The Human Truth Foundation

Cambodia (Kingdom of Cambodia)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Cambodia

Cambodia
Kingdom of Cambodia
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index136th best
CapitalPhnom Penh
Land Area1 176 520 km2
LocationAsia
Population2 14.48 million
Life Expectancy363.55yrs (2012)
GNI3$2 095
ISO3166-1 Codes4KH, KHM, 116
Internet Domain5.kh
Currency6Riels (KHR)
Telephone7+855

1. Overview

Most Cambodians consider themselves to be Khmers, descendants of the Angkor Empire that extended over much of Southeast Asia and reached its zenith between the 10th and 13th centuries. Attacks by the Thai and Cham (from present-day Vietnam) weakened the empire, ushering in a long period of decline. The king placed the country under French protection in 1863, and it became part of French Indochina in 1887. Following Japanese occupation in World War II, Cambodia gained full independence from France in 1953. In April 1975, after a five-year struggle, Communist Khmer Rouge forces captured Phnom Penh and evacuated all cities and towns. At least 1.5 million Cambodians died from execution, forced hardships, or starvation during the Khmer Rouge regime under POL POT. A December 1978 Vietnamese invasion drove the Khmer Rouge into the countryside, began a 10-year Vietnamese occupation, and touched off almost 13 years of civil war. The 1991 Paris Peace Accords mandated democratic elections and a ceasefire, which was not fully respected by the Khmer Rouge. UN-sponsored elections in 1993 helped restore some semblance of normalcy under a coalition government. Factional fighting in 1997 ended the first coalition government, but a second round of national elections in 1998 led to the formation of another coalition government and renewed political stability. The remaining elements of the Khmer Rouge surrendered in early 1999. Some of the surviving Khmer Rouge leaders have been tried or are awaiting trial for crimes against humanity by a hybrid UN-Cambodian tribunal supported by international assistance. Elections in July 2003 were relatively peaceful, but it took one year of negotiations between contending political parties before a coalition government was formed. In October 2004, King Norodom SIHANOUK abdicated the throne and his son, Prince Norodom SIHAMONI, was selected to succeed him. Local elections were held in Cambodia in April 2007, with little of the pre-election violence that preceded prior elections. National elections in July 2008 were relatively peaceful, as were commune council elections in June 2012.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Cambodia National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
136India55.443.9
137Equatorial Guinea55.451.1
138Laos54.344.8
139Cambodia54.347.8
140Bhutan53.851.8
141Swaziland53.651.3
142Congo, (Brazzaville)53.449.3
143Solomon Islands53.049.3
144Sao Tome & Principe52.550.6
145Kenya51.945.6
146Bangladesh51.539.3
147Pakistan51.542.4
148Angola50.843.3
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.9
2Iceland88.7
3Denmark88.3
...
133Kenya49.7
134Haiti49.2
135Oman49.1
136Cambodia48.4
137Vanuatu47.5
138Algeria47.0
139Madagascar46.9
140Liberia46.8
141Palestine46.2
142China46.2
143Myanmar (Burma)46.0
144Egypt45.9
145Papua New Guinea45.9
146Nepal45.4
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
145Turkmenistan65.2
146Sao Tome & Principe64.9
147Ghana64.6
148Cambodia63.6
149Papua New Guinea63.1
150Gabon63.1
151Timor-Leste (E. Timor)62.9
152Namibia62.6
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
65China1.6
66Serbia1.6
67Libya2.4
68Cambodia2.4
69Bulgaria1.5
70Bahrain2.5
71Thailand1.5
72Greece1.5
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
65Malawi 15.88m168
66Guatemala 15.14m141
67Ecuador 14.86m60
68Cambodia 14.48m82
69Zambia 13.88m19
70Senegal 13.11m68
71Zimbabwe 13.01m34
Data Source

Cambodia's population is predicted to rise to 17.36 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 2.45.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
102Honduras1955
103Nicaragua1955
104Eritrea1955
105Cambodia1955
106Peru1955
107Ethiopia1955
108Mali1956
109Benin1956
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
93Venezuela0.47
94Suriname0.47
95Paraguay0.47
96Cambodia0.47
97Bolivia0.47
98Burundi0.48
99Jordan0.48
100Honduras0.48
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Cambodia and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting. Cambodia is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
41USA10%
42Trinidad & Tobago9%
43Albania8%
44Cambodia7%
45Dominican Rep.7%
46Kyrgyzstan7%
47Croatia7%
48Italy6%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
94Nigeria96%
95Senegal96%
96Philippines96%
97Cambodia96%
98Cameroon96%
99Malaysia96%
100Afghanistan97%
101Thailand97%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian0.4%
Muslim2%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist96.9%
Folk Religion0.6%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.2%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Buddhist (official) 96.4%, Muslim 2.1%, other 1.3%, unspecified 0.2% (1998 census)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
175Madagascar1.70
176Burkina Faso1.40
177Papua New Guinea1.28
178Cambodia1.26
179Guinea1.00
180Niger0.83
181Ethiopia0.75
182Congo, DR0.72
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
109Poland96.5
110Macedonia98.75
111Romania99.75
112Cambodia99.75
113Ukraine100
114Albania101.25
115Latvia101.25
116El Salvador101.25
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom12
CountryRank12
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
61Fiji61
62Haiti61
63Dominican Rep.63
64Cambodia64
65Madagascar65
66Brunei66
67Serbia67
68Guatemala68
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
104Kazakhstan2.15
105Saudi Arabia2.18
106Haiti2.18
107Cambodia2.21
108Belarus2.21
109Uzbekistan2.22
110El Salvador2.22
111Egypt2.22
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
46Ireland92
47Malaysia92
48Greece92
49Cambodia91
50Thailand91
51Lithuania91
52Brunei91
53Chile90
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
84Latvia16
85Yemen16
86Belarus16
87Cambodia16
88Congo, DR16
89San Marino16
90Egypt16
91Seychelles16
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
139India99.4
140Oman99.4
141Congo, DR99.4
142Cambodia99.5
143Bangladesh99.5
144Malaysia99.5
145Palestine99.5
146Philippines99.5
Data Source
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
145Tajikistan$2 119
146Cameroon$2 114
147Nigeria$2 102
148Cambodia$2 095
149Kyrgyzstan$2 009
150Lesotho$1 879
151Sao Tome & Principe$1 864
152Sudan$1 848
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
124Angola4.2
125Uganda4.2
126Macedonia4.2
127Cambodia4.2
128Syria4.1
129Sierra Leone4.1
130Niger4.1
131Egypt4.1
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
144Bahrain42.0
145Equatorial Guinea41.9
146Korea, N.41.8
147Cambodia41.7
148Botswana41.3
149Iraq41.0
150Chad40.8
151UAE40.7
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
93Armenia20
94Philippines18
95Fiji15
96Cambodia15
97Taiwan15
98Rwanda15
99Gibraltar15
100Kyrgyzstan10
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/cambodia.html
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 28.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cb.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  12. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^

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