The Human Truth Foundation

Comoros (Union of Comoros)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Comoros

Comoros
Union of Comoros
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index151st best
CapitalMoroni
Land Area1 1 861 km2
LocationAfrica
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population2773 344
Life Expectancy361.48yrs (2012)
GNI3$ 986
ISO3166-1 Codes4KM, COM, 174
Internet Domain5.km
Currency6Franc (KMF)
Telephone7+269

1. Overview

#france

Comoros has endured more than 20 coups or attempted coups since gaining independence from France in 1975. In 1997, the islands of Anjouan and Moheli declared independence from Comoros. In 1999, military chief Col. AZALI seized power of the entire government in a bloodless coup, and helped negotiate the 2000 Fomboni Accords power-sharing agreement in which the federal presidency rotates among the three islands, and each island maintains its local government. AZALI won the 2002 federal presidential election, and each island in the archipelago elected its president. AZALI stepped down in 2006 and President SAMBI was elected to office. In 2007, Mohamed BACAR effected Anjouan's de-facto secession from the Union of Comoros, refusing to step down when Comoros' other islands held legitimate elections in July. The African Union (AU) initially attempted to resolve the political crisis by applying sanctions and a naval blockade to Anjouan, but in March 2008 the AU and Comoran soldiers seized the island. The island's inhabitants generally welcomed the move. In May 2011, Ikililou DHOININE won the presidency in peaceful elections widely deemed to be free and fair.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Comoros National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
166Benin43.634.3
167Rwanda43.431.1
168Ivory Coast43.237.1
169Comoros42.943.1
170Malawi41.832.5
171Sudan41.433.1
172Zimbabwe39.738.2
173Ethiopia39.631.6
174Liberia38.832.2
175Afghanistan37.426.7
176Guinea-Bissau36.435.1
177Sierra Leone35.926.9
178Guinea35.534.2
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
148Madagascar46.1
149Bangladesh45.7
150Nepal45.3
151Comoros44.7
152Guinea44.5
153Solomon Islands44.4
154Cameroon43.7
155Iran43.7
156Burkina Faso43.6
157Uganda43.6
158Tanzania43.5
159Angola43.1
160Congo, (Brazzaville)43.0
161Nigeria43.0
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
153Haiti62.4
154Eritrea62
155Sudan61.8
156Comoros61.5
157Senegal59.6
158Ethiopia59.7
159Mauritania58.9
160Gambia58.8
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
155Senegal4.7
156Gambia4.7
157Mozambique4.8
158Comoros4.8
159Sierra Leone4.8
160Guinea-Bissau4.9
161Yemen5.0
162Equatorial Guinea5.0
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
156Cyprus1.129m122
157Djibouti922 70840
158Fiji875 82248
159Comoros773 344416
160Guyana757 6234
161Bhutan750 44320
162Equatorial Guinea740 47126
Data Source

Comoros's population is predicted to rise to 1.16 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 4.78.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
111Somalia1956
112Gabon1956
113Egypt1956
114Comoros1956
115Malaysia1957
116Burkina Faso1958
117Guinea1958
118Nigeria1958

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Comoros and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
99Malaysia96%
100Afghanistan97%
101Thailand97%
102Comoros97%
103Morocco97%
104Egypt97%
105Somaliland98%
106Mauritania98%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian0.5%
Muslim98.3%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Sunni Muslim 98%, Roman Catholic 2%10.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Comoros states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. However, the constitution also states that citizens will draw governing principles and rules from Islamic tenets. A constitutional referendum passed in May 2009 states "Islam is the state religion". Proselytizing for any religion except Islam is illegal, and foreigners caught proselytizing for religions other than Islam are subject to deportation. Additionally, people who leave Islam, whether for another religion or no religion, may be prosecuted for apostasy.

Information from 2010 IRF report (US International Religious Freedom report).
In "Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)11.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
153Botswana6.00
154Eritrea5.40
155Togo5.38
156Comoros5.10
157Solomon Islands5.00
158Congo, (Brazzaville)5.00
159Mozambique4.17
160Cameroon4.00
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)12
CountryValue12
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
92Portugal80.25
93France80.5
94Peru83.75
95Comoros84
96Vietnam84.5
97Paraguay84.75
98Argentina86.5
99Gabon86.75
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
168Iraq9
169Samoa9
170St Kitts & Nevis9
171Comoros9
172Guinea-Bissau8
173USA8
174Somalia8
175Eritrea8
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
47Samoa99.2
48Haiti99.2
49Korea, S.99.2
50Comoros99.2
51S. Africa99.2
52Japan99.2
53Argentina99.2
54Moldova99.3
Data Source
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
170Guinea-Bissau$1 042
171Ethiopia$1 017
172Afghanistan$1 000
173Comoros$ 986
174Guinea$ 941
175Togo$ 928
176Mozambique$ 906
177Sierra Leone$ 881
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
134Guinea4
135Rwanda4
136Burkina Faso4
137Comoros3.9
138Bulgaria3.9
139Burundi3.8
140Nepal3.8
141Mali3.8
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
169Cameroon-70
170Libya-70
171Qatar-70
172Comoros-70
173Senegal-70
174Dominica-90
175St Vincent & Grenadines-100
176Jamaica-100
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/comoros.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cn.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  12. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^

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