The Human Truth Foundation

Rwanda (Republic of Rwanda)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Rwanda

Rwanda
Republic of Rwanda
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index171st best
CapitalKigali
Land Area1 24 670 km2
LocationAfrica
Population2 11.27 million
Life Expectancy355.737yrs (2012)
GNI3$1 147
ISO3166-1 Codes4RW, RWA, 646
Internet Domain5.rw
Currency6Franc (RWF)
Telephone7+250

1. Overview

In 1959, three years before independence from Belgium, the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, overthrew the ruling Tutsi king. Over the next several years, thousands of Tutsis were killed, and some 150,000 driven into exile in neighboring countries. The children of these exiles later formed a rebel group, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and began a civil war in 1990. The war, along with several political and economic upheavals, exacerbated ethnic tensions, culminating in April 1994 in a state-orchestrated genocide, in which Rwandans killed up to a million of their fellow citizens, including approximately three-quarters of the Tutsi population. The genocide ended later that same year when the predominantly Tutsi RPF, operating out of Uganda and northern Rwanda, defeated the national army and Hutu militias, and established an RPF-led government of national unity. Approximately 2 million Hutu refugees - many fearing Tutsi retribution - fled to neighboring Burundi, Tanzania, Uganda, and former Zaire. Since then, most of the refugees have returned to Rwanda, but several thousand remained in the neighboring Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC, the former Zaire) and formed an extremist insurgency bent on retaking Rwanda, much as the RPF did in 1990. Rwanda held its first local elections in 1999 and its first post-genocide presidential and legislative elections in 2003. Rwanda in 2009 staged a joint military operation with the Congolese Army in DRC to rout out the Hutu extremist insurgency there, and Kigali and Kinshasa restored diplomatic relations. Rwanda also joined the Commonwealth in late 2009. In January 2013, Rwanda assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2013-14 term.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Rwanda National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
164Djibouti44.542.7
165Gambia43.934.2
166Benin43.634.3
167Rwanda43.431.1
168Ivory Coast43.237.1
169Comoros42.943.1
170Malawi41.832.5
171Sudan41.433.1
172Zimbabwe39.738.2
173Ethiopia39.631.6
174Liberia38.832.2
175Afghanistan37.426.7
176Guinea-Bissau36.435.1
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
168Malawi42.0
169Togo41.6
170Mozambique41.6
171Rwanda41.6
172Zimbabwe41.4
173Benin41.3
174India41.0
175Saudi Arabia40.8
176Equatorial Guinea39.7
177Ethiopia38.2
178Burundi38.2
179Pakistan38.1
180Guinea-Bissau37.5
181Mali35.9
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
165Togo57.5
166Liberia57.3
167Benin56.5
168Rwanda55.7
169Burkina Faso55.9
170Ivory Coast56
171Niger55.1
172Malawi54.8
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
164Liberia5.1
165Benin5.1
166Angola5.2
167Rwanda5.3
168Nigeria5.5
169Tanzania5.5
170Congo, DR5.5
171Burkina Faso5.8
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
71Zimbabwe 13.01m34
72Chad 11.83m9
73Greece 11.42m89
74Rwanda 11.27m457
75Cuba 11.25m106
76Belgium 10.79m356
77Tunisia 10.7m69
Data Source

Rwanda's population is predicted to rise to 17.58 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 5.30.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
131Malawi1961
132Burundi1961
133Mauritania1961
134Rwanda1961
135Zambia1962
136Monaco1962
137Uganda1962
138Algeria1962
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
73Peru0.39
74Algeria0.39
75Sri Lanka0.40
76Rwanda0.41
77Philippines0.42
78Lebanon0.43
79Belize0.43
80Myanmar (Burma)0.44
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Rwanda is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
130Tanzania0%
131Saudi Arabia0%
132Guinea0%
133Haiti0%
134Rwanda0%
135Iraq0%
136Philippines0%
137Sierra Leone0%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
85Bahrain94%
86Congo, DR94%
87Algeria95%
88Rwanda95%
89Chad95%
90Qatar95%
91Zambia95%
92Ghana95%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian93.4%
Muslim1.8%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated3.6%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 56.5%, Protestant 26%, Adventist 11.1%, Muslim 4.6%, indigenous beliefs 0.1%, none 1.7% (2001)10.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Freedom
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
26Turkey46
27Venezuela48
28Azerbaijan50
29Rwanda51
30Russia52
31Zimbabwe54
32Sri Lanka55
33Kazakhstan58
Data Source
IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
262China1.59
261Maldives1.57
260Tanzania1.50
259Rwanda1.50
258Netherlands1.47
257Germany1.47
256Afghanistan1.46
255Nepal1.45
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
117Libya14.00
118Bhutan13.60
119Iran13.00
120Rwanda13.00
121Mongolia12.90
122Belize12.65
123Uganda12.50
124Algeria12.50
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)11
CountryValue11
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
142Tunisia121
143Montenegro121.75
144Bulgaria122
145Rwanda122.75
146Serbia125
147Russia126
148Lithuania126.25
149Armenia126.25
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
45Poland7.3
46Bulgaria7.3
47Albania7.3
48Rwanda7.3
49Israel7.3
50Uruguay7.3
51Nicaragua7.3
52Zambia7.2
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
115Niger2.24
116Turkmenistan2.24
117Bahrain2.25
118Rwanda2.25
119Kenya2.25
120Algeria2.26
121Eritrea2.26
122Venezuela2.28
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
107Ghana71
108Zambia71
109Jamaica71
110Rwanda70
111Botswana70
112Benin70
113Namibia70
114Togo70
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
55Luxembourg19
56Finland19
57Greece19
58Rwanda19
59Lesotho19
60Colombia19
61Switzerland19
62Uganda19
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
157Egypt99.5
158Pakistan99.6
159Kazakhstan99.6
160Rwanda99.6
161Sri Lanka99.6
162Saudi Arabia99.6
163Uzbekistan99.7
164Bahrain99.7
Data Source
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
164Chad$1 258
165Burkina Faso$1 202
166Uganda$1 168
167Rwanda$1 147
168Nepal$1 137
169Haiti$1 070
170Guinea-Bissau$1 042
171Ethiopia$1 017
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
132Tanzania4.1
133Congo, DR4
134Guinea4
135Rwanda4
136Burkina Faso4
137Comoros3.9
138Bulgaria3.9
139Burundi3.8
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
131Guinea-Bissau44.7
132Cameroon44.6
133Indonesia44.6
134Rwanda44.6
135Guinea44.4
136Bolivia44.3
137Papua New Guinea44.3
138Bangladesh44.0
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
95Fiji15
96Cambodia15
97Taiwan15
98Rwanda15
99Gibraltar15
100Kyrgyzstan10
101Laos10
102Equatorial Guinea10
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/rwanda.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/rw.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^

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