The Human Truth Foundation

Saint Kitts & Nevis (Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#economics #homosexuality #st_kitts_&_nevis

St Kitts & Nevis
Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
StatusIndependent State
CapitalBasseterre
Land Area 260km21
LocationNorth America, The Americas, Caribbean
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population53 697 (2011)2
Life Expectancy73.98yrs (2017)3
GNI$22 436 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesKN, KNA, 6595
Internet Domain.kn6
CurrencyDollar (XCD)7
Telephone+8

1. Overview

Carib Indians occupied the islands of the West Indies for hundreds of years before the British began settlement in 1623. In 1967, the island territory of Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla became an associated state of the UK with full internal autonomy. The island of Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to secede in 1971. The remaining islands achieved independence in 1983 as Saint Kitts and Nevis. In 1998, a vote in Nevis on a referendum to separate from Saint Kitts fell short of the two-thirds majority needed. Nevis continues in its efforts to separate from Saint Kitts.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverNear-perfect packages. The two-island nation combines beaches with beauteous mountains, activities to engage your body and rich history to engage your mind. Driving around the northern reaches of St Kitts, you pass mile after mile of sugar cane gone wild. The once all-encompassing lifeblood of the nation is no more and the huge plantations have been abandoned. Meanwhile beaches across the island rattle with the percussion of construction as a new economy based on tourism takes hold. Even the train once used for hauling cane now hauls tourists. But if change is coming fast to this classic eastern Caribbean island, it is managing to retain its essential qualities: a laid-back culture given to loud, boisterous celebration and an utter contempt for stress. Nevis is much the same albeit in a package that´s almost impossibly alluring. Circumnavigating the island on a two-hour drive is one of life´s meandering pleasures.

But if the pair offer much that´s similar, they differ in the details. St Kitts is the larger and feels that way, but Nevis is a neater package, anchored by a single volcanic mountain buttressed by a handful of beaches and a tiny capital, Charlestown.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. St Kitts & Nevis National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
71Turkey71
72Venezuela71
73Sri Lanka73
74St Kitts & Nevis74
75Albania75
76Lebanon76
77Mexico77
78Azerbaijan78
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
122Antigua & Barbuda51.2
123Namibia51.0
124Samoa50.9
125St Kitts & Nevis50.9
126Kenya50.7
127Lebanon50.6
128Cook Islands50.6
129Indonesia50.0
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #population #St_Kitts_&_Nevis

Emigrants (2010)13
Pos.
%13
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
4Grenada65.5%
5St Kitts & Nevis61.1%
6Guyana56.9%
7Monaco56.3%
8Antigua & Barbuda47.6%
9Tonga45.4%
10Albania45.4%
11Barbados41.0%
12Suriname39.0%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.
Immigrants (2010)13
Pos.
%13
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
56Norway10.0%
57Syria9.8%
58Bahamas9.7%
59St Kitts & Nevis9.6%
60Denmark8.8%
61Russia8.7%
62Portugal8.6%
63Malaysia8.4%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)14
Pos.Higher is better
Years14
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
86Morocco74.31
87Colombia74.23
88Jordan74.18
89St Kitts & Nevis73.98
90Samoa73.67
91Dominican Rep.73.65
92Grenada73.56
93Cape Verde73.54
World Avg71.27
q=190.

Population (2012)15
Pos.
Population15
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
186Seychelles87 169
187Dominica67 665
188Marshall Islands55 717
189St Kitts & Nevis53 697
190Liechtenstein36 584
191Monaco35 444
192San Marino31 945
193Palau20 758
World Avg36.0m
q=195.
St Kitts & Nevis's population is predicted to rise to 63 336 by 2030.

4. Politics and Freedom

#human_rights #St_Kitts_&_Nevis

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)16
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties16
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
166Papua New Guinea9
167Oman9
168Iran9
169St Kitts & Nevis9
170Comoros9
171Cook Islands9
172Guinea-Bissau8
173USA8
World Avg15.1
q=194.

There are many international agreements on human rights, and, many mechanisms by which countries can be brought to account for their actions. Together, these have been the biggest historical movement in the fight against oppression and inhumanity. Or, putting it another way: these are rejected mostly by those who wish to oppress inhumanely. None of them are perfect and many people object to various components and wordings, but, no-one has come up with, and enforced, better methods of controlling the occasional desires that states and peoples have of causing angst for other states and peoples in a violent, unjust or inhumane way. Points are awarded for the number of human rights agreements ratified by the country, plus the acceptance of the petition mechanisms for disputes. The maximum possible score in 2009 was 24.

5. Gender Equality

#christianity #gender_equality #human_rights #politics #St_Kitts_&_Nevis #women

Year Women Can Vote17
Pos.Lower is better
Year17
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
86Grenada1951
87Nepal1951
88Dominica1951
89St Kitts & Nevis1951
90St Vincent & Grenadines1951
91Bolivia1952
92Ivory Coast1952
93Greece1952
World Avg1930
q=189.

Women now have equal rights in the vast majority of countries across the world. Although academic literature oftens talks of when a country "grants women the right to vote", this enforces a backwards way of thinking. Women always had the right to vote, however, they were frequently denied that right. The opposition to women's ability to vote in equality with man was most consistently and powerfully opposed by the Catholic Church, other Christian organisations, Islamic authorities and some other religious and secular traditionalists.

The 1950s saw a late rush of 43 countries, including St Kitts & Nevis and many developing nations, move to cease preventing women from voting.

See:

6. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below18:

Christian94.6%
Muslim0.3%
Hindu1.5%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion1.3%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated1.6%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states simply: Anglican, other Protestant, Roman Catholic19.

Links:

7. The Internet

#internet #St_Kitts_&_Nevis #the_internet

Internet Users (2016)20
Pos.Higher is better20
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
62Greenland67%
63Portugal67%
64Brazil66%
65St Kitts & Nevis66%
66Dominica66%
67Italy66%
68Uruguay65%
69Antigua & Barbuda65%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)21
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio21
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
51Slovakia0.8
52Hong Kong0.7
53Spain0.6
54St Kitts & Nevis0.6
55Nauru0.5
56Egypt0.4
57Mexico0.4
58Bhutan0.4
World Avg3.82
q=176.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

8. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #genetics #health #obesity #public_health #sociology #St_Kitts_&_Nevis #UK

St Kitts & Nevis does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. St Kitts & Nevis does better than average in terms of its immunizations take-up22 and in the prevalence of overweight adults23. And finally, it does worse than average when it comes to its alcohol consumption rate24. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)24
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita24
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
138Chile9.3
139Grenada9.3
140S. Africa9.3
141St Kitts & Nevis9.4
142Tanzania9.4
143Uganda9.5
144Barbados9.6
145Argentina9.8
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking25 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink26 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies27 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"28. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"29. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Overweight Adults (2016)23
Pos.Lower is better
%23
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
79Grenada51.4
80Turkmenistan51.8
81Moldova51.8
82St Kitts & Nevis52.3
83Barbados52.4
84Papua New Guinea52.9
85Bosnia & Herzegovina53.3
86Paraguay53.5
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese30. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up31. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight31 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year32 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"33. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes34. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar35.

9. Children's Health

#health #St_Kitts_&_Nevis #vaccines

Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)22
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %22
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
41Spain96.5
42Poland96.5
43Libya96.4
44St Kitts & Nevis96.3
45Bahamas96.2
46Maldives96.2
47Tajikistan96.1
48Rwanda96.1
World Avg88.3
q=194.

10. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)14
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $14
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
49Hungary$23 394
50Russia$23 286
51Latvia$22 589
52St Kitts & Nevis$22 436
53Kazakhstan$22 093
54Chile$21 665
55Bahamas$21 565
56Equatorial Guinea$21 517
q=193.
LGBT Equality (2017)36
Pos.Higher is better
Score36
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
166Turkmenistan-24
167Lebanon-24
168Zimbabwe-24
169St Kitts & Nevis-25
170Botswana-25
171Ghana-25
172Pakistan-26
173Egypt-27
q=196.

There isn't much information in the database for St Kitts & Nevis, most likely because it is either a part of another country (i.e., a territory or posession) and therefore most international statistics are counted for the country as a whole, or, this is such an exotic place that little data exists about it.