The Human Truth Foundation

Pakistan (Islamic Republic of Pakistan)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#atheism #charity #economics #happiness #indonesia #intelligence #morals #pakistan #research #science #the_environment

Pakistan
Islamic Republic of Pakistan
StatusIndependent State
CapitalIslamabad
Land Area 770 880km21
LocationAsia
Population180.0m (2011)2
Life Expectancy66.37yrs (2017)3
GNI$5 031 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesPK, PAK, 5865
Internet Domain.pk6
CurrencyRupee (PKR)7
Telephone+928

1. Overview

#afghanistan #bangladesh #hinduism #india #islam #turkey

The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest in the world and dating back at least 5,000 years, spread over much of what is presently Pakistan. During the second millennium B.C., remnants of this culture fused with the migrating Indo-Aryan peoples. The area underwent successive invasions in subsequent centuries from the Persians, Greeks, Scythians, Arabs (who brought Islam), Afghans, and Turks. The Mughal Empire flourished in the 16th and 17th centuries; the British came to dominate the region in the 18th century. The separation in 1947 of British India into the Muslim state of Pakistan (with West and East sections) and largely Hindu India was never satisfactorily resolved, and India and Pakistan fought two wars - in 1947-48 and 1965 - over the disputed Kashmir territory. A third war between these countries in 1971 - in which India capitalized on Islamabad's marginalization of Bengalis in Pakistani politics - resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. In response to Indian nuclear weapons testing, Pakistan conducted its own tests in 1998. India-Pakistan relations have been rocky since the November 2008 Mumbai attacks, but both countries are taking small steps to put relations back on track. In February 2008, Pakistan held parliamentary elections and in September 2008, after the resignation of former President MUSHARRAF, elected Asif Ali ZARDARI to the presidency. Pakistani government and military leaders are struggling to control domestic insurgents, many of whom are located in the tribal areas adjacent to the border with Afghanistan. In January 2012, Pakistan assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2012-13 term.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverPakistan has been on the brink of being tourism´s `next big thing´ for more years than we care to remember. It´s a destination that has so much to offer visitors, from some of the highest and most spectacular mountains in the world to the architectural glories of the Mughal empire, and cultural riches ranging from ancient ruins to musical mystics. But would-be visitors are frequently scared off by Pakistan´s reputation for lawlessness and political instability.

Is this reputation deserved? Well, yes, and no. Parts of the country have problems with crime and insurgency, other parts are warm and welcoming; it all depends where you go. The challenge for travellers is knowing where one part ends and the other begins. Nevertheless, equipped with some local knowledge, it isn´t hard to avoid the troubles and immerse yourself in a mesmerising world of desert forts, carpet-weavers and djinns.

Although conservative, Pakistanis are by nature welcoming and hospitable, and visitors are met with genuine interest and enthusiasm. Travellers who see beyond the headlines and take time to explore almost always rate Pakistan as one of their top travel destinations.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Pakistan National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
144Nepal144
145Myanmar (Burma)145
146Kenya146
147Pakistan147
148Swaziland148
149Syria149
150Angola150
151Tanzania151
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark84.0
2Sweden83.9
3Finland83.5
...
175Eritrea40.4
176Ivory Coast40.3
177Gabon40.0
178Pakistan39.9
179Papua New Guinea39.9
180Nigeria39.4
181Congo, (Brazzaville)39.1
182Palestine38.9
World Avg53.8
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

In a decade during which most of Asia has leapt ahead, Pakistan has lagged behind. Female literacy, crucial as both an indicator of development and a determinant of future prosperity, is stuck at 40%. In India, which was at a similar level 20 years ago, the figure is now over half. In East Asia it is more like nine out of ten.

The Economist (2011)13

3. Population and Demographics

#demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #overpopulation #Pakistan #population

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)14
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10014
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
55Timor-Leste (E. Timor)08.2
56Belize08.3
57Gabon08.5
58Pakistan08.6
59Bahrain08.7
60Syria09.0
61Djibouti09.1
62Tajikistan09.1
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)15
Pos.
%15
1Dominica104.8
2Palestine68.4
3Samoa67.3
...
144France2.8
145Costa Rica2.7
146Rwanda2.6
147Pakistan2.5
148Vietnam2.5
149Niger2.4
150Argentina2.4
151Cambodia2.3
World Avg11.5
q=192.
Fertility Rate (2013)16
Pos.2.0 is best16
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
128Gabon3.20
129Swaziland3.21
130Bolivia3.25
131Pakistan3.25
132Micronesia3.33
133Sao Tome & Principe3.52
134Djibouti3.61
135Vanuatu3.77
World Avg2.81
q=180.

Immigrants (2010)15
Pos.
%15
1Qatar86.5
2Monaco71.6
3UAE70.0
...
115Uruguay2.4
116Cape Verde2.4
117Liberia2.3
118Pakistan2.3
119Cambodia2.2
120Poland2.2
121Fiji2.2
122Yemen2.1
World Avg9.2
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)17
Pos.Higher is better
Years17
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
136Laos66.60
137Sao Tome & Principe66.58
138Guyana66.50
139Pakistan66.37
140Kiribati66.23
141Myanmar (Burma)66.12
142Turkmenistan65.73
143Madagascar65.52
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)18
Pos.The Overpopulation of the Earth18
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
4Indonesia244.8m
5Brazil198.4m
6Pakistan180.0m
7Nigeria166.6m
8Bangladesh152.4m
9Russia142.7m
10Japan126.4m
11Mexico116.1m
12Philippines96.5m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Pakistan's population is predicted to rise to 234.43 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 3.25. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Human Rights, Equality and Freedom

#equality #freedom #human_rights #pakistan #politics #tolerance

Pakistan is amongst the worst places in the world at ensuring human rights and freedom, and it has severe cultural issues when it comes to tolerance and equality. Pakistan does worse than average in fighting corruption19, opposing gender inequality20, supporting press freedom21 and in LGBT equality22. And finally, it falls into the bottom 20 in commentary from Human Rights Watch23, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms24, its Global Peace Index rating25, eliminating modern slavery26 and in its nominal commitment to Human Rights27. Women, religious minorities and LGBT folk face terrible persecution and violent attacks and government persecution "with authorities failing to provide adequate protection or hold perpetrators accountable"28. Security forces are unaccountable for their own human rights violations28. Decades of increasingly strict and conservative Islam has resulted in a situation of violent intolerance towards any other religion or belief29,30. Pakistan has no freedom of religion nor freedom of belief. The law is used to prevent any criticism of Muhammad, including literary and historical criticism31.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #extremism #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #pakistan #religion

Religiosity (2009)32
Pos.Lower is better
%32
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
73India90
74Kuwait91
75UAE91
76Pakistan92
77Paraguay92
78Saudi Arabia93
79Sudan93
80Tunisia93
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)33
Pos.Higher is better33
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
118Liberia0
119Libya0
120Ivory Coast0
121Pakistan0
122Niger0
123Saudi Arabia0
124Rwanda0
125Cameroon0
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below34:

Christian1.6%
Muslim96.4%
Hindu1.9%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim (official) 96.4% (Sunni 85-90%, Shia 10-15%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 3.6% (2010 est.)35.

Freedom of Religion and Belief: Decades of increasingly strict and conservative Islam has resulted in a situation of violent intolerance of anything else29 with the worst possible scale of religious persecution30. Pakistan now has no freedom of religion or belief. The law is used to prevent any criticism of Muhammad, including literary and historical criticism31, with deadly consequences for those who do so or who are accused of blasphemy.

Links:

6. The Internet

#internet #it_security #Pakistan #politics #the_internet

Freedom On The Internet (2012)36
Pos.Lower is better36
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
33Kazakhstan58
34Egypt59
35Thailand61
36Pakistan63
37Belarus69
38Bahrain71
39Saudi Arabia71
40Vietnam73
World Avg46.7
q=47.
Internet Users (2016)37
Pos.Higher is better37
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
156Zambia19%
157Tajikistan19%
158Cameroon18%
159Pakistan18%
160Nepal17%
161Mauritania17%
162S. Sudan17%
163Gambia17%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)38
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio38
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
81Cyprus0.0
82Philippines0.0
83Macedonia0.0
84Pakistan0.0
85Paraguay0.0
86Chile0.0
87US Virgin Islands0.0
88Mauritius0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

IT Security (2013)39
Pos.Lower is better39
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
13Hungary0.27
14Peru0.30
15Latvia0.33
16Pakistan0.38
17Taiwan0.44
18Sweden0.44
19Romania0.52
20Turkey0.52
World Avg0.98
q=81.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

In Pakistan and Indonesia, online groups have flourished even though organized atheism is impossible if not directly illegal, although in both countries atheists who have been caught criticizing religion online have been arrested and harrassed on seemingly spurious thought-crime type offences.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)40

7. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #health #Pakistan #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)20
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100020
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
89Bulgaria37.7
90Tajikistan38.1
91Vietnam38.6
92Pakistan38.7
93Haiti39.3
94Syria39.4
95Kyrgyzstan39.6
96Georgia39.7
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Alcohol Consumption (2010)41
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita41
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
4Mauritania0.1
5Comoros0.2
6Saudi Arabia0.2
7Bangladesh0.2
8Yemen0.3
9Niger0.3
10Egypt0.4
11Iraq0.5
12Somalia0.5
World Avg6.2
q=191.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)42
Pos.Lower is better
Rank42
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
35India35
36Fiji36
37Thailand37
38Pakistan38
39Portugal39
40Brazil40
41Iceland41
42El Salvador42
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)43
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %43
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
170Mali76.0
171India75.1
172Ethiopia73.9
173Pakistan73.0
174Liberia72.6
175S. Africa72.5
176Angola71.9
177Madagascar71.9
World Avg88.3
q=194.
Smoking Rates (2014)44
Pos.Lower is better44
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
81Honduras 489
82Brazil 492
83Senegal 504
84Pakistan 511
85Cape Verde 515
86Tajikistan 533
87S. Africa 537
88Iceland 551
World Avg 819
q=182.

8. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
45
Pos.Lower is better45
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
84Mauritius69
85Belize70
86Nicaragua73.5
87Pakistan75
88Kosovo76
89Lebanon77.25
90Senegal79
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)42
Pos.Lower is better
Rank42
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
85Tonga85
86Georgia86
87Benin87
88Pakistan88
89Seychelles89
90Iran90
91Antigua & Barbuda91
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)42
Pos.Lower is better
Rank42
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
147Equatorial Guinea147
148Angola148
149Zambia149
150Pakistan150
151Guinea-Bissau151
152Syria152
153Liberia153
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)42
Pos.Lower is better
Rank42
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
89Namibia89
90Uganda90
91Congo, DR91
92Pakistan92
93Estonia93
94Bahamas94
95Mauritania95
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)42
Pos.Lower is better
Rank42
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
126Madagascar126
127Benin127
128Yemen128
129Pakistan129
130Samoa130
131Antigua & Barbuda131
132Azerbaijan132
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)42
Pos.Lower is better
Rank42
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
120Congo, (Brazzaville)120
121Zambia121
122Nigeria122
123Pakistan123
124Lithuania124
125St Lucia125
126Chad126
q=163.
Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.29
2Israel4.11
3Japan3.58
...
78Iran0.31
79Nepal0.30
80Kuwait0.30
81Pakistan0.29
82Zambia0.28
83Botswana0.25
84Armenia0.24
85Sudan0.23
q=126.
Life Satisfaction (2011)46
Pos.Higher is better46
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
71Lithuania5.4
72Turkey5.3
73Albania5.3
74Pakistan5.3
75Lebanon5.2
76Indonesia5.2
77Portugal5.2
78Belarus5.2
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)17
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $17
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
134Tonga$5 284
135Palestine$5 256
136Laos$5 049
137Pakistan$5 031
138Moldova$5 026
139Myanmar (Burma)$4 943
140Nicaragua$4 747
141Honduras$4 466
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)47
Pos.Higher is better47
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
166Mauritania39.2
167Benin38.2
168Afghanistan37.7
169Pakistan37.5
170Angola37.4
171Central African Rep.36.4
172Niger35.7
173Lesotho33.8
q=180.
IQ (2006)48
Pos.Higher is better48
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
79Afghanistan84
80UAE84
81Iran84
82Pakistan84
83Panama84
84Paraguay84
85Morocco84
86Saudi Arabia84
q=138.

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2019 Jan 01
http://www.humantruth.info/pakistan.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#afghanistan #alcohol #atheism #bangladesh #belief #buddhism #charity #christianity #demographics #economics #equality #extremism #freedom #god #happiness #health #hinduism #human_development #human_rights #immigration #india #indonesia #intelligence #internet #islam #it_security #judaism #life_expectancy #morals #overpopulation #Pakistan #parenting #politics #population #religion #research #science #smoking #the_environment #the_internet #tolerance #turkey #vaccines

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Book Cover

The Economist. Published by The Economist Group, Ltd. A weekly newspaper in magazine format, famed for its accuracy, wide scope and intelligent content. See vexen.co.uk/references.html#Economist for some commentary on this source. A newspaper.

The Good Country Index. Published by The Good Country Inc., New York, USA. Website: goodcountry.org. The Good Country Index gauges how well countries are doing in helping international development. Edition 1.2 (2017) has 35 criteria.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2019) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2019). Accessed 2019 Jan 13.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Grim & Finke. Dr Grim is senior researcher in religion and world affairs at the Pew Research Center, Washington, D.C, USA. Finke is Professor of Sociology and Religious Studies at the Pennsylvania State University.
(2011) The Price of Freedom Denied. Subtitled: "Religious Persecution and Conflict in the Twenty-First Century". Amazon Kindle digital edition. Published by Cambridge University Press, UK. An e-book.

Human Rights Watch
(2018) World Report 2018. Covering the events of 2017.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lonely Planet
(2014) The World. Subtitled: "A Traveller's Guide to the Planet". Published by Lonely Planet, London, UK. Each chapter is devoted to a specific country and includes a list of the most interesting places to visit and a few other cultural notes.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg. Published in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Available on hdr.undp.org/... UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Available on hdr.undp.org/... UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Available on hdr.undp.org/.

Walk Free Foundation
(2018) Global Slavery Index. Published on www.walkfreefoundation.org/.

Watt, Montgomery
(1989) Islamic Fundamentalism and Modernity. Published by Routledge.

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017). Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017). Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013). Https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pk.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. Lonely Planet (2014). Chapter "Pakistan".^
  11. UN (2017). Table 1. Lower is better.^
  12. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2019)^
  13. The Economist (2011 Apr 02) Article "Pakistan" p60-62.^
  14. UN (2017). Dashboard 2. Higher is worse. Old-age is counted as 65+, and ratio is of these to people ages 15-64. Projections are for 2030 based on medium-fertility variant of growth.^
  15. UN (2013). Table 11.^
  16. UN (2013). Table 14. Births per woman (2012), expressed as deviance (positive or negative) from the value of 2.0.^
  17. UN (2017). Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  18. UN (2013). Table 14.^
  19. Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index (2017). Accessed 2017 Dec 30. The scores given are the TI average for the years 2012-2016.^
  20. UN (2017). Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  21. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  22. Sources:^
  23. Human Rights Watch (2018). Negative and positive comments have been added to create a score for each country covered in the report.^
  24. Fraser Institute, the (2016). Covers data for 2014.^
  25. ^
  26. Walk Free Foundation (2018) .^
  27. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  28. Human Rights Watch (2018). p409-416.^
  29. The Economist (2012 Feb 11). Article "In the shadow of the mosque: Religion is becoming less tolerant, and more central to Pakistan".^^
  30. Grim & Finke (2011). Chapter 5 "A Closer Look China, India, and Iran" digital location 3560.^^
  31. Watt (1989). p32.^^
  32. Gallup (2009) .^
  33. Zuckerman, P. (2007). Atheism: contemporary numbers and patterns. In M.Martin (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. In "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" by Lynn et al. (2009)48.^
  34. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  35. CIA (2013). Https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  36. Freedom House publication "Freedom on the Net 2012" at www.freedomhouse.org/.../FOTN%202012%20-%20Tables%20and%20Charts%20FINAL.pdf accessed 2013 Feb 05.^
  37. internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country accessed 2017 Mar 10.^
  38. % of internet access via native IPv6 compared to IPv4. As of 2017 Jun 20, from http://www.cidr-report.org. Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  39. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life: 3.4. Malware and Email Spam" by Vexen Crabtree (2019)^
  40. IHEU (2012). p12. Added to this page on 2015 Oct 27.^
  41. WHO (2014). Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  42. The Good Country Index (2017) .^^
  43. World Health Organisation data for 2011-2015 from 7 data series accessed 2017 May 21. Details in "Immunizations: International Statistics on Vaccines and the Autism Scare: 3. World Health Organisation Statistics" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).^
  44. Annual Cigarette Consumption Per Adult (age 15 and above) - compustible cigarettes. Euromonitor International (2014), via tobaccoatlas.org/topic/cigarette-use-globally/ . Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  45. Charities Aid Foundation. Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  46. UN (2013). Table 9. Higher is better. Table 9. The UN's data is the latest available from a range of data from 2007-2011.^
  47. Yale University Center for Environmental Law & Policy 2018 EPI.^
  48. Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg (2009) .^

©2019 Vexen Crabtree all rights reserved.
This site uses the HTF Disclaimer (as linked here)