Djibouti (Republic of Djibouti)

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Djibouti
Republic of Djibouti
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index158th best
CapitalDjibouti
Land Area1 23 180 km2
LocationAfrica
Population2922 708
Life Expectancy358.324yrs (2012)
GNI3$2 350
ISO3166-1 Codes4DJ, DJI, 262
Internet Domain5.dj
Currency6Franc (DJF)
Telephone7+253

1. Overview

The French Territory of the Afars and the Issas became Djibouti in 1977. Hassan Gouled APTIDON installed an authoritarian one-party state and proceeded to serve as president until 1999. Unrest among the Afar minority during the 1990s led to a civil war that ended in 2001 with a peace accord between Afar rebels and the Somali Issa-dominated government. In 1999, Djibouti's first multiparty presidential elections resulted in the election of Ismail Omar GUELLEH as president; he was reelected to a second term in 2005 and extended his tenure in office via a constitutional amendment, which allowed him to begin a third term in 2011. Djibouti occupies a strategic geographic location at the intersection of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden and serves as an important shipping portal for goods entering and leaving the east African highlands and transshipments between Europe, the Middle East, and Asia. The government holds longstanding ties to France, which maintains a significant military presence in the country, and has strong ties with the United States. Djibouti hosts several thousand members of US armed services at US-run Camp Lemonnier.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Djibouti National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
161Uganda45.637.1
162Haiti45.640.0
163Zambia44.839.8
164Djibouti44.542.7
165Gambia43.934.2
166Benin43.634.3
167Rwanda43.431.1
168Ivory Coast43.237.1
169Comoros42.943.1
170Malawi41.832.5
171Sudan41.433.1
172Zimbabwe39.738.2
173Ethiopia39.631.6
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
155Guinea43.6
156Togo43.3
157Rwanda43.2
158Djibouti42.9
159Benin42.7
160Myanmar (Burma)42.6
161Eritrea42.5
162Senegal42.2
163Gambia42.0
164Zimbabwe41.8
165Iran41.8
166Cameroon41.7
167Mozambique41.6
168Ivory Coast40.6
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
159Mauritania58.9
160Gambia58.8
161Tanzania58.9
162Djibouti58.3
163Congo, (Brazzaville)57.8
164Kenya57.7
165Togo57.5
166Liberia57.3
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
131Pakistan3.2
132Micronesia3.3
133Sao Tome & Principe3.5
134Djibouti3.6
135Vanuatu3.8
136Samoa3.8
137Tonga3.8
138Papua New Guinea3.8
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
154Swaziland1.22m71
155Timor-Leste (E. Timor)1.187m80
156Cyprus1.129m122
157Djibouti922 70840
158Fiji875 82248
159Comoros773 344416
160Guyana757 6234
Data Source

Djibouti's population is predicted to rise to 1.263 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 3.61. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
176Vanuatu1980
177Iraq1980
178Liechtenstein1984
179Djibouti1986
180Central African Rep.1986
181Namibia1989
182Samoa1990
183Kazakhstan1993

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#Buddhism #Christianity #Hinduism #Islam #Judaism

How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
104Egypt97%
105Somaliland98%
106Mauritania98%
107Djibouti98%
108Burundi98%
109Indonesia99%
110Malawi99%
111Sri Lanka99%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian2.3%
Muslim96.9%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.3%
Jew0.2%
Unaffiliated0.2%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Muslim 94%, Christian 6%10.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Djibouti states:

Although the constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief, Islam is the state religion and the president and other government employees, including magistrates, are required to take religious oaths11. More than 99% of the population identifies as Sunni Muslim. Citizens officially are considered Muslims if they do not specifically identify with a faith; there are no figures available on the number of atheists in the country. Muslims are required to marry in an Islamic ceremony. Non-Muslims - who are known to include Roman Catholics, Protestants, Copts, and Bahá'ís - must marry in accordance with the rites of the religion with which they are registered. The government allows civil marriage only for non-Muslim foreign residents; so if there were atheist Djibouti who wanted to marry, they would not be able to do so (unless they hid their atheism and registered with a religion). A non-Muslim man may marry a Muslim woman only after converting to Islam11. According to the family code, "impediment to a marriage occurs when a Muslim woman marries a non-Muslim."

The president is required to take a religious oath at inauguration; other government employees are also required to do so, such as magistrates, the presidents of Constitutional Court, Supreme Court, Chamber of Accounts, and the inspector general of state. While there is no penalty established by law, it remains an official custom written in the Constitution for the president of the country and required by law for others. No legal provision exists for opposite practice.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)12

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
253Uganda1.44
252Mongolia1.42
251UK1.34
250Djibouti1.29
249Kazakhstan1.23
248Turkmenistan1.23
247Malawi1.23
246Armenia1.22
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
148Laos7.00
149Samoa6.97
150Namibia6.50
151Djibouti6.50
152Equatorial Guinea6.00
153Botswana6.00
154Eritrea5.40
155Togo5.38
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
53Lesotho1.86
54Morocco1.87
55Tanzania1.87
56Djibouti1.88
57Burkina Faso1.88
58Mongolia1.88
59Oman1.89
60Malawi1.89
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
128Equatorial Guinea13
129Ivory Coast13
130Congo, (Brazzaville)13
131Djibouti13
132Antigua & Barbuda13
133Zambia13
134Malawi13
135Afghanistan13
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
163Uzbekistan99.7
164Bahrain99.7
165Equatorial Guinea99.8
166Djibouti99.8
167Laos99.8
168Yemen99.8
169Sudan99.8
170Cuba99.8
Data Source
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
139Nicaragua$2 551
140Laos$2 435
141Papua New Guinea$2 386
142Djibouti$2 350
143Mauritania$2 174
144Solomon Islands$2 172
145Tajikistan$2 119
146Cameroon$2 114
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
110Congo, (Brazzaville)4.5
111Serbia4.5
112Madagascar4.4
113Djibouti4.4
114Armenia4.4
115Cameroon4.4
116Sudan4.4
117Ethiopia4.4
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
71Brunei60.8
72Macedonia60.6
73Tunisia60.6
74Djibouti60.5
75Armenia60.4
76Turkey60.4
77Iran60.0
78Kyrgyzstan59.7
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
141Guinea-Bissau-15
142Egypt-20
143Burundi-20
144Djibouti-20
145Bahrain-20
146Singapore-20
147Guinea-20
148Maldives-20
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/djibouti.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

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References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 01.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/dj.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. 2010 IRF report (US International Religious Freedom report). In IHEU 2012.^
  12. IHEU (2012) Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.