The Human Truth Foundation

Angola (Republic of Angola)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#angola #charity #climate_change #economics #happiness #intelligence #morals #the_environment

Angola
Republic of Angola
StatusIndependent State
CapitalLuanda
Land Area1 246 700km21
LocationAfrica
Population20.2m (2011)2
Life Expectancy52.70yrs (2017)3
GNI$6 291 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesAO, AGO, 245
Internet Domain.ao6
CurrencyKwanza (AOA)7
Telephone+2448

1. Overview

#portugal

Angola is still rebuilding its country since the end of a 27-year civil war in 2002. Fighting between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), led by Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS, and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), led by Jonas SAVIMBI, followed independence from Portugal in 1975. Peace seemed imminent in 1992 when Angola held national elections, but fighting picked up again in 1993. Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost - and 4 million people displaced - during the more than a quarter century of fighting. SAVIMBI's death in 2002 ended UNITA's insurgency and cemented the MPLA's hold on power. President DOS SANTOS pushed through a new constitution in 2010; elections held in 2012 saw him installed as president.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)9

Book CoverFronting the Atlantic and stretching into the interior of the mighty continent, Angola is nothing if not diverse, a land of traumatic history and startling natural treasures. [...] Angola is an eye-opener - in more ways than one. Scarred painfully by years of debilitating warfare and practically untouched by foreign visitors since the early 1970s, the country remains remote, with few observers privy to its geographic highlights and vast cultural riches.Despite advancements in infrastructure and a dramatically improved security situation, travel in Angola remains the preserve of adventurers... [but with] the transport network gradually recovering and wildlife being shipped in to repopulate decimated national parks, the signs of recovery are more than just a mirage. ... Chill out on expansive beaches, sample the solitude in virgin wildlife parks or sift through the ruins of Portuguese colonialism.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)10

2. Angola National and Social Development

#human_development

UN HDI (2016)11
Pos.Lower is better
Rank11
1Norway1
2Australia2
3Switzerland2
...
147Pakistan147
148Swaziland148
149Syria149
150Angola150
151Tanzania151
152Nigeria152
153Cameroon153
154Zimbabwe154
World Avg94.3
q=188.
Social & Moral
Development Index
12
Pos.Higher is better
Points12
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
...
190Central African Rep.35.8
191Syria35.5
192Congo, DR35.3
193Angola35.1
194Chad34.8
195Afghanistan34.4
196Somalia33.7
197Yemen32.2
World Avg55.4
q=198.

The United Nations produces an annual Human Development Report which includes the Human Development Index. The factors taken into account include life expectancy, education and schooling and Gross National Income (GNI) amongst many others..

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

3. Population and Demographics

#Angola #birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #overpopulation #population

Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)13
Pos.Lower is better
Per 10013
1Uganda04.3
2Mali04.5
3Chad04.7
4Burkina Faso04.7
5Sierra Leone04.8
6Zambia04.8
7Eritrea04.9
8Gambia04.9
9Angola05.0
10Afghanistan05.0
11Zimbabwe05.0
12Nigeria05.1
World Avg18.3
q=185.
Emigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Dominica104.8%
2Palestine68.4%
3Samoa67.3%
...
140Botswana3.2%
141Spain3.0%
142Central African Rep.2.9%
143Angola2.8%
144France2.8%
145Costa Rica2.7%
146Rwanda2.6%
147Pakistan2.5%
World Avg11.5%
q=192.

Fertility Rate (2013)15
Pos.2.0 is best15
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
163Guinea5.08
164Liberia5.08
165Benin5.12
166Angola5.19
167Rwanda5.30
168Nigeria5.45
169Tanzania5.51
170Congo, DR5.54
World Avg2.81
q=180.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

Immigrants (2010)14
Pos.
%14
1Qatar86.5%
2Monaco71.6%
3UAE70.0%
...
168Mongolia0.4%
169Papua New Guinea0.4%
170Brazil0.4%
171Angola0.3%
172Haiti0.3%
173Vanuatu0.3%
174Tunisia0.3%
175Honduras0.3%
World Avg9.2%
q=192.
Life Expectancy (2015)16
Pos.Higher is better
Years16
1Hong Kong84.16
2Japan83.68
3Italy83.34
...
181Guinea-Bissau55.49
182Mozambique55.48
183Nigeria53.06
184Angola52.70
185Chad51.90
186Ivory Coast51.89
187Central African Rep.51.46
188Sierra Leone51.32
World Avg71.27
q=190.
Population (2012)17
Pos.
Population17
1China1.4b
2India1.3b
3USA315.8m
...
55Syria21.1m
56Ivory Coast20.6m
57Cameroon20.5m
58Angola20.2m
59Burkina Faso17.5m
60Chile17.4m
61Netherlands16.7m
62Niger16.6m
World Avg36.0m
q=195.

Angola's population is predicted to rise to 30.8 million by 2030. These millions of extra people will all need space to live, food to eat, energy to consume, and will increase the burden on the planet's resources. This country has a fertility rate of 5.19. The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

4. Human Rights, Equality and Freedom

#Angola #equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance

Angola is amongst the worst places in the world at ensuring human rights and freedom, and it has severe cultural issues when it comes to tolerance and equality. Angola does worse than average in terms of commentary in Human Rights Watch reports18 (still high for Africa), its Global Peace Index rating19, eliminating modern slavery20, supporting press freedom21, its nominal commitment to Human Rights22, the year from which women could participate in democracy23 and in LGBT equality24. And finally, it sits amongst the bottom 20 in supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms25 and in fighting corruption26. Diamond extraction in Angola relies upon forced labour and child labour, and has done for decades27. Angola's security forces continue to use excessive force with almost no action taken by the government against even serious abusers28.

For tables, charts and commentary, see:

5. Peace Versus Instability

#Angola #extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Peacekeeping and Security (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
116Trinidad & Tobago116
117Benin117
118Venezuela118
119Angola119
120Ivory Coast120
121Kyrgyzstan121
122Guinea122
123Israel123
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
150Burundi150
151Zimbabwe151
152Grenada152
153Angola153
154Guyana154
155Congo, DR155
156Ivory Coast156
157St Lucia157
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Global Peace Index (2012)19
Pos.Lower is better19
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
92Guinea2.07
93Papua New Guinea2.08
94Trinidad & Tobago2.08
95Angola2.11
96Cameroon2.11
97Uganda2.12
98Tajikistan2.12
99Madagascar2.12
World Avg2.02
q=157.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"19. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark19 and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan19.

Impact of Terrorism (2019)30
Pos.Lower is better
Score30
1Togo0.00
2Mongolia0.00
3Swaziland0.00
...
96Sri Lanka3.57
97Canada3.59
98Belgium3.64
99Angola3.78
100Tunisia3.94
101Tajikistan3.95
102Uganda3.96
103Mexico4.08
World Avg2.78
q=150.

6. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #god #hinduism #islam #judaism #religion

Disbelief In God (2007)31
Pos.Higher is better
%31
1Vietnam81
2Japan65
3Sweden64
...
64Poland3
65Jamaica3
66India3
67Angola2
68Chile2
69Central African Rep.2
70Tajikistan2
71Turkmenistan2
World Avg9.9
q=137.

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below32:

Christian90.5%
Muslim0.2%
Hindu0.1%
Buddhist0.1%
Folk Religion4.2%
Jew0.1%
Unaffiliated5.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: indigenous beliefs 47%, Roman Catholic 38%, Protestant 15% (1998 est.)33.

Links:

7. The Internet

#Angola #internet #it_security #the_internet

Internet Users (2016)34
Pos.Higher is better34
1Iceland100%
2Faroe Islands99%
3Norway98%
...
140Sao Tome & Principe26%
141Yemen25%
142Senegal23%
143Angola23%
144Ivory Coast22%
145Honduras22%
146Botswana21%
147Libya21%
World Avg48.1%
q=201.
IPv6 Uptake (2017)35
Pos.Higher is better
Ratio35
1Belgium55.4
2Germany41.8
3Switzerland35.1
...
94Cambodia0.0
95Belarus0.0
96Azerbaijan0.0
97Angola0.0
98Armenia0.0
99Cape Verde0.0
100Nigeria0.0
101Uzbekistan0.0
World Avg3.82
q=176.
IT Security (2013)36
Pos.Lower is better36
1Ireland0.11
2Luxembourg0.11
3Belize0.11
...
70Tanzania1.50
71Maldives1.57
72China1.59
73Angola1.61
74Sri Lanka1.67
75Oman1.72
76Iraq1.84
77Bangladesh1.87
World Avg0.98
q=81.

Internet access has become an essential research tool. It facilitates an endless list of life improvements, from the ability to network and socialize without constraint, to access to a seemingly infinite repository of technical and procedural information on pretty much any task. The universal availability of data has sped up industrial development and personal learning at the national and personal level. Individuals can read any topic they wish regardless of the locality of expert teachers, and, entire nations can develop their technology and understanding of the world simply because they are now exposed to advanced societies and moral discourses online. Like every communications medium, the Internet has issues and causes a small range of problems, but these are insignificant compared to the advantages of having an online populace.

8. Public Health Issues

#alcohol #Angola #genetics #health #obesity #public_health #smoking #sociology #UK

Angola is a pretty unhealthy country. Angola does better than average in terms of the prevalence of overweight adults37 and in its smoking rate38 (but high for Africa). When it comes to most other metrics, Angola does not do well. It does worse than average in its alcohol consumption rate39. It falls into the worst-performing 20 in its immunizations take-up40 and in its adolescent birth rate41 (amongst the highest in Africa). And finally, it is the worst in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance29. The prevalence of overweight adults has increased by 14% between 1976 and 2016.

Alcohol Consumption (2016)39
Pos.Lower is better
Per Capita39
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
95Guyana6.3
96Peru6.3
97Bosnia & Herzegovina6.4
98Angola6.4
99Mexico6.5
100Philippines6.6
101Cambodia6.7
102Belize6.8
World Avg6.2
q=189.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking42 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink43 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies44 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"45. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"46. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
...
156Libya156
157Papua New Guinea157
158Belize158
159Algeria159
160Senegal160
161Mauritania161
162St Vincent & Grenadines162
163Angola163
World Avg82.0
q=163.

Overweight Adults (2016)37
Pos.Lower is better
%37
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
27Comoros27.1
28Bhutan27.1
29Japan27.2
30Angola27.5
31Philippines27.6
32Sierra Leone27.7
33Tanzania27.7
34Zambia27.8
World Avg49.0
q=191.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese47. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up48. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight48 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year49 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"50. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes51. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar52.

Smoking Rates (2014)38
Pos.Lower is better38
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
77Djibouti 476
78Ivory Coast 477
79Nicaragua 488
80Angola 489
81Honduras 489
82Brazil 492
83Senegal 504
84Pakistan 511
World Avg 819
q=182.

9. Children's Health

#Angola #health #parenting #population #vaccines

Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)41
Pos.Lower is better
Per 100041
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
178Chad133.5
179Ivory Coast135.5
180Malawi136.2
181Mozambique139.7
182Guinea140.6
183Angola164.3
184Mali174.6
185Niger202.4
World Avg47.9
q=185.
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)40
Pos.Higher is better
Avg %40
1Hungary99.0
2China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
173Pakistan73.0
174Liberia72.6
175S. Africa72.5
176Angola71.9
177Madagascar71.9
178Iraq70.7
179Afghanistan70.6
180Niger69.7
World Avg88.3
q=194.

10. More Charts and Comparisons to Other Countries

Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
53
Pos.Lower is better53
1Myanmar (Burma)1.25
2USA1.5
3New Zealand3.5
...
132Madagascar114
133Benin114.25
134Niger115
135Angola115
136Mali115.25
137Czechia116.5
138Venezuela117.5
q=156.
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Ukraine1
2Czechia2
3Hungary3
...
157Equatorial Guinea157
158Guyana158
159Afghanistan159
160Indonesia160
161Bolivia161
162Iraq162
163Angola163
q=163.
Creativity and Culture (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Belgium1
2Netherlands2
3Estonia3
...
145Laos145
146Nigeria146
147Equatorial Guinea147
148Angola148
149Zambia149
150Pakistan150
151Guinea-Bissau151
q=163.
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Samoa1
2S. Africa2
3Tunisia3
...
116Trinidad & Tobago116
117Benin117
118Venezuela118
119Angola119
120Ivory Coast120
121Kyrgyzstan121
122Guinea122
q=163.
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Austria1
2Germany2
3Netherlands3
...
150Burundi150
151Zimbabwe151
152Grenada152
153Angola153
154Guyana154
155Congo, DR155
156Ivory Coast156
q=163.
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)29
Pos.Lower is better
Rank29
1Ireland1
2Denmark2
3Sweden3
...
114S. Africa114
115Cape Verde115
116Russia116
117Angola117
118Guyana118
119Colombia119
120Congo, (Brazzaville)120
q=163.
Life Satisfaction (2011)54
Pos.Higher is better54
1Denmark7.8
2Norway7.6
3Netherlands7.6
...
122Macedonia4.2
123Ivory Coast4.2
124Cambodia4.2
125Angola4.2
126Sri Lanka4.2
127Liberia4.2
128Niger4.1
129Syria4.1
q=150.
Gross National Income Per-Capita (2011)16
Pos.Higher is better
PPP $16
1Qatar$129 916
2Singapore$78 162
3Kuwait$76 075
...
120Bhutan$7 081
121Guatemala$7 063
122Guyana$6 884
123Angola$6 291
124Bolivia$6 155
125Cape Verde$6 049
126Uzbekistan$5 748
127India$5 663
q=193.
Environmental Performance (2018)55
Pos.Higher is better55
1Switzerland87.4
2France84.0
3Denmark81.6
...
167Benin38.2
168Afghanistan37.7
169Pakistan37.5
170Angola37.4
171Central African Rep.36.4
172Niger35.7
173Lesotho33.8
174Haiti33.7
q=180.
IQ (2006)56
Pos.Higher is better56
1Hong Kong108
2Singapore108
3S. Korea106
...
123Chad68
124Burkina Faso68
125Somalia68
126Angola68
127Guinea67
128Liberia67
129Haiti67
130Gambia66
q=138.