The Human Truth Foundation

Dominican Republic

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#charity #climate_change #economics #happiness #homosexuality #intelligence #morals #the_environment

Dominican Republic
StatusIndependent State
CapitalSanto Domingo
Land Area 48 320km21
LocationNorth America, The Americas, Caribbean
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population10.2m (2011)2
Life Expectancy73.65yrs (2017)3
GNI$12 756 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesDO, DOM, 2145
Internet Domain.do6
CurrencyPeso (DOP)7
Telephone+8

1. Overview

#france #spain #USA

The Taino - indigenous inhabitants of Hispaniola prior to the arrival of the Europeans - divided the island into five chiefdoms and territories. Christopher COLUMBUS explored and claimed the island on his first voyage in 1492; it became a springboard for Spanish conquest of the Caribbean and the American mainland. In 1697, Spain recognized French dominion over the western third of the island, which in 1804 became Haiti. The remainder of the island, by then known as Santo Domingo, sought to gain its own independence in 1821 but was conquered and ruled by the Haitians for 22 years; it finally attained independence as the Dominican Republic in 1844. In 1861, the Dominicans voluntarily returned to the Spanish Empire, but two years later they launched a war that restored independence in 1865. A legacy of unsettled, mostly non-representative rule followed, capped by the dictatorship of Rafael Leonidas TRUJILLO from 1930 to 1961. Juan BOSCH was elected president in 1962 but was deposed in a military coup in 1963. In 1965, the United States led an intervention in the midst of a civil war sparked by an uprising to restore BOSCH. In 1966, Joaquin BALAGUER defeated BOSCH in an election to become president. BALAGUER maintained a tight grip on power for most of the next 30 years when international reaction to flawed elections forced him to curtail his term in 1996. Since then, regular competitive elections have been held in which opposition candidates have won the presidency. Former President Leonel FERNANDEZ Reyna (first term 1996-2000) won election to a new term in 2004 following a constitutional amendment allowing presidents to serve more than one term, and was since reelected to a second consecutive term.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverMuch more than beach resorts, the Dominican Republic is one of the Caribbean´s most geographically diverse countries, with an evocative colonial history and warm welcoming people. The Dominican Republic (DR) is defined by its hundreds of miles of coastline - some with picturesque white-sand beaches shaded by rows of palm trees, other parts lined dramatically with rocky cliffs. Symbolizing both limits and escapes, the sea is the common denominator across fishing villages, where the shoreline is used for mooring boats, indulgent tourist playgrounds, small towns, and cities like Santo Domingo - the Caribbean´s largest and the site of New World firsts.

Beyond the capital, much of the DR is distinctly rural. Further inland are vistas reminiscent of the European alps: four of the Caribbean´s five highest peaks rise above the fertile lowlands surrounding Santiago. Remote deserts extend through the southwest, giving the DR a complexity not found on other islands. The country´s roller-coaster past is writ large in the diversity of its ethnicities, not to mention the physical design of its towns and cities.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Dominican Republic National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
96Dominica96
97Suriname97
98Tunisia97
99Dominican Rep.99
100St Vincent & Grenadines99
101Tonga101
102Libya102
103Belize103
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
86Guatemala55.0
87Thailand54.8
88Jordan54.7
89Dominican Rep.54.5
90Vietnam54.5
91Belarus54.4
92San Marino54.3
93Bolivia54.2
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
97Fiji15.3
98Mexico15.4
99Peru15.5
100Dominican Rep.15.6
101Venezuela15.6
102Kazakhstan15.6
103Ecuador16.0
104Morocco16.1
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
65Liberia10.5%
66Uruguay10.5%
67Hong Kong10.2%
68Dominican Rep.10.1%
69Zimbabwe9.9%
70Haiti9.9%
71San Marino9.9%
72Burkina Faso9.7%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
79Czechia1.50
80Spain1.50
81Croatia1.49
82Dominican Rep.2.51
83Lithuania1.49
84Kazakhstan2.52
85Ukraine1.48
86Nicaragua2.52
World Avg2.81
q=180.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
78Samoa5.0%
79Rwanda4.5%
80Czechia4.4%
81Dominican Rep.4.2%
82Uzbekistan4.2%
83Finland4.2%
84Tajikistan4.0%
85Kyrgyzstan4.0%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)16
Pos.Higher is better
Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
88Jordan74.18
89St Kitts & Nevis73.98
90Samoa73.67
91Dominican Rep.73.65
92Grenada73.56
93Cape Verde73.54
94Lithuania73.50
95Honduras73.33
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
Pos.
Population17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
81Guinea10.5m
82Haiti10.3m
83Bolivia10.2m
84Dominican Rep.10.2m
85Hungary9.9m
86Serbia9.8m
87Somalia9.8m
88Belarus9.5m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

The Dominican Republic's population is predicted to rise to 12.06 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 2.51. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Politics and Freedom

#antisemitism #burundi #christianity #corruption #democracy #eritrea #france #freedom #germany #human_development #human_rights #indonesia #israel #jordan #judaism #laos #mass_media #morocco #netherlands #pakistan #peace #philippines #politics #religion #religious_violence #saudi_arabia #slavery #spain #sweden #turkey #UK #vietnam

Anti-Semite Opinions (2014)18
Pos.Lower is better
%18
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
70Peru38
71Colombia41
72Hungary41
73Dominican Rep.41
74Serbia42
75Bulgaria44
76Mauritius44
77Poland45
World Avg36.8
q=101.

Anti-Semitism is the world given to irrational racism against Jews. It is not the same as anti-Judaism (involving arguments against the religion) nor the same as anti-Zionism (arguments against Israel). In history, influential Christian theologians concocted the arguments against Jews that led, very early on, to widespread Christian action against Jews19,20,21,22. As Christianity rose to power in the West and presided over the Dark Ages, there were widespread violent outbursts against Jews of the most persistent and horrible kind. The Crusades were frequently aimed at them and the feared Spanish Inquisition paid Jews particular attention. The horror of the holocaust instigated by German Nazis in the 1940s was followed (finally) by the era of European human rights and a movement against racism in general.

The places that are the least anti-Semitical are a few countries of south-east Asia (Laos, the Philippines and Vietnam) and some of the secular liberal democracies of Europe (Sweden, the Netherlands and the UK). The worst countries for antisemitism are Islamic states of the Middle East23, which are undergoing their own Dark Age. Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Morocco, Indonesia, Pakistan and Turkey see the most oppressive and violent actions towards Jews24,25. Jews in Muslim countries face a host of restrictions and "ceaseless humiliation and regular pogroms"26. In 2004 the European Union Monitoring Center on Racism and Xenophobia reported on violent anti-Jew crimes in the EU and found that that largest group of perpetrators were young Muslim males27.

Corruption (2012-2016)28
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score28
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
117Mali32.2
118Tanzania32.2
119Vietnam31.4
120Dominican Rep.31.4
121Ivory Coast30.8
122Timor-Leste (E. Timor)30.8
123Togo30.4
124Sierra Leone30.2
World Avg43.05
q=176.

Corruption is the abuse of public office for private gain29. There are many forms of corruption. Politicians can sometimes (1) steal money (theft or embezzlement), (2) accept bribes (such as backhanders for awarding government contracts to companies), (3) give bribes (i.e., for electoral support or support in the mass media), (4) improperly coerce others (extortion), (5) give positions of power to friends and family without fairly seeking other applicants for those jobs (cronyism), or (6) grant favours to friends and family (nepotism) such as buying services from them at inflated prices (graft). The least corrupt countries between 2012-2016 were Denmark, New Zealand and Finland28 and the worst were Somalia, N. Korea and Afghanistan28.

Global Peace Index (2012)30
Pos.Lower is better30
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
87Equatorial Guinea2.04
88USA2.06
89China2.06
90Dominican Rep.2.07
91Bangladesh2.07
92Guinea2.07
93Papua New Guinea2.08
94Trinidad & Tobago2.08
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"30. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark30 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan30.

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)31
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties31
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
109Cape Verde15
110Bangladesh15
111Mozambique15
112Dominican Rep.14
113Kenya14
114Japan14
115Jamaica14
116Jordan14
World Avg15.1
q=194.

There are many international agreements on human rights, and, many mechanisms by which countries can be brought to account for their actions. Together, these have been the biggest historical movement in the fight against oppression and inhumanity. Or, putting it another way: these are rejected mostly by those who wish to oppress inhumanely. None of them are perfect and many people object to various components and wordings, but, no-one has come up with, and enforced, better methods of controlling the occasional desires that states and peoples have of causing angst for other states and peoples in a violent, unjust or inhumane way. Points are awarded for the number of human rights agreements ratified by the country, plus the acceptance of the petition mechanisms for disputes. The maximum possible score in 2009 was 24.

Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)32
Pos.Lower is better
Rank32
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
60Jamaica60
61Haiti61
62Fiji61
63Dominican Rep.63
64Cambodia64
65Madagascar65
66Brunei66
67Serbia67
World Avg79.7
q=159.

The Human Freedom Index published by the Fraser Institute is...

... a broad measure of human freedom, understood as the absence of coercive constraint. It uses 79 distinct indicators of personal and economic freedom in the following areas: Rule of Law, Security and Safety, Movement, Religion, Association, Assembly, and Civil Society, Expression, Relationships, Size of Government, Legal System and Property Rights, Access to Sound Money, Freedom to Trade Internationally, Regulation of Credit, Labor, and Business. [...]

The highest levels of freedom are in Western Europe, Northern Europe, and North America (Canada and the United States. The lowest levels are in the Middle East and North Africa, South Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa. [...]

Countries in the top quartile of freedom enjoy a significant higher per capita income ($37,147) [compared with] the least-free quartile [at] $8,700). The HFI finds a strong correlation between human freedom and democracy.

"The Human Freedom Index" by The Fraser Institute (2016)33

Press Freedom (2013)34
Pos.Lower is better34
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
76Kuwait2828
77Nicaragua2831
78Benin2833
79Dominican Rep.2834
80Lesotho2836
81Bhutan2842
82Togo2845
83Greece2846
World Avg3249
q=178.

The freedom to investigate, publish information, and have access to others' opinion is a fundamental part of today's information-driven world. Scores on the Press Freedom Index are calculated according to indicators including pluralism - the degree to which opinions are represented in the media, media independence of authorities, self-censorship, legislation, transparency and the infrastructure that supports news and information, and, the level of violence against journalists which includes lengths of imprisonments. The index "does not take direct account of the kind of political system but it is clear that democracies provide better protection for the freedom to produce and circulate accurate news and information than countries where human rights are flouted".

It must be noted that press freedom is not an indicator of press quality and the press itself can be abusive; the UK suffers in particular from a popular brand of nasty reporting that infuses several of its newspapers who are particularly prone to running destructive and often untrue campaigns against victims. The Press Freedom Index notes that "the index should in no way be taken as an indicator of the quality of the media in the countries concerned".

Slavery (2018)35
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims35
1Japan0.03
2Canada0.05
3Taiwan0.05
...
77Cuba0.38
78Israel0.39
79Latvia0.39
80Dominican Rep.0.40
81Kosovo0.40
82Cape Verde0.41
83Kyrgyzstan0.41
84Cyprus0.42
World Avg0.65
q=167.

The taking of slaves has been an unwholesome feature of Human cultures since prehistory36. Private households and national endeavours have frequently been augmented with the use of slaves. The Egyptian and Roman empires both thrived on them for both purposes. Aside from labourers they are often abused sexually by their owners and their owners' friends37. The era of colonialism and the beginnings of globalisation changed nothing: the imprisonment and forced movements of labour continued to destroy many lives except that new justifications were invented based on Christian doctrine and the effort to convert non-Christians. By 1786 over 12 million slaves had been extracted from Africa and sent to colonial labour camps, with a truly atrocious condition of life38. But they were not the only ones to blame; in Africa internal nations such as the Asantes sold and bought tens of thousands of slaves39.

The abolition of the slave trade was a long and slow process. Until a relatively modern time, even philosophers, religious leaders and those concerned with ethics justified, or ignored, the problem of slavery40. The first abolitionists were always the slaves themselves. Their protests and rebellions caused the industry to become too expensive to continue. After that, it was the economic costs of maintain slave colonies that led the British to reject and then oppose the slave trade globally. Finally, the enlightenment-era thinkers of France encouraged moral and ethical thinking including the declaration of the inherent value of human life and human dignity41. A long-overdue wave of compassionate and conscientious movements swept across the West, eliminating public support for slavery, until the industries and churches that supported it had no choice but to back down.

'Modern slavery' includes forced labour (often of the under-age), debt bondage (especially generational), sexual slavery, chattel slavery and other forms of abuse, some of which can be surprisingly difficult to detect, but often target those fleeing from warzones and the vulnerable.42. Some industries (diamond, clothing, coal) from some countries (Burundi35, Eritrea35, Indonesia43) are a particular concern. The Walk Free Foundation, say that in 2016, 40.3 million people were living in modern slavery44.

5. Gender Equality

#christianity #gender #gender_equality #human_rights #misogyny #politics #women

Gender Inequality (2015)45
Pos.Lower is better45
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
104Paraguay0.46
105Indonesia0.47
106Laos0.47
107Dominican Rep.0.47
108Namibia0.47
109Burundi0.47
110Bhutan0.48
111Jordan0.48
World Avg0.36
q=159.

The UN Human Development Reports include statistics on gender equality which take into account things like maternal mortality, access to political power (seats in parliament) and differences between male and female education rates. Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Year Women Can Vote46
Pos.Lower is better
Year46
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
43Myanmar (Burma)1935
44Philippines1937
45Uzbekistan1938
46Dominican Rep.1942
47Bulgaria1944
48France1944
49Bermuda1944
50Jamaica1944
World Avg1930
q=189.

Women now have equal rights in the vast majority of countries across the world. Although academic literature oftens talks of when a country "grants women the right to vote", this enforces a backwards way of thinking. Women always had the right to vote, however, they were frequently denied that right. The opposition to women's ability to vote in equality with man was most consistently and powerfully opposed by the Catholic Church, other Christian organisations, Islamic authorities and some other religious and secular traditionalists.

The Dominican Rep. is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

6. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
126Barbados126
127Chad127
128Montenegro128
129Dominican Rep.129
130Papua New Guinea130
131Syria131
132Belarus132
133Portugal133
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
48Czechia48
49Argentina49
50Brazil50
51Dominican Rep.51
52Slovakia52
53UAE53
54Macedonia54
55Zambia55
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Global Peace Index (2012)30
Pos.Lower is better30
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
87Equatorial Guinea2.04
88USA2.06
89China2.06
90Dominican Rep.2.07
91Bangladesh2.07
92Guinea2.07
93Papua New Guinea2.08
94Trinidad & Tobago2.08
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"30. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark30 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan30.

Impact of Terrorism (2019)48
Pos.Lower is better
Score48
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
28Estonia0.12
29New Zealand0.14
30Uruguay0.17
31Dominican Rep.0.18
32Hungary0.18
33Switzerland0.19
34Latvia0.23
35S. Korea0.30
World Avg2.78
q=150.

7. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)49
Pos.Lower is better
%49
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
59S. Africa85
60Tajikistan85
61Malta86
62Dominican Rep.87
63Brazil87
64Lebanon87
65Ivory Coast88
66Guatemala88
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)50
Pos.Higher is better
%50
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
41USA10
42Trinidad & Tobago9
43Albania8
44Dominican Rep.7
45Croatia7
46Kyrgyzstan7
47Cambodia7
48Moldova6
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below51:

Christian88%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.9%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated10.9%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Roman Catholic 95%, other 5%52.

Links:

8. The Internet

#internet #the_internet

Internet Users (2016)53
Pos.Higher is better53
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
94China52%
95Vietnam52%
96S. Africa52%
97Dominican Rep.52%
98Uzbekistan51%
99Armenia50%
100Iran49%
101Tunisia48%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)54
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio54
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
47Russia1.3
48Bulgaria1.3
49S. Korea1.2
50Dominican Rep.1.1
51Slovakia0.8
52Hong Kong0.7
53Spain0.6
54St Kitts & Nevis0.6
World Avg3.82
q=176.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

9. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #genetics #health #mental_health #obesity #organ_donation #public_health #smoking #sociology #suicide #UK

The Dominican Republic has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. The Dominican Rep. comes in the best 20 in its suicide rate55. It does better than average for its smoking rate56 and in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance47. The Dominican Rep. does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average when it comes to its alcohol consumption rate57, its immunizations take-up58, the prevalence of overweight adults59 and in its adolescent birth rate45 (the worst in The Americas). And finally, it falls into the worst 20 in number of organ donors60 (one of the lowest in The Americas). The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)57
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita57
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
101Cambodia6.7
102Belize6.8
103Sao Tome & Principe6.8
104Dominican Rep.6.9
105Antigua & Barbuda7.0
106Niue7.0
107China7.2
108Paraguay7.2
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking61 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink62 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies63 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"64. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"65. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Organ Donors (At Death) (2017)60
Pos.Higher is better
pmp60
1Spain46.9066
2Portugal34.0166
3Belgium33.6266
...
59Paraguay1.62
60Peru1.61
61Trinidad & Tobago1.47
62Dominican Rep.1.40
63Malaysia1.10
64Bosnia & Herzegovina0.90
65Bolivia0.90
66Japan0.88
World Avg13.03
q=70.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
78Sri Lanka78
79Poland79
80Uruguay80
81Dominican Rep.81
82Zambia82
83Croatia83
84Indonesia84
85Bolivia85
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)59
Pos.Lower is better
%59
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
141Dominica60.3
142Morocco60.4
143Ireland60.6
144Dominican Rep.61.2
145Syria61.4
146Spain61.6
147Hungary61.6
148Costa Rica61.6
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese67. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up68. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight68 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year69 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"70. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes71. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar72.

Smoking Rates (2014)56
Pos.Lower is better56
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
49Grenada 224
50St Lucia 232
51Mali 236
52Dominican Rep. 245
53Togo 250
54Kenya 257
55Mauritius 261
56El Salvador 280
World Avg 819
q=182.
Suicide Rate (2013)55
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100k55
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
9Peru2.9
10Kuwait3.6
11Armenia3.9
12Dominican Rep.4.6
13St Lucia4.9
14Tajikistan5.2
15Venezuela6.5
16Malta6.9
World Avg20.93
q=91.

10. Children's Health

#health #parenting #population #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)45
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100045
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
159Central African Rep.91.9
160Togo92.0
161Lesotho92.7
162Dominican Rep.97.9
163Gabon99.9
164Somalia103.9
165Cameroon104.6
166Burkina Faso108.5
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)58
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %58
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
136Ecuador86.8
137Cambodia86.5
138Namibia86.5
139Dominican Rep.86.3
140Panama86.1
141Belarus85.3
142Canada85.2
143Guatemala85.2
World Avg88.3
q=194.

11. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
73
Pos.Lower is better73
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
37Turkmenistan33.75
38Philippines34.75
39Nigeria35
40Dominican Rep.35.75
41Northern Cyprus37
42Mongolia38
43Slovenia38.75
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
119Guatemala119
120Niger120
121El Salvador121
122Dominican Rep.122
123Oman123
124Chad124
125Brunei125
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
122Zimbabwe122
123Egypt123
124Burkina Faso124
125Dominican Rep.125
126Oman126
127Mozambique127
128Niger128
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
126Barbados126
127Chad127
128Montenegro128
129Dominican Rep.129
130Papua New Guinea130
131Syria131
132Belarus132
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
48Czechia48
49Argentina49
50Brazil50
51Dominican Rep.51
52Slovakia52
53UAE53
54Macedonia54
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)47
Pos.Lower is better
Rank47
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
73Chile73
74Macedonia74
75Oman75
76Dominican Rep.76
77Slovenia77
78Guatemala78
79Tonga79
q=163.
Life Satisfaction (2011)74
Pos.Higher is better74
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
100Zimbabwe4.8
101Iran4.8
102Nigeria4.8
103Dominican Rep.4.7
104Tunisia4.7
105Azerbaijan4.7
106Bosnia & Herzegovina4.7
107S. Africa4.7
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)16
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
83China$13 345
84Lebanon$13 312
85Colombia$12 762
86Dominican Rep.$12 756
87Macedonia$12 405
88Serbia$12 202
89S. Africa$12 087
90Nauru$12 058
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)75
Pos.Higher is better75
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
43Hungary65.0
44Belarus65.0
45Romania64.8
46Dominican Rep.64.7
47Uruguay64.7
48Estonia64.3
49Singapore64.2
50Poland64.1
q=180.
Anti-Semite Opinions (2014)18
Pos.Lower is better
%18
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
70Peru38
71Colombia41
72Hungary41
73Dominican Rep.41
74Serbia42
75Bulgaria44
76Mauritius44
77Poland45
q=101.
LGBT Equality (2017)76
Pos.Higher is better
Score76
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
73Moldova25
74Turkey25
75Latvia25
76Dominican Rep.25
77Seychelles25
78Panama25
79Vietnam25
80Nepal25
q=196.
IQ (2006)77
Pos.Higher is better77
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
92India82
93Bangladesh82
94Lebanon82
95Dominican Rep.82
96Madagascar82
97Egypt81
98Honduras81
99Nicaragua81
q=138.