The Human Truth Foundation

Canada

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

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#Canada

Canada
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index12nd best
CapitalOttawa
Land Area19 093 510 km2
LocationNorth America, The Americas
Population2 34.67 million
Life Expectancy381.134yrs (2012)
GNI3$35 369
ISO3166-1 Codes4CA, CAN, 124
Internet Domain5.ca
Currency6Dollar (CAD)
Telephone7+1

1. Overview

#UK

A land of vast distances and rich natural resources, Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867 while retaining ties to the British crown. Economically and technologically, the nation has developed in parallel with the US, its neighbor to the south across the world's longest unfortified border. Canada faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvements in health care, education, social services, and economic competitiveness, as well as responding to the particular concerns of predominantly francophone Quebec. Canada also aims to develop its diverse energy resources while maintaining its commitment to the environment.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)8

2. Canada National and Social Development

UN's Human Development Index
Country2012
score
Average
1980-2010
1Norway95.587.3
2Australia93.888.9
3USA93.787.8
...
8Sweden91.684.9
9Switzerland91.385.4
10Japan91.284.3
11Canada91.186.5
12Korea, S.90.977.5
13Iceland90.683.2
14Hong Kong90.680.3
15Denmark90.183.7
16Israel90.082.7
17Belgium89.783.2
18Austria89.581.3
19Singapore89.583.3
20France89.380.7
Data Source
Social and Moral Development
CountryScore
1Sweden88.9
2Iceland87.4
3Denmark87.2
...
9Austria81.7
10Switzerland81.2
11Germany81.1
12Canada80.8
13Belgium80.1
14UK80.1
15Andorra79.4
16Luxembourg79.4
17Ireland79.2
18Hong Kong77.1
19Liechtenstein76.6
20Japan76.3
21Estonia76.2
22France75.6
Data Source

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others. The values in the chart are factored by 100.

The Social and Moral Development Index is a formulaic aggregation of many factors. It concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017).

3. Population and Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy (at birth)
1Japan83.6
2Hong Kong83
3Switzerland82.5
...
12Spain81.6
13Singapore81.2
14Norway81.3
15Canada81.1
16Andorra81.1
17Austria81
18Netherlands80.8
19New Zealand80.8
Data Source
Fertility Rate
1Korea, N.2.0
2Brunei2.0
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.0
...
47Cape Verde2.3
48Estonia1.7
49UAE1.7
50Canada1.7
51Colombia2.3
52Maldives1.7
53Luxembourg1.7
54Turkmenistan2.3
Data Source
Population (m=millions)
CountryPeoplePer km2
1China1 353.6m145
2India1 258.35m423
3USA 315.79m35
...
34Algeria 36.49m15
35Uganda 35.62m178
36Sudan 35.05m15
37Canada 34.67m4
38Iraq 33.7m78
39Afghanistan 33.4m51
40Morocco 32.6m73
Data Source

Canada's population is predicted to rise to 39.85 million by 2030. This rise is despite a low fertility rate, meaning, that this country is helping to alleviate problems with growing population in neighbouring countries by accepting immigrants, very likely as a requirement of maintaining an active workforce. This country has a fertility rate of 1.69.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Gender Equality

Female Vote and Stand
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
17Luxembourg1919
18Ukraine1919
19Austria1919
20Canada1920
21Albania1920
22USA1920
23Azerbaijan1921
24Lithuania1921
Gender Equality
1Netherlands0.04
2Sweden0.05
3Denmark0.06
...
15Spain0.10
16Portugal0.11
17Australia0.12
18Canada0.12
19Ireland0.12
20Czech Rep.0.12
21Japan0.13
22Cyprus0.13
Data Source

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Canada is on the way towards ending gender inequality.

See:

5. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Disbelief In God
1Vietnam81%
2Japan65%
3Sweden64%
...
20Australia25%
21Taiwan24%
22New Zealand22%
23Canada22%
24Mongolia20%
25Latvia20%
26Ukraine20%
27Austria18%
Data Source
How Many Are Religious?
1Estonia16%
2Sweden17%
3Denmark19%
...
16Switzerland41%
17Uruguay41%
18Lithuania42%
19Canada42%
20Kazakhstan43%
21Korea, S.43%
22Ukraine46%
23Slovenia47%
Data Source

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below9:

Christian69%
Muslim2.1%
Hindu1.4%
Buddhist0.8%
Folk Religion1.2%
Jew1%
Unaffiliated23.7%

It appears that when asked "What religion are you" many give pollsters the 'correct' answer despite how they actually feel, and despite what they actually believe. Although 75.5% of the populace say they belong to a religion, only 42% say that they are religious when the question is phrased as "Is religion an important part of your daily life?".

For more on this phenomenon, see:

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Roman Catholic 42.6%, Protestant 23.3% (United Church 9.5%, Anglican 6.8%, Baptist 2.4%, Lutheran 2%), other Christian 4.4%, Muslim 1.9%, other and unspecified 11.8%, none 16% (2001 census)10.

The International Humanist and Ethical Union produced a report in 2012 entitled "Freedom of Thought" (2012), in which they document bias and prejudice at the national level that is based on religion, belief and/or lack of belief. Their entry for Canada states:

The constitution and other laws and policies protect freedom of religion or belief. However six of the ten provinces provide partial or full funding to religious schools. Most of these publicly funded religious schools are Roman Catholic. Although five provinces allow other denominations to run publicly funded schools. Publicly funded religious schools can discriminate on religious grounds in hiring and in accepting students. Around 16 percent of the Canadian population claims no religious affiliation, yet in the vast low-population expanses of Canada, the religious school may well be the only public school within a reasonable distance for many non-religious students.

Ontario is the only province that funds Catholic religious education while providing no funding for other religious schools. One third of Ontario's public schools (around 1,400) are Catholic schools, and they receive 100% of their funding from the government. Catholic schools discriminate against non-Catholics in hiring staff. Catholic schools can also exclude non-Catholic children.

"Freedom of Thought" by IHEU (2012)11

Links:

6. The Internet

IT Security Risks
271USA3.68
270Russia2.42
269India2.10
...
236Indonesia1.05
235Brazil1.02
234Tajikistan1.01
233Canada0.96
232Malaysia0.96
231Saudi Arabia0.94
230Kuwait0.93
229Spain0.88
Data Source
Internet Users in Population
1Iceland95.64
2Norway93.28
3Netherlands90.70
...
11Korea, S.82.52
12Switzerland82.17
13Qatar81.59
14Canada81.34
15Andorra81.00
16Antigua & Barbuda80.65
17Liechtenstein80.00
18Slovakia79.89
Data Source

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

Links:

7. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability (2013-2016)12
CountryValue12
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
4Canada3.75
5Australia5.25
6UK6.75
7Ireland6.75
8Sri Lanka8
9Qatar9
10Trinidad & Tobago10
11Netherlands10
12UAE12
Economic Freedom
1Hong Kong9.0
2Singapore8.8
3New Zealand8.4
4Switzerland8.3
5Canada8.0
6Australia8.0
7Bahrain8.0
8Mauritius7.9
9Finland7.9
10UAE7.9
11Chile7.9
12Estonia7.8
Data Source
Global Peace Index
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
4Canada1.32
5Japan1.33
6Austria1.33
7Ireland1.33
8Slovenia1.33
9Finland1.35
10Switzerland1.35
11Belgium1.38
12Qatar1.39
Data Source
Average IQ
1Singapore108
2Korea, S.106
3Taiwan105
...
18New Zealand99
19Sweden99
20Belgium99
21Canada99
22Latvia98
23Australia98
24Spain98
25Czech Rep.98
Data Source
Human Rights Treaties
1Argentina24
2Ecuador23
3Germany23
...
62Uganda19
63Venezuela19
64UK19
65Canada19
66Lithuania18
67Tunisia18
68Philippines18
69Malta18
Data Source
Press Freedom Index
1Finland99.0
2Netherlands99.0
3Norway99.0
...
17Germany99.0
18Costa Rica99.1
19Namibia99.1
20Canada99.1
21Belgium99.1
22Poland99.1
23Slovakia99.1
24Cyprus99.1
Data Source
R & D Spending
Country% RDP PPP
1Korea, S.4.2913
2Israel4.1113
3Japan3.5813
...
19Iceland1.8913
20UK1.7013
21Norway1.7013
22Canada1.6113
23Ireland1.5213
24Estonia1.4313
25Hungary1.3713
26Italy1.2913
Gross National Income
1Qatar$87 478
2Liechtenstein$84 880
3Kuwait$52 793
...
13Austria$36 438
14Sweden$36 143
15Germany$35 431
16Canada$35 369
17Australia$34 340
18Andorra$33 918
19Denmark$33 518
20Belgium$33 429
Data Source
Happiness
1Denmark7.8
2Netherlands7.6
3Norway7.6
...
7Austria7.5
8Australia7.4
9Finland7.4
10Canada7.4
11Israel7.4
12Costa Rica7.3
13Panama7.3
14UAE7.2
Data Source
Environmental Performance
1Iceland93.5
2Switzerland89.1
3Costa Rica86.4
...
43Ireland67.1
44Romania67.0
45Netherlands66.4
46Canada66.4
47Fiji65.9
48Maldives65.9
49Philippines65.7
50Australia65.7
Data Source
Gay Equality
1Netherlands405
2Belgium350
3Canada280
4Sweden255
5Spain245
6S. Africa241
7Denmark225
8Iceland220
9Andorra210
10Norway210
11Argentina200
12Brazil196
Data Source

Current edition: 2013 May 01
http://www.humantruth.info/canada.html
Parent page: Vexing International Issues

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Charities Aid Foundation
World Giving Index. On www.cafonline.org.

CIA
(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2017 Feb 20.

Gallup
(2009) Religiosity. gallup.com/poll/142727/.... The survey question was "Is religion an important part of your daily life?" and results are charted for those who said "yes". 1000 adults were polled in each of 114 countries.

IHEU. International Humanist and Ethical Union.
(2012) Freedom of Thought. A copy can be found on iheu.org/...Freedom of Thought 2012.pdf, accessed 2013 Oct 28.

Lynn, Harvey & Nyborg
(2009) Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations. Richard Lynn, John Harvey and Helmuth Nyborg article "Average intelligence predicts atheism rates across 137 nations" in Intelligence (2009 Jan/Feb) vol. 37 issue 1 pages 11-15. Online at www.sciencedirect.com, accessed 2009 Sep 15.

OECD
(2016) Research and development (R&D) - Gross domestic spending on R&D. Data from data.oecd.org. Accessed 2016 Sep 28.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Published on the United Nation's website at hdr.undp.org/.../HDR_2011_EN_Complete.pdf (accessed throughout 2013, Jan-Mar). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2013) Human Development Report. This edition had the theme of The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. Published on the United Nation's HDR website at hdr.undp.org/.../hdr2013/ (accessed throughout 2013). UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2013) .^
  4. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  5. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  6. According to ISO4217.^
  7. According to ITU-T.^
  8. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ca.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  9. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  10. CIA (2013) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  11. IHEU (2012) . Added to this page on 2013 Oct 28.^
  12. Charities Aid Foundation . Average ranking across years 2013-2016. Lower is better.^
  13. OECD (2016) data for year 2014.^

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