The Human Truth Foundation

Tuvalu

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

Tuvalu
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index194th best
CapitalFunafuti
Land Area 30km21
LocationAustralasia, Polynesia
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population11 5082
Life Expectancy
GNI$5 395 (2017)3
ISO3166-1 CodesTV, TUV, 7984
Internet Domain.tv5
CurrencyDollar (AUD)6
Telephone+6887

1. Overview

#new_zealand

In 1974, ethnic differences within the British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands caused the Polynesians of the Ellice Islands to vote for separation from the Micronesians of the Gilbert Islands. The following year, the Ellice Islands became the separate British colony of Tuvalu. Independence was granted in 1978. In 2000, Tuvalu negotiated a contract leasing its Internet domain name ".tv" for $50 million in royalties over a 12-year period.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

Book CoverApproaching Tuvalu by plane, after miles of dull ocean, a dazzling smear of turquoise appears, ringed with coral and studded with palm-topped islets - a vulnerable Pacific paradise. The landmass of Fongafale, Tuvalu´s main island, is so startlingly narrow that as the plane nears the airstrip it seems as if it´s about to tip into the ocean.

Unfortunately, environmental concerns have focused international attention on Tuvalu. As an atoll nation, the major long-term ecological threat to Tuvalu comes from global warming and rising sea levels. As well as shoreline erosion, water bubbles up through the porous coral on which the islands are based, and causes widespread salt contamination of areas used to grow staple crops. Over the past few years, king tides - the biggest swells of the year - have been higher than ever. If sea levels continue to rise as predicted, the islands could be wiped off the face of the earth.

What will happen to the population if Tuvalu does start to go under? New Zealand currently accepts 75 migrants a year and has said it will absorb Tuvalu´s population if it comes to that.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)9

2. Tuvalu National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)10
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $10
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
127India$5 663
128Congo, (Brazzaville)$5 503
129Nigeria$5 443
130Tuvalu$5 395
131Samoa$5 372
132Timor-Leste (E. Timor)$5 371
133Vietnam$5 335
134Tonga$5 284
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
11,12
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank11,12
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
188Chad127.0
189Afghanistan128.1
190Equatorial Guinea128.1
191Central African Rep.128.3
192Angola128.9
193S. Sudan133.4
194Tuvalu134.0
195Somalia143.7
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Tuvalu's Demographics

#immigration #migration #population

Population:

Tuvalu's population is predicted to fall to 11 000 by 2030.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
188Marshall Islands58 413
189St Kitts & Nevis52 441
190Monaco38 682
191Liechtenstein37 910
192San Marino33 785
193Palau17 907
194Tuvalu11 508
195Nauru10 670
World Avg39.0m
q=195.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)13
Pos.
%13
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
143Niger1.4%
144Yemen1.4%
145Bolivia1.3%
146Tuvalu1.3%
147Malawi1.3%
148Sierra Leone1.3%
149Guinea-Bissau1.3%
150Vanuatu1.2%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.

4. Tuvalu's Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#equality #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #morals #politics #prejudice #tolerance #women

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)14,15
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank14,15
1Denmark9.7
2Sweden10.0
3Norway16.1
...
191Nauru153.3
192Micronesia157.0
193Somalia157.9
194Palau159.8
195Marshall Islands160.0
196Kiribati164.8
197Palestine170.0
198Solomon Islands175.3
199Tuvalu176.5
World Avg89.8
q=199.

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Denmark, Sweden and Norway14. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are Tuvalu, The Solomon Islands and Palestine14.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice and LGBT equality. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe14, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Melanesia and Australasia14.

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)16
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties16
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
182Brunei6
183Tonga6
184Pakistan6
185Tuvalu5
186Micronesia5
187Singapore5
188Nauru5
189Marshall Islands4
World Avg15.1
q=194.
HR Treaties Lag (2019)17
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty17
1Ecuador2.15
2Uruguay2.25
3Tunisia3.65
...
188Kiribati15.80
189Solomon Islands15.81
190Nauru16.16
191Sao Tome & Principe16.17
192Tuvalu16.33
193Palau16.34
194Marshall Islands16.34
195Palestine17.21
World Avg10.02
q=195.

Gender Equality:

See:

Year Women Can Vote
Pos.Lower is better
Year
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
148Papua New Guinea1964
149Lesotho1965
150Botswana1965
151Tuvalu1967
152Kiribati1967
153Ecuador1967
154Swaziland1968
155Nauru1968
World Avg1930
q=189.

Prejudice:

LGBT Equality (2017)18
Pos.Higher is better
Score18
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
177Angola-30
178Uzbekistan-30
179Tonga-30
180Tuvalu-30
181Mauritania-32
182UAE-34
183Kuwait-37
184Algeria-37
World Avg12.6
q=196.

5. Tuvalu's Health

#alcohol #health #obesity #vaccines

Health:

Public health in Tuvalu is very good. Tuvalu does better than average in terms of its alcohol consumption rate19 and in its immunizations take-up20. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% over the last 40 years.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)19
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita19
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
35Tonga1.5
36Lebanon1.5
37Chad1.6
38Tuvalu1.7
39Madagascar1.9
40Tunisia1.9
41Bahrain1.9
42Qatar2.0
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Overweight Adults (2016)21
Pos.Lower is better
%21
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
184Tonga78.5
185Kiribati78.7
186Niue80.0
187Tuvalu81.9
188Marshall Islands83.5
189Cook Islands84.7
190Palau85.1
191Nauru88.5
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)20
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %20
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
69Macedonia95.2
70Belize95.1
71Algeria95.0
72Tuvalu94.9
73Eritrea94.7
74Singapore94.6
75UK94.6
76Solomon Islands94.5
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Tuvalu's Modernity and Learning

#education #the_internet

Modernity and Education:

Length of Schooling (2018)22
Pos.Higher is better
Years22
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
120Timor-Leste (E. Timor)12.4
121Marshall Islands12.4
122India12.3
123Tuvalu12.3
124Nicaragua12.2
125Nepal12.2
126Qatar12.2
127Bhutan12.1
World Avg13.2
q=193.

Technology and Information:

IPv6 Uptake (2017)23
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio23
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
116New Caledonia0.0
117Maldives0.0
118Tunisia0.0
119Tuvalu0.0
120Marshall Islands0.0
121Georgia0.0
122Swaziland0.0
123Mongolia0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)24
Pos.Higher is better
%24
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
80Japan00.0
81Afghanistan00.0
82Yemen00.0
83Tuvalu00.0
84Libya00.0
85Tonga00.0
86Maldives00.0
87Vanuatu00.0
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
184Kuwait2002 Oct 31
185Bosnia & Herzegovina2002 Nov 24
186Afghanistan2002 Dec 18
187Tuvalu2003 Mar 20
188Thailand2004 Jan 29
189Montenegro2006 Jun 03
190Timor-Leste (E. Timor)2007 Jan 08
191Brunei2008 Jul 27
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.

8. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #inequality #social_development

Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)25
Pos.Lower is better
%25
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
90China38.6
91Samoa38.7
92Israel38.9
93Tuvalu39.1
94Ethiopia39.1
95Morocco39.5
96Uruguay39.5
97Sri Lanka39.8
World Avg38.1
q=152.

9. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below26:

Christian96.7%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated1.3%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Protestant 98.4% (Church of Tuvalu (Congregationalist) 97%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.4%), Baha'i 1%, other 0.6%27.

Links: