The Human Truth Foundation

Canada

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Canada

Canada
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index12nd best
CapitalOttawa
Land Area9 093 510 km21
LocationNorth America, The Americas
Population 34.67 million (2011)2
Life Expectancy82.22yrs (2017)3
GNI$42 582 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesCA, CAN, 1245
Internet Domain.ca6
CurrencyDollar (CAD)7
Telephone+18

1. Overview

#UK

A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867 while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across the world's longest unfortified border. Canada faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvements in health care, education, social services, and economic competitiveness, as well as responding to the particular concerns of predominantly francophone Quebec. Canada also aims to develop its diverse energy resources while maintaining its commitment to the environment.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

2. Canada National and Social Development

UN HDI (2016)10
CountryRank10
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
7Netherlands7
8Ireland8
9Iceland9
10Canada10
11USA10
12Hong Kong12
13New Zealand13
14Sweden14
15Liechtenstein15
16UK16
17Japan17
18Korea, S.18
19Israel19
20Luxembourg20
21France21
22Belgium22
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.2
2Iceland88.1
3Denmark85.9
...
9Australia81.1
10Switzerland80.4
11Germany80.2
12Canada80.1
13UK79.8
14Belgium79.5
15Luxembourg79.3
16Hong Kong78.9
17Ireland78.2
18Japan76.5
19Liechtenstein76.3
20Estonia75.2
21Taiwan75.1
22France74.5
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (2015)11
CountryYears11
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
9Australia82.54
10France82.36
11Sweden82.35
12Canada82.22
13Korea, S.82.13
14New Zealand82.03
15Chile81.96
16Luxembourg81.88
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
47Cape Verde2.3
48Estonia1.7
49UAE1.7
50Canada1.7
51Colombia2.3
52Maldives1.7
53Luxembourg1.7
54Turkmenistan2.3
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
34Algeria 36.49m15
35Uganda 35.62m178
36Sudan 35.05m15
37Canada 34.67m4
38Iraq 33.7m78
39Afghanistan 33.4m51
40Morocco 32.6m73
Data Source

Canada's population is predicted to rise to 39.85 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.69.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
17Luxembourg1919
18Ukraine1919
19Austria1919
20Canada1920
21Albania1920
22USA1920
23Azerbaijan1921
24Lithuania1921
Gender Inequality (2015)12
CountryValue12
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
15Spain0.08
16Italy0.08
17Portugal0.09
18Canada0.10
19France0.10
20Israel0.10
21Japan0.12
22Cyprus0.12

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
20Australia25%
21Taiwan24%
22New Zealand22%
23Canada22%
24Mongolia20%
25Latvia20%
26Ukraine20%
27Austria18%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
16Switzerland41%
17Uruguay41%
18Lithuania42%
19Canada42%
20Kazakhstan43%
21Korea, S.43%
22Ukraine46%
23Slovenia47%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below13:

Christian69%
Muslim2.1%
Hindu1.4%
Buddhist0.8%
Folk Religion1.2%
Jew1%
Unaffiliated23.7%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 75.5% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 42% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 42.6%, Protestant 23.3% (United Church 9.5%, Anglican 6.8%, Baptist 2.4%, Lutheran 2%), other Christian 4.4%, Muslim 1.9%, other and unspecified 11.8%, none 16% (2001 census)14.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Canada states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. However six of the ten provinces provide partial or full funding to religious schools. Most of these publicly funded religious schools are Roman Catholic. Although five provinces allow other denominations to run publicly funded schools. Publicly funded religious schools can discriminate on religious grounds in hiring and in accepting students. Around 16 percent of the Canadian population claims no religious affiliation, yet in the vast low-population expanses of Canada, the religious school may well be the only public school within a reasonable distance for many non-religious students.

Ontario is the only province that funds Catholic religious education while providing no funding for other religious schools. One third of Ontario's public schools (around 1,400) are Catholic schools, and they receive 100% of their funding from the government. Catholic schools discriminate against non-Catholics in hiring staff. Catholic schools can also exclude non-Catholic children.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)15

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
236Indonesia1.05
235Brazil1.02
234Tajikistan1.01
233Canada0.96
232Malaysia0.96
231Saudi Arabia0.94
230Kuwait0.93
229Spain0.88
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
11Korea, S.82.52
12Switzerland82.17
13Qatar81.59
14Canada81.34
15Andorra81.00
16Antigua & Barbuda80.65
17Liechtenstein80.00
18Slovakia79.89
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Alcohol Consumption (2010)16
CountryPer Capita16
1Libya0.1
2Pakistan0.1
3Kuwait0.1
...
149Uganda9.8
150Netherlands9.9
151Nigeria10.1
152Canada10.2
153Estonia10.3
154Kazakhstan10.3
155Austria10.3
156Greece10.3
Anti-Semite Opinions17
Country%17
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
9Tanzania12
10Thailand13
11Czech Rep.13
12Canada14
13New Zealand14
14Australia14
15Norway15
16Ghana15
Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
18
CountryValue18
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
4Canada3.75
5Australia5.25
6UK6.75
7Ireland6.75
8Sri Lanka8
9Qatar9
10Trinidad & Tobago10
11Netherlands10
Personal, Civil and Economic Freedom (2014)19
CountryRank19
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
4Ireland4
5Denmark5
6UK6
7Canada6
8Australia6
9Finland9
10Netherlands10
11Austria11
12Luxembourg11
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
4Canada1.32
5Japan1.33
6Austria1.33
7Ireland1.33
8Slovenia1.33
9Finland1.35
10Switzerland1.35
11Belgium1.38
12Qatar1.39
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
18New Zealand99
19Sweden99
20Belgium99
21Canada99
22Latvia98
23Australia98
24Spain98
25Czech Rep.98
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
62Uganda19
63Venezuela19
64UK19
65Canada19
66Lithuania18
67Tunisia18
68Philippines18
69Malta18
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
17Germany99.0
18Costa Rica99.1
19Namibia99.1
20Canada99.1
21Belgium99.1
22Poland99.1
23Slovakia99.1
24Cyprus99.1
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2920
2Israel4.1120
3Japan3.5820
...
19Iceland1.8920
20UK1.7020
21Norway1.7020
22Canada1.6120
23Ireland1.5220
24Estonia1.4320
25Hungary1.3720
26Italy1.2920
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)11
CountryPPP $11
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
19Ireland$43 798
20Austria$43 609
21Australia$42 822
22Canada$42 582
23Belgium$41 243
24Finland$38 868
25France$38 085
26UK$37 931
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
7Austria7.5
8Australia7.4
9Finland7.4
10Canada7.4
11Israel7.4
12Costa Rica7.3
13Panama7.3
14UAE7.2
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
43Ireland67.1
44Romania67.0
45Netherlands66.4
46Canada66.4
47Fiji65.9
48Maldives65.9
49Philippines65.7
50Australia65.7
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
4Sweden255
5Spain245
6S. Africa241
7Denmark225
8Iceland220
9Andorra210
10Norway210
11Argentina200
12Brazil196
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/canada.html
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#buddhism #Canada #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism #UK

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References: (What's this?)

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Mar 24.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016..

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Data for 2015. Available on hdr.undp.org/..

World Health Organisation. (WHO)
(2014) Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health. A copy can be found on the WHO website. Accessed 2015 Jan 04. It "presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States" and was published in Geneva on 2014 May 12.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017) Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017) Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ca.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  10. UN (2017) Table 1. Lower is better.^
  11. UN (2017) Table 1. Higher is better.^^
  12. UN (2017) Table 5. Lower is better.^
  13. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  14. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  15. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  16. WHO (2014) Appendix 1. Alcohol Per Capita Consumption in liters of pure alcohol, 15+ years age population, consumed in 2010. Lower is better.^
  17. ADL (2014) . Lower is better.^
  18. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  19. Fraser Institute, the (2016) . Covers data for 2014.^
  20. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^

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