The Human Truth Foundation

Comoros (Union of Comoros)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#comoros

Comoros
Union of Comoros
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index174th best
CapitalMoroni
Land Area 1 861km21
LocationAfrica
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population0.8m2
Life Expectancy63.57yrs (2017)3
GNI$1 335 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesKM, COM, 1745
Internet Domain.km6
CurrencyFranc (KMF)7
Telephone+2698

1. Overview

#france #mayotte

Comoros has endured more than 20 coups or attempted coups since gaining independence from France in 1975. In 1997, the islands of Anjouan and Moheli declared independence from Comoros. In 1999, military chief Col. AZALI seized power of the entire government in a bloodless coup, and helped negotiate the 2000 Fomboni Accords power-sharing agreement in which the federal presidency rotates among the three islands, and each island maintains its local government. AZALI won the 2002 federal presidential election, and each island in the archipelago elected its president. AZALI stepped down in 2006 and President SAMBI was elected to office. In 2007, Mohamed BACAR effected Anjouan's de-facto secession from the Union of Comoros, refusing to step down when Comoros' other islands held legitimate elections in July. The African Union (AU) initially attempted to resolve the political crisis by applying sanctions and a naval blockade to Anjouan, but in March 2008 the AU and Comoran soldiers seized the island. The island's inhabitants generally welcomed the move. In May 2011, Ikililou DHOININE won the presidency in peaceful elections widely deemed to be free and fair.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverScattered across the Indian Ocean, the enchanting Comoros islands are the kind of place you go to drop off the planet for a while. The Comoros are so remote even an international fugitive could hide out here. Rich in Swahili culture, and devoutly Muslim, the charming inhabitants come from a legendary stock of Arab traders, Persian sultans, African slaves and Portuguese pirates. Nicknamed `Cloud Coup-Coup´ land because of their crazy politics, the three independent islands have experienced almost 20 coups since gaining independence in 1975. In the last decade, however, the quarrelsome independent islands agreed to put their differences aside and fly under the joint banner of the Union des Comores. The fourth island, Mayotte, is an overseas territory of France, and differs from the other Comorian islands politically in that its people are French citizens governed by French law.

Holidaying in the Comoros isn´t for everyone. Everything moves slowly and tourism facilities are far from plush. But if your idea of the perfect holiday is lazy days sipping tea and talking with the locals, then the Comoros will be the kind of unpredictable adventure you´ve been craving.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Comoros National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
157Mauritania157
158Madagascar158
159Rwanda159
160Comoros160
161Lesotho160
162Senegal162
163Uganda163
164Haiti163
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
179Ethiopia$1 523
180Eritrea$1 490
181Guinea-Bissau$1 369
182Comoros$1 335
183Madagascar$1 320
184Togo$1 262
185Mozambique$1 098
186Malawi$1 073
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
171Syria117.2
172Swaziland117.6
173Sudan118.2
174Comoros119.3
175Mauritania119.3
176Burundi120.9
177Papua New Guinea121.0
178Solomon Islands121.6
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Comoros's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Comoros's population is predicted to rise to 1.16 million by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 4.78. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
157Swaziland1.1m
158Djibouti1.0m
159Fiji0.9m
160Comoros0.8m
161Guyana0.8m
162Bhutan0.8m
163Solomon Islands0.7m
164Montenegro0.6m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
151Yemen64.05
152Malawi63.88
153Sudan63.73
154Comoros63.57
155Mauritania63.24
156Haiti63.12
157Congo, (Brazzaville)62.89
158Papua New Guinea62.77
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
155Senegal4.65
156Gambia4.73
157Mozambique4.75
158Comoros4.78
159Sierra Leone4.78
160Guinea-Bissau4.92
161Yemen4.98
162Equatorial Guinea5.02
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
31S. Sudan06.2
32Tanzania06.2
33Sao Tome & Principe06.2
34Comoros06.3
35Mozambique06.4
36Madagascar06.4
37Papua New Guinea06.4
38Ghana06.5
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
137Nepal1.7%
138Poland1.7%
139Senegal1.7%
140Comoros1.5%
141Fiji1.5%
142Ghana1.4%
143Niger1.4%
144Yemen1.4%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
100Benin5.8%
101Laos5.7%
102Turkey5.6%
103Comoros5.6%
104Congo, (Brazzaville)5.6%
105Togo5.4%
106Ivory Coast5.4%
107Switzerland5.4%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Comoros's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #mass_media #morals #politics #prejudice #tolerance #women

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)19,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank19,20
1Denmark9.7
2Sweden10.0
3Norway16.1
...
172Afghanistan134.3
173Angola135.0
174Eritrea135.0
175Comoros135.4
176Iran136.5
177Grenada138.8
178Mauritania139.5
179N. Korea140.1
180Zimbabwe140.2
World Avg89.8
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Denmark, Sweden and Norway19. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are Tuvalu, The Solomon Islands and Palestine19.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice and LGBT equality. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe19, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Melanesia and Australasia19.

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)21
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties21
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
167Oman9
168Iran9
169St Kitts & Nevis9
170Comoros9
171Cook Islands9
172Guinea-Bissau8
173USA8
174Somalia8
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag (2019)22
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty22
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
...
174Malaysia14.35
175N. Korea14.52
176UAE14.81
177Comoros14.82
178Fiji14.85
179Samoa14.85
180Myanmar (Burma)14.93
181St Kitts & Nevis15.00
World Avg10.02
q=195.
Press Freedom (2013)23
Pos.Lower is better23
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
47Samoa2384
48Haiti2409
49S. Korea2448
50Comoros2452
51S. Africa2456
52Japan2517
53Argentina2567
54Moldova2601
World Avg3249
q=178.

Gender Equality:

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including Comoros and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting.

See:

Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Lower is better
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
111Somalia1956
112Gabon1956
113Egypt1956
114Comoros1956
115Malaysia1957
116Laos1958
117Hungary1958
118Chad1958
World Avg1930
q=189.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)24
Pos.Higher is better
Score24
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
173Egypt-27
174Iraq-29
175Togo-29
176Comoros-30
177Angola-30
178Uzbekistan-30
179Tonga-30
180Tuvalu-30
World Avg12.6
q=196.

5. Comoros's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #Comoros #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Health (2020)25,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank25,20
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
124Colombia100.6
125Egypt100.6
126Guatemala100.6
127Comoros101.3
128Gambia101.3
129Uruguay102.1
130Guinea102.3
131Ghana102.6
132Montenegro102.9
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives25. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea25.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe25, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia25.

Health:

Comoros is a pretty unhealthy country. Comoros does better than average when it comes to its alcohol consumption rate26 and in its smoking rate27 (but high for Africa). But unfortunately Comoros gets most other things wrong. It does worse than average in terms of its adolescent birth rate28 (still low for Africa), its immunizations take-up29, its average life expectancy12 (still high for Africa) and in its fertility rate15. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
151Yemen64.05
152Malawi63.88
153Sudan63.73
154Comoros63.57
155Mauritania63.24
156Haiti63.12
157Congo, (Brazzaville)62.89
158Papua New Guinea62.77
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)26
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita26
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
24Azerbaijan0.8
25Algeria0.9
26Malaysia0.9
27Comoros0.9
28Iran1.0
29Vanuatu1.0
30Papua New Guinea1.2
31Eritrea1.3
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
155Senegal4.65
156Gambia4.73
157Mozambique4.75
158Comoros4.78
159Sierra Leone4.78
160Guinea-Bissau4.92
161Yemen4.98
162Equatorial Guinea5.02
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)27
Pos.Higher is worse27
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
60Bahamas 301
59Bolivia 299
58Congo, (Brazzaville) 294
57Comoros 289
56El Salvador 280
55Mauritius 261
54Kenya 257
53Togo 250
World Avg 819
q=182.
Overweight Adults (2016)30
Pos.Lower is better
%30
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
24Mozambique26.4
25Guinea26.6
26Equatorial Guinea26.7
27Comoros27.1
28Bhutan27.1
29Japan27.2
30Angola27.5
31Philippines27.6
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)28
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100028
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
133Belize65.9
134Ghana66.8
135Brazil67.0
136Comoros68.3
137Swaziland70.4
138Bolivia70.8
139Nepal71.9
140Cape Verde73.4
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)29
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %29
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
148Laos83.3
149Djibouti82.6
150Uganda82.5
151Comoros81.8
152Marshall Islands81.8
153Mozambique81.4
154Venezuela80.6
155Myanmar (Burma)80.3
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Comoros's Modernity and Learning

#education #religion #the_internet

Modernity and Education:

Length of Schooling (2018)31
Pos.Higher is better
Years31
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
146Lebanon11.3
147Nauru11.3
148Uganda11.2
149Comoros11.2
150Bangladesh11.2
151Rwanda11.2
152Iraq11.1
153Kenya11.1
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Religiosity (2009)32
Pos.Lower is better
%32
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
98Cameroon96
99Malaysia96
100Afghanistan97
101Comoros97
102Egypt97
103Morocco97
104Thailand97
105Mauritania98
World Avg75.1
q=114.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)33
Pos.Higher is better33
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
179Liberia9%
180Congo, (Brazzaville)8%
181Togo7%
182Comoros7%
183Afghanistan7%
184Malawi7%
185Mozambique6%
186Benin6%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
34
Pos.Lower is better34
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
92Portugal80.25
93France80.5
94Peru83.75
95Comoros84
96Vietnam84.5
97Paraguay84.75
98Argentina86.5
99Gabon86.75
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)35
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score35
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
139Iran27.2
140Nigeria26.6
141Ukraine26.6
142Comoros26.4
143Cameroon26.2
144Uganda26.2
145Kyrgyzstan26.2
146Paraguay26.0
World Avg43.05
q=176.

8. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)36
Pos.Higher is better
%36
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
160Somalia-23.2
161Indonesia-23.2
162Kyrgyzstan-23.8
163Comoros-24.5
164Nepal-24.7
165Benin-25.2
166Guatemala-25.4
167Myanmar (Burma)-25.9
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)37
Pos.Higher is better37
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
143Guinea-Bissau44.7
144Vanuatu44.6
145Uganda44.3
146Comoros44.2
147Mali43.7
148Rwanda43.7
149Zimbabwe43.4
150Cambodia43.2
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
87Chile1994 Dec 08
88Iceland1994 Dec 11
89Venezuela1994 Dec 12
90Comoros1994 Dec 28
91S. Korea1995 Jan 01
92Bolivia1995 Jan 01
93Senegal1995 Jan 15
94Cameroon1995 Jan 17
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)38
Pos.Higher is better
%38
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
95Egypt30.1%
96Macedonia30.1%
97Senegal29.6%
98Comoros28.3%
99Ireland27.9%
100Israel27.6%
101Palestine27.5%
102Saudi Arabia27.2%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

9. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)39
Pos.Higher is worse39
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
163Pakistan29.90
162Mozambique29.80
161Liberia29.80
160Comoros28.90
159Burundi28.50
158Gambia28.50
157Afghanistan28.30
156Sudan27.40
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)40
Pos.Lower is better
%40
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
123Bolivia44.0
124Ecuador44.7
125Malawi44.7
126Comoros45.3
127Dominican Rep.45.7
128Nicaragua46.2
129S. Sudan46.3
130Cameroon46.6
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)41
Pos.Lower is better
Severity41
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
62Bhutan.175
63Myanmar (Burma).176
64Kenya.178
65Comoros.181
66Bangladesh.198
67Pakistan.198
68Haiti.200
69Timor-Leste (E. Timor).210
World Avg.154
q=101.

10. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)32
Pos.Lower is better
%32
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
98Cameroon96
99Malaysia96
100Afghanistan97
101Comoros97
102Egypt97
103Morocco97
104Thailand97
105Mauritania98
World Avg75.1
q=114.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below42:

Christian0.5%
Muslim98.3%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Sunni Muslim 98%, Roman Catholic 2%43.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012)44, in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Comoros states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. However, the constitution also states that citizens will draw governing principles and rules from Islamic tenets. A constitutional referendum passed in May 2009 states "Islam is the state religion". Proselytizing for any religion except Islam is illegal, and foreigners caught proselytizing for religions other than Islam are subject to deportation. Additionally, people who leave Islam, whether for another religion or no religion, may be prosecuted for apostasy.

Information from 2010 IRF report (US International Religious Freedom report).
In "Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)45.

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