The Human Truth Foundation

Sao Tome & Principe (Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe)

http://www.humantruth.info/sao_tome_and_principe.html

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

Sao Tome & Principe
Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index141st best
CapitalSao Tome
Land Area 960km21
LocationAfrica
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population0.2m2
Life Expectancy67.59yrs (2017)3
GNI$4 021 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesST, STP, 6785
Internet Domain.st6
CurrencyDobra (STD)7
Telephone+2398

1. Overview

Discovered and claimed by Portugal in the late 15th century, the islands' sugar-based economy gave way to coffee and cocoa in the 19th century - all grown with African plantation slave labor, a form of which lingered into the 20th century. While independence was achieved in 1975, democratic reforms were not instituted until the late 1980s. The country held its first free elections in 1991, but frequent internal wrangling between the various political parties precipitated repeated changes in leadership and two failed coup attempts in 1995 and 2003. In 2012, three opposition parties combined in a no confidence vote to bring down the majority government of former Prime Minister Patrice TROVOADA. The new government of Prime Minister Gabriel Arcanjo Ferreira DA COSTA is entirely composed of opposition party members with limited experience in governance. The recent discovery of oil in the Gulf of Guinea promises to attract increased attention to the small island nation.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverThis nation is full of beauty: rainforests blanket rolling hills and backdrop spellbinding beaches, tropical birds circle stark volcanic rock formations and aquatic life patrols immaculate shores. If you adore quietude, take a trip to São Tomé and Príncipe, Africa´s second-smallest country. These two tiny volcanic bumps anchored off the Gabonese coast easily win the hearts of foreigners with their Portuguese-Creole flavour and relaxed vibes, and it won´t take too long before you´re infected with the pervasive leve leve (which loosely means `take it easy´) mood.

The sublime laid-back tempo is enhanced by a wealth of natural attractions: miles of perfect palm-fringed beaches, huge swaths of emerald rainforest, soaring volcanic peaks and mellow fishing villages. The birdlife is excellent, and endemic plants (especially orchids) are plentiful. In season, turtle- and whale-watching opportunities abound.

This two-island nation has its cultural gems as well, with a surprising number of heritage buildings dating back to the colonial era. Tourism is still low-key and is being developed in a controlled, ecologically mindful way. No tacky resorts, just a number of locally run, enticing, nature-oriented lodges.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Sao Tome & Principe National and Social Development

#economics #human_development #wealth

UN HDI (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
Value11
1Switzerland0.962
2Norway0.961
3Iceland0.959
4Hong Kong0.952
5Australia0.951
...
135Guatemala0.627
136Kiribati0.624
137Honduras0.621
138Sao Tome & Principe0.618
139Namibia0.615
140Vanuatu0.607
Africa Avg0.56
World Avg0.72
q=191.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $11
1Liechtenstein$146 830
2Singapore$90 919
3Qatar$87 134
4Luxembourg$84 649
5Ireland$76 169
...
149Syria$4 192
150Cambodia$4 079
151Kiribati$4 063
152Sao Tome & Principe$4 021
153Papua New Guinea$4 009
154Nepal$3 877
Africa Avg$5 339
World Avg$20 136
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12,13
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank12,13
1Taiwan29.4
2Norway30.2
3Denmark31.1
4Sweden32.8
5Finland33.9
...
138Vanuatu104.6
139Samoa104.6
140Tanzania104.8
141Sao Tome & Principe105.3
142Lesotho105.4
143Gambia106.3
Africa Avg108.4
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Sao Tome & Principe's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Sao Tome & Principe's population is predicted to rise to 234 630 by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 3.52. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
4Indonesia267.7m
5Pakistan212.2m
...
173Iceland0.3m
174Vanuatu0.3m
175Barbados0.3m
176Sao Tome & Principe0.2m
177Samoa0.2m
178St Lucia0.2m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
Years11
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
4Australia84.5
5Switzerland84.0
...
131Nepal68.4
132Laos68.1
133Timor-Leste (E. Timor)67.7
134Sao Tome & Principe67.6
135Indonesia67.6
136Kiribati67.4
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Fertility Rate (2013)14
Pos.2.0 is best14
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
4France1.99
5Turkey2.04
...
130Bolivia3.25
131Pakistan3.25
132Micronesia3.33
133Sao Tome & Principe3.52
134Djibouti3.61
135Vanuatu3.77
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)15
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10015
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
4Burkina Faso04.7
5Sierra Leone04.8
...
30Kenya06.1
31S. Sudan06.2
32Tanzania06.2
33Sao Tome & Principe06.2
34Comoros06.3
35Mozambique06.4
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)16
Pos.
%16
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
4Liechtenstein65.1%
5Monaco54.9%
...
149Guinea-Bissau1.3%
150Vanuatu1.2%
151Ethiopia1.2%
152Sao Tome & Principe1.1%
153Congo, DR1.1%
154Bosnia & Herzegovina1.1%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)17
Pos.
%17
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
4Grenada65.5%
5St Kitts & Nevis61.1%
...
22Kazakhstan23.6%
23St Lucia23.3%
24Macedonia21.9%
25Sao Tome & Principe21.9%
26Moldova21.5%
27Fiji21.3%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Sao Tome & Principe's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freethought #gender #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #misogyny #morals #politics #prejudice #religious_tolerance #tolerance #women

Compared to Africa (2020)18,19
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank18,19
1S. Africa56.0
2Seychelles67.0
3Namibia69.7
4Mauritius72.6
5Senegal74.0
...
38Central African Rep.121.2
39Ethiopia121.5
40Malawi123.4
41Sao Tome & Principe123.8
42Burundi126.3
43Congo, DR126.9
44Equatorial Guinea128.6
Africa Avg109.3
q=54.
Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)18,19
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank18,19
1Sweden9.9
2Denmark14.7
3Norway15.5
4Netherlands16.5
5New Zealand19.0
...
161Nauru123.4
162St Kitts & Nevis123.4
163Malawi123.4
164Sao Tome & Principe123.8
165Burundi126.3
166Congo, DR126.9
167Yemen128.5
World Avg89.0
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Sweden, Denmark and Norway18. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are The Solomon Islands, Palestine and Somalia18.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice, LGBT equality and freethought. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe18, whereas the worst are Melanesia, Micronesia and Australasia18.

For more, see:

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)20
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties20
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
4Ecuador23
5Germany23
...
175Eritrea8
176Indonesia7
177N. Korea7
178Sao Tome & Principe7
179Grenada7
180UAE7
Africa Avg14.8
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag (2019)21
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty21
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
4Colombia3.68
5Costa Rica4.05
...
188Kiribati15.80
189Solomon Islands15.81
190Nauru16.16
191Sao Tome & Principe16.17
192Tuvalu16.33
193Palau16.34
Africa Avg9.88
World Avg10.02
q=195.

Gender Equality:

Sao Tome & Principe is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

Gender Inequality (2015)22
Pos.Lower is better22
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
4Sweden0.05
5Iceland0.05
...
119Bangladesh0.52
120Senegal0.52
121Uganda0.52
122Sao Tome & Principe0.52
123Iraq0.53
124Zambia0.53
Africa Avg0.54
World Avg0.36
q=159.
Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Lower is better
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
4Norway1913
5Denmark1915
...
163Andorra1973
164Jordan1974
165Solomon Islands1974
166Sao Tome & Principe1975
167Cape Verde1975
168Angola1975
Africa Avg1961
World Avg1930
q=189.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)23
Pos.Higher is better
Score23
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
4Brazil81
5Spain79
...
82Paraguay20
83Philippines20
84Central African Rep.20
85Sao Tome & Principe20
86Palau20
87Nauru20
Africa Avg-10.4
World Avg12.6
q=196.
Freedom of Thought (2021)24
Pos.Lower is better24
1Belgium1.0
2Netherlands1.0
3Taiwan1.0
4Sao Tome & Principe1.3
5Ecuador1.3
6France1.3
7Bolivia1.3
8Nauru1.3
9Iceland1.5
10Congo, (Brazzaville)1.5
11Sweden1.5
12Norway1.5
Africa Avg3.1
World Avg3.0
q=196.

5. Sao Tome & Principe's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Compared to Africa (2020)25,26
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank25,26
1Mauritius64.5
2Morocco73.1
3Eritrea77.0
4Tunisia80.1
5Algeria87.3
6Burundi87.4
7Libya90.5
8Sudan91.2
9Rwanda91.9
10Ethiopia93.3
11Sao Tome & Principe93.6
12Djibouti95.7
13Cape Verde97.3
Africa Avg108.2
q=54.
Health (2020)25,26
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank25,26
1Monaco13.0
2Hong Kong18.3
3Maldives41.0
4Singapore42.6
5Japan51.0
...
96Latvia93.1
97Cambodia93.3
98Ethiopia93.3
99Sao Tome & Principe93.6
100Costa Rica93.8
101San Marino94.5
102Lebanon95.4
World Avg93.5
q=196.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Monaco, Hong Kong and The Maldives25. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are The Marshall Islands, S. Sudan and Palau25.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and The Mediterranean25, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Australasia and Africa25.

For more, see:

Health:

Sao Tome & Principe has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. Sao Tome & Principe does better than average for its smoking rate27 and in its immunizations take-up28. But that's it. Sao Tome & Principe has problems. It does worse than average in its alcohol consumption rate29, its fertility rate14 (still low for Africa), its average life expectancy11 (still high for Africa) and in its adolescent birth rate22. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
Years11
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
4Australia84.5
5Switzerland84.0
...
131Nepal68.4
132Laos68.1
133Timor-Leste (E. Timor)67.7
134Sao Tome & Principe67.6
135Indonesia67.6
136Kiribati67.4
Africa Avg62.79
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)29
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita29
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
4Mauritania0.0
5Somalia0.0
...
100Philippines6.6
101Cambodia6.7
102Belize6.8
103Sao Tome & Principe6.8
104Dominican Rep.6.9
105Antigua & Barbuda7.0
Africa Avg4.8
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)14
Pos.2.0 is best14
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
4France1.99
5Turkey2.04
...
130Bolivia3.25
131Pakistan3.25
132Micronesia3.33
133Sao Tome & Principe3.52
134Djibouti3.61
135Vanuatu3.77
Africa Avg4.31
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)27
Pos.Higher is worse27
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
179Macedonia2 732
178Russia2 690
...
26Haiti 114
25Eritrea 114
24India 111
23Sao Tome & Principe 111
22Niger 105
21Liberia 104
Africa Avg 340
World Avg 819
q=182.
Overweight Adults (2016)30
Pos.Lower is better
%30
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
4Ethiopia20.9
5Nepal21.0
...
57Cameroon33.6
58Mauritania34.4
59Cape Verde34.8
60Sao Tome & Principe35.4
61Seychelles36.8
62Zimbabwe38.2
Africa Avg33.3
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)22
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100022
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
4Hong Kong3.2
5Slovenia3.8
...
150Bangladesh83.0
151Benin83.2
152Iraq84.0
153Sao Tome & Principe84.3
154Guyana88.0
155Nicaragua88.8
Africa Avg87.5
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)28
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %28
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
4Niue98.8
5Mongolia98.7
...
46Maldives96.2
47Tajikistan96.1
48Rwanda96.1
49Sao Tome & Principe96.0
50Malaysia96.0
51Croatia95.9
Africa Avg81.7
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Sao Tome & Principe's Modernity and Learning

#education #modernity #technology #the_internet

Compared to Africa (2020)31
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank31
1S. Africa52.1
2Tunisia74.2
3Egypt75.3
4Kenya79.9
5Seychelles81.3
...
25Gabon118.3
26Namibia119.0
27Malawi119.5
28Sao Tome & Principe120.3
29Mali121.9
30Burkina Faso124.0
31Togo124.4
Africa Avg120.5
q=53.
Modernity and Learning (2020)31
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank31
1Finland8.7
2Taiwan10.0
3Estonia15.7
4Denmark15.9
5Switzerland16.4
...
163Iraq119.0
164Namibia119.0
165Malawi119.5
166Sao Tome & Principe120.3
167Mali121.9
168Guyana122.6
169Burkina Faso124.0
World Avg82.9
q=205.

Modernity and Education:

Secondary Education (2018)32
Pos.Higher is better32
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
4Canada100.0%
5Finland100.0%
...
123El Salvador42.8%
124Namibia41.1%
125Syria41.0%
126Sao Tome & Principe40.8%
127Togo40.5%
128Laos40.4%
Africa Avg34.4%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2021)33
Pos.Higher is better
Years33
1Australia21.1
2New Zealand20.3
3Greece20.0
4Belgium19.6
5Sweden19.4
...
94Macedonia13.6
95Azerbaijan13.5
96Jamaica13.4
97Sao Tome & Principe13.4
98Palestine13.4
99Malaysia13.3
Africa Avg11.0
World Avg13.5
q=193.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)34
Pos.Higher is better34
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
4Bermuda97%
5Andorra97%
...
137Swaziland28%
138Guatemala27%
139Sudan26%
140Sao Tome & Principe26%
141Yemen25%
142Senegal23%
Africa Avg18.4%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)35
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio35
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
4USA35.0
5Greece33.5
...
137Nicaragua0.0
138Solomon Islands0.0
139Congo, (Brazzaville)0.0
140Sao Tome & Principe0.0
141Kiribati0.0
142Ivory Coast0.0
Africa Avg0.04
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#corruption #politics

Corruption (2012-2016)36
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score36
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
4Sweden88.2
5Norway86.0
...
68Italy43.8
69S. Africa43.6
70Montenegro43.2
71Sao Tome & Principe42.8
72Macedonia42.2
73Solomon Islands42.0
Africa Avg32.03
World Avg43.05
q=176.

8. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #deforestation #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)37
Pos.Higher is better
%37
1Iceland+205.6
2Bahrain+144.4
3Uruguay+131.3
4Kuwait+81.2
5Dominican Rep.+79.5
...
115Australia-02.9
116Kazakhstan-03.3
117S. Korea-03.9
118Sao Tome & Principe-04.3
119Bangladesh-04.4
120Ecuador-04.4
Africa Avg-08.0
World Avg+02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)38
Pos.Higher is better38
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
4Malta80.9
5Sweden80.5
...
101Kazakhstan54.6
102Samoa54.5
103Suriname54.2
104Sao Tome & Principe54.0
105Paraguay53.9
106El Salvador53.9
Africa Avg46.4
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
4Vanuatu1993 Dec 29
5Papua New Guinea1993 Dec 29
...
173Angola1998 Jun 30
174Tonga1998 Aug 17
175Palau1999 Apr 06
176Sao Tome & Principe1999 Dec 28
177UAE2000 May 10
178Azerbaijan2000 Nov 01
Africa Avg1899 Dec 30
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

9. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)39
Pos.Higher is worse39
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
181Somalia38.90
180Nigeria37.10
...
123Venezuela17.10
122Bhutan17.10
121Dominican Rep.17.00
120Sao Tome & Principe17.00
119Tajikistan16.70
118Micronesia16.10
Africa Avg26.10
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)40
Pos.Lower is better
%40
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
4Czechia25.9
5Moldova25.9
...
21Iraq29.5
22Hungary30.4
23Austria30.5
24Sao Tome & Principe30.8
25Poland30.8
26Croatia31.1
Africa Avg42.6
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)41
Pos.Lower is better
Severity41
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
4Turkmenistan.001
5Jordan.002
...
46Swaziland.081
47Morocco.085
48Honduras.090
49Sao Tome & Principe.092
50Bolivia.094
51Laos.108
Africa Avg.264
World Avg.154
q=101.

10. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below42:

Christian82.2%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion2.9%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated12.6%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Catholic 70.3%, Evangelical 3.4%, New Apostolic 2%, Adventist 1.8%, other 3.1%, none 19.4% (2001 census)43.

Links: