Iraq (Republic of Iraq)

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Iraq
Republic of Iraq
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index186th best
CapitalBaghdad
Land Area1 434 320 km2
LocationAsia, Middle East
Population2 33.7 million
Life Expectancy369.596yrs (2012)
GNI3$3 557
ISO3166-1 Codes4IQ, IRQ, 368
Internet Domain5.iq
Currency6Dinar (IQD)
Telephone7+964

1. Overview

#Iran #Iraq #Kuwait #UK

Formerly part of the Ottoman Empire, Iraq was occupied by Britain during the course of World War I; in 1920, it was declared a League of Nations mandate under UK administration. In stages over the next dozen years, Iraq attained its independence as a kingdom in 1932. A "republic" was proclaimed in 1958, but in actuality a series of strongmen ruled the country until 2003. The last was SADDAM Husayn. Territorial disputes with Iran led to an inconclusive and costly eight-year war (1980-88). In August 1990, Iraq seized Kuwait but was expelled by US-led, UN coalition forces during the Gulf War of January-February 1991. Following Kuwait's liberation, the UN Security Council (UNSC) required Iraq to scrap all weapons of mass destruction and long-range missiles and to allow UN verification inspections. Continued Iraqi noncompliance with UNSC resolutions over a period of 12 years led to the US-led invasion of Iraq in March 2003 and the ouster of the SADDAM Husayn regime. US forces remained in Iraq under a UNSC mandate through 2009 and under a bilateral security agreement thereafter, helping to provide security and to train and mentor Iraqi security forces. In October 2005, Iraqis approved a constitution in a national referendum and, pursuant to this document, elected a 275-member Council of Representatives (COR) in December 2005. The COR approved most cabinet ministers in May 2006, marking the transition to Iraq's first constitutional government in nearly a half century. In January 2009, Iraq held elections for provincial councils in all governorates except for the three governorates comprising the Kurdistan Regional Government and Kirkuk Governorate. Iraq held a national legislative election in March 2010 - choosing 325 legislators in an expanded COR - and, after nine months of deadlock the COR approved the new government in December 2010. Nearly nine years after the start of the Second Gulf War in Iraq, US military operations there ended in mid-December 2011.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Iraq National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
128Namibia60.858.8
129Nicaragua59.951.2
130Morocco59.147.1
131Iraq59.056.7
132Cape Verde58.654.5
133Guatemala58.149.7
134Timor-Leste (E. Timor)57.644.8
135Ghana55.844.7
136India55.443.9
137Equatorial Guinea55.451.1
138Laos54.344.8
139Cambodia54.347.8
140Bhutan53.851.8
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
178Ethiopia38.2
179Guinea-Bissau37.5
180Pakistan37.4
181Mali36.8
182Niger36.4
183Yemen35.5
184Chad35.1
185Central African Rep.35.0
186Iraq33.8
187Mauritania33.8
188Congo, DR31.1
189Somalia29.7
190Sudan27.7
191Afghanistan27.4
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
118Indonesia69.8
119Moldova69.6
120Fiji69.4
121Iraq69.6
122Micronesia69.2
123Bangladesh69.2
124Korea, N.69
125Russia69.1
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
150Congo, (Brazzaville)4.5
151Central African Rep.4.5
152Madagascar4.5
153Iraq4.6
154Kenya4.6
155Senegal4.7
156Gambia4.7
157Mozambique4.8
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
35Uganda 35.62m178
36Sudan 35.05m15
37Canada 34.67m4
38Iraq 33.7m78
39Afghanistan 33.4m51
40Morocco 32.6m73
41Nepal 31.01m216
Data Source

Iraq's population is predicted to rise to 55.26 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 4.57. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
174Marshall Islands1979
175Palau1979
176Vanuatu1980
177Iraq1980
178Liechtenstein1984
179Djibouti1986
180Central African Rep.1986
181Namibia1989
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
117Qatar0.55
118Syria0.55
119Tanzania0.56
120Iraq0.56
121Ghana0.57
122Togo0.57
123Pakistan0.57
124Malawi0.57
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Iraq is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#Buddhism #Christianity #Hinduism #Islam #Judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
127Malaysia0%
128Azerbaijan0%
129Malawi0%
130Iraq0%
131Jordan0%
132Kenya0%
133Kuwait0%
134Liberia0%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
52Colombia83%
53El Salvador83%
54Honduras84%
55Iraq84%
56Peru84%
57Nicaragua84%
58Romania84%
59Tajikistan85%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian0.8%
Muslim99%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 100.2% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 84% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim (official) 97% (Shia 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or other 3%. note: while there has been voluntary relocation of many Christian families to northern Iraq, recent reporting indicates that the overall Christian population may have dropped by as much as 50 percent since the fall of the Saddam HUSSEIN regime in 2003, with many fleeing to Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon10.

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
268Sudan1.98
267Bangladesh1.87
266Iraq1.84
265Oman1.72
264Sri Lanka1.67
263Angola1.61
262China1.59
261Maldives1.57
260Tanzania1.50
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
165Mauritania3.00
166Mali2.70
167Ivory Coast2.60
168Iraq2.47
169Guinea-Bissau2.45
170Central African Rep.2.30
171Malawi2.26
172Turkmenistan2.20
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
150Central African Rep.2.87
151Korea, N.2.93
152Russia2.94
153Congo, DR3.07
154Iraq3.19
155Sudan3.19
156Afghanistan3.25
157Somalia3.39
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
63Brazil87
64Turkmenistan87
65Indonesia87
66Iraq87
67Uzbekistan87
68Kuwait86
69Philippines86
70Trinidad & Tobago85
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
165Cook Islands9
166Papua New Guinea9
167Iran9
168Iraq9
169Samoa9
170St Kitts & Nevis9
171Comoros9
172Guinea-Bissau8
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
146Philippines99.5
147Russia99.5
148Singapore99.5
149Iraq99.5
150Myanmar (Burma)99.5
151Gambia99.5
152Mexico99.5
153Turkey99.5
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2911
2Israel4.1111
3Japan3.5811
...
119Honduras0.0412
120Colombia0.0413
121Bahrain0.0413
122Guatemala0.0414
123China0.0313
124El Salvador0.0314
125Iraq0.0315
126Lesotho0.0115
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
124Samoa$3 928
125Philippines$3 752
126Cape Verde$3 609
127Iraq$3 557
128Honduras$3 426
129Guyana$3 387
130Palestine$3 359
131Micronesia$3 352
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
91Bangladesh5
92Laos5
93Latvia5
94Iraq5
95Libya4.9
96Hungary4.9
97Namibia4.9
98Kyrgyzstan4.9
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
146Korea, N.41.8
147Cambodia41.7
148Botswana41.3
149Iraq41.0
150Chad40.8
151UAE40.7
152Nigeria40.2
153Benin39.6
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
127Sri Lanka0
128Ivory Coast-10
129Indonesia-10
130Iraq-10
131Namibia-10
132Angola-10
133Kazakhstan-10
134Kiribati-10
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/iraq.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 01.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/iz.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  12. World Bank data for year 2000.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2011.^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.