT Security (2013)38
Pos.Lower is better38
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
73Angola1.61
74Sri Lanka1.67
75Oman1.72
76Iraq1.84
77Bangladesh1.87
78Sudan1.98
79India2.10
80Russia2.42
World Avg0.98
q=81.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

8. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #genetics #health #Iraq #obesity #public_health #smoking #sociology #UK

Iraq is a pretty unhealthy country. Iraq comes in the best 20 for its alcohol consumption rate39. When it comes to most other metrics, Iraq does not do well. It does worse than average in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance29 (the worst in Asia), its smoking rate40, its adolescent birth rate20 (the highest in Asia) and in the prevalence of overweight adults41. And finally, it falls into the worst 20 when it comes to its immunizations take-up42 (one of the worst in Asia). The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)39
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita39
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
9Syria0.3
10Pakistan0.3
11Kiribati0.4
12Iraq0.4
13Brunei0.4
14Egypt0.4
15Djibouti0.5
16Niger0.5
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking43 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink44 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies45 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"46. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"47. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
132Suriname132
133Grenada133
134Montenegro134
135Iraq135
136Madagascar136
137Congo, (Brazzaville)137
138Albania138
139Ghana139
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)41
Pos.Lower is better
%41
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
165Israel64.3
166Bahamas64.4
167Australia64.5
168Iraq64.6
169Mexico64.9
170New Zealand65.6
171Bahrain65.8
172Malta66.4
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese48. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up49. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight49 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year50 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"51. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes52. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar53.

Smoking Rates (2014)40
Pos.Lower is better40
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
132Albania1 177
133Egypt1 188
134Vietnam1 215
135Iraq1 227
136Spain1 265
137Malta1 266
138Philippines1 291
139Indonesia1 322
World Avg 819
q=182.

9. Children's Health

#health #Iraq #parenting #population #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)20
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100020
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
149Guatemala80.7
150Bangladesh83.0
151Benin83.2
152Iraq84.0
153Sao Tome & Principe84.3
154Guyana88.0
155Nicaragua88.8
156Guinea-Bissau89.5
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)42
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %42
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
175S. Africa72.5
176Angola71.9
177Madagascar71.9
178Iraq70.7
179Afghanistan70.6
180Niger69.7
181Samoa68.1
182Yemen67.4
World Avg88.3
q=194.

10. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
54
Pos.Lower is better54
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
57Belgium47.25
58Chile47.25
59Saudi Arabia48
60Iraq50.25
61Zambia51.5
62Sierra Leone51.67
63Kyrgyzstan52
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
157Equatorial Guinea157
158Guyana158
159Afghanistan159
160Indonesia160
161Bolivia161
162Iraq162
163Angola163
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
153Liberia153
154Venezuela154
155Yemen155
156Iraq156
157Iran157
158Gabon158
159Central African Rep.159
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
155Mali155
156Swaziland156
157Yemen157
158Iraq158
159Bahrain159
160Slovenia160
161Tonga161
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
112Libya112
113Belize113
114Morocco114
115Iraq115
116Dominica116
117Saudi Arabia117
118Lesotho118
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
150Cameroon150
151Suriname151
152Gabon152
153Iraq153
154Paraguay154
155Grenada155
156Venezuela156
q=163.
Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2955
2Israel4.1155
3Japan3.5855
...
119Honduras0.0456
120Guatemala0.0457
121Bahrain0.0458
122Colombia0.0458
123Iraq0.0359
124El Salvador0.0357
125China0.0358
126Lesotho0.0159
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)60
Pos.Higher is better60
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
81Morocco5.1
82Ukraine5.1
83Malawi5.1
84Iraq5.0
85Philippines5.0
86Zambia5.0
87Laos5.0
88Mauritania5.0
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)16
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
88Serbia$12 202
89S. Africa$12 087
90Nauru$12 058
91Iraq$11 608
92Grenada$11 502
93Peru$11 295
94Sri Lanka$10 789
95Ecuador$10 536
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)61
Pos.Higher is better61
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
149Zimbabwe43.4
150Cambodia43.2
151Solomon Islands43.2
152Iraq43.2
153Laos42.9
154Burkina Faso42.8
155Sierra Leone42.5
156Gambia42.4
q=180.
IQ (2006)62
Pos.Higher is better62
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
62Mexico88
63Brazil87
64Bolivia87
65Iraq87
66Azerbaijan87
67Indonesia87
68Turkmenistan87
69Uzbekistan87
q=138.