The Human Truth Foundation

Sao Tome & Principe (Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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Sao Tome & Principe
Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index138th best
CapitalSao Tome
Land Area 960 km21
LocationAfrica
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population171 878 (2011)2
Life Expectancy66.58yrs (2017)3
GNI$3 070 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesST, STP, 6785
Internet Domain.st6
CurrencyDobra (STD)7
Telephone+2398

1. Overview

Discovered and claimed by Portugal in the late 15th century, the islands' sugar-based economy gave way to coffee and cocoa in the 19th century - all grown with African plantation slave labor, a form of which lingered into the 20th century. While independence was achieved in 1975, democratic reforms were not instituted until the late 1980s. The country held its first free elections in 1991, but frequent internal wrangling between the various political parties precipitated repeated changes in leadership and two failed coup attempts in 1995 and 2003. In 2012, three opposition parties combined in a no confidence vote to bring down the majority government of former Prime Minister Patrice TROVOADA. The new government of Prime Minister Gabriel Arcanjo Ferreira DA COSTA is entirely composed of opposition party members with limited experience in governance. The recent discovery of oil in the Gulf of Guinea promises to attract increased attention to the small island nation.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

2. Sao Tome & Principe National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)10
CountryRank
Lower is better
10
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
139Zambia139
140Bangladesh139
141Ghana139
142Sao Tome & Principe142
143Cambodia143
144Nepal144
145Myanmar (Burma)145
146Kenya146
147Pakistan147
148Swaziland148
149Syria149
150Angola150
151Tanzania151
152Nigeria152
153Cameroon153
154Zimbabwe154
q=188.
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Iceland88.9
2Denmark84.5
3Sweden84.2
...
135Indonesia51.8
136Algeria51.6
137China51.1
138Sao Tome & Principe51.0
139Kenya50.9
140Haiti50.6
141Egypt50.5
142Swaziland50.2
143Papua New Guinea50.1
144Palestine50.0
145Lesotho49.9
146Cambodia49.8
147Comoros49.5
148Nepal49.4
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (2015)11
CountryYears
Higher is better
11
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
134Solomon Islands68.11
135Senegal66.93
136Laos66.60
137Sao Tome & Principe66.58
138Guyana66.50
139Pakistan66.37
140Kiribati66.23
141Myanmar (Burma)66.12
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)12
CountryValue
Lower is better
12
1Korea, N.2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
130Bolivia3.25
131Pakistan3.25
132Micronesia3.33
133Sao Tome & Principe3.52
134Djibouti3.61
135Vanuatu3.77
136Samoa3.77
137Tonga3.81
q=180.
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
175Vanuatu251 67421
176Samoa184 77265
177St Lucia177 794291
178Sao Tome & Principe171 878179
179Micronesia112 09835
180St Vincent & Grenadines109 367280
181Grenada105 303310
Data Source
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
CountryPer 100
Lower is better
13
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
30Kenya06.1
31S. Sudan06.2
32Tanzania06.2
33Sao Tome & Principe06.2
34Comoros06.3
35Mozambique06.4
36Madagascar06.4
37Papua New Guinea06.4
q=185.

Sao Tome & Principe's population is predicted to rise to 234 630 by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 3.52. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
163Bahrain1973
164Jordan1974
165Solomon Islands1974
166Sao Tome & Principe1975
167Cape Verde1975
168Angola1975
169Mozambique1975
170Portugal1976
Gender Inequality (2015)14
CountryValue
Lower is better14
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
119Bangladesh0.52
120Senegal0.52
121Uganda0.52
122Sao Tome & Principe0.52
123Iraq0.53
124Zambia0.53
125India0.53
126Zimbabwe0.54
q=159.

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Sao Tome & Principe is notable for its equality between the sexes, even though women were prevented equal voting and standing rights until quite late.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below15:

Christian82.2%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion2.9%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated12.6%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Catholic 70.3%, Evangelical 3.4%, New Apostolic 2%, Adventist 1.8%, other 3.1%, none 19.4% (2001 census)16.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users (2016)17
CountryValue
Higher is better
17
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
137Swaziland28%
138Guatemala27%
139Sudan26%
140Sao Tome & Principe26%
141Yemen25%
142Senegal23%
143Angola23%
144Ivory Coast22%
q=201.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. Public Health Issues

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)14
CountryPer 1000
Lower is better
14
1Korea, N.0.5
2Korea, S.1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
150Bangladesh83.0
151Benin83.2
152Iraq84.0
153Sao Tome & Principe84.3
154Guyana88.0
155Nicaragua88.8
156Guinea-Bissau89.5
157Zambia90.4
q=185.
Alcohol Consumption (2010)18
CountryPer Capita
Lower is better
18
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
113Albania7
114Iceland7.1
115Thailand7.1
116Sao Tome & Principe7.1
117Dominica7.1
118Bosnia & Herzegovina7.1
119Japan7.2
120Mexico7.2
q=191.
Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)19
CountryAvg %
Higher is better
19
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
46Maldives96.2
47Tajikistan96.1
48Rwanda96.1
49Sao Tome & Principe96.0
50Malaysia96.0
51Croatia95.9
52Nicaragua95.9
53Tunisia95.7
q=194.

8. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)20
CountryTreaties
Higher is better
20
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
175Eritrea8
176Indonesia7
177Korea, N.7
178Sao Tome & Principe7
179Grenada7
180UAE7
181St Lucia6
182Brunei6
q=194.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)11
CountryPPP $
Higher is better11
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
151Ivory Coast$3 163
152Kyrgyzstan$3 097
153Cambodia$3 095
154Sao Tome & Principe$3 070
155Cameroon$2 894
156Kenya$2 881
157Vanuatu$2 805
158Papua New Guinea$2 712
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2010)21
CountryValue
Higher is better
21
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
88Jamaica58.0
89Lebanon57.9
90Kazakhstan57.3
91Sao Tome & Principe57.3
92Nicaragua57.1
93Korea, S.57.0
94Gabon56.4
95Cyprus56.3
q=162.
LGBT Equality (2013)22
CountryScore
Higher is better
22
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
105India10
106China10
107Vatican City10
108Sao Tome & Principe10
109Anguilla10
110Equatorial Guinea10
111Vanuatu10
112Hong Kong10
q=211.

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/sao_tome_and_principe.html
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 May 24.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Analysis conducted by the UN Development Report Office. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tp.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  12. UN (2013) Table 14. Births per woman (2012), expressed as deviance (positive or negative) from the value of 2.0.^
  13. UN (2017) Dashboard 2. Higher is worse. Old-age is counted as 65+, and ratio is of these to people ages 15-64. Projections are for 2030 based on medium-fertility variant of growth.^
  14. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  15. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  16. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  17. internetlivestats.com/internet-users-by-country accessed 2017 Mar 10.^
  18. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  19. World Health Organisation data for 2011-2015 from 7 data series accessed 2017 May 21. Details in "Immunizations: International Statistics on Vaccines and the Autism Scare: 3. World Health Organisation Statistics" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).^
  20. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  21. UN (2011) Table 6. Higher is better.^
  22. Higher is better. Sources:^

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