Myanmar (Burma) (Union of Myanmar)

#Myanmar_(Burma)

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Myanmar (Burma)
Union of Myanmar
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index160th best
CapitalNaypyidaw
Land Area1 653 290 km2
LocationAsia
Population2 48.72 million
Life Expectancy365.684yrs (2012)
GNI3$1 817
ISO3166-1 Codes4MM, MMR, 104
Internet Domain5.mm
Currency6Kyat (MMK)
Telephone7+95

1. Overview

Various ethnic Burmese and ethnic minority city-states or kingdoms occupied the present borders through the 19th century. Over a period of 62 years (1824-1886), Britain conquered Burma and incorporated the country into its Indian Empire. Burma was administered as a province of India until 1937 when it became a separate, self-governing colony; in 1948, Burma attained independence from the Commonwealth. Gen. NE WIN dominated the government from 1962 to 1988, first as military ruler, then as self-appointed president, and later as political kingpin. In response to widespread civil unrest, NE WIN resigned in 1988, but within months the military crushed student-led protests and took power. Multiparty legislative elections in 1990 resulted in the main opposition party - the National League for Democracy (NLD) - winning a landslide victory. Instead of handing over power, the junta placed NLD leader (and Nobel Peace Prize recipient) AUNG SAN SUU KYI (ASSK) under house arrest from 1989 to 1995, 2000 to 2002, and from May 2003 to November 2010. In late September 2007, the ruling junta brutally suppressed protests over increased fuel prices led by prodemocracy activists and Buddhist monks, killing at least 13 people and arresting thousands for participating in the demonstrations. In early May 2008, Burma was struck by Cyclone Nargis, which left over 138,000 dead and tens of thousands injured and homeless. Despite this tragedy, the junta proceeded with its May constitutional referendum, the first vote in Burma since 1990. Parliamentary elections held in November 2010, considered flawed by many in the international community, saw the ruling Union Solidarity and Development Party garner over 75% of the seats. Parliament convened in January 2011 and selected former Prime Minister THEIN SEIN as president. Although the vast majority of national-level appointees named by THEIN SEIN are former or current military officers, the government has initiated a series of political and economic reforms leading to a substantial opening of the long-isolated country. These reforms have included allowing ASSK to contest parliamentary by-elections on 1 April 2012, releasing hundreds of political prisoners, reaching preliminary peace agreements with 10 of the 11 major armed ethnic groups, enacting laws that provide better protections for basic human rights, and gradually reducing restrictions on freedom of the press, association, and civil society. At least due in part to these reforms, ASSK now serves as an elected Member of Parliament and chair of the Committee for Rule of Law and Tranquility. Most political parties have begun building their institutions in preparation for the next round of general elections in 2015. The country is preparing to chair the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in 2014.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Myanmar (Burma) National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
146Bangladesh51.539.3
147Pakistan51.542.4
148Angola50.843.3
149Myanmar (Burma)49.835.9
150Cameroon49.542.6
151Madagascar48.345.4
152Tanzania47.639.2
153Nigeria47.145.4
154Senegal47.038.5
155Mauritania46.738.6
156Papua New Guinea46.639.2
157Nepal46.335.9
158Lesotho46.144.0
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
157Rwanda43.2
158Djibouti42.9
159Benin42.7
160Myanmar (Burma)42.6
161Eritrea42.5
162Senegal42.2
163Gambia42.0
164Zimbabwe41.8
165Iran41.8
166Cameroon41.7
167Mozambique41.6
168Ivory Coast40.6
169Zambia40.6
170Burundi40.5
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
141Yemen65.9
142India65.8
143Pakistan65.7
144Myanmar (Burma)65.7
145Turkmenistan65.2
146Sao Tome & Principe64.9
147Ghana64.6
148Cambodia63.6
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
4France2.0
5Turkey2.0
6Australia2.0
7Uruguay2.0
8Norway2.0
9Myanmar (Burma)2.0
10Indonesia2.1
11Sweden1.9
12Tunisia1.9
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
22UK 62.8m260
23Italy 60.96m207
24S. Africa 50.74m42
25Myanmar (Burma) 48.72m75
26Korea, S. 48.59m500
27Tanzania 47.66m54
28Colombia 47.55m43
Data Source

Myanmar (Burma)'s population is predicted to rise to 54.33 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.95. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
40Brazil1934
41Cuba1934
42Turkey1934
43Myanmar (Burma)1935
44Philippines1937
45Uzbekistan1938
46Dominican Rep.1942
47Bermuda1944
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
77Philippines0.42
78Lebanon0.43
79Belize0.43
80Myanmar (Burma)0.44
81Georgia0.44
82El Salvador0.44
83Ecuador0.44
84Morocco0.44
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Myanmar (Burma) is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#Buddhism #Christianity #Hinduism #Islam #Judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian7.8%
Muslim4%
Hindu1.7%
Buddhist80.1%
Folk Religion5.8%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated0.5%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Buddhist 89%, Christian 4% (Baptist 3%, Roman Catholic 1%), Muslim 4%, animist 1%, other 2%10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Freedom
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
38Saudi Arabia71
39Bahrain71
40Vietnam73
41Myanmar (Burma)75
42Ethiopia75
43Uzbekistan77
44Syria83
45China85
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
137Chad5.3
138Guinea-Bissau5.2
139Angola5.1
140Congo, DR5.0
141Congo, (Brazzaville)4.7
142Myanmar (Burma)4.3
143Zimbabwe4.3
144Venezuela4.0
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
135Lebanon2.46
136Ethiopia2.50
137Burundi2.52
138Myanmar (Burma)2.53
139Zimbabwe2.54
140Georgia2.54
141India2.55
142Yemen2.60
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
187Nauru5
188Singapore5
189Malaysia4
190Marshall Islands4
191Palau4
192Myanmar (Burma)4
193Bhutan3
194Kiribati3
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
147Russia99.5
148Singapore99.5
149Iraq99.5
150Myanmar (Burma)99.5
151Gambia99.5
152Mexico99.5
153Turkey99.5
154Swaziland99.5
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2911
2Israel4.1111
3Japan3.5811
...
104Gambia0.1312
105Tajikistan0.1213
106Burundi0.1212
107Myanmar (Burma)0.1114
108Madagascar0.1112
109Philippines0.1115
110Peru0.1016
111Paraguay0.0917
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
151Sao Tome & Principe$1 864
152Sudan$1 848
153Yemen$1 820
154Myanmar (Burma)$1 817
155Bangladesh$1 785
156Gambia$1 731
157Ghana$1 684
158Senegal$1 653
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
106Malawi51.4
107Kenya51.4
108Ghana51.3
109Myanmar (Burma)51.3
110Tajikistan51.3
111Mozambique51.2
112Solomon Islands51.1
113Kuwait51.1
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
195Gambia-160
196Sierra Leone-195
197Guyana-200
198Myanmar (Burma)-200
199Uganda-220
200Malawi-220
201Mauritania-220
202Nigeria-220
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/myanmar_(burma).html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

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References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 01.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

UNESCO
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from unesdoc.unesco.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 30.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/bm.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  12. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2000.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2007.^
  16. UNESCO data for year 2007.^
  17. World Bank data for year 2012.^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.