The Human Truth Foundation

Nauru (Republic of Nauru)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#nauru

Nauru
Republic of Nauru
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index181st best
CapitalYaren
Land Area
LocationAustralasia, Micronesia
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population10 6701
Life Expectancy
GNI$12 058 (2017)2
ISO3166-1 CodesNR, NRU, 5203
Internet Domain.nr4
CurrencyDollar (AUD)5
Telephone+6746

1. Overview

#australia

The exact origins of the Nauruans are unclear since their language does not resemble any other in the Pacific. Germany annexed the island in 1888. A German-British consortium began mining the island's phosphate deposits early in the 20th century. Australian forces occupied Nauru in World War I; it subsequently became a League of Nations mandate. After the Second World War - and a brutal occupation by Japan - Nauru became a UN trust territory. It achieved independence in 1968 and joined the UN in 1999 as the world's smallest independent republic.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)7

Book CoverNauru´s beauty can be glimpsed along its coast: seabirds swoop over green cliffs, aqua reigns along wild-ocean vistas and sunsets are nothing short of spectacular. While the coast is beautiful - with opportunities to swim and snorkel, or watch a fiery sunset over coconut trees and salt brush - head to the island´s interior and you´ll find deforestation from phosphate mining and an eerie landscape of limestone pinnacles. The exposed rock reflects the sun´s rays and chases away the clouds so there´s lots of sunshine but frequent periods of drought.

Meanwhile, the wealth accrued from mining, followed by the poverty once the stores were depleted, have brought the country to near collapse. During the phosphate boom in the 1980s, Nauru was the second-richest country in the world in terms of per capita income; 30 years later the estimated average income is US$2500 per year. Freight deliveries are rare and employment scarcer. For the past decade Australia´s controversial off-shore refugee processsing centre has been a major contributor to development on Nauru.

Perhaps tourism, once thought unneeded, could help Nauru get back on its feet. Transport and hospitality services are thin on the ground but smiles are plentiful.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)8

2. Nauru National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)9
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $9
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
87Macedonia$12 405
88Serbia$12 202
89S. Africa$12 087
90Nauru$12 058
91Iraq$11 608
92Grenada$11 502
93Peru$11 295
94Sri Lanka$10 789
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
10,11
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank10,11
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
178Solomon Islands121.6
179Congo, (Brazzaville)122.2
180Yemen122.6
181Nauru123.2
182Guinea-Bissau123.7
183Iraq124.2
184Eritrea124.4
185Congo, DR124.8
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Nauru's Demographics

#immigration #migration #population

Population:

Nauru's population is predicted to rise to 11 024 by 2030.

Population (2018)1
Pos.
Population1
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
188Marshall Islands58 413
189St Kitts & Nevis52 441
190Monaco38 682
191Liechtenstein37 910
192San Marino33 785
193Palau17 907
194Tuvalu11 508
195Nauru10 670
World Avg39.0m
q=195.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)12
Pos.
%12
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
11Hong Kong39.1%
12Saudi Arabia37.0%
13Jordan33.3%
14Nauru32.7%
15Lebanon31.9%
16Switzerland29.6%
17Australia28.8%
18Antigua & Barbuda28.1%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.

4. Nauru's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #morals #politics #prejudice #tolerance #women

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Denmark9.7
2Sweden10.0
3Norway16.1
...
188Tonga147.7
189Sao Tome & Principe147.8
190St Kitts & Nevis150.3
191Nauru153.3
192Micronesia157.0
193Somalia157.9
194Palau159.8
195Marshall Islands160.0
196Kiribati164.8
World Avg89.8
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Denmark, Sweden and Norway13. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are Tuvalu, The Solomon Islands and Palestine13.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice and LGBT equality. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe13, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Melanesia and Australasia13.

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)15
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties15
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
185Tuvalu5
186Micronesia5
187Singapore5
188Nauru5
189Marshall Islands4
190Myanmar (Burma)4
191Palau4
192Malaysia4
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag (2019)16
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty16
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
...
187Somalia15.71
188Kiribati15.80
189Solomon Islands15.81
190Nauru16.16
191Sao Tome & Principe16.17
192Tuvalu16.33
193Palau16.34
194Marshall Islands16.34
World Avg10.02
q=195.

Gender Equality:

See:

Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Lower is better
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
152Kiribati1967
153Ecuador1967
154Swaziland1968
155Nauru1968
156Congo, (Brazzaville)1970
157Congo, DR1970
158Yemen1970
159Switzerland1971
World Avg1930
q=189.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)17
Pos.Higher is better
Score17
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
84Central African Rep.20
85Sao Tome & Principe20
86Palau20
87Nauru20
88Marshall Islands20
89Guinea-Bissau20
90Micronesia20
91Armenia20
World Avg12.6
q=196.

5. Nauru's Health

#alcohol #health #Nauru #obesity #vaccines

Health:

Nauru does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Nauru does better than average in its alcohol consumption rate18 (but high for Australasia) and in its immunizations take-up19. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the last 40 years.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)18
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita18
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
89Liberia5.8
90Haiti5.8
91Colombia5.8
92Nauru6.0
93Cuba6.1
94Kyrgyzstan6.2
95Guyana6.3
96Peru6.3
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Overweight Adults (2016)20
Pos.Lower is better
%20
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
184Tonga78.5
185Kiribati78.7
186Niue80.0
187Tuvalu81.9
188Marshall Islands83.5
189Cook Islands84.7
190Palau85.1
191Nauru88.5
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)19
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %19
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
94Chile93.3
95Georgia93.1
96New Zealand92.9
97Nauru92.9
98USA92.8
99Latvia92.8
100Romania92.7
101France92.6
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Nauru's Modernity and Learning

#education #the_internet

Modernity and Education:

Length of Schooling (2018)21
Pos.Higher is better
Years21
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
144Cambodia11.3
145Burundi11.3
146Lebanon11.3
147Nauru11.3
148Uganda11.2
149Comoros11.2
150Bangladesh11.2
151Rwanda11.2
World Avg13.2
q=193.

Technology and Information:

IPv6 Uptake (2017)22
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio22
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
52Hong Kong0.7
53Spain0.6
54St Kitts & Nevis0.6
55Nauru0.5
56Egypt0.4
57Mexico0.4
58Bhutan0.4
59China0.3
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #the_environment

Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
30Peru1993 Dec 29
31Philippines1994 Jan 06
32Uruguay1994 Feb 03
33Nauru1994 Feb 08
34Jordan1994 Feb 10
35Nepal1994 Feb 21
36Czechia1994 Mar 03
37Barbados1994 Mar 10
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

8. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below23:

Christian79%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist1.1%
Folk Religion8.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated4.5%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Protestant 45.8% (Nauru Congregational 35.4%, Nauru Independent Church 10.4%), Roman Catholic 33.2%, other 14.1%, none 4.5%, unspecified 2.4% (2002 census)24.

Links: