Kenya (Republic of Kenya)

#Kenya #Pentecostalism

Like this page:


Share this page:

Kenya
Republic of Kenya
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index140th best
CapitalNairobi
Land Area1 569 140 km2
LocationAfrica
Population2 42.75 million
Life Expectancy357.654yrs (2012)
GNI3$1 541
ISO3166-1 Codes4KE, KEN, 404
Internet Domain5.ke
Currency6Shilling (KES)
Telephone7+254

1. Overview

Founding president and liberation struggle icon Jomo KENYATTA led Kenya from independence in 1963 until his death in 1978, when President Daniel Toroitich arap MOI took power in a constitutional succession. The country was a de facto one-party state from 1969 until 1982 when the ruling Kenya African National Union (KANU) made itself the sole legal party in Kenya. MOI acceded to internal and external pressure for political liberalization in late 1991. The ethnically fractured opposition failed to dislodge KANU from power in elections in 1992 and 1997, which were marred by violence and fraud, but were viewed as having generally reflected the will of the Kenyan people. President MOI stepped down in December 2002 following fair and peaceful elections. Mwai KIBAKI, running as the candidate of the multiethnic, united opposition group, the National Rainbow Coalition (NARC), defeated KANU candidate Uhuru KENYATTA and assumed the presidency following a campaign centered on an anticorruption platform. KIBAKI's NARC coalition splintered in 2005 over a constitutional review process. Government defectors joined with KANU to form a new opposition coalition, the Orange Democratic Movement (ODM), which defeated the government's draft constitution in a popular referendum in November 2005. KIBAKI's reelection in December 2007 brought charges of vote rigging from ODM candidate Raila ODINGA and unleashed two months of violence in which as many as 1,500 people died. African Union-sponsored mediation led by former UN Secretary General Kofi ANNAN in late February 2008 resulted in a power-sharing accord bringing ODINGA into the government in the restored position of prime minister. The power sharing accord included a broad reform agenda, the centerpiece of which was constitutional reform. In August 2010, Kenyans overwhelmingly adopted a new constitution in a national referendum. The new constitution introduced additional checks and balances to executive power and significant devolution of power and resources to 47 newly created counties. It also eliminated the position of prime minister following the first presidential election under the new constitution, which occurred on March 4, 2013. Uhuru KENYATTA, the son of founding president Jomo KENYATTA, won the March elections in the first round by a close margin and was sworn into office on 9 April 2013.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Kenya National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
142Congo, (Brazzaville)53.449.3
143Solomon Islands53.049.3
144Sao Tome & Principe52.550.6
145Kenya51.945.6
146Bangladesh51.539.3
147Pakistan51.542.4
148Angola50.843.3
149Myanmar (Burma)49.835.9
150Cameroon49.542.6
151Madagascar48.345.4
152Tanzania47.639.2
153Nigeria47.145.4
154Senegal47.038.5
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden89.1
2Iceland87.6
3Denmark87.2
...
137Madagascar47.9
138Ghana47.8
139Vanuatu47.5
140Kenya47.4
141Gabon46.7
142Papua New Guinea46.3
143Laos45.8
144Syria45.5
145Sierra Leone45.3
146Haiti45.2
147Liberia45.1
148Comoros44.9
149Angola44.8
150Bangladesh44.7
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2013).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
161Tanzania58.9
162Djibouti58.3
163Congo, (Brazzaville)57.8
164Kenya57.7
165Togo57.5
166Liberia57.3
167Benin56.5
168Rwanda55.7
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
151Central African Rep.4.5
152Madagascar4.5
153Iraq4.6
154Kenya4.6
155Senegal4.7
156Gambia4.7
157Mozambique4.8
158Comoros4.8
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
28Colombia 47.55m43
29Spain 46.77m94
30Ukraine 44.94m78
31Kenya 42.75m75
32Argentina 41.12m15
33Poland 38.32m126
34Algeria 36.49m15
Data Source

Kenya's population is predicted to rise to 65.93 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 4.64. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
142Fiji1963
143Iran1963
144Morocco1963
145Kenya1963
146Sudan1964
147Libya1964
148Papua New Guinea1964
149Lesotho1965
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
127Haiti0.59
128Gambia0.59
129Sudan0.60
130Kenya0.61
131Burkina Faso0.61
132India0.61
133Congo, (Brazzaville)0.61
134Papua New Guinea0.62
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Kenya is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#Buddhism #Christianity #Hinduism #Islam #Judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
129Malawi0%
130Iraq0%
131Jordan0%
132Kenya0%
133Kuwait0%
134Liberia0%
135Libya0%
136Niger0%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
81Uganda93%
82Nepal93%
83Sudan93%
84Kenya94%
85Bahrain94%
86Congo, DR94%
87Algeria95%
88Rwanda95%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian84.8%
Muslim9.7%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion1.7%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated2.5%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Christian 82.5% (Protestant 47.4%, Catholic 23.3%, other 11.8%), Muslim 11.1%, Traditionalists 1.6%, other 1.7%, none 2.4%, unspecified 0.7% (2009 census)10.

Kenya: A Pew Forum poll in 2006 found that nearly half or more of all Protestants in several countries, including Kenya, identified as Pentecostal Christians11.

Links:

6. The Internet

Internet Freedom
1Estonia10
2USA12
3Germany15
...
10S. Africa26
11Brazil27
12Ukraine27
13Kenya29
14Georgia30
15Nigeria33
16Korea, S.34
17Uganda34
Data Source
IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
225Ivory Coast0.82
224Burkina Faso0.79
223Cameroon0.77
222Kenya0.77
221Zambia0.76
220Moldova0.71
219Uzbekistan0.69
218Guinea-Bissau0.67
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
98Egypt26.74
99Jamaica26.48
100Georgia26.30
101Kenya25.90
102Tuvalu25.00
103Philippines25.00
104Thailand21.20
105Syria20.66
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
...
74Turkey6.9
75Trinidad & Tobago6.9
76Indonesia6.9
77Kenya6.9
78Jamaica6.9
79Kazakhstan6.8
80Tunisia6.8
81Italy6.8
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
116Turkmenistan2.24
117Bahrain2.25
118Rwanda2.25
119Kenya2.25
120Algeria2.26
121Eritrea2.26
122Venezuela2.28
123Guatemala2.29
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
102Mauritania76
103Uganda73
104Tanzania72
105Kenya72
106S. Africa72
107Jamaica71
108Zambia71
109Ghana71
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
121Jamaica14
122Japan14
123Jordan14
124Kenya14
125Mauritania13
126Sri Lanka13
127Nepal13
128Equatorial Guinea13
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
67Bosnia & Herzegovina99.3
68Guyana99.3
69Tanzania99.3
70Kenya99.3
71Zambia99.3
72Mozambique99.3
73Armenia99.3
74Malawi99.3
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2912
2Israel4.1112
3Japan3.5812
...
39Greece0.8412
40India0.8213
41Croatia0.8114
42Kenya0.7915
43Ukraine0.7614
44Morocco0.7315
45Serbia0.7314
46Hong Kong0.7316
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
157Ghana$1 684
158Senegal$1 653
159Ivory Coast$1 593
160Kenya$1 541
161Benin$1 439
162Tanzania$1 383
163Zambia$1 358
164Chad$1 258
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
115Cameroon4.4
116Sudan4.4
117Ethiopia4.4
118Kenya4.4
119Tajikistan4.3
120Liberia4.2
121Sri Lanka4.2
122Angola4.2
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
104Guatemala54.0
105Congo, DR51.6
106Malawi51.4
107Kenya51.4
108Ghana51.3
109Myanmar (Burma)51.3
110Tajikistan51.3
111Mozambique51.2
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
...
190Papua New Guinea-140
191Zambia-140
192Antigua & Barbuda-150
193Kenya-160
194Solomon Islands-160
195Gambia-160
196Sierra Leone-195
197Guyana-200
Data Source

By Vexen Crabtree 2013 May 01
(Last Modified: 2015 Nov 09)
http://www.humantruth.info/kenya.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2013) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2013). Accessed 2016 Nov 01.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

Terence O. Ranger
(2008, Ed.) Evangelical Christianity And Democracy in Africa. Published by Oxford University Press, UK. Part of the series of books on Evangelical Christianity and Democracy in the Global South (series editor Timothy Samuel Shah).

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

World Bank
Research and Development and a Percent of GDP PPP. Data from databank.worldbank.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 29.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011).^
  3. UN (2013).^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ke.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. Terence (2008) in the preface written by Timothy Shah.^
  12. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^
  13. World Bank data for year 2011.^
  14. World Bank data for year 2013.^
  15. World Bank data for year 2010.^
  16. World Bank data for year 2012.^

© 2016 Vexen Crabtree. All rights reserved.