The Human Truth Foundation

Vanuatu (Republic of Vanuatu)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#vanuatu

Vanuatu
Republic of Vanuatu
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index137th best
CapitalPort-Vila
Land Area 12 190km21
LocationAustralasia, Melanesia
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population0.3m2
Life Expectancy72.11yrs (2017)3
GNI$2 805 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesVU, VUT, 5485
Internet Domain.vu6
CurrencyVatu (VUV)7
Telephone+6788

1. Overview

Multiple waves of colonizers, each speaking a distinct language, migrated to the New Hebrides in the millennia preceding European exploration in the 18th century. This settlement pattern accounts for the complex linguistic diversity found on the archipelago to this day. The British and French, who settled the New Hebrides in the 19th century, agreed in 1906 to an Anglo-French Condominium, which administered the islands until independence in 1980, when the new name of Vanuatu was adopted.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverTropical weather brings light and life to sandy beaches and azure waters. Throughout the islands, strong communities show off their country´s attributes to a soundtrack of drumming and dance. Where else can you jump from a coral- and tropical fish-filled blue hole into a 4WD truck to watch an active volcano spit out lava high above you? Contrasts like these make Vanuatu a country well worth taking the time to explore. The ni-Van take life in smiling strides, and as you adjust to their early mornings and dark evenings, you´ll wonder why you´ve ever lived life in a rush.

It´s all thatched-roof accommodation in the outer islands but glitzy resorts abound on Efate and Santo. These islands also boast great roads, giving you round-island access on Efate and smooth access to stunning beaches and blue holes on Santo. Add to that scented balmy breezes and several best-in-the-world experiences that few people know about: a luxury liner shipwrecked in clear waters, gigantic banyan trees, pounding waterfalls, an ancient living culture with extraordinary ceremonies and picture-perfect beaches.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Vanuatu National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
131India131
132Bhutan132
133Timor-Leste (E. Timor)133
134Vanuatu134
135Congo, (Brazzaville)135
136Equatorial Guinea135
137Kiribati137
138Laos138
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
154Sao Tome & Principe$3 070
155Cameroon$2 894
156Kenya$2 881
157Vanuatu$2 805
158Papua New Guinea$2 712
159Tajikistan$2 601
160Kiribati$2 475
161Tanzania$2 467
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
134Botswana101.4
135Rwanda101.5
136Samoa102.7
137Vanuatu103.5
138Lesotho104.3
139Tanzania104.4
140Libya106.5
141Laos107.0
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Vanuatu's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Vanuatu's population is predicted to rise to 371 400 by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 3.77. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
171Bahamas0.4m
172Belize0.4m
173Iceland0.3m
174Vanuatu0.3m
175Barbados0.3m
176Sao Tome & Principe0.2m
177Samoa0.2m
178St Lucia0.2m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
100Paraguay73.00
101Tonga72.99
102Palau72.87
103Vanuatu72.11
104Guatemala72.06
105Bangladesh71.99
106Libya71.76
107Moldova71.73
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
132Micronesia3.33
133Sao Tome & Principe3.52
134Djibouti3.61
135Vanuatu3.77
136Samoa3.77
137Tonga3.81
138Papua New Guinea3.83
139Guatemala3.86
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
65Guatemala09.5
66Saudi Arabia09.5
67Haiti09.6
68Vanuatu09.9
69Cape Verde10.0
70Philippines10.3
71Cambodia10.4
72Egypt10.5
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
147Malawi1.3%
148Sierra Leone1.3%
149Guinea-Bissau1.3%
150Vanuatu1.2%
151Ethiopia1.2%
152Sao Tome & Principe1.1%
153Congo, DR1.1%
154Bosnia & Herzegovina1.1%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
159Iran1.7%
160Libya1.7%
161Gabon1.7%
162Vanuatu1.6%
163Djibouti1.5%
164Timor-Leste (E. Timor)1.4%
165Zambia1.4%
166Cameroon1.4%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Vanuatu's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #morals #politics #prejudice #tolerance #women

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)19,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank19,20
1Denmark9.7
2Sweden10.0
3Norway16.1
...
183Pakistan141.9
184Sudan144.1
185Cook Islands144.5
186Vanuatu145.5
187Djibouti146.2
188Tonga147.7
189Sao Tome & Principe147.8
190St Kitts & Nevis150.3
191Nauru153.3
World Avg89.8
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Denmark, Sweden and Norway19. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are Tuvalu, The Solomon Islands and Palestine19.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice and LGBT equality. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe19, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Melanesia and Australasia19.

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)21
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties21
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
160India10
161Fiji10
162Vietnam10
163Vanuatu10
164Iraq9
165Samoa9
166Papua New Guinea9
167Oman9
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag (2019)22
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty22
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
...
153Bhutan13.01
154Swaziland13.16
155Equatorial Guinea13.18
156Vanuatu13.21
157Guinea-Bissau13.23
158Liechtenstein13.28
159Ireland13.38
160Oman13.46
World Avg10.02
q=195.

Gender Equality:

See:

Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Lower is better
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
174Palau1979
175Micronesia1979
176Iraq1980
177Vanuatu1980
178Liechtenstein1984
179Djibouti1986
180Central African Rep.1986
181Namibia1989
World Avg1930
q=189.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)23
Pos.Higher is better
Score23
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
96Equatorial Guinea15
97Burkina Faso15
98Cambodia15
99Vanuatu15
100Congo, DR15
101Lesotho15
102Belize15
103Belarus15
World Avg12.6
q=196.

5. Vanuatu's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines #Vanuatu

Health (2020)24,20
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank24,20
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
107Lithuania94.8
108Djibouti94.9
109Indonesia94.9
110Vanuatu95.7
111Paraguay96.3
112Seychelles96.3
113Panama96.5
114Chile96.5
115Kazakhstan97.9
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives24. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea24.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe24, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia24.

Health:

Vanuatu does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. Vanuatu comes in the best 20 in its smoking rate25. It does better than average in terms of its alcohol consumption rate26 (one of the lowest in Australasia). However Vanuatu performs less well in most areas. It does worse than average when it comes to its adolescent birth rate27 (one of the highest in Australasia), its average life expectancy12 and in its fertility rate15. And finally, it falls into the worst 20 when it comes to its immunizations take-up28 (the worst in Australasia). The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the last 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
100Paraguay73.00
101Tonga72.99
102Palau72.87
103Vanuatu72.11
104Guatemala72.06
105Bangladesh71.99
106Libya71.76
107Moldova71.73
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)26
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita26
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
26Malaysia0.9
27Comoros0.9
28Iran1.0
29Vanuatu1.0
30Papua New Guinea1.2
31Eritrea1.3
32Guinea1.3
33Mali1.3
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
132Micronesia3.33
133Sao Tome & Principe3.52
134Djibouti3.61
135Vanuatu3.77
136Samoa3.77
137Tonga3.81
138Papua New Guinea3.83
139Guatemala3.86
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)25
Pos.Higher is worse25
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
12Malawi 80
11Suriname 79
10Guyana 77
9Vanuatu 76
8Ethiopia 76
7Congo, DR 74
6Samoa 54
5Rwanda 53
World Avg 819
q=182.
Overweight Adults (2016)29
Pos.Lower is better
%29
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
108Sweden56.4
109Brazil56.5
110Germany56.8
111Vanuatu57.1
112Serbia57.1
113Russia57.1
114Portugal57.5
115Peru57.5
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)27
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100027
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
95Kyrgyzstan39.6
96Georgia39.7
97Barbados40.7
98Vanuatu43.1
99Thailand44.6
100Antigua & Barbuda44.8
101Fiji44.8
102S. Africa45.5
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)28
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %28
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
182Yemen67.4
183Papua New Guinea66.3
184Haiti65.7
185Vanuatu65.5
186Guinea63.3
187Syria62.4
188Ukraine55.2
189Chad52.5
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Vanuatu's Modernity and Learning

#education #the_internet

Modernity and Education:

Length of Schooling (2018)30
Pos.Higher is better
Years30
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
138Micronesia11.5
139Ghana11.5
140Guyana11.5
141Vanuatu11.4
142Tajikistan11.4
143Swaziland11.4
144Cambodia11.3
145Burundi11.3
World Avg13.2
q=193.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)31
Pos.Higher is better31
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
129Egypt33%
130Cuba32%
131Micronesia31%
132Vanuatu31%
133Syria30%
134Sri Lanka29%
135Samoa29%
136Ghana28%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)32
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio32
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
70Sudan0.1
71Ukraine0.1
72Lithuania0.1
73Vanuatu0.1
74Iran0.1
75Zambia0.1
76Panama0.1
77Croatia0.1
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)33
Pos.Higher is better
%33
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
84Libya00.0
85Tonga00.0
86Maldives00.0
87Vanuatu00.0
88Turkmenistan00.0
89Djibouti00.0
90S. Africa00.0
91Kiribati00.0
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)34
Pos.Higher is better34
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
141Ethiopia44.8
142S. Africa44.7
143Guinea-Bissau44.7
144Vanuatu44.6
145Uganda44.3
146Comoros44.2
147Mali43.7
148Rwanda43.7
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
4Vanuatu1993 Dec 29
5Papua New Guinea1993 Dec 29
6Mexico1993 Dec 29
7Armenia1993 Dec 29
8Ecuador1993 Dec 29
9Fiji1993 Dec 29
10Canada1993 Dec 29
11Monaco1993 Dec 29
12Maldives1993 Dec 29
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

8. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)35
Pos.Higher is worse35
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
115Trinidad & Tobago14.90
114Fiji14.90
113Guatemala14.60
112Vanuatu14.40
111Algeria14.10
110Azerbaijan13.90
109Indonesia13.90
108Uzbekistan13.90
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)36
Pos.Lower is better
%36
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
76Lithuania37.4
77Bulgaria37.4
78Bhutan37.4
79Vanuatu37.6
80Tonga37.6
81Russia37.7
82Tanzania37.8
83Georgia37.9
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)37
Pos.Lower is better
Severity37
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
58Nepal.148
59Cambodia.170
60Namibia.171
61Vanuatu.174
62Bhutan.175
63Myanmar (Burma).176
64Kenya.178
65Comoros.181
World Avg.154
q=101.

9. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below38:

Christian93.3%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion4.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated1.2%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Protestant 55.6% (Presbyterian 31.4%, Anglican 13.4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10.8%), Roman Catholic 13.1%, other Christian 13.8%, indigenous beliefs 5.6% (including Jon Frum cargo cult), other 9.6%, none 1%, unspecified 1.3% (1999 Census)39.

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