The Human Truth Foundation

The United Kingdom Suffers as a Result of Poor National Health

https://www.humantruth.info/uk_health.html

By Vexen Crabtree 2020

#france #health #italy #obesity #trash_culture #UK #uk_health

The UK's National Security Risk Assessment output classes the state of the UK public health as a Tier 1 national risk, the most potent of the three categories1. It's a well-known and high-profile issue; half of all science stories in the UK media are medical2 although many of the claims made are dubious2.The UK does relatively well in encouraging good health, compared to many other countries. The UK comes in the best 20 in its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance3. It does better than average in terms of its fertility rate4, its average life expectancy5, its suicide rate6, its adolescent birth rate7 (but bad for Europe) and in its immunizations take-up8. The UK still has work to do. The UK does worse than average in its smoking rate9 (yet still amongst the best in Europe) and in its alcohol consumption rate10. The number of overweight adults has increased by 14% during the past 40 years.


1. UK's Health

#health

Compared to Europe (2020)11
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank11
1Monaco13.0
2Norway61.0
3=Finland65.3
...
19Malta78.9
20Slovenia79.9
21Hungary80.9
22=UK81.1
22=Slovakia81.1
24Macedonia82.5
25Croatia82.9
26=Poland83.5
27Czechia83.6
Europe Avg82.5
q=46.
Health (2020)11
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank11
1Monaco13.0
2Hong Kong18.3
3Maldives41.0
...
48Tunisia80.1
49Nepal80.3
50Hungary80.9
51=UK81.1
51=Slovakia81.1
53Solomon Islands82.0
54=Israel82.1
54=Brazil82.1
World Avg93.5
q=196.

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Monaco, Hong Kong and The Maldives12. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are The Marshall Islands, S. Sudan and Palau12.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and The Mediterranean12, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Australasia and Africa12.

For more, see:

2. Health

2.1. Life Expectancy

#demographics #health #hong_kong #immigration #japan #life_expectancy #longevity #population

Life Expectancy
Higher is better
5
Pos.2021
Years5
1Monaco85.9
2Hong Kong85.5
3Japan84.8
...
26Cyprus81.2
27Portugal81.0
28San Marino80.9
29UK80.7
30Slovenia80.7
31Germany80.6
32Andorra80.4
33Greece80.1
Europe Avg78.36
World Avg71.28
q=195.
In terms of its average life expectancy, the UK ranks 29th in the world.

Increasing longevity, and subsequent aging, is a long-term trend around the world13. Global life expectancy has risen above the 70s, reaching 72, by 201614, as part of a global trend towards better health14,15, and due to huge portions of the world being gradually lifted out of poverty. It also reflects overall improvements to cultural health, including diet, health services systems, attitudes to exercise and well-being, and also family structure and caring. For decades, Japan was well-known for having the highest average life expectancy16, until the top spot was taken by Hong Kong. The regions with the best life expectancy are Europe (78.4), The Middle East (75.2) and Asia (73.2)5 and the worst, by some way, is Africa (62.8)5.

One effect of rising longevity is the 'demographics crisis'; where an increasing portion of the population is old and retired, putting pressure on services and taxes17. The solution is for aging countries to import younger workers from elsewhere; over time, as birth rates stabilize, geriatric care improves the length of the working life, and population growth calms, this situation will stabilize.

For more, see:

2.2. Alcohol Consumption

#alcohol #health

Alcohol Consumption
Lower is better
10
Pos.2016
Per Capita10
1Bangladesh0.0
2Kuwait0.0
3Libya0.0
...
164=Andorra11.3
164=Equatorial Guinea11.3
166Hungary11.4
167=UK11.5
167=Gabon11.5
167=Slovakia11.5
167=Switzerland11.5
171Austria11.6
Europe Avg10.3
World Avg6.2
q=189.
When it comes to its alcohol consumption rate, the UK comes 168th in the world.

There is nothing wrong with drinking modest and sensible amounts of alcohol but fitness, physical health, mental health and long-term health all suffer as a result of medium- or heavy- drinking18 and the health risks to the baby when pregnant mothers drink19 are well-known. Aside from the effects on the individual, alcohol misuse impacts on entire economies20 via increased health service costs, policing costs and lost days' work. Worldwide, alcohol misuse is "among the top five risk factors for disease, disability and death" and is a "cause of more than 200 disease and injury conditions in individuals, most notably alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and injuries"21. "In 2012... 5.9% of all global deaths, were attributable to alcohol consumption"22. Deaths from chronic alcohol misuse have been rising for decades, and so has violence, abuse, vandalism and crime all associated with alcohol over-use. The aggression and crime associated with alcohol in some Western countries infringes on the human rights of those who want nothing to do with such behaviour. Many of the social effects of alcohol are psychological and cultural; i.e., people don't have to behave criminally or destructively whilst drunk - it is a culturally learned behaviour. Experiments have shown that behaviour can be controlled: Those who do not wish to behave badly whilst drunk, will not do so.

For more, see:

The UK has seen a 50-year growth in alcohol consumption and it has become a public-health crisis23. In 2007-8 it directly cost the NHS £3 billion23, and overall the national cost is up to £55 billion a year23,24. Across 2007-8, the UK had up to 40,000 alcohol-related deaths, including 350 from acute alcohol poisoning and 8,000 from cirrhosis of the liver23. Consumption has doubled since the late 1950s, whilst in other developed countries such as France and Italy, it has more than halved25; liver disease rates are falling in the EU, but the UK's rises26. The price of alcohol is half what it was in the 1970s25. Between 1995 and 2001, binge drinking increased by 35% in the UK25 . The increase in drinking "is reflected in rising death rates from chronic liver disease, the primary cause of which is too much drink", and the UK has some of Europe's worst rates of childhood drunkenness and several thousands of babies are born each year with foetal alcohol syndrome23, which has lifelong effects.

2.3. Fertility Rate

#birth_control #demographics #health #overpopulation

Fertility Rate
2.0 is best
4
Pos.20134
1N. Korea2.00
2Brunei1.99
3St Vincent & Grenadines2.01
...
17Denmark1.88
18Bahamas1.88
19Finland1.87
20UK1.87
21New Zealand2.15
22Azerbaijan2.16
23Chile1.84
24Bangladesh2.16
Europe Avg1.61
World Avg2.81
q=180.
The UK is 20th in the world regarding its fertility rate.

The fertility rate is, in simple terms, the average amount of children that each woman has. The higher the figure, the quicker the population is growing, although, to calculate the rate you also need to take into account morbidity, i.e., the rate at which people die. If people live healthy and long lives and morbidity is low, then, 2.0 approximates to the replacement rate, which would keep the population stable. If all countries had such a fertility rate, population growth would end. The actual replacement rate in most developed countries is around 2.1.

For more, see:

2.4. Smoking Rates

#democracy #health #smoking

Smoking is the UK's biggest cause of preventable death and 100,000 people die from related diseases every year27. The health of the nation affects everyone in the long-run28 - although in 2016/17 tax on cigarettes earned the government £7.6 billion29, in 2010 statistics showed the total cost to the economy of smoking (including NHS costs) was £13.7 billion30. 474,000 hospital admissions every year in England are directly due to smoking29.

But things are moving in the right direction. Since the 1970s, the government has enacted a stream of laws to improve public health: strong restrictions on advertising cigarettes, enforced health warnings on packs, increased costs, banned sports sponsorships and banned smoking in public enclosed spaces.29,31,32. Each of those measures was fought through long legal and PR campaigns by the tobacco industry31,32. But it is working, and smoking rates in Great Britain have declined from 50% in 1974 to 16% in 2016, and the spectre of childhood smoking has declined to 3%.29,33

Smoking Rates
Lower is better
9
Pos.20149
1Guinea 15
2Solomon Islands 26
3Kiribati 28
...
107UAE 715
108Namibia 740
109Papua New Guinea 826
110UK 827
111Sweden 831
112Laos 836
113Iran 869
114Thailand 895
Europe Avg1 648
World Avg 819
q=182.
(yet still one of the lowest in Europe)The UK comes 110th in the world regarding its smoking rate.

Cigarettes are the most lethal consumer product on the planet and is the biggest preventable course of disease in the world31. A billion people smoke34. The fight for public health means limiting and reducing the business of the tobacco industry and as the governments of most developed countries make headway, the tobacco industry has resisted with misinformation, public-relations campaigns and fake customer-concern lobby groups, trying to make the government think that the citizens do not support its actions. With £30 billion pounds (UKP) profit per year31, the industry runs such massive and influential lobbies that most governments find it difficult to make any progress in curbing rates of smoking.

If you smoke, you are more likely to drink. If you smoke or drink, you are also more likely to do drugs. Smoking is statistically intertwined deeply with trash culture. Only 15% of men in the highest professional classes smoke, but 42% of unskilled workers do35. Smoking is higher amongst those who are already in trouble: single mothers smoke at 55%, most homeless do and practically 100% of drug addicts do35. Smoking during late pregnancy reduces the IQ of babies by an average of 6.2 points36 and causes increased antisocial behaviour. Aside from the financial cost to taxpayers and the health costs to individuals, indirect negative economic effects result from increased rates of disease and sick days lost from work.

For more, see:

2.5. Suicide Rate

#belgium #finland #health #japan #mental_health #suicide #switzerland

Suicide Rate6
Pos.2013
Per 100k6
1Haiti0
2Grenada0
3Egypt0.1
...
36Italy12.8
37Macedonia13.5
38Mauritius13.7
39UK13.9
40Ecuador14.1
41Spain15.3
42Argentina15.6
43Thailand15.8
Europe Avg26.99
World Avg20.93
q=91.
In terms of its suicide rate, the UK ranks 40th in the world.

Suicide as a human behaviour is recorded in the texts of the most ancient civilisations. But reliable statistics on it are hard to collect. The World Health Organisation publishes the statistics used by the United Nations, which is duplicated in the long table on the right.

Almost universally, successful male suicide rates are much higher than female rates. However, female suicide attempts are more frequent than male attempts.

Countries with high suicide rates are a mixture between those riddled with organized criminal gangs, under-developed countries, and, highly developed countries. There are cultural and situational effects at work that persist in the long-term: nothing seems to lower the high suicide rates in Japan, Belgium and Finland. And some of the countries with the lowest rates are not particularly well developed socially. It seems there is no correlation between suicide rates and things like development, prosperity and national engagement in human rights.

Switzerland comes in as the country with the 17th highest suicide rate despite its liberal stance, with 36.2 suicides per 100,000 people.

For more, see:

2.6. Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance

Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance
Lower is better
3
Pos.2017
Rank3
1Sweden1
2Ireland2
3Denmark3
4UK4
5Norway5
6Switzerland6
7Germany7
8Canada8
9Netherlands9
10USA10
11Luxembourg11
12Finland12
Europe Avg47.4
World Avg82.0
q=163.
Regarding its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the UK comes 4th-best in the world.

2.7. Overweight Adults

#genetics #health #obesity #public_health #UK

Compared to Europe (2016)37
Pos.Lower is better
%37
1=Moldova51.8
2Bosnia & Herzegovina53.3
3=Azerbaijan53.6
4Georgia54.2
5=Switzerland54.3
5=Austria54.3
7Armenia54.4
8Denmark55.4
9=Estonia55.8
10Slovenia56.1
11Slovakia56.2
12Sweden56.4
13Germany56.8
14=Serbia57.1
15Portugal57.5
16Albania57.7
17=Romania57.7
18Netherlands57.8
19=Latvia57.8
20Finland57.9
21Macedonia58.1
22=Poland58.3
22=Norway58.3
24Ukraine58.4
25=Italy58.5
26Luxembourg58.7
27=Cyprus59.1
27=Iceland59.1
29Montenegro59.4
30=Belarus59.4
31France59.5
32=Belgium59.5
33Croatia59.6
34=Lithuania59.6
35Ireland60.6
36=Spain61.6
36=Hungary61.6
38Bulgaria61.7
39=Greece62.3
39=Czechia62.3
41UK63.7
42=Andorra63.7
43Malta66.4
44=Turkey66.8
Europe Avg58.5
World Avg49.0
q=44.

Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight39. It has widespread knock-on effects for the rest of the UK, resulting in lost-hours of work, developed disabilities and social care costs. A UK government Commons Health Select Committee report in late 2015 stated that obesity costs the UK economy £27 billion every year40 and the total costs to Britain were widely reported in 2014 to be £47 billion38,41 - more than war, violence and terrorism combined38,41. It costs the National Health Service £5.1 billion per year42. Childhood obesity presents the greatest long-term risk (and cost) and parents must do more to instigate sensible eating practices43. In early 2016, the Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt said that UK rates of childhood obesity constituted a national emergency44.

Source: BBC (2007)45

The issue has been a long-term development; the chart shows rates rising between 1996-2005 in England.

The UK compares poorly to Europe, how about to the rest of the world?

Overweight Adults
Lower is better37
Pos.2016
%37
1Vietnam18.3
2India19.7
3Bangladesh20.0
...
159Venezuela63.4
160Egypt63.5
161=Andorra63.7
161=UK63.7
163Fiji63.8
164Canada64.1
165Israel64.3
166Bahamas64.4
Europe Avg58.5
World Avg49.0
q=191.
(one of the worst in Europe)With regard to the prevalence of overweight adults, the UK ranks 161st in the world.

About one third of the global population is overweight or obese38. Most Western countries are facing an obesity epidemic. Our cultures are having to change to compensate for widespread ill-health. It is costing our health systems a massive amount of money, and is having negative effects on national economies. The situation has persisted for a suitable length of time for our very perceptions to change; opinions on "normal weights" for people and "average sizes" for clothes has shot up39. Over 2 in 3 adults in the UK are overweight39 and this costs the NHS £5.1 billion per year42 and "costs Britain's economy £47bn a year; more than war, terrorism or armed violence"46. We are forgetting how to be healthy.

The causes are not genetic. Most people who say obesity "runs in their family" are wrong. The rate of increase in obesity is many, many times too fast to be accounted for by a change in inherited genes47. Our culture and lifestyle choices are to blame. The causes of the modern obesity epidemic are processed foods, low levels of physical exercise, over-indulgence, poor choices in food products, poor knowledge of nutrition. Most of this is made much worse by well-funded advertising campaigns by food manufacturers selling cheaper mass-produced food. Even some so-called "health foods" contain well over recommended limits of fat, salt and sugar48.

3. Children's Health

3.1. Adolescent Birth Rate

#health #parenting #population

Adolescent Birth Rate
Lower is better
7
Pos.2015
Per 10007
1N. Korea0.5
2S. Korea1.6
3Switzerland2.9
...
45Malaysia13.6
46Latvia13.6
47Australia14.1
48UK14.6
49Sri Lanka14.8
50Micronesia15.0
51Tonga15.2
52Mongolia15.7
Europe Avg14.6
World Avg47.9
q=185.
The UK is positioned 48th in the world when it comes to its adolescent birth rate.

3.2. Infant Immunizations 2011-2015

#health #vaccines

Infant Immunizations 2011-2015
Higher is better
8
Pos.2015
Avg %8
1=Hungary99.0
1=China99.0
3Uzbekistan98.9
...
72Tuvalu94.9
73Eritrea94.7
74Singapore94.6
75UK94.6
76Solomon Islands94.5
77Norway94.3
78Bolivia94.2
79=UAE94.0
Europe Avg92.7
World Avg88.3
q=194.
The UK ranks 75th in the world in terms of its immunizations take-up.