The Human Truth Foundation

Sao Tome & Principe (Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

Sao Tome & Principe
Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index151st best
CapitalSao Tome
Land Area 960km21
LocationAfrica
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population0.2m2
Life Expectancy66.58yrs (2017)3
GNI$3 070 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesST, STP, 6785
Internet Domain.st6
CurrencyDobra (STD)7
Telephone+2398

1. Overview

Discovered and claimed by Portugal in the late 15th century, the islands' sugar-based economy gave way to coffee and cocoa in the 19th century - all grown with African plantation slave labor, a form of which lingered into the 20th century. While independence was achieved in 1975, democratic reforms were not instituted until the late 1980s. The country held its first free elections in 1991, but frequent internal wrangling between the various political parties precipitated repeated changes in leadership and two failed coup attempts in 1995 and 2003. In 2012, three opposition parties combined in a no confidence vote to bring down the majority government of former Prime Minister Patrice TROVOADA. The new government of Prime Minister Gabriel Arcanjo Ferreira DA COSTA is entirely composed of opposition party members with limited experience in governance. The recent discovery of oil in the Gulf of Guinea promises to attract increased attention to the small island nation.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverThis nation is full of beauty: rainforests blanket rolling hills and backdrop spellbinding beaches, tropical birds circle stark volcanic rock formations and aquatic life patrols immaculate shores. If you adore quietude, take a trip to São Tomé and Príncipe, Africa´s second-smallest country. These two tiny volcanic bumps anchored off the Gabonese coast easily win the hearts of foreigners with their Portuguese-Creole flavour and relaxed vibes, and it won´t take too long before you´re infected with the pervasive leve leve (which loosely means `take it easy´) mood.

The sublime laid-back tempo is enhanced by a wealth of natural attractions: miles of perfect palm-fringed beaches, huge swaths of emerald rainforest, soaring volcanic peaks and mellow fishing villages. The birdlife is excellent, and endemic plants (especially orchids) are plentiful. In season, turtle- and whale-watching opportunities abound.

This two-island nation has its cultural gems as well, with a surprising number of heritage buildings dating back to the colonial era. Tourism is still low-key and is being developed in a controlled, ecologically mindful way. No tacky resorts, just a number of locally run, enticing, nature-oriented lodges.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Sao Tome & Principe National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
139Zambia139
140Bangladesh139
141Ghana139
142Sao Tome & Principe142
143Cambodia143
144Nepal144
145Myanmar (Burma)145
146Kenya146
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
151Ivory Coast$3 163
152Kyrgyzstan$3 097
153Cambodia$3 095
154Sao Tome & Principe$3 070
155Cameroon$2 894
156Kenya$2 881
157Vanuatu$2 805
158Papua New Guinea$2 712
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
148Madagascar110.5
149Ivory Coast110.8
150Tonga110.8
151Sao Tome & Principe110.8
152Gabon110.9
153Benin110.9
154Djibouti111.0
155San Marino111.0
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Sao Tome & Principe's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Sao Tome & Principe's population is predicted to rise to 234 630 by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 3.52. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
173Iceland0.3m
174Vanuatu0.3m
175Barbados0.3m
176Sao Tome & Principe0.2m
177Samoa0.2m
178St Lucia0.2m
179Kiribati0.1m
180Micronesia0.1m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
134Solomon Islands68.11
135Senegal66.93
136Laos66.60
137Sao Tome & Principe66.58
138Guyana66.50
139Pakistan66.37
140Kiribati66.23
141Myanmar (Burma)66.12
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
130Bolivia3.25
131Pakistan3.25
132Micronesia3.33
133Sao Tome & Principe3.52
134Djibouti3.61
135Vanuatu3.77
136Samoa3.77
137Tonga3.81
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
30Kenya06.1
31S. Sudan06.2
32Tanzania06.2
33Sao Tome & Principe06.2
34Comoros06.3
35Mozambique06.4
36Madagascar06.4
37Papua New Guinea06.4
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
149Guinea-Bissau1.3%
150Vanuatu1.2%
151Ethiopia1.2%
152Sao Tome & Principe1.1%
153Congo, DR1.1%
154Bosnia & Herzegovina1.1%
155Guinea1.0%
156Iraq1.0%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
22Kazakhstan23.6%
23St Lucia23.3%
24Macedonia21.9%
25Sao Tome & Principe21.9%
26Moldova21.5%
27Fiji21.3%
28Portugal20.8%
29Lesotho20.5%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Sao Tome & Principe's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #gender #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #misogyny #morals #politics #prejudice #tolerance #women

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)19,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank19,20
1Denmark9.7
2Sweden10.0
3Norway16.1
...
186Vanuatu145.5
187Djibouti146.2
188Tonga147.7
189Sao Tome & Principe147.8
190St Kitts & Nevis150.3
191Nauru153.3
192Micronesia157.0
193Somalia157.9
194Palau159.8
World Avg89.8
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Denmark, Sweden and Norway19. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are Tuvalu, The Solomon Islands and Palestine19.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice and LGBT equality. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe19, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Melanesia and Australasia19.

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)21
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties21
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
175Eritrea8
176Indonesia7
177N. Korea7
178Sao Tome & Principe7
179Grenada7
180UAE7
181St Lucia6
182Brunei6
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag (2019)22
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty22
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
...
188Kiribati15.80
189Solomon Islands15.81
190Nauru16.16
191Sao Tome & Principe16.17
192Tuvalu16.33
193Palau16.34
194Marshall Islands16.34
195Palestine17.21
World Avg10.02
q=195.

Gender Equality:

Sao Tome & Principe is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

Gender Inequality (2015)23
Pos.Lower is better23
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
119Bangladesh0.52
120Senegal0.52
121Uganda0.52
122Sao Tome & Principe0.52
123Iraq0.53
124Zambia0.53
125India0.53
126Zimbabwe0.54
World Avg0.36
q=159.
Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Lower is better
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
163Andorra1973
164Jordan1974
165Solomon Islands1974
166Sao Tome & Principe1975
167Cape Verde1975
168Angola1975
169Mozambique1975
170Portugal1976
World Avg1930
q=189.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)24
Pos.Higher is better
Score24
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
82Paraguay20
83Philippines20
84Central African Rep.20
85Sao Tome & Principe20
86Palau20
87Nauru20
88Marshall Islands20
89Guinea-Bissau20
World Avg12.6
q=196.

5. Sao Tome & Principe's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Health (2020)25,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank25,20
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
99Latvia93.8
100Mexico93.8
101St Vincent & Grenadines93.9
102Sao Tome & Principe94.0
103Cambodia94.0
104Russia94.5
105Peru94.6
106Andorra94.8
107Lithuania94.8
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives25. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea25.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe25, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia25.

Health:

Sao Tome & Principe has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. Sao Tome & Principe does better than average when it comes to its smoking rate26 and in its immunizations take-up27. However Sao Tome & Principe performs less well in most areas. It does worse than average in terms of its alcohol consumption rate28, its fertility rate15 (still good for Africa), its average life expectancy12 (still high for Africa) and in its adolescent birth rate23. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
134Solomon Islands68.11
135Senegal66.93
136Laos66.60
137Sao Tome & Principe66.58
138Guyana66.50
139Pakistan66.37
140Kiribati66.23
141Myanmar (Burma)66.12
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)28
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita28
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
100Philippines6.6
101Cambodia6.7
102Belize6.8
103Sao Tome & Principe6.8
104Dominican Rep.6.9
105Antigua & Barbuda7.0
106Niue7.0
107China7.2
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
130Bolivia3.25
131Pakistan3.25
132Micronesia3.33
133Sao Tome & Principe3.52
134Djibouti3.61
135Vanuatu3.77
136Samoa3.77
137Tonga3.81
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)26
Pos.Higher is worse26
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
26Haiti 114
25Eritrea 114
24India 111
23Sao Tome & Principe 111
22Niger 105
21Liberia 104
20Tanzania 101
19Burundi 98
World Avg 819
q=182.
Overweight Adults (2016)29
Pos.Lower is better
%29
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
57Cameroon33.6
58Mauritania34.4
59Cape Verde34.8
60Sao Tome & Principe35.4
61Seychelles36.8
62Zimbabwe38.2
63Swaziland38.4
64Djibouti38.6
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)23
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100023
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
150Bangladesh83.0
151Benin83.2
152Iraq84.0
153Sao Tome & Principe84.3
154Guyana88.0
155Nicaragua88.8
156Guinea-Bissau89.5
157Zambia90.4
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)27
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %27
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
46Maldives96.2
47Tajikistan96.1
48Rwanda96.1
49Sao Tome & Principe96.0
50Malaysia96.0
51Croatia95.9
52Nicaragua95.9
53Tunisia95.7
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Sao Tome & Principe's Modernity and Learning

#education #modernity #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)30
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank30
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
130El Salvador91.3
131Laos91.7
132Antigua & Barbuda92.8
133Sao Tome & Principe92.8
134Nicaragua93.3
135Cape Verde93.5
136Botswana93.5
137Namibia94.2
138Ivory Coast94.3
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Secondary Education (2018)31
Pos.Higher is better31
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
123El Salvador42.8%
124Namibia41.1%
125Syria41.0%
126Sao Tome & Principe40.8%
127Togo40.5%
128Laos40.4%
129Algeria38.9%
130Guatemala37.8%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)32
Pos.Higher is better
Years32
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
110Botswana12.7
111Vietnam12.7
112Paraguay12.7
113Sao Tome & Principe12.7
114Namibia12.6
115Benin12.6
116Togo12.6
117Samoa12.5
World Avg13.2
q=193.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)33
Pos.Higher is better33
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
137Swaziland28%
138Guatemala27%
139Sudan26%
140Sao Tome & Principe26%
141Yemen25%
142Senegal23%
143Angola23%
144Ivory Coast22%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)34
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio34
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
137Nicaragua0.0
138Solomon Islands0.0
139Congo, (Brazzaville)0.0
140Sao Tome & Principe0.0
141Kiribati0.0
142Ivory Coast0.0
143Mauritania0.0
144Iraq0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#corruption #politics

Corruption (2012-2016)35
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score35
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
68Italy43.8
69S. Africa43.6
70Montenegro43.2
71Sao Tome & Principe42.8
72Macedonia42.2
73Solomon Islands42.0
74Greece41.8
75Senegal41.8
World Avg43.05
q=176.

8. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)36
Pos.Higher is better
%36
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
115Australia-02.9
116Kazakhstan-03.3
117S. Korea-03.9
118Sao Tome & Principe-04.3
119Bangladesh-04.4
120Ecuador-04.4
121Burundi-04.5
122Antigua & Barbuda-04.9
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)37
Pos.Higher is better37
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
101Kazakhstan54.6
102Samoa54.5
103Suriname54.2
104Sao Tome & Principe54.0
105Paraguay53.9
106El Salvador53.9
107Fiji53.1
108Turkey53.0
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
173Angola1998 Jun 30
174Tonga1998 Aug 17
175Palau1999 Apr 06
176Sao Tome & Principe1999 Dec 28
177UAE2000 May 10
178Azerbaijan2000 Nov 01
179Liberia2001 Feb 06
180Malta2001 Mar 29
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

9. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)38
Pos.Higher is worse38
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
123Venezuela17.10
122Bhutan17.10
121Dominican Rep.17.00
120Sao Tome & Principe17.00
119Tajikistan16.70
118Micronesia16.10
117Iraq15.90
116Philippines15.30
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)39
Pos.Lower is better
%39
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
21Iraq29.5
22Hungary30.4
23Austria30.5
24Sao Tome & Principe30.8
25Poland30.8
26Croatia31.1
27S. Korea31.6
28Germany31.7
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)40
Pos.Lower is better
Severity40
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
46Swaziland.081
47Morocco.085
48Honduras.090
49Sao Tome & Principe.092
50Bolivia.094
51Laos.108
52Congo, (Brazzaville).112
53India.123
World Avg.154
q=101.

10. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below41:

Christian82.2%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion2.9%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated12.6%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Catholic 70.3%, Evangelical 3.4%, New Apostolic 2%, Adventist 1.8%, other 3.1%, none 19.4% (2001 census)42.

Links: