The Human Truth Foundation

Bolivia (Republic of Bolivia)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#bolivia

Bolivia
Republic of Bolivia
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index83rd best
CapitalLa Paz (administrative/legislative) and Sucre (judicial)
Land Area1 083 300km21
LocationSouth America, The Americas
Population11.4m2
Life Expectancy68.74yrs (2017)3
GNI$6 155 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesBO, BOL, 685
Internet Domain.bo6
CurrencyBoliviano (BOB)7
Telephone+5918

1. Overview

#spain

Bolivia, named after independence fighter Simon BOLIVAR, broke away from Spanish rule in 1825; much of its subsequent history has consisted of a series of nearly 200 coups and countercoups. Democratic civilian rule was established in 1982, but leaders have faced difficult problems of deep-seated poverty, social unrest, and illegal drug production. In December 2005, Bolivians elected Movement Toward Socialism leader Evo MORALES president - by the widest margin of any leader since the restoration of civilian rule in 1982 - after he ran on a promise to change the country's traditional political class and empower the nation's poor, indigenous majority. However, since taking office, his controversial strategies have exacerbated racial and economic tensions between the Amerindian populations of the Andean west and the non-indigenous communities of the eastern lowlands. In December 2009, President MORALES easily won reelection, and his party took control of the legislative branch of the government, which will allow him to continue his process of change. In October 2011, the country held its first judicial elections to appoint judges to the four highest courts.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverRough around the edges, superlative in its natural beauty, rugged, vexing, complex and slightly nerve-racking, Bolivia is one of South America´s most diverse and perplexing nations. ... Plunging from the Andes down to the edge of the Amazon, multiday journeys follow ancient Inca paving, while trips along rivers deep in the heart of the Amazon take you past the riotous barks of monkeys and a thriving mass of biodiversity that will leave you awestruck. Bolivia is a wild place and nature lovers, aesthetes and poets alike will find landscapes, views, and nature-born experiences not seen in many other places on the planet. The cultural, historical and spiritual depths and richness of Latin America´s most indigenous nation are astounding. Officially a Plurinational State, Bolivia is an amazing place to learn from and experience a diverse mix of peoples. It is home to at-risk cultures and languages that could disappear within our lifetime, and its people maintain traditions and beliefs that reach back to the days of the Inca kings and Tiwanaku cosmologist priests.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Bolivia National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
115Vietnam115
116Philippines116
117El Salvador117
118Bolivia118
119S. Africa119
120Kyrgyzstan120
121Iraq121
122Cape Verde122
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
121Guatemala$7 063
122Guyana$6 884
123Angola$6 291
124Bolivia$6 155
125Cape Verde$6 049
126Uzbekistan$5 748
127India$5 663
128Congo, (Brazzaville)$5 503
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
80Qatar80.4
81Jordan80.6
82Russia81.1
83Bolivia82.1
84Colombia82.8
85Morocco82.9
86Jamaica83.1
87Bhutan83.7
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Bolivia's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Bolivia's population is predicted to rise to 13.39 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 3.25. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
76Tunisia11.6m
77Benin11.5m
78Belgium11.5m
79Bolivia11.4m
80Cuba11.3m
81Burundi11.2m
82Haiti11.1m
83S. Sudan11.0m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
127Micronesia69.27
128Indonesia69.05
129Cambodia68.81
130Bolivia68.74
131Timor-Leste (E. Timor)68.51
132Philippines68.34
133India68.32
134Solomon Islands68.11
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
127Haiti3.19
128Gabon3.20
129Swaziland3.21
130Bolivia3.25
131Pakistan3.25
132Micronesia3.33
133Sao Tome & Principe3.52
134Djibouti3.61
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
...
86Indonesia12.4
87Myanmar (Burma)12.5
88India12.5
89Bolivia12.7
90Nicaragua13.1
91Paraguay13.2
92Iran13.4
93Samoa13.7
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
142Ghana1.4%
143Niger1.4%
144Yemen1.4%
145Bolivia1.3%
146Tuvalu1.3%
147Malawi1.3%
148Sierra Leone1.3%
149Guinea-Bissau1.3%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
85Honduras7.5%
86Austria7.1%
87Uzbekistan7.0%
88Bolivia6.8%
89Guinea-Bissau6.8%
90Slovenia6.5%
91Kiribati6.5%
92Bhutan6.3%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#Bolivia #equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance

Bolivia does relatively well in ensuring human rights and freedom, compared to many other countries. Bolivia comes in the best 20 in terms of its nominal commitment to Human Rights19. It does better than average in terms of LGBT equality20, speed of uptake of HR treaties21, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice22, commentary in Human Rights Watch reports23 (but low for The Americas) and in supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms24. Bolivia does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in terms of opposing gender inequality25 and in supporting press freedom26. In 2008 almost a million children (as young as 10) were in work, and recent laws (in 2014) have encouraged this27. "President Evo Morales has created a hostile environment for human rights defenders"28 and "impunity for violent crime and human rights violations remains a serious problem in Bolivia"28. The justice system has serious problems with corruption and lack of process28. LGBT folk cannot marry nor engage in civil unions27. Women and girls face gender-based violence and unnecessary barriers to family planning services29.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Bolivia's Health

#alcohol #birth_control #Bolivia #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Health (2020)30,31
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank30,31
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
118Moldova98.6
119Serbia99.1
120Suriname99.3
121Bolivia100.0
122Jamaica100.3
123Cape Verde100.3
124Colombia100.6
125Egypt100.6
126Guatemala100.6
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives30. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea30.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe30, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia30.

Health:

Bolivia has some poor policies and cultural issues which cause some public health problems. Bolivia does better than average when it comes to its smoking rate32, its alcohol consumption rate33 and in its immunizations take-up34. Bolivia does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance35, its fertility rate15 (amongst the highest in The Americas), its average life expectancy12 (one of the worst in The Americas) and in its adolescent birth rate25. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the past 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
127Micronesia69.27
128Indonesia69.05
129Cambodia68.81
130Bolivia68.74
131Timor-Leste (E. Timor)68.51
132Philippines68.34
133India68.32
134Solomon Islands68.11
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)33
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita33
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
71Sri Lanka4.3
72Bahamas4.4
73Ecuador4.4
74Bolivia4.8
75Costa Rica4.8
76Guinea-Bissau4.8
77Myanmar (Burma)4.8
78Zambia4.8
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
127Haiti3.19
128Gabon3.20
129Swaziland3.21
130Bolivia3.25
131Pakistan3.25
132Micronesia3.33
133Sao Tome & Principe3.52
134Djibouti3.61
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)32
Pos.Higher is worse32
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
62Sri Lanka 322
61Sierra Leone 310
60Bahamas 301
59Bolivia 299
58Congo, (Brazzaville) 294
57Comoros 289
56El Salvador 280
55Mauritius 261
World Avg 819
q=182.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
82Zambia82
83Croatia83
84Indonesia84
85Bolivia85
86Kyrgyzstan86
87Moldova87
88Syria88
89Azerbaijan89
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)36
Pos.Lower is better
%36
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
102Estonia55.8
103Guatemala55.9
104Ecuador56.0
105Bolivia56.1
106Slovenia56.1
107Slovakia56.2
108Sweden56.4
109Brazil56.5
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)25
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100025
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
135Brazil67.0
136Comoros68.3
137Swaziland70.4
138Bolivia70.8
139Nepal71.9
140Cape Verde73.4
141Afghanistan74.0
142Sudan74.0
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)34
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %34
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
75UK94.6
76Solomon Islands94.5
77Norway94.3
78Bolivia94.2
79UAE94.0
80Bangladesh94.0
81Tanzania94.0
82Germany94.0
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Bolivia's Modernity and Learning

#education #intelligence #modernity #religion #research #science #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)37
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank37
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
105Maldives77.0
106Bhutan77.5
107Panama77.7
108Bolivia79.9
109Pakistan80.2
110Jamaica80.6
111Libya81.3
112Indonesia82.8
113Dominica83.3
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Research and Development (2016)
Pos.Higher is better
% RDP PPP
1S. Korea4.2938
2Israel4.1138
3Japan3.5838
...
95Mauritius0.1839
96Oman0.1740
97Kazakhstan0.1740
98Bolivia0.1641
99Kyrgyzstan0.1642
100Sri Lanka0.1643
101Albania0.1544
102Namibia0.1443
World Avg0.84
q=126.
Secondary Education (2018)45
Pos.Higher is better45
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
93Mexico59.7%
94Bahrain59.6%
95Brazil59.5%
96Bolivia58.8%
97Zimbabwe58.7%
98Gabon57.6%
99Libya57.4%
100Dominican Rep.56.6%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)46
Pos.Higher is better
Years46
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
75Luxembourg14.2
76Mongolia14.2
77Dominican Rep.14.1
78Bolivia14.0
79Sri Lanka14.0
80China13.9
81St Lucia13.9
82Peru13.8
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
156Tanzania156
157Equatorial Guinea157
158Guyana158
159Afghanistan159
160Indonesia160
161Bolivia161
162Iraq162
163Angola163
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Religiosity (2009)47
Pos.Lower is better
%47
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
66Guatemala88
67Zimbabwe88
68Panama88
69Bolivia89
70Syria89
71Tanzania89
72Kosovo90
73India90
World Avg75.1
q=114.
IQ (2006)48
Pos.Higher is better48
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
61Ecuador88
62Mexico88
63Brazil87
64Bolivia87
65Iraq87
66Azerbaijan87
67Indonesia87
68Turkmenistan87
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)49
Pos.Higher is better49
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
117Mauritius43%
118Cape Verde43%
119Suriname42%
120Bolivia41%
121Peru41%
122Guyana40%
123Grenada39%
124El Salvador38%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)50
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio50
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
30Saudi Arabia6.8
31Vietnam5.9
32Slovenia5.4
33Bolivia5.0
34Macau4.2
35Singapore4.0
36Sweden3.8
37Poland3.6
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
51
Pos.Lower is better51
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
67S. Sudan58
68Uruguay61
69Namibia61
70Bolivia61.5
71Honduras61.75
72Italy63.5
73Botswana63.75
74Ghana63.75
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)52
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score52
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
106Niger34.2
107Indonesia34.2
108Djibouti34.0
109Bolivia34.0
110Malawi33.8
111Kosovo33.8
112Moldova33.8
113Ethiopia33.2
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)53
Pos.Higher is better53
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
59Russia5.8
60Kazakhstan5.8
61Cyprus5.8
62Bolivia5.8
63Estonia5.7
64Paraguay5.7
65Peru5.7
66Kosovo5.7
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
95Belarus95
96Mongolia96
97Madagascar97
98Bolivia98
99El Salvador99
100Nicaragua100
101Russia101
102Vietnam102
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
103Madagascar103
104Dominica104
105Iceland105
106Bolivia106
107Ghana107
108Mexico108
109Thailand109
110Ecuador110
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)54
Pos.Lower is better54
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
81Montenegro2.01
82Nicaragua2.01
83Brazil2.02
84Bolivia2.02
85Ecuador2.03
86Swaziland2.03
87Equatorial Guinea2.04
88USA2.06
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
42Azerbaijan42
43Senegal43
44Switzerland44
45Bolivia45
46Burkina Faso46
47Philippines47
48UK48
49Timor-Leste (E. Timor)49
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)35
Pos.Lower is better
Rank35
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
43Hungary43
44Kenya44
45Serbia45
46Bolivia46
47Japan47
48Czechia48
49Argentina49
50Brazil50
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)55
Pos.Lower is better
Score55
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
90Bahrain3.20
91Tanzania3.27
92Spain3.35
93Bolivia3.39
94Algeria3.41
95Sweden3.45
96Sri Lanka3.57
97Canada3.59
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)56
Pos.Higher is better
%56
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
143Senegal-11.5
144Guinea-12.4
145Mozambique-12.5
146Bolivia-12.8
147Dominica-13.3
148Liberia-15.2
149Belize-15.5
150Equatorial Guinea-15.7
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)57
Pos.Higher is better57
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
89Cape Verde56.9
90Mauritius56.6
91St Lucia56.2
92Bolivia56.0
93Barbados55.8
94Georgia55.7
95Kiribati55.3
96Bahrain55.2
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)58
Pos.Higher is better58
1Hong Kong26.32
2Sri Lanka20.00
3Panama17.86
...
69Jamaica08.06
70Senegal08.06
71Malaysia08.00
72Bolivia07.87
73Brunei07.81
74Armenia07.69
75New Zealand07.63
76Kuwait07.58
World Avg09.29
q=119.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
89Venezuela1994 Dec 12
90Comoros1994 Dec 28
91S. Korea1995 Jan 01
92Bolivia1995 Jan 01
93Senegal1995 Jan 15
94Cameroon1995 Jan 17
95N. Korea1995 Jan 24
96San Marino1995 Jan 26
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)59
Pos.Higher is better
%59
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
8Philippines70.8%
9S. Korea70.7%
10Colombia70.3%
11Bolivia69.3%
12Paraguay68.9%
13Mexico67.0%
14Nicaragua67.0%
15El Salvador66.8%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)60
Pos.Higher is worse60
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
141Myanmar (Burma)22.80
140Congo, (Brazzaville)22.80
139Laos22.60
138Bolivia22.50
137Kenya22.50
136Namibia22.10
135Timor-Leste (E. Timor)21.70
134Eritrea21.40
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)61
Pos.Lower is better
%61
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
120Mexico43.4
121Ghana43.5
122Rwanda43.7
123Bolivia44.0
124Ecuador44.7
125Malawi44.7
126Comoros45.3
127Dominican Rep.45.7
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)62
Pos.Lower is better
Severity62
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
47Morocco.085
48Honduras.090
49Sao Tome & Principe.092
50Bolivia.094
51Laos.108
52Congo, (Brazzaville).112
53India.123
54Guatemala.134
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Religiosity (2009)47
Pos.Lower is better
%47
1Estonia16
2Sweden17
3Denmark19
...
66Guatemala88
67Zimbabwe88
68Panama88
69Bolivia89
70Syria89
71Tanzania89
72Kosovo90
73India90
World Avg75.1
q=114.
Disbelief In God (2007)63
Pos.Higher is better
%63
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
72Indonesia2
73Paraguay1
74Nicaragua1
75Bolivia1
76Colombia1
77Costa Rica1
78Honduras1
79Brazil1
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below64:

Christian93.9%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.9%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated4.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 95%, Protestant (Evangelical Methodist) 5%65.

Links: