The Human Truth Foundation

Poland (Republic of Poland)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

Like this page:

Share this page:
Comments:
FB

#Poland

Poland
Republic of Poland
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index50th best
CapitalWarsaw
Land Area1 304 150 km2
LocationEurope
Population2 38.32 million
Life Expectancy376.292yrs (2012)
GNI3$17 776
ISO3166-1 Codes4PL, POL, 616
Internet Domain5.pl
Currency6Zloty (PLN)
Telephone7+48

1. Overview

Poland's history as a state begins near the middle of the 10th century. By the mid-16th century, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth ruled a vast tract of land in central and eastern Europe. During the 18th century, internal disorders weakened the nation, and in a series of agreements between 1772 and 1795, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned Poland among themselves. Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet satellite state following the war, but its government was comparatively tolerant and progressive. Labor turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of the independent trade union "Solidarity" that over time became a political force with over ten million members. Free elections in 1989 and 1990 won Solidarity control of the parliament and the presidency, bringing the Communist era to a close. A "shock therapy" program during the early 1990s enabled the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in Central Europe. Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004. With its transformation to a democratic, market-oriented country largely completed, Poland is an increasingly active member of Euro-Atlantic organizations.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Poland National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
36Qatar83.476.4
37Hungary83.174.9
38Barbados82.579.1
39Poland82.179.0
40Chile81.972.0
41UAE81.872.9
42Lithuania81.877.7
43Portugal81.673.3
44Latvia81.474.2
45Argentina81.172.7
46Seychelles80.676.8
47Croatia80.577.1
48Bahrain79.673.8
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
47Hungary67.0
48Cyprus66.7
49Jamaica66.5
50Poland66.4
51Dominica65.7
52Argentina65.1
53Chile65.1
54Mauritius64.9
55Grenada64.6
56Croatia64.5
57Albania64.5
58Trinidad & Tobago64.0
59Suriname63.7
60Maldives63.1
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
48Croatia76.8
49UAE76.7
50Panama76.3
51Poland76.3
52Belize76.3
53Grenada76.1
54Argentina76.1
55Syria76
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
97Hungary1.4
98Romania1.4
99Japan1.4
100Poland1.4
101Nepal2.6
102Macedonia1.4
103Fiji2.6
104Korea, S.1.4
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
30Ukraine 44.94m78
31Kenya 42.75m75
32Argentina 41.12m15
33Poland 38.32m126
34Algeria 36.49m15
35Uganda 35.62m178
36Sudan 35.05m15
Data Source

Poland's population is predicted to fall to 37 835 000 by 2030, decreasing the burden on the planet's resources. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 1.40.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
11Germany1919
12Slovakia1919
13Czech Rep.1919
14Poland1919
15Netherlands1919
16Belarus1919
17Luxembourg1919
18Ukraine1919
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
21Japan0.13
22Cyprus0.13
23Greece0.14
24Poland0.14
25Israel0.14
26Luxembourg0.15
27Korea, S.0.15
28Lithuania0.16
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Poland is on the way towards ending gender inequality and has been striving towards this end for quite some time.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
61Uzbekistan4%
62Congo, (Brazzaville)3%
63India3%
64Poland3%
65Jamaica3%
66Lebanon3%
67Turkmenistan2%
68Tajikistan2%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
39Kyrgyzstan72%
40Mexico73%
41Armenia73%
42Poland75%
43Cyprus75%
44Macedonia76%
45Bosnia & Herzegovina77%
46Venezuela79%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian94.3%
Muslim0.1%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion0.1%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated5.6%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 94.8% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 75% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 89.8% [about 75% practicing], Eastern Orthodox 1.3%, Protestant 0.3%, other 0.3%, unspecified 8.3% (2002)10.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Poland states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. However, Poland's penal code states "Whoever offends religious feelings of other people by publicly insulting an object of religious cult or a place for public holding of religious ceremonies, is subject to a fine, restriction of liberty or loss of liberty for up to 2 years."

Cases of Discrimination

[...]

In January 2012, Dorota Rabczewska, a popular musician better known as Doda, was fined US $1,450 for "offending religious feelings" when she said in an interview that the Bible is full of "unbelievable tales" and that "it's hard to believe in something written down by someone drunk on wine and smoking some kind of herbs."

In October 2012, Poland's Supreme Court opened the way for a blasphemy verdict against another musician, Adam Darksi. Darski, who uses the stage name Nergal, is the lead singer of a heavy metal group named Behemoth. During a concert in 2007 Darski ripped up a Bible and called it deceitful and described the Roman Catholic Church as "a criminal sect". He was tried for "offending religious feelings". A lower court dismissed the charges, but the Supreme Court was then asked to rule on the legal arguments arising from the case. The Supreme Court ruled that Darski could be convicted of the crime of "offending religious feelings" even if he did not act with the "direct intention" of offending those feelings. That interpretation closed off an argument used by lawyers for Darski, who said he had not committed a crime because he did not intend to offend anyone. The case therefore returns to a lower court. If found guilty, Darski faces a maximum sentence of two years in jail, under Poland's criminal code.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)11

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
214Australia0.63
213Korea, S.0.56
212Switzerland0.56
211Poland0.55
210Turkey0.53
209Romania0.52
208Sweden0.44
207Taiwan0.44
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
37Hungary65.16
38Malta63.08
39Lithuania62.81
40Poland62.47
41Oman61.99
42Croatia60.12
43Malaysia56.30
44Bahrain54.99
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)12
CountryValue12
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
106Ivory Coast93.33
107Burkina Faso93.75
108Belarus94.75
109Poland96.5
110Macedonia98.75
111Romania99.75
112Cambodia99.75
113Ukraine100
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
42France7.4
43Belgium7.4
44Costa Rica7.4
45Poland7.3
46Bulgaria7.3
47Albania7.3
48Rwanda7.3
49Israel7.3
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
21Mauritius1.49
22Australia1.49
23Singapore1.52
24Poland1.52
25Spain1.55
26Slovakia1.59
27Taiwan1.60
28Netherlands1.61
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
12Netherlands100
13UK100
14Germany99
15Poland99
16Finland99
17Estonia99
18New Zealand99
19Sweden99
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
40Panama20
41Macedonia20
42Romania20
43Poland20
44Honduras20
45Burkina Faso20
46Georgia20
47S. Africa20
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
19Namibia99.1
20Canada99.1
21Belgium99.1
22Poland99.1
23Slovakia99.1
24Cyprus99.1
25Cape Verde99.1
26Australia99.1
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2913
2Israel4.1113
3Japan3.5813
...
33Malaysia1.1314
34Turkey1.0113
35Lithuania0.9515
36Poland0.9413
37Slovakia0.8913
38Malta0.8915
39Greece0.8413
40India0.8216
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
43Portugal$19 907
44Slovakia$19 696
45Bahrain$19 154
46Poland$17 776
47Estonia$17 402
48Barbados$17 308
49Lithuania$16 858
50Hungary$16 088
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
59Nicaragua5.7
60Peru5.6
61Croatia5.6
62Poland5.6
63Ghana5.6
64Kazakhstan5.5
65Montenegro5.5
66Estonia5.5
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
59USA63.5
60Paraguay63.5
61Brazil63.4
62Poland63.1
63Venezuela62.9
64Bulgaria62.5
65Israel62.4
66Thailand62.2
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
21Peru120
22Italy115
23Guatemala115
24Poland115
25Paraguay110
26Honduras110
27Monaco110
28Japan110
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/poland.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pl.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  12. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  13. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2012.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2011.^

©2017. All rights reserved.