The Human Truth Foundation

Vanuatu (Republic of Vanuatu)

http://www.humantruth.info/vanuatu.html

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#vanuatu

Vanuatu
Republic of Vanuatu
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index136th best
CapitalPort-Vila
Land Area 12 190km21
LocationAustralasia, Melanesia
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population0.3m2
Life Expectancy70.45yrs (2017)3
GNI$3 085 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesVU, VUT, 5485
Internet Domain.vu6
CurrencyVatu (VUV)7
Telephone+6788

1. Overview

Multiple waves of colonizers, each speaking a distinct language, migrated to the New Hebrides in the millennia preceding European exploration in the 18th century. This settlement pattern accounts for the complex linguistic diversity found on the archipelago to this day. The British and French, who settled the New Hebrides in the 19th century, agreed in 1906 to an Anglo-French Condominium, which administered the islands until independence in 1980, when the new name of Vanuatu was adopted.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverTropical weather brings light and life to sandy beaches and azure waters. Throughout the islands, strong communities show off their country´s attributes to a soundtrack of drumming and dance. Where else can you jump from a coral- and tropical fish-filled blue hole into a 4WD truck to watch an active volcano spit out lava high above you? Contrasts like these make Vanuatu a country well worth taking the time to explore. The ni-Van take life in smiling strides, and as you adjust to their early mornings and dark evenings, you´ll wonder why you´ve ever lived life in a rush.

It´s all thatched-roof accommodation in the outer islands but glitzy resorts abound on Efate and Santo. These islands also boast great roads, giving you round-island access on Efate and smooth access to stunning beaches and blue holes on Santo. Add to that scented balmy breezes and several best-in-the-world experiences that few people know about: a luxury liner shipwrecked in clear waters, gigantic banyan trees, pounding waterfalls, an ancient living culture with extraordinary ceremonies and picture-perfect beaches.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Vanuatu National and Social Development

#economics #human_development #wealth

UN HDI (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
Value11
1Switzerland0.962
2Norway0.961
3Iceland0.959
4Hong Kong0.952
5Australia0.951
...
137Honduras0.621
138Sao Tome & Principe0.618
139Namibia0.615
140Vanuatu0.607
141Laos0.607
142Timor-Leste (E. Timor)0.607
Australasia Avg0.70
World Avg0.72
q=191.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $11
1Liechtenstein$146 830
2Singapore$90 919
3Qatar$87 134
4Luxembourg$84 649
5Ireland$76 169
...
161Senegal$3 344
162Zambia$3 218
163Comoros$3 142
164Vanuatu$3 085
165Congo, (Brazzaville)$2 889
166Haiti$2 848
Australasia Avg$12 519
World Avg$20 136
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12,13
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank12,13
1Taiwan28.6
2Norway29.4
3Denmark31.2
4Sweden32.2
5Finland32.6
...
133Namibia101.3
134Rwanda101.7
135Timor-Leste (E. Timor)102.2
136Vanuatu102.4
137Brunei102.9
138San Marino104.0
Australasia Avg102.8
World Avg86.1
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Vanuatu's Demographics and Migration

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Vanuatu's population is predicted to rise to 371 400 by 2030. This country has a fertility rate of 3.77. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
4Indonesia267.7m
5Pakistan212.2m
...
171Bahamas0.4m
172Belize0.4m
173Iceland0.3m
174Vanuatu0.3m
175Barbados0.3m
176Sao Tome & Principe0.2m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
Years11
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
4Australia84.5
5Switzerland84.0
...
110Venezuela70.6
111Jamaica70.5
112Belize70.5
113Vanuatu70.4
114Iraq70.4
115Solomon Islands70.3
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Fertility Rate (2013)14
Pos.2.0 is best14
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
4France1.99
5Turkey2.04
...
132Micronesia3.33
133Sao Tome & Principe3.52
134Djibouti3.61
135Vanuatu3.77
136Samoa3.77
137Tonga3.81
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)15
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10015
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
4Burkina Faso04.7
5Sierra Leone04.8
...
65Guatemala09.5
66Saudi Arabia09.5
67Haiti09.6
68Vanuatu09.9
69Cape Verde10.0
70Philippines10.3
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)16
Pos.
%16
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
4Liechtenstein65.1%
5Monaco54.9%
...
147Malawi1.3%
148Sierra Leone1.3%
149Guinea-Bissau1.3%
150Vanuatu1.2%
151Ethiopia1.2%
152Sao Tome & Principe1.1%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)17
Pos.
%17
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
4Grenada65.5%
5St Kitts & Nevis61.1%
...
159Iran1.7%
160Libya1.7%
161Gabon1.7%
162Vanuatu1.6%
163Djibouti1.5%
164Timor-Leste (E. Timor)1.4%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Vanuatu's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #freethought #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #morals #politics #prejudice #religious_tolerance #tolerance #women

Compared to Australasia (2020)18,19
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank18,19
1New Zealand17.5
2Australia24.1
3Fiji102.4
4Papua New Guinea122.4
5Nauru123.4
6Micronesia128.8
7Palau131.0
8Tonga132.9
9Marshall Islands134.6
10Samoa136.1
11Vanuatu138.2
12Kiribati138.4
13Cook Islands144.5
Australasia Avg120.0
q=15.
Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)18,19
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank18,19
1Sweden9.2
2Norway14.7
3Denmark14.7
4Netherlands15.8
5New Zealand17.5
...
181Samoa136.1
182Angola136.2
183Palestine138.0
184Vanuatu138.2
185Kiribati138.4
186Eritrea139.8
187Afghanistan140.8
World Avg87.7
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Sweden, Norway and Denmark18. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are The Solomon Islands, Somalia and Tuvalu18.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the rate of gender bias (from 7 indicators), the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice, LGBT equality and freethought. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe18, whereas the worst are Melanesia, Micronesia and Australasia18.

For more, see:

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)20
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties20
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
4Ecuador23
5Germany23
...
160India10
161Fiji10
162Vietnam10
163Vanuatu10
164Iraq9
165Samoa9
Australasia Avg8.7
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag (2019)21
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty21
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
4Colombia3.68
5Costa Rica4.05
...
153Bhutan13.01
154Swaziland13.16
155Equatorial Guinea13.18
156Vanuatu13.21
157Guinea-Bissau13.23
158Liechtenstein13.28
Australasia Avg14.35
World Avg10.02
q=195.

Gender Equality:

See:

Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Lower is better
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
4Norway1913
5Denmark1915
...
174Palau1979
175Micronesia1979
176Iraq1980
177Vanuatu1980
178Liechtenstein1984
179Djibouti1986
Australasia Avg1962
World Avg1930
q=189.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)22
Pos.Higher is better
Score22
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
4Brazil81
5Spain79
...
96Equatorial Guinea15
97Burkina Faso15
98Cambodia15
99Vanuatu15
100Congo, DR15
101Lesotho15
Australasia Avg07.1
World Avg12.6
q=196.
Freedom of Thought (2021)23
Pos.Lower is better23
1Belgium1.0
2Netherlands1.0
3Taiwan1.0
4Sao Tome & Principe1.3
5Ecuador1.3
...
107El Salvador3.0
108Cambodia3.0
109Zambia3.3
110Vanuatu3.3
111Malawi3.3
112Ethiopia3.3
Australasia Avg2.6
World Avg3.0
q=196.

5. Vanuatu's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines #Vanuatu

Compared to Australasia (2020)24,25
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank24,25
1Solomon Islands82.0
2Australia84.6
3Kiribati87.0
4New Zealand88.8
5Fiji90.6
6Vanuatu97.1
7Niue98.7
8Tonga104.1
9Samoa107.8
10Tuvalu112.5
11Micronesia114.2
12Papua New Guinea120.8
13Cook Islands123.7
Australasia Avg109.4
q=16.
Health (2020)24,25
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank24,25
1Monaco13.0
2Hong Kong18.3
3Maldives41.0
4Singapore42.6
5Japan51.0
...
106Indonesia95.8
107Peru96.5
108St Vincent & Grenadines96.8
109Vanuatu97.1
110Cape Verde97.3
111Seychelles97.3
112Andorra97.8
World Avg93.5
q=196.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Monaco, Hong Kong and The Maldives24. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are The Marshall Islands, S. Sudan and Palau24.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and The Mediterranean24, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Australasia and Africa24.

For more, see:

Health:

Vanuatu has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. Vanuatu comes in the best 20 in its smoking rate26. It does better than average when it comes to its alcohol consumption rate27 (amongst the best in Australasia). But unfortunately Vanuatu gets most other things wrong. It does worse than average for its adolescent birth rate28 (one of the highest in Australasia), its average life expectancy11 and in its fertility rate14. And finally, it sits amongst the bottom 20 when it comes to its immunizations take-up29 (the worst in Australasia). The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the last 40 years.

Life Expectancy (2021)11
Pos.Higher is better
Years11
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
4Australia84.5
5Switzerland84.0
...
110Venezuela70.6
111Jamaica70.5
112Belize70.5
113Vanuatu70.4
114Iraq70.4
115Solomon Islands70.3
Australasia Avg70.11
World Avg71.28
q=195.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)27
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita27
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
4Mauritania0.0
5Somalia0.0
...
26Malaysia0.9
27Comoros0.9
28Iran1.0
29Vanuatu1.0
30Papua New Guinea1.2
31Eritrea1.3
Australasia Avg4.3
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)14
Pos.2.0 is best14
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
4France1.99
5Turkey2.04
...
132Micronesia3.33
133Sao Tome & Principe3.52
134Djibouti3.61
135Vanuatu3.77
136Samoa3.77
137Tonga3.81
Australasia Avg3.26
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)26
Pos.Higher is worse26
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
179Macedonia2 732
178Russia2 690
...
12Malawi 80
11Suriname 79
10Guyana 77
9Vanuatu 76
8Ethiopia 76
7Congo, DR 74
Australasia Avg 372
World Avg 819
q=182.
Overweight Adults (2016)30
Pos.Lower is better
%30
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
4Ethiopia20.9
5Nepal21.0
...
108Sweden56.4
109Brazil56.5
110Germany56.8
111Vanuatu57.1
112Serbia57.1
113Russia57.1
Australasia Avg73.3
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)28
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100028
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
4Hong Kong3.2
5Slovenia3.8
...
95Kyrgyzstan39.6
96Georgia39.7
97Barbados40.7
98Vanuatu43.1
99Thailand44.6
100Antigua & Barbuda44.8
Australasia Avg30.1
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)29
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %29
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
4Niue98.8
5Mongolia98.7
...
182Yemen67.4
183Papua New Guinea66.3
184Haiti65.7
185Vanuatu65.5
186Guinea63.3
187Syria62.4
Australasia Avg86.4
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Vanuatu's Modernity and Learning

#education #modernity #technology #the_internet

Compared to Australasia (2020)19
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank19
1New Zealand17.6
2Australia19.2
3Palau59.3
4Tonga75.2
5New Caledonia75.5
6Fiji80.8
7French Polynesia95.0
8Nauru99.0
9Marshall Islands102.8
10Samoa103.4
11Vanuatu117.0
12Micronesia131.3
13Kiribati143.0
Australasia Avg98.1
q=16.
Modernity and Learning (2020)19
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank19
1Finland8.4
2Taiwan10.0
3Switzerland15.1
4Estonia15.8
5Denmark16.0
...
152Suriname114.4
153Laos115.2
154Cape Verde116.3
155Vanuatu117.0
156Nicaragua117.7
157Swaziland118.0
158Gabon118.3
World Avg83.2
q=205.

Modernity and Education:

Length of Schooling (2021)31
Pos.Higher is better
Years31
1Australia21.1
2New Zealand20.3
3Greece20.0
4Belgium19.6
5Sweden19.4
...
143Nauru11.7
144Tajikistan11.7
145Micronesia11.5
146Vanuatu11.5
147Cambodia11.5
148Lebanon11.3
Australasia Avg13.4
World Avg13.5
q=193.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)32
Pos.Higher is better32
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
4Bermuda97%
5Andorra97%
...
129Egypt33%
130Cuba32%
131Micronesia31%
132Vanuatu31%
133Syria30%
134Sri Lanka29%
Australasia Avg44.3%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)33
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio33
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
4USA35.0
5Greece33.5
...
70Sudan0.1
71Ukraine0.1
72Lithuania0.1
73Vanuatu0.1
74Iran0.1
75Zambia0.1
Australasia Avg1.55
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#corruption #politics

Corruption (2022)34
Pos.Higher is better
Points34
1Denmark90.0
2Finland87.0
3New Zealand87.0
4Norway84.0
5Singapore83.0
...
57Croatia50.0
58Mauritius50.0
59Namibia49.0
60Vanuatu48.0
61Jordan47.0
62Malaysia47.0
Australasia Avg55.83
World Avg42.98
q=180.

8. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #deforestation #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)35
Pos.Higher is better
%35
1Iceland+205.6
2Bahrain+144.4
3Uruguay+131.3
4Kuwait+81.2
5Dominican Rep.+79.5
...
84Libya00.0
85Tonga00.0
86Maldives00.0
87Vanuatu00.0
88Turkmenistan00.0
89Djibouti00.0
Australasia Avg+03.4
World Avg+02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)36
Pos.Higher is better36
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
4Malta80.9
5Sweden80.5
...
141Ethiopia44.8
142S. Africa44.7
143Guinea-Bissau44.7
144Vanuatu44.6
145Uganda44.3
146Comoros44.2
Australasia Avg55.2
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
4Vanuatu1993 Dec 29
5Papua New Guinea1993 Dec 29
6Mexico1993 Dec 29
7Armenia1993 Dec 29
8Ecuador1993 Dec 29
9Fiji1993 Dec 29
10Canada1993 Dec 29
11Monaco1993 Dec 29
12Maldives1993 Dec 29
Australasia Avg1899 Dec 30
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

9. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)37
Pos.Higher is worse37
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
181Somalia38.90
180Nigeria37.10
...
115Trinidad & Tobago14.90
114Fiji14.90
113Guatemala14.60
112Vanuatu14.40
111Algeria14.10
110Azerbaijan13.90
Australasia Avg13.47
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)38
Pos.Lower is better
%38
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
4Czechia25.9
5Moldova25.9
...
76Lithuania37.4
77Bulgaria37.4
78Bhutan37.4
79Vanuatu37.6
80Tonga37.6
81Russia37.7
Australasia Avg38.3
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)39
Pos.Lower is better
Severity39
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
4Turkmenistan.001
5Jordan.002
...
58Nepal.148
59Cambodia.170
60Namibia.171
61Vanuatu.174
62Bhutan.175
63Myanmar (Burma).176
Australasia Avg.174
World Avg.154
q=101.

10. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below40:

Christian93.3%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion4.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated1.2%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Protestant 55.6% (Presbyterian 31.4%, Anglican 13.4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10.8%), Roman Catholic 13.1%, other Christian 13.8%, indigenous beliefs 5.6% (including Jon Frum cargo cult), other 9.6%, none 1%, unspecified 1.3% (1999 Census)41.

Links: