The Human Truth Foundation

Niger (Republic of Niger)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Niger

Niger
Republic of Niger
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index182nd best
CapitalNiamey
Land Area11 266 700 km2
LocationAfrica
Population2 16.64 million
Life Expectancy355.081yrs (2012)
GNI3$ 701
ISO3166-1 Codes4NE, NER, 562
Internet Domain5.ne
Currency6Franc (XOF)
Telephone7+227

1. Overview

Niger became independent from France in 1960 and experienced single-party and military rule until 1991, when Gen. Ali SAIBOU was forced by public pressure to allow multiparty elections, which resulted in a democratic government in 1993. Political infighting brought the government to a standstill and in 1996 led to a coup by Col. Ibrahim BARE. In 1999, BARE was killed in a counter coup by military officers who restored democratic rule and held elections that brought Mamadou TANDJA to power in December of that year. TANDJA was reelected in 2004 and in 2009 spearheaded a constitutional amendment that would allow him to extend his term as president. In February 2010, a military coup deposed TANDJA, immediately suspended the constitution, and dissolved the Cabinet. ISSOUFOU Mahamadou emerged victorious from a crowded field in the election following the coup and was inaugurated in April 2011. Niger is one of the poorest countries in the world with minimal government services and insufficient funds to develop its resource base. The largely agrarian and subsistence-based economy is frequently disrupted by extended droughts common to the Sahel region of Africa. The Nigerien Movement for Justice, a predominately Tuareg ethnic group, emerged in February 2007, and attacked several military targets in Niger's northern region throughout 2007 and 2008. Successful government offensives in 2009 limited the rebels' operational capabilities. Niger is facing increased security concerns on its borders from various external threats including insecurity in Libya and spillover from the rebellion in Mali.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Niger National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
175Afghanistan37.426.7
176Guinea-Bissau36.435.1
177Sierra Leone35.926.9
178Guinea35.534.2
179Burundi35.525.2
180Central African Rep.35.230.9
181Eritrea35.134.5
182Mali34.425.2
183Burkina Faso34.332.9
184Chad34.030.6
185Mozambique32.725.4
186Niger30.422.3
187Congo, DR30.426.9
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
178Burundi38.2
179Pakistan38.1
180Guinea-Bissau37.5
181Mali35.9
182Niger35.4
183Central African Rep.35.0
184Chad34.2
185Iraq33.7
186Mauritania33.6
187Yemen31.7
188Congo, DR30.0
189Sudan29.7
190Somalia29.7
191Afghanistan29.2
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
168Rwanda55.7
169Burkina Faso55.9
170Ivory Coast56
171Niger55.1
172Malawi54.8
173Uganda54.5
174Guinea54.5
175Botswana53
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
173Uganda6.0
174Malawi6.0
175Timor-Leste (E. Timor)6.0
176Afghanistan6.0
177Mali6.2
178Zambia6.3
179Somalia6.3
180Niger7.0
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
59Burkina Faso 17.48m64
60Chile 17.42m23
61Netherlands 16.71m496
62Niger 16.64m13
63Kazakhstan 16.38m6
64Mali 16.32m13
65Malawi 15.88m168
Data Source

Niger's population is predicted to rise to 30.84 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 6.96.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
70Malta1947
71Argentina1947
72Seychelles1948
73Niger1948
74Belgium1948
75Korea, S.1948
76Israel1948
77Suriname1948
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
141Mali0.65
142Central African Rep.0.65
143Liberia0.66
144Congo, DR0.68
145Saudi Arabia0.68
146Niger0.71
147Afghanistan0.71
148Yemen0.75
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Niger culture has a severe problem with gender equality, with male rights dominating those of women. Things need to change.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
110Nigeria0%
111Liberia0%
112Kenya0%
113Niger0%
114Jordan0%
115Malawi0%
116Malaysia0%
117Mali0%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
107Djibouti98%
108Burundi98%
109Indonesia99%
110Malawi99%
111Sri Lanka99%
112Yemen99%
113Bangladesh99.5%
114Niger99.5%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian0.8%
Muslim98.4%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.7%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Muslim 80%, other (includes indigenous beliefs and Christian) 20%10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
176Burkina Faso1.40
177Papua New Guinea1.28
178Cambodia1.26
179Guinea1.00
180Niger0.83
181Ethiopia0.75
182Congo, DR0.72
183Timor-Leste (E. Timor)0.21
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
131Chad113.75
132Madagascar114
133Benin114.25
134Niger115
135Angola115
136Mali115.25
137Czech Rep.116.5
138Venezuela117.5
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
128Ivory Coast5.7
129Ethiopia5.7
130Mauritania5.6
131Niger5.5
132Togo5.5
133Mozambique5.4
134Burundi5.4
135Central African Rep.5.3
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
112Jamaica2.22
113Benin2.23
114Armenia2.24
115Niger2.24
116Turkmenistan2.24
117Bahrain2.25
118Rwanda2.25
119Kenya2.25
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
112Benin70
113Namibia70
114Togo70
115Niger69
116Nigeria69
117Burundi69
118Ivory Coast69
119Malawi69
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
69Malta18
70El Salvador18
71Algeria18
72Niger18
73Kyrgyzstan18
74Moldova18
75Timor-Leste (E. Timor)17
76Russia17
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
39Botswana99.2
40Papua New Guinea99.2
41Romania99.2
42Niger99.2
43Trinidad & Tobago99.2
44Malta99.2
45Burkina Faso99.2
46Taiwan99.2
Data Source
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
179Madagascar$ 828
180Malawi$ 774
181Central African Rep.$ 722
182Niger$ 701
183Burundi$ 544
184Eritrea$ 531
185Liberia$ 480
186Zimbabwe$ 424
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
127Cambodia4.2
128Syria4.1
129Sierra Leone4.1
130Niger4.1
131Egypt4.1
132Tanzania4.1
133Congo, DR4
134Guinea4
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
154Haiti39.5
155Mali39.4
156Turkmenistan38.4
157Niger37.6
158Togo36.4
159Angola36.3
160Mauritania33.7
161Central African Rep.33.3
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
136Mali-10
137Lesotho-10
138Liberia-10
139Niger-10
140Tajikistan-10
141Guinea-Bissau-15
142Egypt-20
143Burundi-20
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/niger.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ng.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^

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