The Human Truth Foundation

Yemen (Republic of Yemen)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#charity #economics #happiness #intelligence #morals #saudi_arabia #the_environment #UK #USA #yemen

Yemen
Republic of Yemen
StatusIndependent State
CapitalSanaa
Land Area 527 970km21
LocationAsia, Middle East
Population25.6m (2011)2
Life Expectancy64.05yrs (2017)3
GNI$2 300 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesYE, YEM, 8875
Internet Domain.ye6
CurrencyRial (YER)7
Telephone+9678

1. Overview

North Yemen became independent of the Ottoman Empire in 1918. The British, who had set up a protectorate area around the southern port of Aden in the 19th century, withdrew in 1967 from what became South Yemen. Three years later, the southern government adopted a Marxist orientation. The massive exodus of hundreds of thousands of Yemenis from the south to the north contributed to two decades of hostility between the states. The two countries were formally unified as the Republic of Yemen in 1990. A southern secessionist movement and brief civil war in 1994 was quickly subdued. In 2000, Saudi Arabia and Yemen agreed to a delimitation of their border. Fighting in the northwest between the government and Huthi rebels, a group seeking a return to traditional Zaydi Islam, began in 2004 and has since resulted in six rounds of fighting - the last ended in early 2010 with a cease-fire that continues to hold. The southern secessionist movement was revitalized in 2008 when a popular socioeconomic protest movement initiated the prior year took on political goals including secession. Public rallies in Sana'a against then President SALIH - inspired by similar demonstrations in Tunisia and Egypt - slowly built momentum starting in late January 2011 fueled by complaints over high unemployment, poor economic conditions, and corruption. By the following month, some protests had resulted in violence, and the demonstrations had spread to other major cities. By March the opposition had hardened its demands and was unifying behind calls for SALIH's immediate ouster. The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) in late April 2011, in an attempt to mediate the crisis in Yemen, proposed an agreement in which the president would step down in exchange for immunity from prosecution. SALIH's refusal to sign an agreement led to heavy street fighting and his injury in an explosion in June 2011. The UN Security Council passed Resolution 2014 in October 2011 calling on both sides to end the violence and complete a power transfer deal. In late November 2011, SALIH signed the GCC-brokered agreement to step down and to transfer some of his powers to Vice President Abd Rabuh Mansur HADI. Following elections in February 2012, won by HADI, SALIH formally transferred his powers. In accordance with the GCC initiative, Yemen launched a National Dialogue to discuss key constitutional, political, and social issues in mid-March 2013.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverShort of the glitz of many of the Gulf states, Yemen compensates with the depth of its history and attachment to traditions and rich culture. Yemen may be the Arabian Peninsula´s poor cousin, but therein lies its charm. With none of the oil wealth of its neighbours, the country is like a time capsule preserving the traditions and texture of old Arabia.

Yemen´s history reads like the retelling of a legend. To the Romans, Yemen was Arabia Felix (Happy Arabia), Gilgamesh came here seeking eternal life, Noah launched his ark from here, the Queen of Sheba once ruled the land, and there was once dazzling wealth from the frankincense trade.

This journey into the past has diverse focal points, from the Arabian Nights-aura of capital city Sana`a in the west to mud skyscrapers in the east, from stunning mountain scenery in the north to the weird and wonderful landscapes of Suqutra off the south coast.

In recent years Yemen has remained nigh-on forgotten as travel here is unfeasible - the security situation makes venturing across Yemen extremely inadvisable. Best sit tight and hope that things improve so this distinctive realm may become accessible.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Yemen National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
165Sudan165
166Togo166
167Benin167
168Yemen168
169Afghanistan169
170Malawi170
171Ivory Coast171
172Djibouti172
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark84.0
2Sweden83.9
3Finland83.5
...
191Central African Rep.33.3
192Afghanistan33.0
193Iraq31.9
194Congo, DR31.4
195Chad31.3
196Somalia31.3
197Angola30.8
198Yemen30.3
World Avg53.8
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #overpopulation #population #Yemen

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
16Ivory Coast05.6
17Malawi05.6
18Senegal05.6
19Yemen05.7
20Cameroon05.8
21Niger05.8
22Congo, DR05.8
23Benin05.8
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8
2Palestine68.4
3Samoa67.3
...
112Senegal5.0
113Iraq4.9
114Denmark4.7
115Yemen4.7
116Hungary4.6
117Colombia4.6
118Sierra Leone4.6
119Philippines4.6
World Avg11.5
q=192.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
158Comoros4.78
159Sierra Leone4.78
160Guinea-Bissau4.92
161Yemen4.98
162Equatorial Guinea5.02
163Guinea5.08
164Liberia5.08
165Benin5.12
World Avg2.81
q=180.

Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5
2Monaco71.6
3UAE70.0
...
119Cambodia2.2
120Poland2.2
121Fiji2.2
122Yemen2.1
123Kenya2.0
124Kiribati2.0
125Comoros2.0
126Mozambique1.9
World Avg9.2
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)16
Pos.Higher is better
Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
148Ethiopia64.60
149Botswana64.51
150Eritrea64.19
151Yemen64.05
152Malawi63.88
153Sudan63.73
154Comoros63.57
155Mauritania63.24
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
Pos.The Overpopulation of the Earth17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
44Malaysia29.3m
45Saudi Arabia28.7m
46Uzbekistan28.1m
47Yemen25.6m
48Ghana25.5m
49N. Korea24.6m
50Mozambique24.5m
51Australia22.9m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Yemen's population is predicted to rise to 41.34 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 4.98. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Human Rights, Equality and Freedom

#equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance #yemen

Yemen is amongst the worst places in the world at ensuring human rights and freedom, and it has severe cultural issues when it comes to tolerance and equality. Yemen does better than average in eliminating modern slavery18 and in its nominal commitment to Human Rights19. But unfortunately Yemen gets most other things wrong. It does worse than average in commentary from Human Rights Watch20 and in LGBT equality21. It falls into the bottom 20 in its Global Peace Index rating22, fighting corruption23 and in supporting press freedom24. It is second-from-the-bottom in fighting anti-semitic opinions25 and in supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms26. And finally, it is the worst in opposing gender inequality27. The current armed conflict "has taken a terrible toll on the civilian population"28, with all sides comitting abuses. The coalition, led by Saudi Arabia, "has conducted scores of indiscriminate and disproportionate airstrikes hitting civilian objects that have killed thousands of civilians in violation of the laws of war, with munitions that the US, United Kingdom, and others still supply". Opposition Houthi-Saleh forces "have fired artillery indiscriminately into cities such as Taizz and Aden, killing civilians, and launched rockets into southern Saudi Arabia"28.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion #yemen

Religiosity (2009)29
Pos.Lower is better
%29
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
107Somaliland98
108Burundi98
109Sri Lanka99
110Malawi99
111Yemen99
112Indonesia99
113Niger99.5
114Bangladesh99.5
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)30
Pos.Higher is better30
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
101UAE0
102Azerbaijan0
103Algeria0
104Yemen0
105Zambia0
106Tanzania0
107Malaysia0
108Haiti0
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below31:

Christian0.2%
Muslim99%
Hindu0.6%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim (Islam - official) including Shaf'i (Sunni) and Zaydi (Shia), small numbers of Jewish, Christian, and Hindu32.

Freedom of Religion and Belief:

Links:

6. The Internet

#internet #the_internet #Yemen

Internet Users (2016)33
Pos.Higher is better33
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
138Guatemala27%
139Sudan26%
140Sao Tome & Principe26%
141Yemen25%
142Senegal23%
143Angola23%
144Ivory Coast22%
145Honduras22%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)34
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio34
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
101Uzbekistan0.0
102Colombia0.0
103Ghana0.0
104Yemen0.0
105Laos0.0
106Malta0.0
107Turkmenistan0.0
108Bangladesh0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

7. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #health #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines #Yemen

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)27
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100027
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
122Palestine58.6
123Jamaica59.7
124Azerbaijan59.8
125Yemen61.5
126Philippines61.7
127Mexico62.8
128Argentina63.8
129Laos64.1
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Alcohol Consumption (2010)35
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita35
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
4Mauritania0.1
5Comoros0.2
6Saudi Arabia0.2
7Bangladesh0.2
8Yemen0.3
9Niger0.3
10Egypt0.4
11Iraq0.5
12Somalia0.5
World Avg6.2
q=191.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)36
Pos.Lower is better
Rank36
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
116Malawi116
117Swaziland117
118Iran118
119Yemen119
120Seychelles120
121Guinea-Bissau121
122Argentina122
123Laos123
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)37
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %37
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
179Afghanistan70.6
180Niger69.7
181Samoa68.1
182Yemen67.4
183Papua New Guinea66.3
184Haiti65.7
185Vanuatu65.5
186Guinea63.3
World Avg88.3
q=194.
Smoking Rates (2014)38
Pos.Lower is better38
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
66Hong Kong 345
67Colombia 359
68Antigua & Barbuda 362
69Yemen 388
70S. Sudan 398
71Belize 400
72Swaziland 427
73Sudan 428
World Avg 819
q=182.

8. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
39
Pos.Lower is better39
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
150Congo, DR126.5
151Turkey128
152Greece133
153Palestine135
154Yemen136.25
155China136.25
156Burundi145
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)36
Pos.Lower is better
Rank36
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
105Albania105
106Madagascar106
107Thailand107
108Yemen108
109Brazil109
110Nicaragua110
111Togo111
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)36
Pos.Lower is better
Rank36
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
152Syria152
153Liberia153
154Venezuela154
155Yemen155
156Iraq156
157Iran157
158Gabon158
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)36
Pos.Lower is better
Rank36
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
154Liberia154
155Mali155
156Swaziland156
157Yemen157
158Iraq158
159Bahrain159
160Slovenia160
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)36
Pos.Lower is better
Rank36
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
125Swaziland125
126Madagascar126
127Benin127
128Yemen128
129Pakistan129
130Samoa130
131Antigua & Barbuda131
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)36
Pos.Lower is better
Rank36
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
134Egypt134
135Uruguay135
136Namibia136
137Yemen137
138Cambodia138
139Antigua & Barbuda139
140Afghanistan140
q=163.
Life Satisfaction (2011)40
Pos.Higher is better40
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
142Haiti3.8
143Burundi3.8
144Afghanistan3.8
145Yemen3.7
146Chad3.7
147Benin3.7
148Central African Rep.3.6
149Botswana3.6
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)16
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
161Tanzania$2 467
162Syria$2 441
163Nepal$2 337
164Yemen$2 300
165Senegal$2 250
166Mali$2 218
167Chad$1 991
168Benin$1 979
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)41
Pos.Higher is better41
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
4Malta80.9
5Sweden80.5
6UK79.9
7Luxembourg79.1
8Austria79.0
9Ireland78.8
10Finland78.6
11Iceland78.6
12Spain78.4
q=180.
IQ (2006)42
Pos.Higher is better42
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
69Uzbekistan87
70Kuwait86
71Philippines86
72Yemen85
73Trinidad & Tobago85
74Peru85
75Cuba85
76Venezuela84
q=138.

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2019 Jan 01
http://www.humantruth.info/yemen.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#alcohol #belief #buddhism #charity #christianity #demographics #economics #equality #freedom #god #happiness #health #hinduism #human_development #human_rights #immigration #intelligence #internet #islam #judaism #life_expectancy #morals #overpopulation #parenting #politics #population #religion #saudi_arabia #smoking #the_environment #the_internet #tolerance #UK #USA #vaccines #yemen

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

The Good Country Index. Published by The Good Country Inc., New York, USA. Website: goodcountry.org. The Good Country Index gauges how well countries are doing in helping international development. Edition 1.2 (2017) has 35 criteria.

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2019) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2019). Accessed 2019 Jan 14.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Human Rights Watch
(2018) World Report 2018. Covering the events of 2017.

Lonely Planet
(2014) The World. Subtitled: "A Traveller's Guide to the Planet". Published by Lonely Planet, London, UK. Each chapter is devoted to a specific country and includes a list of the most interesting places to visit and a few other cultural notes.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg. Published in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Available on hdr.undp.org/... UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Available on hdr.undp.org/... UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Available on hdr.undp.org/.

Walk Free Foundation
(2018) Global Slavery Index. Published on www.walkfreefoundation.org/.

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017). Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017). Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013). Https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ym.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. Lonely Planet (2014). Chapter "Yemen".^
  11. UN (2017). Table 1. Lower is better.^
  12. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2019)^
  13. UN (2017). Dashboard 2. Higher is worse. Old-age is counted as 65+, and ratio is of these to people ages 15-64. Projections are for 2030 based on medium-fertility variant of growth.^
  14. UN (2013). Table 11.^
  15. UN (2013). Table 14. Births per woman (2012), expressed as deviance (positive or negative) from the value of 2.0.^
  16. UN (2017). Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  17. UN (2013). Table 14.^
  18. Walk Free Foundation (2018) .^
  19. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  20. Human Rights Watch (2018). Negative and positive comments have been added to create a score for each country covered in the report.^
  21. Sources:^
  22. ^
  23. Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index (2017). Accessed 2017 Dec 30. The scores given are the TI average for the years 2012-2016.^
  24. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  25. ADL (2014). Lower is better.^
  26. Fraser Institute, the (2016). Covers data for 2014.^
  27. UN (2017). Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  28. Human Rights Watch (2018). p631-637.^
  29. Gallup (2009) .^
  30. Zuckerman, P. (2007). Atheism: contemporary numbers and patterns. In M.Martin (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Atheism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. In "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" by Lynn et al. (2009)42.^
  31. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  32. CIA (2013). Https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  33. internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country accessed 2017 Mar 10.^
  34. % of internet access via native IPv6 compared to IPv4. As of 2017 Jun 20, from http://www.cidr-report.org. Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  35. WHO (2014). Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  36. The Good Country Index (2017) .^^
  37. World Health Organisation data for 2011-2015 from 7 data series accessed 2017 May 21. Details in "Immunizations: International Statistics on Vaccines and the Autism Scare: 3. World Health Organisation Statistics" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).^
  38. Annual Cigarette Consumption Per Adult (age 15 and above) - compustible cigarettes. Euromonitor International (2014), via tobaccoatlas.org/topic/cigarette-use-globally/ . Accessed 2017 Jun 20.^
  39. Charities Aid Foundation. Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  40. UN (2013). Table 9. Higher is better. Table 9. The UN's data is the latest available from a range of data from 2007-2011.^
  41. Yale University Center for Environmental Law & Policy 2018 EPI.^
  42. Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg (2009) .^

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