The Human Truth Foundation

Human Rights and Freedom in Guatemala

By Vexen Crabtree 2018


Comments:
FB, LJ

#equality #freedom #guatemala #human_rights #politics #tolerance #venezuela

Guatemala
Republic of Guatemala

[Country Profile Page]
StatusIndependent State
CapitalGuatemala
Land Area 107 160km21
LocationNorth America, The Americas, Central America
Population15.1m (2011)2
Life Expectancy72.06yrs (2017)3
GNI$7 063 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesGT, GTM, 3205
Internet Domain.gt6
CurrencyQuetzal (GTQ)7
Telephone+5028

Guatemala does relatively well in ensuring human rights and freedom, compared to many other countries. Guatemala comes in the top 20 in its nominal commitment to Human Rights9. It does better than average in commentary from Human Rights Watch10, LGBT equality11 (although the government in 2017 was busy trying to make things worse12), eliminating modern slavery13 and in supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms14. Guatemala does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in fighting anti-semitic opinions15, supporting press freedom16, opposing gender inequality17, its Global Peace Index rating18 and in fighting corruption19. "Violence and extortion by powerful criminal organizations remain serious"12, as does the efforts of President Jimmy Morales who has been abusing the legal system to prevent himself from incarceration for illegal campaign funding12. Iván Velásquez made applaudable progress with the UN in prosecuting human rights and corruption cases, but was then exiled by his own President for it12. Some Government officials are involved in targeting and harassing journalists that they do not like (including instigating assassinations)12.


1. Politics and Freedom

#antisemitism #burundi #corruption #eritrea #france #freedom #Guatemala #human_development #human_rights #indonesia #mass_media #peace #politics #slavery

In 2017:

Guatemala continued to make progress in prosecuting human rights and corruption cases, due in significant part to the collaboration of the Attorney General´s Office with the United Nations [and together at the time of writing] were prosecuting more than a dozen currentand former Congress members. [...] In July 2017, an appellate court confirmed the conviction of two former military officers for crimes against humanity in the form of sexual violence and domestic and sexual slavery. [However, ] President Jimmy Morales ordered the expulsion of [its Commissioner responsible for the collaboration] Iván Velásquez from the country - two days after [they] sought to lift the president´s immunity to investigate his alleged role in illicit campaign financing. [...]

Violence and extortion by powerful criminal organizations remain serious problems in Guatemala. Gang-related violence is an important factor prompting people, including unaccompanied youth, to leave the country.

"World Report 2018" by Human Rights Watch (2018)12

Along with 11 others, Guatemala signed the Lima Declaration in 2017, condemning "the assault on democratic order and the systematic violation of human rights in Venezuela"20.

Anti-Semite Opinions (2014)15
Pos.Lower is better
%15
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
60Paraguay35
61Kenya35
62Lithuania36
63Guatemala36
64France37
65Chile37
66Azerbaijan37
67Ukraine38
World Avg36.8
q=101.
Corruption (2012-2016)19
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score19
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
123Togo30.4
124Sierra Leone30.2
125Mozambique30.0
126Guatemala30.0
127Mauritania29.8
128Guyana29.6
129Pakistan29.2
130Gambia29.0
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Global Peace Index (2012)18
Pos.Lower is better18
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
120Algeria2.26
121Eritrea2.26
122Venezuela2.28
123Guatemala2.29
124Mauritania2.30
125Thailand2.30
126S. Africa2.32
127Iran2.32
World Avg2.02
q=157.

Human Rights Watch Comments (2017)10
Pos.Higher is better
Score10
1UK9
2France9
3Germany9
...
40Ukraine0
41Nepal0
42S. Korea0
43Guatemala-1
44Armenia-1
45Ivory Coast-1
46Kosovo-1
47Honduras-1
World Avg-1.9
q=123.
Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)9
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties9
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
18Austria22
19Brazil21
20Montenegro21
21Guatemala21
22Mali21
23Azerbaijan21
24Bosnia & Herzegovina21
25Bolivia21
World Avg15.1
q=194.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)14
Pos.Lower is better
Rank14
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
65Madagascar65
66Brunei66
67Serbia67
68Guatemala68
69Moldova69
70Namibia69
71Bolivia71
72Indonesia72
World Avg79.7
q=159.

Press Freedom (2013)16
Pos.Lower is better16
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
91Guinea-Bissau2894
92Seychelles2919
93Northern Cyprus2934
94Guatemala2939
95Ivory Coast2977
96Liberia2989
97Mongolia2993
98Mali3003
World Avg3249
q=178.

Some Government officials are involved in targeting and harassing journalists that they do not like.

Journalists are targets of harassment and violence. In June 2017, TV journalist Carlos Rodríguez survived a gunshot to the head. In June 2016, radio journalist álvaro Aceituno was killed, and in March 2015, journalists Danilo López and Federico Salazar were assassinated [and] Julio Juárez from government party FCN-Nación in the latter crime. Juárez´ political immunity was lifted in November 2017.

"World Report 2018" by Human Rights Watch (2018)12

Slavery (2018)13
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims13
1Japan0.03
2Canada0.05
3Taiwan0.05
...
58S. Africa0.28
59Slovakia0.29
60Czechia0.29
61Guatemala0.29
62Nicaragua0.29
63Senegal0.29
64Trinidad & Tobago0.30
65Yemen0.31
World Avg0.65
q=167.

The taking of slaves has been an unwholesome feature of Human cultures since prehistory21. Private households and national endeavours have frequently been augmented with the use of slaves. The Egyptian and Roman empires both thrived on them for both purposes. Aside from labourers they are often abused sexually by their owners and their owners' friends22. The era of colonialism and the beginnings of globalisation changed nothing: the imprisonment and forced movements of labour continued to destroy many lives except that new justifications were invented based on Christian doctrine and the effort to convert non-Christians. By 1786 over 12 million slaves had been extracted from Africa and sent to colonial labour camps, with a truly atrocious condition of life23. But they were not the only ones to blame; in Africa internal nations such as the Asantes sold and bought tens of thousands of slaves24.

The abolition of the slave trade was a long and slow process. Until a relatively modern time, even philosophers, religious leaders and those concerned with ethics justified, or ignored, the problem of slavery25. The first abolitionists were always the slaves themselves. Their protests and rebellions caused the industry to become too expensive to continue. After that, it was the economic costs of maintain slave colonies that led the British to reject and then oppose the slave trade globally. Finally, the enlightenment-era thinkers of France encouraged moral and ethical thinking including the declaration of the inherent value of human life and human dignity26. A long-overdue wave of compassionate and conscientious movements swept across the West, eliminating public support for slavery, until the industries and churches that supported it had no choice but to back down.

'Modern slavery' includes forced labour (often of the under-age), debt bondage (especially generational), sexual slavery, chattel slavery and other forms of abuse, some of which can be surprisingly difficult to detect, but often target those fleeing from warzones and the vulnerable.27. Some industries (diamond, clothing, coal) from some countries (Burundi13, Eritrea13, Indonesia28) are a particular concern. The Walk Free Foundation, say that in 2016, 40.3 million people were living in modern slavery29.

In 2017 two former military officers were convicted for sexual violence and sexual slavery, as part of a renewed push for good governance, although there has been a top-level backlash from those who would have normally found themselves immune12.

2. Gender Equality

#gender #Guatemala #misogyny #politics #women

Gender Inequality (2015)17
Pos.Lower is better17
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
111Jordan0.48
112Cambodia0.48
113Morocco0.49
114Guatemala0.49
115Nepal0.50
116Ethiopia0.50
117Guyana0.51
118Iran0.51
World Avg0.36
q=159.

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Year Women Can Vote30
Pos.Lower is better
Year30
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
62Cameroon1946
63Macedonia1946
64Venezuela1946
65Guatemala1946
66Vietnam1946
67Trinidad & Tobago1946
68Singapore1947
69Pakistan1947
World Avg1930
q=189.

Guatemala is an unequal country, with male rights dominating those of women.

Women are poorly protected, and protests against poor conditions in women's shelters led to guards allowing dozens to burn to death, rather than let out locked-up protestors12. Access to family planning is far too restricted, and abortions are only legal to save the mother's life, else women and girls face 3-year prison sentences12.

See:

3. LGBT Equality and Tolerance

#equality #Guatemala #homosexuality #human_rights #intolerance #sexuality #tolerance

LGBT Equality (2017)11
Pos.Higher is better
Score11
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
47Romania39
48San Marino35
49Montenegro35
50Guatemala35
51Japan35
52Bosnia & Herzegovina35
53Georgia35
54Nicaragua35
World Avg12.6
q=196.

Discrimination against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) folk is rife across the world. Legal restrictions co-exist alongside social stigmatisation and physical violence31. LGBT tolerance and equal rights have been fought for country-by-country across the world, often against tightly entrenched cultural and religious opposition. Adult consensual sexual activity is a Human Right, protected by privacy laws32. Despite this, homosexual activity is outlawed in around 80 countries31. The Social & Moral LGBT Equality Index was created to compare countries and regions, granting points to each country for a variety of factors including how long gay sex has been criminalized and the extent of LGBT legal rights. Graded negative points are given for criminality of homosexuality, unequal ages of consent, legal punishments and for not signing international accords on LGBT tolerance. The signs in many developed countries are positive, and things are gradually improving. Europe is by far the least prejudiced region (Scandinavia in particular being exemplary). The Middle East and then Africa are the least morally developed, where cultural bias goes hand-in-hand with state intolerance, all too often including physical violence.

In a humane and moral system, government should actively protect minorities. However in Guatemala the opposite is true, and in April 2017 a bill was proposed, "supported by over30,000 signatures, to explicitly prohibit same-sex marriage. The bill also aimed to restrain public schools from teaching students about sexual diversity and 'gender ideology'"12, fuelling the social fires of bigotry and prejudice.

4. Guatemala Overall National and Social Development

#Guatemala #human_development

Social & Moral
Development Index
33
Pos.Higher is better
Points33
1Denmark84.0
2Sweden83.9
3Finland83.5
...
78Peru54.9
79Georgia54.7
80Armenia54.4
81Guatemala54.3
82Ukraine54.2
83Colombia53.7
84Ecuador53.5
85Kuwait53.5
86Kyrgyzstan53.4
World Avg53.8
q=198.

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

Current edition: 2018 Dec 27
http://www.humantruth.info/guatemala_human_rights_and_freedom.html
Parent page: Guatemala (Republic of Guatemala)

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#antisemitism #burundi #corruption #equality #eritrea #france #freedom #gender #Guatemala #homosexuality #human_development #human_rights #indonesia #intolerance #mass_media #misogyny #peace #politics #sexuality #slavery #tolerance #venezuela #women

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Casely-Hayford, Gus
(2012) The Lost Kingdoms of Africa. Published by Bantram Press. A hardback book.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2019) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2019). Accessed 2019 Jan 13.

Donnelly, Jack
(2013) Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice. 3rd edition. Published by Cornell University Press.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016.

Human Rights Watch
(2018) World Report 2018. Covering the events of 2017.

Klein, Naomi
(2004) No Logo. Originally published 2000, HarperCollins, London, UK. A paperback book.

McCall, Andrew
(1979) The Medieval Underworld. 2004 edition. Published by Sutton Publishing. A paperback book.

Thomson, Oliver
(1993) A History of Sin. Published by Canongate Press. A hardback book.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Available on hdr.undp.org/... UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Available on hdr.undp.org/.

Walk Free Foundation
(2018) Global Slavery Index. Published on www.walkfreefoundation.org/.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017). Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017). Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^^
  10. Human Rights Watch (2018). Negative and positive comments have been added to create a score for each country covered in the report.^^
  11. Sources:^^
  12. Human Rights Watch (2018). p246-250.^^^^
  13. Walk Free Foundation (2018) .^^
  14. Fraser Institute, the (2016). Covers data for 2014.^^
  15. ADL (2014). Lower is better.^^
  16. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^^
  17. UN (2017). Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  18. ^^
  19. Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index (2017). Accessed 2017 Dec 30. The scores given are the TI average for the years 2012-2016.^^
  20. Human Rights Watch (2018). p617-624.^
  21. Thomson (1993). p28.^
  22. McCall (1979). p180.^
  23. Thomson (1993). p166.^
  24. Casely-Hayford (2012). p253.^
  25. Thomson (1993). p31.^
  26. Thomson (1993). p199.^
  27. Thomson (1993). p28-29.^
  28. Klein (2004) .^
  29. Walk Free Foundation (2018). p2.^
  30. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life: 2.9. Women Stand for Election & Vote" by Vexen Crabtree (2019)^
  31. Donnelly (2013). Chapter 16 "Nondiscrimination for All: The Case of Sexual Minorities" p278.^
  32. Donnelly (2013). Chapter 16 "Nondiscrimination for All: The Case of Sexual Minorities" p289. According to a 1992 ruling of the Human Rights Committee, which declared that 'it is undisputed that adult consensual sexual activity in private is covered by the concept of privacy' when discussing Article 17 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. See Human Rights Committee, Communication 488/1992, paragraph 8.2.^
  33. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2019)^

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