The Human Truth Foundation

Angola (Republic of Angola)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#angola

Angola
Republic of Angola
StatusIndependent State
Social and Moral Index192nd best
CapitalLuanda
Land Area1 246 700km21
LocationAfrica
Population30.8m2
Life Expectancy52.70yrs (2017)3
GNI$6 291 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesAO, AGO, 245
Internet Domain.ao6
CurrencyKwanza (AOA)7
Telephone+2448

1. Overview

#portugal

Angola is still rebuilding its country since the end of a 27-year civil war in 2002. Fighting between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), led by Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS, and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), led by Jonas SAVIMBI, followed independence from Portugal in 1975. Peace seemed imminent in 1992 when Angola held national elections, but fighting picked up again in 1993. Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost - and 4 million people displaced - during the more than a quarter century of fighting. SAVIMBI's death in 2002 ended UNITA's insurgency and cemented the MPLA's hold on power. President DOS SANTOS pushed through a new constitution in 2010; elections held in 2012 saw him installed as president.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverFronting the Atlantic and stretching into the interior of the mighty continent, Angola is nothing if not diverse, a land of traumatic history and startling natural treasures. [...] Angola is an eye-opener - in more ways than one. Scarred painfully by years of debilitating warfare and practically untouched by foreign visitors since the early 1970s, the country remains remote, with few observers privy to its geographic highlights and vast cultural riches.Despite advancements in infrastructure and a dramatically improved security situation, travel in Angola remains the preserve of adventurers... [but with] the transport network gradually recovering and wildlife being shipped in to repopulate decimated national parks, the signs of recovery are more than just a mirage. ... Chill out on expansive beaches, sample the solitude in virgin wildlife parks or sift through the ruins of Portuguese colonialism.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Angola National and Social Development

#economics #human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
147Pakistan147
148Swaziland148
149Syria149
150Angola150
151Tanzania151
152Nigeria152
153Cameroon153
154Zimbabwe154
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)12
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $12
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
120Bhutan$7 081
121Guatemala$7 063
122Guyana$6 884
123Angola$6 291
124Bolivia$6 155
125Cape Verde$6 049
126Uzbekistan$5 748
127India$5 663
World Avg$17 240
q=193.
Social & Moral
Development Index
13,14
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank13,14
1Taiwan30.2
2Denmark30.5
3Norway30.9
...
188Chad127.0
189Afghanistan128.1
190Equatorial Guinea128.1
191Central African Rep.128.3
192Angola128.9
193S. Sudan133.4
194Tuvalu134.0
195Somalia143.7
World Avg86.4
q=195.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

3. Angola's Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Angola's population is predicted to fall to 30 801 000 by 2030. Developed countries with falling populations face a pension's crises, whereby an incresingly ageing population must be cared for by fewer and fewer workers. Economic stability can be maintained by increasing foreign workers from younger countries. This country has a fertility rate of 5.19. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Population (2018)2
Pos.
Population2
1China1.4b
2India1.4b
3USA327.1m
...
42Uzbekistan32.5m
43Peru32.0m
44Malaysia31.5m
45Angola30.8m
46Ghana29.8m
47Mozambique29.5m
48Venezuela28.9m
49Yemen28.5m
World Avg39.0m
q=195.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
181Guinea-Bissau55.49
182Mozambique55.48
183Nigeria53.06
184Angola52.70
185Chad51.90
186Ivory Coast51.89
187Central African Rep.51.46
188Sierra Leone51.32
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
163Guinea5.08
164Liberia5.08
165Benin5.12
166Angola5.19
167Rwanda5.30
168Nigeria5.45
169Tanzania5.51
170Congo, DR5.54
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)16
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10016
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
4Burkina Faso04.7
5Sierra Leone04.8
6Zambia04.8
7Eritrea04.9
8Gambia04.9
9Angola05.0
10Afghanistan05.0
11Zimbabwe05.0
12Nigeria05.1
World Avg18.3
q=185.

Migration:

Immigrants (2017)17
Pos.
%17
1UAE88.4%
2Kuwait75.5%
3Qatar65.2%
...
123Cameroon2.2%
124Bulgaria2.2%
125Kenya2.2%
126Angola2.1%
127Liberia2.1%
128Mali2.1%
129Georgia2.0%
130Guyana2.0%
World Avg9.4%
q=195.
Emigrants (2010)18
Pos.
%18
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
140Botswana3.2%
141Spain3.0%
142Central African Rep.2.9%
143Angola2.8%
144France2.8%
145Costa Rica2.7%
146Rwanda2.6%
147Pakistan2.5%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#Angola #equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance

Angola is amongst the worst places in the world at ensuring human rights and freedom, and it has severe cultural issues when it comes to tolerance and equality. Angola does worse than average in terms of commentary in Human Rights Watch reports19 (still good for Africa), speed of uptake of HR treaties20, supporting press freedom21, its nominal commitment to Human Rights22 and in LGBT equality23. And finally, it falls into the worst-performing 20 in supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms24. Diamond extraction in Angola relies upon forced labour and child labour, and has done for decades25. Angola's security forces continue to use excessive force with almost no action taken by the government against even serious abusers26.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Angola's Health

#alcohol #Angola #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #vaccines

Health (2020)27,28
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank27,28
1Hong Kong18.0
2Singapore41.5
3Maldives43.3
...
179Papua New Guinea122.0
180Congo, (Brazzaville)123.1
181Gabon131.4
182Iraq132.0
183Ivory Coast132.4
184Angola135.0
185Equatorial Guinea136.4
186Nigeria140.8
187S. Sudan143.3
World Avg92.3
q=187.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives27. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea27.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe27, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia27.

Health:

Angola is amongst the unhealthiest places in the world, causing serious issues for most of its citizens. Angola does better than average in terms of its smoking rate29 (but high for Africa). But unfortunately Angola gets most other things wrong. It does worse than average in its alcohol consumption rate30. It sits amongst the bottom 20 in its fertility rate15, its immunizations take-up31, its adolescent birth rate32 (amongst the highest in Africa) and in its average life expectancy12. And finally, it is the worst in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance33. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years.
Life Expectancy (2015)12
Pos.Higher is better
Years12
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
181Guinea-Bissau55.49
182Mozambique55.48
183Nigeria53.06
184Angola52.70
185Chad51.90
186Ivory Coast51.89
187Central African Rep.51.46
188Sierra Leone51.32
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Alcohol Consumption (2016)30
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita30
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
95Guyana6.3
96Peru6.3
97Bosnia & Herzegovina6.4
98Angola6.4
99Mexico6.5
100Philippines6.6
101Cambodia6.7
102Belize6.8
World Avg6.2
q=189.
Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
163Guinea5.08
164Liberia5.08
165Benin5.12
166Angola5.19
167Rwanda5.30
168Nigeria5.45
169Tanzania5.51
170Congo, DR5.54
World Avg2.81
q=180.
Smoking Rates (2014)29
Pos.Higher is worse29
182Montenegro4 125
181Belarus3 831
180Lebanon3 023
...
83Senegal 504
82Brazil 492
81Honduras 489
80Angola 489
79Nicaragua 488
78Ivory Coast 477
77Djibouti 476
76Syria 459
World Avg 819
q=182.
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
156Libya156
157Papua New Guinea157
158Belize158
159Algeria159
160Senegal160
161Mauritania161
162St Vincent & Grenadines162
163Angola163
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Overweight Adults (2016)34
Pos.Lower is better
%34
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
27Comoros27.1
28Bhutan27.1
29Japan27.2
30Angola27.5
31Philippines27.6
32Sierra Leone27.7
33Tanzania27.7
34Zambia27.8
World Avg49.0
q=191.

Children's Health:

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)32
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100032
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
178Chad133.5
179Ivory Coast135.5
180Malawi136.2
181Mozambique139.7
182Guinea140.6
183Angola164.3
184Mali174.6
185Niger202.4
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)31
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %31
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
173Pakistan73.0
174Liberia72.6
175S. Africa72.5
176Angola71.9
177Madagascar71.9
178Iraq70.7
179Afghanistan70.6
180Niger69.7
World Avg88.3
q=194.

6. Angola's Modernity and Learning

#education #intelligence #it_security #modernity #technology #the_internet

Modernity and Learning (2020)35
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank35
1Finland8.0
2Belgium9.1
3Denmark10.0
...
147Malawi99.8
148Gabon100.2
149Swaziland100.4
150Angola101.3
151Myanmar (Burma)103.8
152Burundi104.2
153Turkmenistan104.4
154Bangladesh104.4
155Tanzania105.3
World Avg69.0
q=180.

Modernity and Education:

Secondary Education (2018)36
Pos.Higher is better36
1Luxembourg100.0%
2Estonia100.0%
3Austria100.0%
...
139Swaziland32.6%
140Morocco32.2%
141Uganda32.1%
142Angola30.2%
143Lesotho30.0%
144Cape Verde29.9%
145Liberia29.0%
146Yemen28.0%
World Avg63.0%
q=169.
Length of Schooling (2018)37
Pos.Higher is better
Years37
1Australia22.1
2Belgium19.7
3Finland19.3
...
132Jordan11.9
133Cape Verde11.9
134Kiribati11.8
135Angola11.8
136Moldova11.6
137Congo, (Brazzaville)11.6
138Micronesia11.5
139Ghana11.5
World Avg13.2
q=193.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
156Tanzania156
157Equatorial Guinea157
158Guyana158
159Afghanistan159
160Indonesia160
161Bolivia161
162Iraq162
163Angola163
World Avg82.0
q=163.
IQ (2006)38
Pos.Higher is better38
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
123Chad68
124Burkina Faso68
125Somalia68
126Angola68
127Guinea67
128Liberia67
129Haiti67
130Gambia66
World Avg85.6
q=138.

Technology and Information:

Internet Users (2016)39
Pos.Higher is better39
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
140Sao Tome & Principe26%
141Yemen25%
142Senegal23%
143Angola23%
144Ivory Coast22%
145Honduras22%
146Botswana21%
147Libya21%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IT Security (2013)40
Pos.Lower is better40
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
70Tanzania1.50
71Maldives1.57
72China1.59
73Angola1.61
74Sri Lanka1.67
75Oman1.72
76Iraq1.84
77Bangladesh1.87
World Avg0.98
q=81.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)41
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio41
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
94Cambodia0.0
95Belarus0.0
96Azerbaijan0.0
97Angola0.0
98Armenia0.0
99Cape Verde0.0
100Nigeria0.0
101Uzbekistan0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
42
Pos.Lower is better42
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
132Madagascar114
133Benin114.25
134Niger115
135Angola115
136Mali115.25
137Czechia116.5
138Venezuela117.5
139Georgia117.75
World Avg68.1185897435897
q=156.
Corruption (2012-2016)43
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score43
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
159Chad20.4
160Burundi20.2
161Eritrea19.8
162Angola19.4
163Guinea-Bissau19.2
164Syria18.8
165Haiti18.8
166Yemen18.4
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Happiness (2018)44
Pos.Higher is better44
1Finland7.6
2Norway7.6
3Denmark7.6
...
139Togo4.0
140Guinea4.0
141Lesotho3.8
142Angola3.8
143Madagascar3.8
144Zimbabwe3.7
145Afghanistan3.6
146Botswana3.6
World Avg5.38
q=156.
Creativity and Culture (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
145Laos145
146Nigeria146
147Equatorial Guinea147
148Angola148
149Zambia149
150Pakistan150
151Guinea-Bissau151
152Syria152
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
114S. Africa114
115Cape Verde115
116Russia116
117Angola117
118Guyana118
119Colombia119
120Congo, (Brazzaville)120
121Zambia121
World Avg82.0
q=163.

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Global Peace Index (2012)45
Pos.Lower is better45
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
92Guinea2.07
93Papua New Guinea2.08
94Trinidad & Tobago2.08
95Angola2.11
96Cameroon2.11
97Uganda2.12
98Tajikistan2.12
99Madagascar2.12
World Avg2.02
q=157.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
116Trinidad & Tobago116
117Benin117
118Venezuela118
119Angola119
120Ivory Coast120
121Kyrgyzstan121
122Guinea122
123Israel123
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)33
Pos.Lower is better
Rank33
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
150Burundi150
151Zimbabwe151
152Grenada152
153Angola153
154Guyana154
155Congo, DR155
156Ivory Coast156
157St Lucia157
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Impact of Terrorism (2019)46
Pos.Lower is better
Score46
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
96Sri Lanka3.57
97Canada3.59
98Belgium3.64
99Angola3.78
100Tunisia3.94
101Tajikistan3.95
102Uganda3.96
103Mexico4.08
World Avg2.78
q=150.

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)47
Pos.Higher is better
%47
1Iceland205.6
2Bahrain144.4
3Uruguay131.3
...
122Antigua & Barbuda-04.9
123Congo, DR-04.9
124Peru-05.1
125Angola-05.1
126Singapore-05.2
127Mexico-05.3
128Solomon Islands-06.0
129Mauritius-06.1
World Avg02.8
q=184.
Environmental Performance (2018)48
Pos.Higher is better48
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
167Benin38.2
168Afghanistan37.7
169Pakistan37.5
170Angola37.4
171Central African Rep.36.4
172Niger35.7
173Lesotho33.8
174Haiti33.7
World Avg56.4
q=180.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Pos.Earlier is better
Signed
1China1993 Dec 29
2Guinea1993 Dec 29
3Cook Islands1993 Dec 29
...
170Tajikistan1998 Jan 27
171Liechtenstein1998 Feb 17
172Macedonia1998 Mar 02
173Angola1998 Jun 30
174Tonga1998 Aug 17
175Palau1999 Apr 06
176Sao Tome & Principe1999 Dec 28
177UAE2000 May 10
World Avg1899 Dec 30
q=197.
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)49
Pos.Higher is better
%49
1Argentina78.3%
2Greece77.6%
3Brazil77.1%
...
21Ivory Coast63.7%
22Madagascar62.8%
23Uruguay62.4%
24Angola62.4%
25Bangladesh61.5%
26Mali60.7%
27Venezuela60.1%
28Morocco60.0%
World Avg39.9%
q=145.

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)50
Pos.Higher is worse50
184Chad40.90
183Central African Rep.40.10
182Sierra Leone39.00
...
171Guinea-Bissau32.30
170Haiti32.20
169Burkina Faso32.00
168Angola32.00
167Guinea31.30
166Niger30.90
165Togo30.50
164Mauritania30.00
World Avg14.59
q=184.
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)51
Pos.Lower is better
%51
1Ukraine25.0
2Belarus25.4
3Slovenia25.4
...
110Turkey41.9
111Congo, DR42.1
112Madagascar42.6
113Angola42.7
114Uganda42.8
115Nigeria43.0
116Togo43.1
117Zimbabwe43.2
World Avg38.1
q=152.
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)52
Pos.Lower is better
Severity52
1Armenia.001
2Ukraine.001
3Serbia.001
...
79Afghanistan.272
80Tanzania.273
81Sudan.279
82Angola.282
83Gambia.286
84Senegal.288
85Nigeria.291
86Sierra Leone.297
World Avg.154
q=101.

11. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Disbelief In God (2007)53
Pos.Higher is better
%53
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
64Poland3
65Jamaica3
66India3
67Angola2
68Chile2
69Central African Rep.2
70Tajikistan2
71Turkmenistan2
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below54:

Christian90.5%
Muslim0.2%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion4.2%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated5.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: indigenous beliefs 47%, Roman Catholic 38%, Protestant 15% (1998 est.)55.

Links: