The Human Truth Foundation

Ecuador (Republic of Ecuador)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#ecuador

Ecuador
Republic of Ecuador
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index68th best
CapitalQuito
Land Area 248 360km21
LocationSouth America, The Americas
Population17.1m2
Life Expectancy76.12yrs (2017)3
GNI$10 536 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesEC, ECU, 2185
Internet Domain.ec6
CurrencyDollar (USD)7
Telephone+5938

1. Overview

What is now Ecuador formed part of the northern Inca Empire until the Spanish conquest in 1533. Quito became a seat of Spanish colonial government in 1563 and part of the Viceroyalty of New Granada in 1717. The territories of the Viceroyalty - New Granada (Colombia), Venezuela, and Quito - gained their independence between 1819 and 1822 and formed a federation known as Gran Colombia. When Quito withdrew in 1830, the traditional name was changed in favor of the "Republic of the Equator." Between 1904 and 1942, Ecuador lost territories in a series of conflicts with its neighbors. A border war with Peru that flared in 1995 was resolved in 1999. Although Ecuador marked 30 years of civilian governance in 2004, the period was marred by political instability. Protests in Quito contributed to the mid-term ouster of three of Ecuador's last four democratically elected Presidents. In late 2008, voters approved a new constitution, Ecuador's 20th since gaining independence. General elections, under the new constitutional framework, were held in April 2009, and voters re-elected President Rafael CORREA.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

2. Ecuador National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)10
Pos.Lower is better
Rank10
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
86Jordan86
87Peru87
88Thailand87
89Ecuador89
90China90
91Fiji91
92St Lucia92
93Mongolia92
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)11
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $11
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
92Grenada$11 502
93Peru$11 295
94Sri Lanka$10 789
95Ecuador$10 536
96Mongolia$10 449
97Maldives$10 383
98St Vincent & Grenadines$10 372
99Albania$10 252
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12,13
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank12,13
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
65Tunisia76.9
66Panama76.9
67Turkey77.4
68Ecuador77.4
69Montenegro77.4
70Belarus77.4
71Georgia77.7
72Sri Lanka77.7
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Ecuador's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Ecuador's population is predicted to rise to 17.89 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.41. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
63Malawi18.1m
64Zambia17.4m
65Guatemala17.2m
66Ecuador17.1m
67Netherlands17.1m
68Syria16.9m
69Cambodia16.2m
70Senegal15.9m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)11
Pos.Higher is better
Years11
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
54Slovakia76.41
55Montenegro76.40
56Antigua & Barbuda76.24
57Ecuador76.12
58China75.96
59Vietnam75.94
60Jamaica75.82
61Barbados75.77
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)14
Pos.2.0 is best14
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
57S. Africa2.39
58Iran1.60
59Venezuela2.41
60Ecuador2.41
61Mauritius1.59
62Panama2.42
63Peru2.43
64Barbados1.57
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)15
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10015
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
100Dominican Rep.15.6
101Venezuela15.6
102Kazakhstan15.6
103Ecuador16.0
104Morocco16.1
105Suriname16.2
106Grenada16.2
107Brunei16.2
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)16
Pos.
%16
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
114Samoa2.5%
115Zimbabwe2.4%
116Swaziland2.4%
117Ecuador2.4%
118Paraguay2.4%
119Uruguay2.3%
120Mauritius2.3%
121Benin2.3%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)17
Pos.
%17
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
75Sri Lanka9.1%
76Somalia8.7%
77Kuwait8.5%
78Ecuador8.3%
79Poland8.3%
80Afghanistan8.1%
81Paraguay7.9%
82Russia7.9%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#ecuador #equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance

Ecuador does relatively well in ensuring human rights and freedom, compared to many other countries. Ecuador performs the best in speed of uptake of HR treaties18. It does the second-best for its nominal commitment to Human Rights19. It does better than average in LGBT equality20 and in commentary in Human Rights Watch reports21 (but amongst the lowest in The Americas). Ecuador does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average when it comes to opposing gender inequality22 (there are 'far-reaching restrictions on womens' and girls' access to reproductive health care'25), supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms23 and in supporting press freedom24. Now Rafael Correa has been replaced as President (in 2017), things are looking to get better, as new President Lenin Moreno "has publicly embraced respect for free speech and promised to deliver a more tolerant government"25.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Ecuador's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #Ecuador #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Health (2020)26,27
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank26,27
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
76Kiribati87.7
77Ireland87.8
78Fiji88.0
79Ecuador88.0
80Pakistan88.1
81New Zealand88.3
82Burundi88.5
83El Salvador89.1
84Dominica89.2
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives26. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea26.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe26, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia26.

Health:

Ecuador does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Ecuador does better than average for its suicide rate28 (but high for The Americas), its smoking rate29, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance30, its average life expectancy11 and in its alcohol consumption rate31. Ecuador does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in terms of its fertility rate14, its immunizations take-up32 and in its adolescent birth rate22. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)11
Pos.Higher is better
Years11
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
54Slovakia76.41
55Montenegro76.40
56Antigua & Barbuda76.24
57Ecuador76.12
58China75.96
59Vietnam75.94
60Jamaica75.82
61Barbados75.77
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)31
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita31
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
70Jamaica4.2
71Sri Lanka4.3
72Bahamas4.4
73Ecuador4.4
74Bolivia4.8
75Costa Rica4.8
76Guinea-Bissau4.8
77Myanmar (Burma)4.8
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)14
Pos.2.0 is best14
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
57S. Africa2.39
58Iran1.60
59Venezuela2.41
60Ecuador2.41
61Mauritius1.59
62Panama2.42
63Peru2.43
64Barbados1.57
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)29
Pos.Higher is worse29
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
46Burkina Faso 213
45Madagascar 206
44Myanmar (Burma) 206
43Ecuador 191
42Guatemala 190
41Cameroon 184
40Central African Rep. 178
39Guinea-Bissau 175
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)28
Pos.
Per 100k28
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
37Macedonia13.5
38Mauritius13.7
39UK13.9
40Ecuador14.1
41Spain15.3
42Argentina15.6
43Thailand15.8
44Australia16.4
World Avg20.93
q=91.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
47Czechia47
48China48
49Singapore49
50Ecuador50
51Israel51
52Slovakia52
53Bulgaria53
54Panama54
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)33
Pos.Lower is better
%33
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
101Honduras55.8
102Estonia55.8
103Guatemala55.9
104Ecuador56.0
105Bolivia56.1
106Slovenia56.1
107Slovakia56.2
108Sweden56.4
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)22
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100022
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
141Afghanistan74.0
142Sudan74.0
143Panama74.5
144Ecuador75.9
145Namibia76.8
146Senegal78.6
147Mauritania78.6
148Venezuela79.4
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)32
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %32
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
133Bosnia & Herzegovina88.0
134Sierra Leone87.7
135Suriname87.2
136Ecuador86.8
137Cambodia86.5
138Namibia86.5
139Dominican Rep.86.3
140Panama86.1
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Ecuador's Modernity and Learning

#education #intelligence #modernity #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)34
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank34
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
73Trinidad & Tobago62.9
74Albania64.1
75Kenya64.7
76Ecuador64.7
77Thailand65.2
78Armenia65.3
79Egypt65.4
80St Lucia66.6
81Bahrain67.1
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2935
2Israel4.1135
3Japan3.5835
...
73Chile0.3835
74Ghana0.3836
75Moldova0.3537
76Ecuador0.3438
77Bosnia & Herzegovina0.3337
78Iran0.3136
79Nepal0.3036
80Kuwait0.3037
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)39
Pos.Higher is better39
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
104Turkey53.1%
105Costa Rica52.9%
106Colombia52.0%
107Ecuador51.9%
108Tunisia51.8%
109India51.6%
110Kuwait51.5%
111Congo, DR50.7%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)40
Pos.Higher is better
Years40
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
55Montenegro15.0
56Mauritius15.0
57Croatia15.0
58Ecuador14.9
59Bulgaria14.8
60Serbia14.8
61Iran14.7
62Liechtenstein14.7
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
136Honduras136
137Papua New Guinea137
138Congo, DR138
139Ecuador139
140Syria140
141Mauritania141
142Nigeria142
143Mali143
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Religiosity (2009)41
Pos.Lower is better
%41
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
48Turkmenistan80
49Georgia81
50Turkey82
51Ecuador82
52Colombia83
53El Salvador83
54Romania84
55Honduras84
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)42
Pos.Higher is better42
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
58Chile90
59Costa Rica89
60Laos89
61Ecuador88
62Mexico88
63Brazil87
64Bolivia87
65Iraq87
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)43
Pos.Higher is better43
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
112Ukraine44%
113Philippines44%
114Jamaica43%
115Ecuador43%
116Thailand43%
117Mauritius43%
118Cape Verde43%
119Suriname42%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)44
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio44
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
12France18.8
13Canada18.3
14Peru18.3
15Ecuador18.2
16Estonia17.6
17Malaysia16.5
18Norway14.7
19Australia14.6
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
45
Pos.Lower is better45
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
125Bosnia & Herzegovina107
126Algeria109
127Slovakia110.5
128Ecuador111
129Egypt112.25
130Croatia113
131Chad113.75
132Madagascar114
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)46
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score46
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
112Moldova33.8
113Ethiopia33.2
114Mexico32.8
115Ecuador32.6
116Belarus32.6
117Mali32.2
118Tanzania32.2
119Vietnam31.4
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)47
Pos.Higher is better47
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
45Kuwait6.1
46Thailand6.1
47Italy6.0
48Ecuador6.0
49Belize6.0
50Lithuania6.0
51Slovenia5.9
52Romania5.9
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
103Armenia103
104Ghana104
105Bahrain105
106Ecuador106
107Uganda107
108Lesotho108
109Georgia109
110Kuwait110
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
107Ghana107
108Mexico108
109Thailand109
110Ecuador110
111Malawi111
112Laos112
113China113
114S. Africa114
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)48
Pos.Lower is better48
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
82Nicaragua2.01
83Brazil2.02
84Bolivia2.02
85Ecuador2.03
86Swaziland2.03
87Equatorial Guinea2.04
88USA2.06
89China2.06
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
21Thailand21
22Algeria22
23Guatemala23
24Ecuador24
25Madagascar25
26Sri Lanka26
27Netherlands27
28Mongolia28
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)30
Pos.Lower is better
Rank30
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
77Bahrain77
78Sri Lanka78
79Algeria79
80Ecuador80
81Kuwait81
82Paraguay82
83Sierra Leone83
84Israel84
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)49
Pos.Lower is better
Score49
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
72Kosovo2.26
73Japan2.29
74Netherlands2.35
75Ecuador2.46
76Kuwait2.49
77Malaysia2.50
78Brazil2.53
79Ivory Coast2.60
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)50
Pos.Higher is better
%50
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
117S. Korea-03.9
118Sao Tome & Principe-04.3
119Bangladesh-04.4
120Ecuador-04.4
121Burundi-04.5
122Antigua & Barbuda-04.9
123Congo, DR-04.9
124Peru-05.1
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)51
Pos.Higher is better51
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
84Serbia57.5
85Chile57.5
86Saudi Arabia57.5
87Ecuador57.4
88Algeria57.2
89Cape Verde56.9
90Mauritius56.6
91St Lucia56.2
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)52
Pos.Higher is better52
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
25Namibia12.35
26Portugal12.35
27Botswana12.35
28Ecuador11.90
29Egypt11.76
30El Salvador11.76
31Romania11.49
32Austria11.24
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
4Vanuatu1993 Dec 29
5Papua New Guinea1993 Dec 29
6Mexico1993 Dec 29
7Armenia1993 Dec 29
8Ecuador1993 Dec 29
9Fiji1993 Dec 29
10Canada1993 Dec 29
11Monaco1993 Dec 29
12Maldives1993 Dec 29
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)53
Pos.Higher is better
%53
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
27Venezuela60.1%
28Morocco60.0%
29Malta57.3%
30Ecuador57.2%
31Portugal55.8%
32Hong Kong54.8%
33Lebanon54.3%
34Nepal52.8%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)54
Pos.Higher is worse54
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
96Palestine12.00
95Panama12.00
94Egypt11.60
93Ecuador11.50
92N. Korea11.50
91Kyrgyzstan11.30
90St Vincent & Grenadines11.30
89Grenada11.20
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)55
Pos.Lower is better
%55
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
121Ghana43.5
122Rwanda43.7
123Bolivia44.0
124Ecuador44.7
125Malawi44.7
126Comoros45.3
127Dominican Rep.45.7
128Nicaragua46.2
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)56
Pos.Lower is better
Severity56
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
24China.016
25Brazil.01657
26Belize.017
27Ecuador.018
28Jamaica.018
29Paraguay.019
30Vietnam.019
31Egypt.019
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)41
Pos.Lower is better
%41
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
48Turkmenistan80
49Georgia81
50Turkey82
51Ecuador82
52Colombia83
53El Salvador83
54Romania84
55Honduras84
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)58
Pos.Higher is better
%58
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
77Costa Rica1
78Honduras1
79Brazil1
80Ecuador1
81S. Africa1
82Venezuela1
83Peru1
84Guatemala1
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below59:

Christian94.1%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.3%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated5.5%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Roman Catholic 95%, other 5%60.

Links: