The Human Truth Foundation

Yemen (Republic of Yemen)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Yemen

Yemen
Republic of Yemen
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index187th best
CapitalSanaa
Land Area1 527 970 km2
LocationAsia, Middle East
Population2 25.57 million
Life Expectancy365.904yrs (2012)
GNI3$1 820
ISO3166-1 Codes4YE, YEM, 887
Internet Domain5.ye
Currency6Rial (YER)
Telephone7+967

1. Overview

North Yemen became independent of the Ottoman Empire in 1918. The British, who had set up a protectorate area around the southern port of Aden in the 19th century, withdrew in 1967 from what became South Yemen. Three years later, the southern government adopted a Marxist orientation. The massive exodus of hundreds of thousands of Yemenis from the south to the north contributed to two decades of hostility between the states. The two countries were formally unified as the Republic of Yemen in 1990. A southern secessionist movement and brief civil war in 1994 was quickly subdued. In 2000, Saudi Arabia and Yemen agreed to a delimitation of their border. Fighting in the northwest between the government and Huthi rebels, a group seeking a return to traditional Zaydi Islam, began in 2004 and has since resulted in six rounds of fighting - the last ended in early 2010 with a cease-fire that continues to hold. The southern secessionist movement was revitalized in 2008 when a popular socioeconomic protest movement initiated the prior year took on political goals including secession. Public rallies in Sana'a against then President SALIH - inspired by similar demonstrations in Tunisia and Egypt - slowly built momentum starting in late January 2011 fueled by complaints over high unemployment, poor economic conditions, and corruption. By the following month, some protests had resulted in violence, and the demonstrations had spread to other major cities. By March the opposition had hardened its demands and was unifying behind calls for SALIH's immediate ouster. The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) in late April 2011, in an attempt to mediate the crisis in Yemen, proposed an agreement in which the president would step down in exchange for immunity from prosecution. SALIH's refusal to sign an agreement led to heavy street fighting and his injury in an explosion in June 2011. The UN Security Council passed Resolution 2014 in October 2011 calling on both sides to end the violence and complete a power transfer deal. In late November 2011, SALIH signed the GCC-brokered agreement to step down and to transfer some of his powers to Vice President Abd Rabuh Mansur HADI. Following elections in February 2012, won by HADI, SALIH formally transferred his powers. In accordance with the GCC initiative, Yemen launched a National Dialogue to discuss key constitutional, political, and social issues in mid-March 2013.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Yemen National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
157Nepal46.335.9
158Lesotho46.144.0
159Togo45.938.9
160Yemen45.841.7
161Uganda45.637.1
162Haiti45.640.0
163Zambia44.839.8
164Djibouti44.542.7
165Gambia43.934.2
166Benin43.634.3
167Rwanda43.431.1
168Ivory Coast43.237.1
169Comoros42.943.1
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
178Burundi38.2
179Pakistan38.1
180Guinea-Bissau37.5
181Mali35.9
182Niger35.4
183Central African Rep.35.0
184Chad34.2
185Iraq33.7
186Mauritania33.6
187Yemen31.7
188Congo, DR30.0
189Sudan29.7
190Somalia29.7
191Afghanistan29.2
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
138Kazakhstan67.4
139Madagascar66.9
140Bolivia66.9
141Yemen65.9
142India65.8
143Pakistan65.7
144Myanmar (Burma)65.7
145Turkmenistan65.2
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
158Comoros4.8
159Sierra Leone4.8
160Guinea-Bissau4.9
161Yemen5.0
162Equatorial Guinea5.0
163Guinea5.1
164Liberia5.1
165Benin5.1
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
44Malaysia 29.32m89
45Saudi Arabia 28.71m13
46Uzbekistan 28.08m66
47Yemen 25.57m48
48Ghana 25.55m112
49Korea, N. 24.55m204
50Mozambique 24.48m31
Data Source

Yemen's population is predicted to rise to 41.34 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 4.98.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
155Nauru1968
156Congo, (Brazzaville)1970
157Congo, DR1970
158Yemen1970
159Switzerland1971
160Bangladesh1972
161Andorra1973
162San Marino1973
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
141Mali0.65
142Central African Rep.0.65
143Liberia0.66
144Congo, DR0.68
145Saudi Arabia0.68
146Niger0.71
147Afghanistan0.71
148Yemen0.75
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Yemen culture has a severe problem with gender equality, with male rights dominating those of women. Things need to change.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
100Gambia0%
101Azerbaijan0%
102Zambia0%
103Yemen0%
104Thailand0%
105Brunei0%
106Madagascar0%
107Somalia0%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
107Djibouti98%
108Burundi98%
109Indonesia99%
110Malawi99%
111Sri Lanka99%
112Yemen99%
113Bangladesh99.5%
114Niger99.5%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian0.2%
Muslim99%
Hindu0.6%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim (Islam - official) including Shaf'i (Sunni) and Zaydi (Shia), small numbers of Jewish, Christian, and Hindu10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
122Belize12.65
123Uganda12.50
124Algeria12.50
125Yemen12.35
126S. Africa12.33
127Tonga12.01
128Sri Lanka12.00
129Tajikistan11.55
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
149Armenia126.25
150Congo, DR126.5
151Turkey128
152Greece133
153Palestine135
154Yemen136.25
155China136.25
156Burundi145
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
139Zimbabwe2.54
140Georgia2.54
141India2.55
142Yemen2.60
143Colombia2.62
144Chad2.67
145Nigeria2.80
146Syria2.83
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
69Kuwait86
70Cuba85
71Trinidad & Tobago85
72Yemen85
73Peru85
74Saudi Arabia84
75Colombia84
76Venezuela84
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
82Armenia17
83Mongolia17
84Latvia16
85Yemen16
86Belarus16
87Cambodia16
88Congo, DR16
89San Marino16
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
165Equatorial Guinea99.8
166Djibouti99.8
167Laos99.8
168Yemen99.8
169Sudan99.8
170Cuba99.8
171Vietnam99.8
172China99.9
Data Source
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
150Lesotho$1 879
151Sao Tome & Principe$1 864
152Sudan$1 848
153Yemen$1 820
154Myanmar (Burma)$1 817
155Bangladesh$1 785
156Gambia$1 731
157Ghana$1 684
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
143Afghanistan3.8
144Senegal3.8
145Benin3.7
146Chad3.7
147Yemen3.7
148Central African Rep.3.6
149Botswana3.6
150Togo2.8
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
120China49.0
121Qatar48.9
122India48.3
123Yemen48.3
124Pakistan48.0
125Tanzania47.9
126Zimbabwe47.8
127Burkina Faso47.3
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
204Tanzania-220
205Somaliland-500
206Saudi Arabia-520
207Sudan-520
208UAE-520
209Iran-520
210Yemen-520
211Afghanistan-520
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/yemen.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ym.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^

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