The Human Truth Foundation

Sudan (Republic of the Sudan)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Sudan

Sudan
Republic of the Sudan
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index188th best
CapitalKhartoum
Land Area12 376 000 km2
LocationAfrica
Population2 35.05 million
Life Expectancy361.801yrs (2012)
GNI3$1 848
ISO3166-1 Codes4SD, SDN, 736
Internet Domain5.sd
Currency6Dinar (SDD)
Telephone7+249

1. Overview

#chad #ethiopia #UK

Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of largely non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972 but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than four million people displaced and, according to rebel estimates, more than two million deaths over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords. The final North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years followed by a referendum on independence for Southern Sudan. The referendum was held in January 2011 and indicated overwhelming support for independence. South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011. Since southern independence Sudan has been combating rebels from the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states. A separate conflict, which broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003, has displaced nearly two million people and caused an estimated 200,000 to 400,000 deaths. The UN took command of the Darfur peacekeeping operation from the African Union in December 2007. Peacekeeping troops have struggled to stabilize the situation, which has become increasingly regional in scope and has brought instability to eastern Chad. Sudan also has faced large refugee influxes from neighboring countries primarily Ethiopia and Chad. Armed conflict, poor transport infrastructure, and lack of government support have chronically obstructed the provision of humanitarian assistance to affected populations.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Sudan National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
168Ivory Coast43.237.1
169Comoros42.943.1
170Malawi41.832.5
171Sudan41.433.1
172Zimbabwe39.738.2
173Ethiopia39.631.6
174Liberia38.832.2
175Afghanistan37.426.7
176Guinea-Bissau36.435.1
177Sierra Leone35.926.9
178Guinea35.534.2
179Burundi35.525.2
180Central African Rep.35.230.9
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.9
2Iceland88.7
3Denmark88.3
...
178Guinea-Bissau37.5
179Ethiopia36.8
180Pakistan36.0
181Mali34.7
182Niger34.6
183Iraq33.7
184Central African Rep.33.2
185Chad33.0
186Mauritania32.1
187Yemen29.9
188Sudan29.7
189Somalia29.7
190Afghanistan29.2
191Congo, DR29.1
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
152Namibia62.6
153Haiti62.4
154Eritrea62
155Sudan61.8
156Comoros61.5
157Senegal59.6
158Ethiopia59.7
159Mauritania58.9
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
33Poland 38.32m126
34Algeria 36.49m15
35Uganda 35.62m178
36Sudan 35.05m15
37Canada 34.67m4
38Iraq 33.7m78
39Afghanistan 33.4m51
Data Source

Sudan's population is predicted to rise to 50.75 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
143Iran1963
144Morocco1963
145Kenya1963
146Sudan1964
147Libya1964
148Papua New Guinea1964
149Lesotho1965
150Botswana1965
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
126Egypt0.59
127Haiti0.59
128Gambia0.59
129Sudan0.60
130Kenya0.61
131Burkina Faso0.61
132India0.61
133Congo, (Brazzaville)0.61
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Sudan is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
80Tunisia93%
81Uganda93%
82Nepal93%
83Sudan93%
84Kenya94%
85Bahrain94%
86Congo, DR94%
87Algeria95%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian5.4%
Muslim90.7%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion2.8%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Sunni Muslim, small Christian minority10.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Sudan states:

The interim constitution and other laws and policies provide for some freedom of religion or belief. However, there are Islamic prohibitions against apostasy, blasphemy, and interfaith marriages. The Interim National Constitution enshrines Islamic law as a source of legislation in the country, and the official laws and policies of the government and the ruling National Congress Party favour Islam.

Although there is no legal penalty for converting from another religion to Islam, converting from Islam to another religion or belief is punishable by imprisonment or death. Persons convicted of conversion are given the opportunity to recant their conversion before execution. A Muslim man may marry a Christian or Jewish women, but a Muslim woman cannot marry a non-Muslim unless he converts to Islam. The penalty for blasphemy and "defamation" of Islam is up to six months in prison, whipping, and/or a fine.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)11

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
268Sudan1.98
267Bangladesh1.87
266Iraq1.84
265Oman1.72
264Sri Lanka1.67
263Angola1.61
262China1.59
261Maldives1.57
260Tanzania1.50
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
12
CountryValue12
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
73Botswana63.75
74Ghana63.75
75Spain64
76Sudan64
77Tajikistan64.5
78Guinea65.75
79Cameroon66
80Suriname66
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
150Central African Rep.2.87
151Korea, N.2.93
152Russia2.94
153Congo, DR3.07
154Iraq3.19
155Sudan3.19
156Afghanistan3.25
157Somalia3.39
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
115Botswana14
116Madagascar14
117Uzbekistan14
118Sudan14
119Mauritius14
120Cameroon14
121Jamaica14
122Japan14
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
166Djibouti99.8
167Laos99.8
168Yemen99.8
169Sudan99.8
170Cuba99.8
171Vietnam99.8
172China99.9
173Iran99.9
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2913
2Israel4.1113
3Japan3.5813
...
83Botswana0.2514
84Armenia0.2415
85Bermuda0.2315
86Sudan0.2316
87Uruguay0.2314
88Mongolia0.2315
89Togo0.2214
90Nigeria0.2217
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
149Kyrgyzstan$2 009
150Lesotho$1 879
151Sao Tome & Principe$1 864
152Sudan$1 848
153Yemen$1 820
154Myanmar (Burma)$1 817
155Bangladesh$1 785
156Gambia$1 731
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
111Bahrain4.5
112Kenya4.4
113Cameroon4.4
114Sudan4.4
115Djibouti4.4
116Ethiopia4.4
117Armenia4.4
118Madagascar4.4
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
125Tanzania47.9
126Zimbabwe47.8
127Burkina Faso47.3
128Sudan47.1
129Zambia47.0
130Oman45.9
131Guinea-Bissau44.7
132Cameroon44.6
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
204Tanzania-220
205Somaliland-500
206Saudi Arabia-520
207Sudan-520
208UAE-520
209Iran-520
210Yemen-520
211Afghanistan-520
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/sudan.html
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 28.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

UNESCO
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from unesdoc.unesco.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 30.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/su.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  12. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  13. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  16. UNESCO data for year 2007.^
  17. World Bank data for year 2007.^

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