The Human Truth Foundation

Djibouti (Republic of Djibouti)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#atheism #bahá'í_faith #djibouti

Djibouti
Republic of Djibouti
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index144th best
CapitalDjibouti
Land Area 23 180km21
LocationAfrica
Population0.9m (2011)2
Life Expectancy62.30yrs (2017)3
GNI$3 216 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesDJ, DJI, 2625
Internet Domain.dj6
CurrencyFranc (DJF)7
Telephone+2538

1. Overview

#france #USA

The French Territory of the Afars and the Issas became Djibouti in 1977. Hassan Gouled APTIDON installed an authoritarian one-party state and proceeded to serve as president until 1999. Unrest among the Afar minority during the 1990s led to a civil war that ended in 2001 with a peace accord between Afar rebels and the Somali Issa-dominated government. In 1999, Djibouti's first multiparty presidential elections resulted in the election of Ismail Omar GUELLEH as president; he was reelected to a second term in 2005 and extended his tenure in office via a constitutional amendment, which allowed him to begin a third term in 2011. Djibouti occupies a strategic geographic location at the intersection of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden and serves as an important shipping portal for goods entering and leaving the east African highlands and transshipments between Europe, the Middle East, and Asia. The government holds longstanding ties to France, which maintains a significant military presence in the country, and has strong ties with the United States. Djibouti hosts several thousand members of US armed services at US-run Camp Lemonnier.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverDjibouti, a tiny speck of a country, packs a big punch, making up for its diminutive size with austere beauty, other wordly landscapes and geological oddities. Few countries in the world offer such weird landscapes as Djibouti. Think salt lakes, extinct volcanoes, sunken plains, limestone chimneys belching out puffs of steam, basaltic plateaus and majestic canyons. This comes courtesy of Djibouti's location, straddling the intersection of three diverging tectonic plates, on the edge of the Red Sea.

Outdoor adventure comes in many forms here, with superb and challenging hiking opportunities. Then, after extending yourself in the rugged beauty of the interior, there is diving and kitesurfing on the Red Sea – not to mention snorkelling alongside mighty whale sharks in the Gulf of Tadjoura.Barring Djibouti City, the country is refreshingly devoid of large-scale development. It's all about ecotravel, with some great sustainable stays in the hinterland that provide a fascinating glimpse into rural life. Travelling independently around Djibouti may not come cheap, but despite the high cost of living you´ll leave this corner of Africa with new experiences and wonderful memories.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Djibouti National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)
Lower is better

Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
169Afghanistan169
170Malawi170
171Ivory Coast171
172Djibouti172
173Gambia173
174Ethiopia174
175Mali175
176Congo, DR176
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
Higher is better

Points12
1Iceland84.1
2Sweden80.8
3Norway80.0
...
141Timor-Leste (E. Timor)48.1
142Rwanda47.7
143Bangladesh47.6
144Djibouti47.5
145Iran47.3
146Senegal47.2
147Sao Tome & Principe47.2
148S. Sudan47.1
World Avg54.5
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)
Lower is better

Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
58Pakistan08.6
59Bahrain08.7
60Syria09.0
61Djibouti09.1
62Tajikistan09.1
63Equatorial Guinea09.4
64Kiribati09.5
65Guatemala09.5
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)
%14
1Dominica104.8
2Palestine68.4
3Samoa67.3
...
160Libya1.7
161Gabon1.7
162Vanuatu1.6
163Djibouti1.5
164Timor-Leste (E. Timor)1.4
165Zambia1.4
166Cameroon1.4
167Malawi1.4
World Avg11.5
q=192.
Fertility Rate (2013)
2.0 is best
15
1Korea, N.2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
131Pakistan3.25
132Micronesia3.33
133Sao Tome & Principe3.52
134Djibouti3.61
135Vanuatu3.77
136Samoa3.77
137Tonga3.81
138Papua New Guinea3.83
World Avg2.81
q=180.

Immigrants (2010)
%14
1Qatar86.5
2Monaco71.6
3UAE70.0
...
37Estonia13.6
38USA13.5
39Germany13.1
40Djibouti13.0
41Seychelles12.8
42Grenada12.1
43Ukraine11.6
44Moldova11.4
World Avg9.2
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)
Higher is better

Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
156Haiti63.12
157Congo, (Brazzaville)62.89
158Papua New Guinea62.77
159Djibouti62.30
160Kenya62.16
161Niger61.94
162Ghana61.53
163Liberia61.19
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
154Swaziland1.2m
155Timor-Leste (E. Timor)1.2m
156Cyprus1.1m
157Djibouti0.9m
158Fiji0.9m
159Comoros0.8m
160Guyana0.8m
161Bhutan0.8m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Djibouti's population is predicted to rise to 1.263 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 3.61. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Year Women Can Vote
Lower is better

Year18
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
176Iraq1980
177Vanuatu1980
178Liechtenstein1984
179Djibouti1986
180Central African Rep.1986
181Namibia1989
182Samoa1990
183Kazakhstan1993
World Avg1930
q=189.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Religiosity (2009)
Lower is better
%19
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
103Morocco97
104Thailand97
105Mauritania98
106Djibouti98
107Somaliland98
108Burundi98
109Sri Lanka99
110Malawi99
World Avg75.1
q=114.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below20:

Christian2.3%
Muslim96.9%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.3%
Jew0.2%
Unaffiliated0.2%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Muslim 94%, Christian 6%21.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Djibouti states:

Although the constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief, Islam is the state religion and the president and other government employees, including magistrates, are required to take religious oaths22. More than 99% of the population identifies as Sunni Muslim. Citizens officially are considered Muslims if they do not specifically identify with a faith; there are no figures available on the number of atheists in the country. Muslims are required to marry in an Islamic ceremony. Non-Muslims - who are known to include Roman Catholics, Protestants, Copts, and Bahá'ís - must marry in accordance with the rites of the religion with which they are registered. The government allows civil marriage only for non-Muslim foreign residents; so if there were atheist Djibouti who wanted to marry, they would not be able to do so (unless they hid their atheism and registered with a religion). A non-Muslim man may marry a Muslim woman only after converting to Islam22. According to the family code, "impediment to a marriage occurs when a Muslim woman marries a non-Muslim."

The president is required to take a religious oath at inauguration; other government employees are also required to do so, such as magistrates, the presidents of Constitutional Court, Supreme Court, Chamber of Accounts, and the inspector general of state. While there is no penalty established by law, it remains an official custom written in the Constitution for the president of the country and required by law for others. No legal provision exists for opposite practice.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)23

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users (2016)
Higher is better
24
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
171Mali12%
172Haiti12%
173Papua New Guinea12%
174Djibouti12%
175Cambodia11%
176Gabon10%
177Burkina Faso10%
178Solomon Islands10%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)
Higher is better

Ratio25
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
125Albania0.0
126Micronesia0.0
127Algeria0.0
128Djibouti0.0
129Guyana0.0
130Namibia0.0
131Tonga0.0
132Myanmar (Burma)0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.
IT Security (2013)
Lower is better
26
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
57Malawi1.23
58Turkmenistan1.23
59Kazakhstan1.23
60Djibouti1.29
61UK1.34
62Mongolia1.42
63Uganda1.44
64Ukraine1.44
World Avg0.98
q=81.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

7. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)
Lower is better

Per 100027
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
62Slovakia20.2
63Brunei21.0
64Bhutan21.4
65Djibouti21.5
66Albania21.7
67Moldova22.6
68USA22.6
69Armenia23.0
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Alcohol Consumption (2010)
Lower is better

Per Capita28
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
27Mali1.1
28Syria1.2
29Maldives1.2
30Djibouti1.3
31Malaysia1.3
32Vanuatu1.4
33Qatar1.5
34Tunisia1.5
World Avg6.2
q=191.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)
Higher is better

Avg %29
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
146Congo, (Brazzaville)83.6
147Cameroon83.3
148Laos83.3
149Djibouti82.6
150Uganda82.5
151Comoros81.8
152Marshall Islands81.8
153Mozambique81.4
World Avg88.3
q=194.

Smoking Rates (2014)
Lower is better
30
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
74Costa Rica 432
75Botswana 449
76Syria 459
77Djibouti 476
78Ivory Coast 477
79Nicaragua 488
80Angola 489
81Honduras 489
World Avg 819
q=182.

8. Politics and Freedom

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)
Higher is better

Treaties31
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
133Equatorial Guinea13
134Antigua & Barbuda13
135Nepal13
136Djibouti13
137Ethiopia12
138Haiti12
139Dominica12
140Central African Rep.12
World Avg15.1
q=194.
Press Freedom (2013)
Lower is better
32
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
163Uzbekistan6039
164Bahrain6275
165Equatorial Guinea6720
166Djibouti6740
167Laos6799
168Yemen6922
169Sudan7006
170Cuba7164
World Avg3249
q=178.

9. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Global Peace Index (2012)
Lower is better
33
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
54Morocco1.87
55Tanzania1.87
56Burkina Faso1.88
57Djibouti1.88
58Mongolia1.88
59Oman1.89
60Malawi1.89
61Panama1.90
q=157.
Life Satisfaction (2011)
Higher is better
34
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
115Madagascar4.4
116Armenia4.4
117Kenya4.4
118Djibouti4.4
119Tajikistan4.3
120Georgia4.2
121Uganda4.2
122Macedonia4.2
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)
Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
147Bangladesh$3 341
148Lesotho$3 319
149Micronesia$3 291
150Djibouti$3 216
151Ivory Coast$3 163
152Kyrgyzstan$3 097
153Cambodia$3 095
154Sao Tome & Principe$3 070
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2010)
Higher is better
35
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
71Brunei60.8
72Macedonia60.6
73Tunisia60.6
74Djibouti60.5
75Turkey60.4
76Armenia60.4
77Iran60.0
78Kyrgyzstan59.7
q=162.
LGBT Equality (2013)
Higher is better

Score36
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
144Korea, N.-20
145Maldives-20
146Burundi-20
147Djibouti-20
148Egypt-20
149Guinea-20
150Ethiopia-30
151Swaziland-30
q=211.

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2017 Jun 19
http://www.humantruth.info/djibouti.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#atheism #bahá'í_faith #buddhism #christianity #djibouti #france #hinduism #islam #judaism #USA

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References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Aug 01.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lonely Planet
(2014) The World. Subtitled: "A Traveller's Guide to the Planet". Published by Lonely Planet, London, UK. Each chapter is devoted to a specific country and includes a list of the most interesting places to visit and a few other cultural notes..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/dj.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. Lonely Planet (2014) chapter "Djibouti" .^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  12. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  13. UN (2017) Dashboard 2. Higher is worse. Old-age is counted as 65+, and ratio is of these to people ages 15-64. Projections are for 2030 based on medium-fertility variant of growth.^
  14. UN (2013) Table 11.^
  15. UN (2013) Table 14. Births per woman (2012), expressed as deviance (positive or negative) from the value of 2.0.^
  16. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  17. UN (2013) Table 14.^
  18. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life: 3.6. Women Stand for Election & Vote (1893+) New Zealand, Australia, Finland" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  19. Gallup (2009) .^
  20. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  21. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  22. 2010 IRF report (US International Religious Freedom report). In IHEU 2012.^
  23. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  24. internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country accessed 2017 Mar 10.^
  25. % of internet access via native IPv6 compared to IPv4. As of 2017 Jun 20, from http://www.cidr-report.org. Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  26. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life: 4.4. Malware and Email Spam (2010-2) " by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  27. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^
  28. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  29. World Health Organisation data for 2011-2015 from 7 data series accessed 2017 May 21. Details in "Immunizations: International Statistics on Vaccines and the Autism Scare: 3. World Health Organisation Statistics" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).^
  30. Annual Cigarette Consumption Per Adult (age 15 and above) - compustible cigarettes. Euromonitor International (2014), via tobaccoatlas.org/topic/cigarette-use-globally/ . Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  31. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  32. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  33. ^
  34. UN (2013) Table 9. Higher is better. Table 9. The UN's data is the latest available from a range of data from 2007-2011.^
  35. UN (2011) Table 6. Higher is better.^
  36. Higher is better. Sources:^

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