The Human Truth Foundation

Yemen (Republic of Yemen)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#saudi_arabia #UK #USA #yemen

Yemen
Republic of Yemen
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index180th best
CapitalSanaa
Land Area 527 970km21
LocationAsia, The Middle East
Population28.5m2
Life Expectancy64.05yrs (2017)3
GNI$2 300 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesYE, YEM, 8875
Internet Domain.ye6
CurrencyRial (YER)7
Telephone+9678

1. Overview

North Yemen became independent of the Ottoman Empire in 1918. The British, who had set up a protectorate area around the southern port of Aden in the 19th century, withdrew in 1967 from what became South Yemen. Three years later, the southern government adopted a Marxist orientation. The massive exodus of hundreds of thousands of Yemenis from the south to the north contributed to two decades of hostility between the states. The two countries were formally unified as the Republic of Yemen in 1990. A southern secessionist movement and brief civil war in 1994 was quickly subdued. In 2000, Saudi Arabia and Yemen agreed to a delimitation of their border. Fighting in the northwest between the government and Huthi rebels, a group seeking a return to traditional Zaydi Islam, began in 2004 and has since resulted in six rounds of fighting - the last ended in early 2010 with a cease-fire that continues to hold. The southern secessionist movement was revitalized in 2008 when a popular socioeconomic protest movement initiated the prior year took on political goals including secession. Public rallies in Sana'a against then President SALIH - inspired by similar demonstrations in Tunisia and Egypt - slowly built momentum starting in late January 2011 fueled by complaints over high unemployment, poor economic conditions, and corruption. By the following month, some protests had resulted in violence, and the demonstrations had spread to other major cities. By March the opposition had hardened its demands and was unifying behind calls for SALIH's immediate ouster. The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) in late April 2011, in an attempt to mediate the crisis in Yemen, proposed an agreement in which the president would step down in exchange for immunity from prosecution. SALIH's refusal to sign an agreement led to heavy street fighting and his injury in an explosion in June 2011. The UN Security Council passed Resolution 2014 in October 2011 calling on both sides to end the violence and complete a power transfer deal. In late November 2011, SALIH signed the GCC-brokered agreement to step down and to transfer some of his powers to Vice President Abd Rabuh Mansur HADI. Following elections in February 2012, won by HADI, SALIH formally transferred his powers. In accordance with the GCC initiative, Yemen launched a National Dialogue to discuss key constitutional, political, and social issues in mid-March 2013.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverShort of the glitz of many of the Gulf states, Yemen compensates with the depth of its history and attachment to traditions and rich culture. Yemen may be the Arabian Peninsula´s poor cousin, but therein lies its charm. With none of the oil wealth of its neighbours, the country is like a time capsule preserving the traditions and texture of old Arabia.

Yemen´s history reads like the retelling of a legend. To the Romans, Yemen was Arabia Felix (Happy Arabia), Gilgamesh came here seeking eternal life, Noah launched his ark from here, the Queen of Sheba once ruled the land, and there was once dazzling wealth from the frankincense trade.

This journey into the past has diverse focal points, from the Arabian Nights-aura of capital city Sana`a in the west to mud skyscrapers in the east, from stunning mountain scenery in the north to the weird and wonderful landscapes of Suqutra off the south coast.

In recent years Yemen has remained nigh-on forgotten as travel here is unfeasible - the security situation makes venturing across Yemen extremely inadvisable. Best sit tight and hope that things improve so this distinctive realm may become accessible.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Yemen National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
165Sudan165
166Togo166
167Benin167
168Yemen168
169Afghanistan169
170Malawi170
171Ivory Coast171
172Djibouti172
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
161Tanzania$2 467
162Syria$2 441
163Nepal$2 337
164Yemen$2 300
165Senegal$2 250
166Mali$2 218
167Chad$1 991
168Benin$1 979
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
177Papua New Guinea121.0
178Solomon Islands121.6
179Congo, (Brazzaville)122.2
180Yemen122.6
181Nauru123.2
182Guinea-Bissau123.7
183Iraq124.2
184Eritrea124.4
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Yemen's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Yemen's population is predicted to rise to 41.34 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 4.98. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
46Ghana29.8m
47Mozambique29.5m
48Venezuela28.9m
49Yemen28.5m
50Nepal28.1m
51Madagascar26.3m
52N. Korea25.5m
53Cameroon25.2m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
148Ethiopia64.60
149Botswana64.51
150Eritrea64.19
151Yemen64.05
152Malawi63.88
153Sudan63.73
154Comoros63.57
155Mauritania63.24
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
158Comoros4.78
159Sierra Leone4.78
160Guinea-Bissau4.92
161Yemen4.98
162Equatorial Guinea5.02
163Guinea5.08
164Liberia5.08
165Benin5.12
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
16Ivory Coast05.6
17Malawi05.6
18Senegal05.6
19Yemen05.7
20Cameroon05.8
21Niger05.8
22Congo, DR05.8
23Benin05.8
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
141Fiji1.5%
142Ghana1.4%
143Niger1.4%
144Yemen1.4%
145Bolivia1.3%
146Tuvalu1.3%
147Malawi1.3%
148Sierra Leone1.3%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
112Senegal5.0%
113Iraq4.9%
114Denmark4.7%
115Yemen4.7%
116Hungary4.6%
117Colombia4.6%
118Sierra Leone4.6%
119Philippines4.6%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance #yemen

Yemen is amongst the worst places in the world at ensuring human rights and freedom, and it has severe cultural issues when it comes to tolerance and equality. Yemen does better than average when it comes to speed of uptake of HR treaties19 and in its nominal commitment to Human Rights20. When it comes to most other metrics, Yemen does not do well. It does worse than average in terms of commentary in Human Rights Watch reports21 and in LGBT equality22. It sits amongst the bottom 20 when it comes to supporting press freedom23. It is second-from-the-bottom when it comes to its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice24 and in supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms25. And finally, it is the worst in opposing gender inequality26. The current armed conflict "has taken a terrible toll on the civilian population"27, with all sides comitting abuses. The coalition, led by Saudi Arabia, "has conducted scores of indiscriminate and disproportionate airstrikes hitting civilian objects that have killed thousands of civilians in violation of the laws of war, with munitions that the US, United Kingdom, and others still supply". Opposition Houthi-Saleh forces "have fired artillery indiscriminately into cities such as Taizz and Aden, killing civilians, and launched rockets into southern Saudi Arabia"27.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Yemen's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines #Yemen

Health (2020)28,29
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank28,29
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
153Benin109.9
154Madagascar110.3
155Haiti110.8
156Yemen111.4
157Congo, DR111.5
158Somalia111.7
159Niger111.9
160Sierra Leone112.1
161Liberia112.3
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives28. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea28.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe28, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia28.

Health:

Yemen is a pretty unhealthy country. Yemen comes in the best 20 when it comes to its alcohol consumption rate30 (amongst the lowest in Asia). It does better than average for its smoking rate31. But unfortunately Yemen gets most other things wrong. It does worse than average in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance32, its adolescent birth rate26 and in its average life expectancy12 (amongst the lowest in Asia). And finally, it falls into the worst 20 when it comes to its fertility rate15 (amongst the highest in Asia) and in its immunizations take-up33 (one of the lowest in Asia). The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
148Ethiopia64.60
149Botswana64.51
150Eritrea64.19
151Yemen64.05
152Malawi63.88
153Sudan63.73
154Comoros63.57
155Mauritania63.24
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)30
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita30
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
4Mauritania0.0
5Somalia0.0
6Yemen0.1
7Afghanistan0.2
8Saudi Arabia0.2
9Syria0.3
10Pakistan0.3
11Kiribati0.4
12Iraq0.4
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
158Comoros4.78
159Sierra Leone4.78
160Guinea-Bissau4.92
161Yemen4.98
162Equatorial Guinea5.02
163Guinea5.08
164Liberia5.08
165Benin5.12
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)31
Pos.Higher is worse31
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
72Swaziland 427
71Belize 400
70S. Sudan 398
69Yemen 388
68Antigua & Barbuda 362
67Colombia 359
66Hong Kong 345
65St Vincent & Grenadines 338
World Avg 819
q=182.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
116Malawi116
117Swaziland117
118Iran118
119Yemen119
120Seychelles120
121Guinea-Bissau121
122Argentina122
123Laos123
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)34
Pos.Lower is better
%34
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
74St Lucia48.1
75Uzbekistan48.2
76Kyrgyzstan48.3
77Yemen48.8
78Guyana49.4
79Grenada51.4
80Turkmenistan51.8
81Moldova51.8
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)26
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100026
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
122Palestine58.6
123Jamaica59.7
124Azerbaijan59.8
125Yemen61.5
126Philippines61.7
127Mexico62.8
128Argentina63.8
129Laos64.1
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)33
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %33
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
179Afghanistan70.6
180Niger69.7
181Samoa68.1
182Yemen67.4
183Papua New Guinea66.3
184Haiti65.7
185Vanuatu65.5
186Guinea63.3
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Yemen's Modernity and Learning

#education #intelligence #modernity #religion #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)35
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank35
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
154Bangladesh104.4
155Tanzania105.3
156Honduras105.3
157Yemen105.7
158Iraq106.6
159Guyana107.6
160Liberia107.8
161Central African Rep.108.5
162Mauritania108.7
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Secondary Education (2018)36
Pos.Higher is better36
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
143Lesotho30.0%
144Cape Verde29.9%
145Liberia29.0%
146Yemen28.0%
147Benin26.5%
148Sierra Leone26.3%
149Ivory Coast26.1%
150Afghanistan26.1%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)37
Pos.Higher is better
Years37
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
179Burkina Faso8.9
180Syria8.9
181Ethiopia8.7
182Yemen8.7
183Mauritania8.5
184Pakistan8.5
185Tanzania8.0
186Sudan7.7
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
105Albania105
106Madagascar106
107Thailand107
108Yemen108
109Brazil109
110Nicaragua110
111Togo111
112Belize112
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Religiosity (2009)38
Pos.Lower is better
%38
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
107Somaliland98
108Burundi98
109Sri Lanka99
110Malawi99
111Yemen99
112Indonesia99
113Niger99.5
114Bangladesh99.5
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)39
Pos.Higher is better39
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
69Uzbekistan87
70Kuwait86
71Philippines86
72Yemen85
73Trinidad & Tobago85
74Peru85
75Cuba85
76Venezuela84
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)40
Pos.Higher is better40
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
138Guatemala27%
139Sudan26%
140Sao Tome & Principe26%
141Yemen25%
142Senegal23%
143Angola23%
144Ivory Coast22%
145Honduras22%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)41
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio41
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
101Uzbekistan0.0
102Colombia0.0
103Ghana0.0
104Yemen0.0
105Laos0.0
106Malta0.0
107Turkmenistan0.0
108Bangladesh0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
42
Pos.Lower is better42
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
149Armenia126.25
150Congo, DR126.5
151Turkey128
152Greece133
153Palestine135
154Yemen136.25
155China136.25
156Burundi145
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)43
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score43
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
163Guinea-Bissau19.2
164Syria18.8
165Haiti18.8
166Yemen18.4
167Venezuela18.4
168Uzbekistan18.4
169Turkmenistan18.2
170Libya16.8
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)44
Pos.Higher is better44
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
149Liberia3.5
150Syria3.5
151Rwanda3.4
152Yemen3.4
153Tanzania3.3
154S. Sudan3.3
155Central African Rep.3.1
156Burundi2.9
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
152Syria152
153Liberia153
154Venezuela154
155Yemen155
156Iraq156
157Iran157
158Gabon158
159Central African Rep.159
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
134Egypt134
135Uruguay135
136Namibia136
137Yemen137
138Cambodia138
139Antigua & Barbuda139
140Afghanistan140
141Belize141
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)45
Pos.Lower is better45
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
139Zimbabwe2.54
140Georgia2.54
141India2.55
142Yemen2.60
143Colombia2.63
144Chad2.67
145Nigeria2.80
146Syria2.83
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
154Liberia154
155Mali155
156Swaziland156
157Yemen157
158Iraq158
159Bahrain159
160Slovenia160
161Tonga161
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
125Swaziland125
126Madagascar126
127Benin127
128Yemen128
129Pakistan129
130Samoa130
131Antigua & Barbuda131
132Azerbaijan132
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)46
Pos.Lower is better
Score46
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
140Egypt6.79
141Congo, DR7.04
142Philippines7.14
143Yemen7.26
144India7.52
145Somalia7.80
146Pakistan7.89
147Syria8.01
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)47
Pos.Higher is better
%47
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
79Mongolia00.1
80Japan00.0
81Afghanistan00.0
82Yemen00.0
83Tuvalu00.0
84Libya00.0
85Tonga00.0
86Maldives00.0
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)48
Pos.Higher is better48
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
4Malta80.9
5Sweden80.5
6UK79.9
7Luxembourg79.1
8Austria79.0
9Ireland78.8
10Finland78.6
11Iceland78.6
12Spain78.4
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)49
Pos.Higher is better49
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
21Morocco12.66
22Albania12.50
23Spain12.50
24Yemen12.50
25Namibia12.35
26Portugal12.35
27Botswana12.35
28Ecuador11.90
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
139Suriname1996 Apr 11
140Poland1996 Apr 17
141Lithuania1996 May 01
142Yemen1996 May 21
143Niue1996 May 28
144Madagascar1996 Jun 02
145Tanzania1996 Jun 06
146Eritrea1996 Jun 19
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)50
Pos.Higher is better
%50
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
53Tanzania44.2%
54Bosnia & Herzegovina44.0%
55Congo, (Brazzaville)44.0%
56Yemen43.2%
57Sri Lanka43.1%
58Djibouti42.8%
59Burundi42.0%
60Zambia41.9%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)51
Pos.Higher is worse51
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
152Malawi25.10
151Swaziland25.10
150Ethiopia24.90
149Yemen24.70
148Kiribati24.70
147Zimbabwe24.20
146Ghana24.20
145Papua New Guinea24.10
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)52
Pos.Lower is better
%52
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
71Laos36.4
72Thailand36.5
73Fiji36.7
74Yemen36.7
75Solomon Islands37.1
76Lithuania37.4
77Bulgaria37.4
78Bhutan37.4
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)53
Pos.Lower is better
Severity53
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
68Haiti.200
69Timor-Leste (E. Timor).210
70Ivory Coast.236
71Yemen.241
72Cameroon.243
73Malawi.243
74Togo.249
75Rwanda.259
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion #yemen

Religiosity (2009)38
Pos.Lower is better
%38
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
107Somaliland98
108Burundi98
109Sri Lanka99
110Malawi99
111Yemen99
112Indonesia99
113Niger99.5
114Bangladesh99.5
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)54
Pos.Higher is better
%54
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
101UAE0
102Azerbaijan0
103Algeria0
104Yemen0
105Zambia0
106Tanzania0
107Malaysia0
108Haiti0
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below55:

Christian0.2%
Muslim99%
Hindu0.6%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim (Islam - official) including Shaf'i (Sunni) and Zaydi (Shia), small numbers of Jewish, Christian, and Hindu56.

Freedom of Religion and Belief:

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