The Human Truth Foundation

Which are the Best Countries in Europe?

http://www.humantruth.info/europe.html

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#belgium #estonia #europe #france #germany #human_development #malta #religion_in_europe #spain

Social & Moral
Development Index
1,2
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank1,2
1Norway30.2
2Denmark31.1
3Sweden32.8
4Finland33.9
5Netherlands34.7
6Germany36.4
7Austria36.8
8Switzerland38.6
9Iceland39.1
10Luxembourg39.3
Europe Avg58.0
World Avg86.4
q=48.

Human rights, equality and the rule of law define Europe, and European countries thusly make up most of the top countries on the Social and Moral Index. In "Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice" by Jack Donnelly3 Europe is described as the leading practical example of the implementation of human rights, where they really are seen as intrinsic rights and not merely liberties4. The European Court of Human Rights is heavily over-subscribed and influential: it answers to the call of the citizens themselves, and only very rarely do governments ignore its rulings5.

There are 58 locations that fall within this category. By adding up all the known populations that fall within these locations, and summing their physical land areas, we can calculate population densities. Some islands and territories can end up being counted twice depending on how they are classified and divided up politically, but, mostly such errors involve only small populations. So, some data on this collection of countries in total:


1. Basic Stats and Demographics

#economics #human_development #population #wealth

Pos.Population (2018)
Population6
Social & Moral
Lower is better

Avg Rank1,2
Gross National
Income (2021)
Higher is better
PPP $7
UN HDI (2021)
Higher is better

Value7
Land Area (2011)
km28
People
Per km2
Lower is better
1Germany83.1m36.4$54 5340.942 348 570 238
2Turkey82.3m78.7$31 0330.838 769 630 107
3UK67.1m40.7$45 2250.929 241 930 278
4France65.0m43.6$45 9370.903 547 660 119
5Italy60.6m47.0$42 8400.895 294 140 206
6Spain46.7m43.7$38 3540.905 498 800 94
7Ukraine44.2m75.8$13 2560.773 579 320 76
8Poland37.9m55.2$33 0340.876 304 150 125
9Romania19.5m61.3$30 0270.821 230 160 85
10Netherlands17.1m34.7$55 9790.941 33 730 506
11Belgium11.5m42.9$52 2930.937 30 280 379
12Czechia10.7m50.0$38 7450.889 77 240 138
13Greece10.5m61.6$29 0020.887 128 900 82
14Portugal10.3m51.1$33 1550.866 91 470 112
15Sweden10.0m32.8$54 4890.947 410 340 24
16Azerbaijan9.9m89.4$14 2570.745 82 658 120
17Hungary9.7m49.4$32 7890.846 90 530 107
18Belarus9.5m79.8$18 8490.808 202 910 47
19Austria8.9m36.8$53 6190.916 82 409 108
20Serbia8.8m69.0$19 1230.802 87 460 101
21Switzerland8.5m38.6$66 9330.962 40 000 213
22Bulgaria7.1m66.8$23 0790.795 108 560 65
23Denmark5.8m31.1$60 3650.948 42 430 136
24Finland5.5m33.9$49 4520.940 303 890 18
25Slovakia5.5m57.4$30 6900.848 48 088 113
26Norway5.3m30.2$64 6600.961 304 250 18
27Ireland4.8m43.4$76 1690.945 68 890 70
28Croatia4.2m62.7$30 1320.858 55 960 74
29Moldova4.1m72.4$14 8750.767 32 854 123
30Georgia4.0m76.8$14 6640.802 69 490 58
31Bosnia & Herzegovina3.3m74.5$15 2420.780 51 000 65
32Armenia3.0m77.4$13 1580.759 28 480 104
33Albania2.9m70.6$14 1310.796 27 400 105
34Lithuania2.8m64.1$37 9310.875 62 674 45
35Macedonia2.1m76.8$15 9180.770 25 220 83
36Slovenia2.1m46.9$39 7460.918 20 140 103
37Latvia1.9m61.4$32 8030.863 62 200 31
38Estonia1.3m51.4$38 0480.890 42 390 31
39Cyprus1.2m55.8$38 1880.896 9 240 129
40Montenegro0.6m76.3$20 8390.832 13 450 47
41Luxembourg0.6m39.3$84 6490.930 2 590 233
42Malta0.4m55.9$38 8840.918 3201 373
43Iceland0.3m39.1$55 7820.959 100 250 3
44Andorra77 00696.9$51 1670.858 470 164
45Monaco38 68263.0 219 341
46Liechtenstein37 91068.9$146 8300.935 160 237
47San Marino33 785104.0$52 6540.853 60 563
Europe Avg14.9m58.0$40 5120.87 130 702 114
World Avg39.0m86.4$20 1360.72 620 450 63
q=47.

Not showing due to lack of data: the Vatican City.

This page only shows places where the database has enough data to be able to come to reasonable conclusions about each place. The main focus is on nation states, but, some distinct external territories may be listed if the database has enough information about them. Averages are calculated from as many valid data points as possible, meaning, that some territories and locations that are not listed above may still be used to calculate some of the average values. Some calculations only use Independent State data - hover the cursor over values to see hints.

Links:

2. Emigration and Immigration

#emigration #europe #immigration #migration

Pos.Immigrants (2017)
%9
Emigrants (2010)
%10
1Liechtenstein65.1%17.1%
2Monaco54.9%56.3%
3Andorra53.3%10.7%
4Luxembourg45.3%11.8%
5Switzerland29.6%5.4%
Europe Avg13.7%13.4%
q=47.

Some tiny countries in Europe are mostly comprised of immigrants. The countries in Europe with the highest percent of immigrants in their populations are Liechtenstein (65.1%), Monaco (54.9%) and Andorra (53.3%), although the average for Europe is 14%. Of the large countries with more than 10 million in their population, the highest proportion of immigrants can be found in Spain (15%), Belgium (14%) and Germany (13%). When it comes to emigration the highest rates are Monaco (56.3%), Albania (45.4%) and Bosnia & Herzegovina (38.9%). The average continental emigration rate is 13%.

For full stats and comparisons, see: Which Country in Europe Has the Most Immigrants Or Emigrants?.

3. Social and Moral Development

#education #equality #health #human_development #human_rights #modernity #morals #politics #prejudice #technology #the_internet #tolerance

Here are each country's overall scores across the categories that make up the Social and Moral Development Index. This is followed by lists of how each country scores in each individual data set.

Pos.Social & Moral
Lower is better

Avg Rank1,2
Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)
Lower is better

Avg Rank11,12
Health (2020)
Lower is better

Avg Rank13,14
Modernity and Learning (2020)
Lower is better

Avg Rank15
1Norway30.215.561.020.9
2Denmark31.114.774.315.9
3Sweden32.89.975.618.1
4Finland33.925.265.38.7
5Netherlands34.716.577.024.8
6Germany36.426.874.419.5
7Austria36.822.574.520.4
8Switzerland38.653.465.616.4
9Iceland39.120.176.919.6
10Luxembourg39.323.972.922.9
11UK40.727.981.121.5
12Belgium42.926.177.916.9
13Ireland43.438.587.421.8
14France43.625.983.828.3
15Spain43.729.969.636.8
16Slovenia46.934.979.921.5
17Italy47.039.167.539.7
18Hungary49.455.680.923.8
19Czechia50.037.983.618.4
20Portugal51.143.072.340.6
21Estonia51.444.685.315.7
22Poland55.244.583.535.3
23Cyprus55.848.578.652.5
24Malta55.946.378.952.8
25Slovakia57.442.781.140.9
26Romania61.345.4104.149.9
27Latvia61.452.693.128.2
28Greece61.661.977.438.6
29Croatia62.758.382.943.1
30Monaco63.094.213.064.5
31Lithuania64.153.292.435.1
32Bulgaria66.848.6105.550.9
33Kosovo67.854.270.0
34Liechtenstein68.973.947.7
35Serbia69.063.898.955.3
36Albania70.659.684.071.8
37Moldova72.485.7101.555.9
38Bosnia & Herzegovina74.563.484.057.1
39Ukraine75.862.4107.346.2
40Montenegro76.371.8102.862.1
41Georgia76.865.595.665.1
42Macedonia76.882.282.567.6
43Armenia77.474.078.468.8
44Turkey78.786.284.549.3
45Belarus79.883.0107.151.4
46Azerbaijan89.488.6100.068.6
47Andorra96.997.297.874.5
48San Marino104.0100.694.5125.0
Europe Avg58.051.782.541.3
World Avg86.489.093.582.9
q=48.

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

For more, see:

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#christianity #equality #Europe #gender_equality #human_rights #LGBT_rights #morals #poland #politics #prejudice #tolerance #turkey

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)11,12
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank11,12
1Sweden9.9
2Denmark14.7
3Norway15.5
4Netherlands16.5
5Iceland20.1
6Austria22.5
7Luxembourg23.9
8Finland25.2
9France25.9
10Belgium26.1
...
47Monaco94.2
48Andorra97.2
49San Marino100.6
Europe Avg51.7
World Avg89.0
q=49.

The best countries in Europe at protecting human rights, engendering tolerance and supporting equality, are Sweden, Denmark and Norway. The worst countries are San Marino, Andorra and Monaco. Europe has an excellent record on women's rights and gender equality. Prejudice against any protected characteristics found in HR law is actively challenged in most of Europe, especially in countries that have signed up for the European Council of Human Rights (part of the Council of Europe), which frequently sees cases brought by citizens against member states. LGBT rights, freedom of religion and freedom of thought are all routine. The most powerful and effective agents working against human rights in Europe are Christian institutions, especially the Catholic church and conservative movements, plus, the occasional push by backwards political parties or individual leaders. Some of these factors create long-term problems, such as in Poland or Turkey. But, there is nowhere else in the world have the spurious prejudices of human culture have been so diminished as in Europe.

For full commentary and data, see:

5. Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Monaco, Hong Kong and The Maldives13. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are The Marshall Islands, S. Sudan and Palau13.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and The Mediterranean13, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Australasia and Africa13.

For more, see:

Health:

Pos.Life
Expectancy (2021)
Higher is better

Years7
Alcohol Consumption (2016)
Lower is better

Per Capita16
Fertility Rate (2013)
2.0 is best
17
Smoking Rates (2014)
Lower is better
18
Suicide Rate (2013)
Per 100k19
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)
Lower is better

Rank20
Overweight Adults (2016)
Lower is better
%21
1Albania76.57.51.511 177813857.7
2Andorra80.411.363.7
3Armenia72.05.51.741 5453.93154.4
4Austria81.611.61.351 98830.92854.3
5Azerbaijan69.40.82.162 1141.38953.6
6Belarus72.411.21.473 83157.56759.4
7Belgium81.912.11.832 35339.11659.5
8Bosnia & Herzegovina75.36.41.132 2339553.3
9Bulgaria71.812.71.541 505255361.7
10Croatia77.68.91.491 70936.48359.6
11Cyprus81.210.81.461 6889.15959.1
12Czechia77.714.41.502 19428.34762.3
13Denmark81.410.41.881 37823.9355.4
14Estonia77.111.61.711 77537.92755.8
15Finland82.010.71.871 083391257.9
16France82.512.61.99 99333.22359.5
17Georgia71.79.81.531 3788.86654.2
18Germany80.613.41.441 48023.9756.8
19Greece80.110.41.542 08672962.3
20Hungary74.511.41.421 75950.63361.6
21Iceland82.79.12.10 55123.54159.1
22Ireland82.013.02.10 95423.7260.6
23Italy82.97.51.471 44312.82458.5
24Latvia73.612.91.501 04148.27057.8
25Liechtenstein83.3
26Lithuania73.715.01.491 12471.76459.6
27Luxembourg82.613.01.672 28419.31158.7
28Macedonia73.88.11.402 73213.53458.1
29Malta83.88.11.281 2666.97666.4
30Moldova68.815.21.461 11435.78751.8
31Monaco85.9
32Montenegro76.38.01.634 12513459.4
33Netherlands81.78.71.791 39618.6957.8
34Norway83.27.51.95 55623.8558.3
35Poland76.511.61.401 39630.57958.3
36Portugal81.012.31.311 11319.63957.5
37Romania74.212.71.421 62024.511257.7
38San Marino80.9
39Serbia74.211.11.561 64438.110657.1
40Slovakia74.911.51.361 61825.75256.2
41Slovenia80.712.61.472 637445756.1
42Spain83.010.01.501 26515.32261.6
43Sweden83.09.21.93 83125.5156.4
44Switzerland84.011.51.531 63436.2654.3
45Turkey76.02.02.041 5814466.8
46Ukraine71.68.61.481 85444.85558.4
47UK80.711.51.87 82713.9463.7
Europe Avg78.3610.31.611 64826.9947.458.5
World Avg71.286.22.81 81920.9382.049.0
q=47. No data: 1122

Children's Health:

Pos.Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)
Lower is better

Per 100023
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)
Higher is better

Avg %24
1Albania21.797.1
2Andorra97.1
3Armenia23.095.6
4Austria7.193.8
5Azerbaijan59.892.2
6Belarus18.285.3
7Belgium8.297.8
8Bosnia & Herzegovina8.688.0
9Bulgaria37.793.7
10Croatia9.595.9
11Cyprus5.095.3
12Czechia9.998.7
13Denmark4.092.3
14Estonia13.193.9
15Finland6.598.1
16France8.992.6
17Georgia39.793.1
18Germany6.794.0
19Greece7.597.3
20Hungary18.099.0
21Iceland6.191.5
22Ireland10.489.2
23Italy6.093.8
24Latvia13.692.8
25Lithuania11.093.9
26Luxembourg5.998.0
27Macedonia17.695.2
28Malta16.695.5
29Moldova22.691.5
30Monaco97.3
31Montenegro12.289.9
32Netherlands4.088.1
33Norway5.994.3
34Poland13.496.5
35Portugal9.995.7
36Romania34.692.7
37San Marino79.3
38Serbia19.093.5
39Slovakia20.297.0
40Slovenia3.895.2
41Spain8.496.5
42Sweden5.777.8
43Switzerland2.995.3
44Turkey27.695.5
45Ukraine24.155.2
46UK14.694.6
Europe Avg14.692.7
World Avg47.988.3
q=46. No data: 1225

6. Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #it_security #maths #politics #religion #research #science #the_internet

Modernity and Education:

Pos.Research and Development (2016)
Higher is better

% RDP PPP
Secondary Education (2018)
Higher is better
26
Length of Schooling (2021)
Higher is better

Years27
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)
Lower is better

Rank20
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)
Higher is better

Score28
Religiosity (2009)
Lower is better

%29
IQ (2006)
Higher is better30
1Albania0.153192.9%14.410512453990
2Andorra72.3%13.398
3Armenia0.243297.2%13.1567394
4Austria3.0033100.0%16.061477100
5Azerbaijan0.213295.6%13.51295087
6Belarus0.673292.2%15.2463497
7Belgium2.463484.8%19.69150899
8Bosnia & Herzegovina0.333281.2%13.81677
9Bulgaria0.653295.1%13.914131993
10Croatia0.813295.7%15.13314267090
11Cyprus0.483280.3%15.631131375
12Czechia2.003499.8%16.22147298
13Denmark3.053489.3%18.7415131998
14Estonia1.4334100.0%15.93615731699
15Finland3.1734100.0%19.17156899
16France2.263483.5%15.82414873098
17Georgia0.133598.0%15.68612168194
18Germany2.843496.3%17.02115244099
19Greece0.843464.8%20.02713767192
20Hungary1.373497.2%15.0314243998
21Iceland1.8934100.0%19.2151443101
22Ireland1.523488.3%18.93215285492
23Italy1.293479.6%16.241145672102
24Latvia0.603299.2%16.21314603998
25Liechtenstein15.2
26Lithuania0.953294.9%16.31814254291
27Luxembourg1.2634100.0%14.437145039
28Macedonia0.443249.8%13.619110776
29Malta0.893278.2%16.862139186
30Moldova0.353296.4%14.44712647296
31Montenegro0.383291.6%15.148125671
32Netherlands1.973488.3%18.781524100
33Norway1.703495.4%18.2491513100
34Poland0.943485.3%16.02315117599
35Portugal1.283454.2%16.939149195
36Romania0.383490.0%14.23013138494
37San Marino12.3
38Serbia0.733289.5%14.42854
39Slovakia0.893499.3%14.542138996
40Slovenia2.393497.6%17.71015284796
41Spain1.223475.8%17.94014754998
42Sweden3.163488.9%19.41714871799
43Switzerland2.963696.5%16.511151941101
44Turkey1.013453.1%18.355127382
45Ukraine0.763294.6%15.014697
46UK1.703484.5%17.35149927100
47Kosovo108790
Europe Avg1.3288.3%16.131.3141755.296.6
World Avg0.8463.0%13.582.0138975.185.6
q=47. No data: 1137

Technology and Information:

Pos.Internet Users (2016)
Higher is better
38
Internet Freedom (2012)
Lower is better
39
IT Security (2013)
Lower is better
40
IPv6 Uptake (2017)
Higher is better

Ratio41
1Albania63%0.0
2Andorra97%0.0
3Armenia50%1.220.0
4Austria81%7.5
5Azerbaijan61%501.210.0
6Belarus61%691.220.0
7Belgium89%55.4
8Bosnia & Herzegovina62%3.1
9Bulgaria59%1.3
10Croatia74%0.1
11Cyprus72%0.0
12Czechia88%0.2410.1
13Denmark96%3.1
14Estonia91%1017.6
15Finland93%14.1
16France86%1.1318.8
17Georgia53%300.0
18Germany88%151.4641.8
19Greece65%33.5
20Hungary80%190.277.4
21Iceland100%0.3
22Ireland81%0.1126.1
23Italy66%231.151.7
24Latvia76%0.332.2
25Liechtenstein96%0.0
26Lithuania77%0.1
27Luxembourg95%0.1132.4
28Macedonia69%0.0
29Malta80%0.0
30Moldova48%0.710.3
31Monaco93%0.0
32Montenegro62%0.0
33Netherlands94%1.4710.5
34Norway98%14.7
35Poland72%0.553.6
36Portugal67%26.6
37Romania58%0.528.7
38San Marino0.0
39Serbia54%0.1
40Slovakia83%0.8
41Slovenia72%5.4
42Spain82%0.880.6
43Sweden93%0.443.8
44Switzerland87%0.5535.1
45Turkey58%460.520.3
46Ukraine44%271.440.1
47UK93%251.3424.7
48Guernsey0.0
49Isle of Man0.0
50Jersey0.1
51Faroe Islands99%1.4
Europe Avg76.7%31.40.808.11
World Avg48.1%46.70.983.82
q=51. No data: 742

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Pos.World Giving Index (2013-2021)
Lower is better
43
Corruption (2012-2016)
Higher is better

Avg Score44
Happiness (2018)
Higher is better
45
Creativity and Culture (2017)
Lower is better

Rank20
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)
Lower is better

Rank20
1Albania96.134.44.67815
2Armenia125.035.04.310348
3Austria29.372.27.1713
4Azerbaijan112.328.65.213986
5Belarus102.832.65.59584
6Belgium56.676.06.917
7Bosnia & Herzegovina91.040.05.16945
8Bulgaria112.341.44.93939
9Croatia113.048.45.33810
10Cyprus39.161.65.84438
11Czechia115.351.86.7998
12Denmark26.790.87.662
13Estonia100.968.25.7337
14Finland39.389.47.6139
15France81.070.06.51417
16Georgia107.452.44.310911
17Germany31.079.67.01514
18Greece127.141.85.44750
19Hungary104.152.45.61923
20Iceland21.079.27.537105
21Ireland9.672.67.081
22Italy73.943.86.02636
23Latvia111.154.05.91780
24Lithuania125.657.46.023124
25Luxembourg43.381.66.91056
26Macedonia89.642.25.25574
27Malta23.456.66.62842
28Moldova92.733.85.64622
29Montenegro110.343.25.36171
30Netherlands14.383.47.424
31Norway20.086.07.6228
32Poland91.460.86.12146
33Portugal88.762.85.41221
34Romania96.744.85.93181
35Serbia115.640.85.4336
36Slovakia100.649.06.220142
37Slovenia50.659.45.91677
38Spain68.760.06.33034
39Sweden38.988.27.353
40Switzerland38.585.87.545
41Turkey116.345.45.57540
42Ukraine84.426.64.16272
43UK9.378.06.81135
44Kosovo63.433.85.7
Europe Avg75.257.636.0635.042.6
World Avg67.943.055.3882.082.0
q=44. No data: 1446

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Pos.Global Peace Index (2021)
Lower is better
47
Peacekeeping and Security (2017)
Lower is better

Rank20
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)
Lower is better

Rank20
Impact of Terrorism (2019)
Lower is better

Score48
1Albania1.8280740.42
2Armenia2.081361041.17
3Austria1.326511.66
4Azerbaijan2.33421320.70
5Belarus2.2913292
6Belgium1.50109133.64
7Bosnia & Herzegovina1.97149351.39
8Bulgaria1.5869320.37
9Croatia1.48146580.00
10Cyprus1.9173170.42
11Czechia1.3398480.87
12Denmark1.266490.96
13Estonia1.6193720.12
14Finland1.405282.03
15France1.8753165.01
16Georgia2.05791011.34
17Germany1.483724.25
18Greece1.93115314.17
19Hungary1.4917430.18
20Iceland1.1077420.03
21Ireland1.3350212.69
22Italy1.6555143.11
23Latvia1.69104700.23
24Lithuania1.6999560.46
25Luxembourg10020
26Macedonia1.74135540.30
27Malta1245
28Moldova1.919640.12
29Montenegro1.85128411.00
30Netherlands1.512732.35
31Norway1.445170.08
32Poland1.52107240.48
33Portugal1.27133280.00
34Romania1.5358360.00
35Serbia1.8084450.12
36Slovakia1.56113520.06
37Slovenia1.32160180.00
38Spain1.6271153.35
39Sweden1.466743.45
40Switzerland1.3244100.19
41Turkey2.8478396.53
42Ukraine2.66108575.55
43UK1.6648125.41
44Kosovo2.022.26
Europe Avg1.6984.637.81.62
World Avg2.0882.082.02.78
q=44. No data: 1446

Europe was the first continent to move towards the modern era of state-based democratic security as part of a long-term trend of peaceability regulated by state interventions.

Source: Roser, Max (2016)49

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #deforestation #over-exploitation #the_environment

Pos.Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)
Higher is better

%50
Environmental Performance (2018)
Higher is better
51
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)
Higher is better52
CBD
Earlier is better

Signed
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)
Higher is better
%53
1Albania-02.265.512.501994 Apr 059.4%
2Andorra00.02015 May 05
3Armenia-00.962.107.691993 Dec 2925.3%
4Austria+02.579.011.241994 Nov 1631.8%
5Azerbaijan+34.662.310.872000 Nov 0131.7%
6Belarus+10.965.005.811993 Dec 2923.7%
7Belgium77.408.471997 Feb 2026.9%
8Bosnia & Herzegovina-01.541.804.522002 Nov 2444.0%
9Bulgaria+17.167.906.541996 Jul 1632.5%
10Croatia+03.865.510.001997 Jan 0537.8%
11Cyprus+07.272.612.991996 Oct 0871.0%
12Czechia+01.567.707.461994 Mar 0316.0%
13Denmark+12.681.614.931994 Mar 2114.9%
14Estonia+01.264.306.131994 Oct 2515.9%
15Finland+01.878.606.331994 Oct 2522.9%
16France+17.784.009.901994 Sep 2938.4%
17Georgia+02.655.707.251994 Aug 3131.9%
18Germany+01.278.411.241994 Mar 2136.1%
19Greece+22.973.611.241994 Nov 0277.6%
20Hungary+14.065.009.801994 May 2538.0%
21Iceland+205.678.602.411994 Dec 1113.1%
22Ireland+62.278.817.541996 Jun 2027.9%
23Italy+22.577.013.161994 Jul 1449.6%
24Latvia+05.866.109.801996 Mar 1319.5%
25Liechtenstein+06.21998 Feb 17
26Lithuania+12.169.310.421996 May 0125.6%
27Luxembourg79.113.331994 Aug 0733.3%
28Macedonia+10.361.110.001998 Mar 0230.1%
29Malta00.080.915.152001 Mar 2957.3%
30Moldova+28.252.005.031996 Jan 1840.4%
31Monaco1993 Dec 29
32Montenegro+32.161.309.172006 Jun 0335.9%
33Netherlands+09.375.510.751994 Oct 1023.0%
34Norway-00.277.510.421993 Dec 2920.5%
35Poland+06.364.109.711996 Apr 1723.8%
36Portugal-07.571.912.351994 Mar 2155.8%
37Romania+07.464.811.491994 Nov 1533.4%
38San Marino1995 Jan 26
39Serbia+09.957.500.722002 May 3041.1%
40Slovakia+01.070.609.091994 Nov 2331.1%
41Slovenia+05.167.608.851996 Oct 0745.1%
42Spain+33.278.412.501994 Mar 2144.8%
43Sweden+00.880.508.621994 Mar 1624.3%
44Switzerland+09.087.417.541995 Feb 19
45Turkey+21.853.011.111997 May 1547.4%
46Ukraine+04.152.903.281995 May 0841.5%
47UK+13.279.913.891994 Sep 0122.6%
48Vatican City
Europe Avg+15.069.609.801899 Dec 3033.6%
World Avg+02.856.409.291899 Dec 3039.9%
q=48. No data: 1054

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Pos.Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)
Lower is better55
Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)
Lower is better
%56
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)
Lower is better
Severity57
1Albania7.2029.0.003
2Armenia8.7033.6.001
3Austria3.7030.5
4Azerbaijan13.90
5Belarus4.4025.4
6Belgium3.6027.7
7Bosnia & Herzegovina5.4033.0.008
8Bulgaria6.1037.4
9Croatia4.3031.1
10Cyprus3.6034.0
11Czechia3.0025.9
12Denmark3.6028.2
13Estonia3.6032.7
14Finland3.0027.1
15France3.8032.7
16Georgia7.9037.9
17Germany3.8031.7
18Greece3.5036.0
19Hungary4.2030.4
20Iceland2.4027.8
21Ireland3.4031.8
22Italy3.1035.4
23Latvia5.4034.2
24Lithuania5.5037.4
25Luxembourg3.4033.8
26Macedonia7.9035.6.010
27Malta4.6029.4
28Moldova9.6025.9.004
29Montenegro3.6031.9.002
30Netherlands3.1028.2
31Norway3.0027.5
32Poland4.3030.8
33Portugal3.5035.5
34Romania6.3035.9
35Serbia4.9028.5.001
36Slovakia5.0026.5
37Slovenia2.9025.4
38Spain3.0036.2
39Sweden2.9029.2
40Switzerland3.5032.3
41Turkey9.0041.9
42Ukraine7.4025.0.001
43UK4.1033.2
Europe Avg4.8631.5.004
World Avg14.5938.1.154
q=43. No data: 1558

11. Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Pos.Population (2018)
Population6
Life
Expectancy (2021)
Higher is better

Years7
Fertility Rate (2013)
2.0 is best
17
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)
Lower is better

Per 10059
1Albania2.9m76.51.5131.8
2Andorra77 00680.4
3Armenia3.0m72.01.7428.7
4Austria8.9m81.61.3540.5
5Azerbaijan9.9m69.42.1618.7
6Belarus9.5m72.41.4730.3
7Belgium11.5m81.91.8338.1
8Bosnia & Herzegovina3.3m75.31.1337.3
9Bulgaria7.1m71.81.5437.0
10Croatia4.2m77.61.4939.7
11Cyprus1.2m81.21.4626.9
12Czechia10.7m77.71.5036.1
13Denmark5.8m81.41.8837.1
14Estonia1.3m77.11.7137.9
15Finland5.5m82.01.8743.3
16France65.0m82.51.9940.5
17Georgia4.0m71.71.5329.7
18Germany83.1m80.61.4447.7
19Greece10.5m80.11.5441.3
20Hungary9.7m74.51.4232.9
21Iceland0.3m82.72.1032.5
22Ireland4.8m82.02.1029.2
23Italy60.6m82.91.4748.6
24Latvia1.9m73.61.5036.7
25Liechtenstein37 91083.3
26Lithuania2.8m73.71.4936.0
27Luxembourg0.6m82.61.6728.3
28Macedonia2.1m73.81.4027.7
29Malta0.4m83.81.2839.9
30Moldova4.1m68.81.4624.7
31Monaco38 68285.9
32Montenegro0.6m76.31.6330.0
33Netherlands17.1m81.71.7941.9
34Norway5.3m83.21.9532.2
35Poland37.9m76.51.4036.3
36Portugal10.3m81.01.3144.7
37Romania19.5m74.21.4233.6
38San Marino33 78580.9
39Serbia8.8m74.21.5632.7
40Slovakia5.5m74.91.3631.6
41Slovenia2.1m80.71.4742.7
42Spain46.7m83.01.5041.4
43Sweden10.0m83.01.9337.0
44Switzerland8.5m84.01.5338.3
45Turkey82.3m76.02.0418.0
46Ukraine44.2m71.61.4830.8
47UK67.1m80.71.8735.0
Europe Avg14.9m78.361.6135.0
World Avg39.0m71.282.8118.3
q=47. No data: 1122

Migration:

Pos.Immigrants (2017)
%9
Emigrants (2010)
%10
1Albania1.8%45.4%
2Andorra53.3%10.7%
3Armenia6.5%28.2%
4Austria19.0%7.1%
5Azerbaijan2.6%16.0%
6Belarus11.4%18.4%
7Belgium11.1%4.2%
8Bosnia & Herzegovina1.1%38.9%
9Bulgaria2.2%16.0%
10Croatia13.4%17.1%
11Cyprus16.0%17.0%
12Czechia4.1%3.6%
13Denmark11.5%4.7%
14Estonia14.7%12.6%
15Finland6.2%6.2%
16France12.2%2.8%
17Georgia2.0%25.1%
18Germany14.8%4.3%
19Greece10.9%10.8%
20Hungary5.2%4.6%
21Iceland12.5%13.0%
22Ireland16.9%16.1%
23Italy10.0%5.8%
24Latvia13.2%12.3%
25Liechtenstein65.1%17.1%
26Lithuania4.3%13.2%
27Luxembourg45.3%11.8%
28Macedonia6.3%21.9%
29Malta10.6%26.2%
30Moldova3.5%21.5%
31Monaco54.9%56.3%
32Montenegro11.3%0.0%
33Netherlands12.1%6.0%
34Norway15.1%3.8%
35Poland1.7%8.3%
36Portugal8.5%20.8%
37Romania1.9%13.1%
38San Marino15.7%9.9%
39Serbia9.1%2.0%
40Slovakia3.4%9.6%
41Slovenia11.8%6.5%
42Spain12.8%3.0%
43Sweden17.6%3.4%
44Switzerland29.6%5.4%
45Turkey6.0%5.6%
46Ukraine11.2%14.4%
47UK13.4%7.5%
Europe Avg13.7%13.4%
World Avg9.4%11.5%
q=47. No data: 1122

12. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #folk_religion #god #hinduism #human_development #islam #judaism #no_religion #religion

Over the last 60 years, religion in Europe has seen a strong decline. On average throughout the 27 EU countries, only half of its people believe in God60 and 25.4% directly say that they have no religion61. There is much variation from country to country. Only 16% of the populace of Estonia believe in God and the Scandinavian countries are highly atheist. But 95% believe in Malta. Two main social groups are particularly prone to belief in God; those over 55 years old and those whose education did not proceed beyond the 15-year-old stage.60. For a discussion on secularisation in general, see: "Secularisation Theory: Will Modern Society Reject Religion? What is Secularism?" by Vexen Crabtree

Despite the low rate of belief in God, many Europeans still claim to belong to theistic religions. 49.5% of the population of Europe say they are Catholic Christian, 15.7% say they're Muslim, 12.7% say they're Protestant Christian, 8.6% say they're Orthodox Christian and 0.4% say they are Jewish61. These numbers mean that at least 30% of Europeans are putting down a religion despite not believing in the very basic first principal of the religion they put down. In some places, this percent is higher. In France only 52% of Catholic believe in God and "only 18 percent define God according to the teachings of the Catholic Church"62. This is all because most people in Europe confuse religion and cultural heritage, and for many the actual beliefs of a religion don't really matter. For a discussion of this, see: "Institutionalized Religions Have Their Numbers Inflated by National Polls" by Vexen Crabtree.

Pos.Religiosity (2009)
Lower is better

%29
Disbelief In God (2007)
Higher is better
%63
Jews (2010)
%64
Christians (2010)
%64
Muslims (2010)
%64
Hindus (2010)
%64
Buddhists (2010)
%64
Folk Religion (2010)
%64
Unaffiliated (2010)
%64
1Albania3980.118.080.30.10.10.11.4
2Andorra0.389.50.80.50.10.18.8
3Armenia73140.198.50.10.10.10.11.3
4Austria180.280.45.40.10.20.113.5
5Azerbaijan5000.13.096.90.10.10.10.1
6Belarus34170.171.20.20.10.10.128.6
7Belgium430.364.25.90.10.20.229.0
8Bosnia & Herzegovina770.152.345.20.10.10.12.5
9Bulgaria340.182.113.70.10.10.14.2
10Croatia7070.193.41.40.10.10.15.1
11Cyprus750.173.225.30.10.20.11.2
12Czechia610.123.30.10.10.10.176.4
13Denmark19480.183.54.10.40.20.111.8
14Estonia16490.139.90.20.10.10.159.6
15Finland280.181.60.80.10.10.117.6
16France30440.563.07.50.10.50.328.0
17Georgia8140.188.510.70.10.10.10.7
18Germany40420.368.75.80.10.30.124.7
19Greece71160.188.15.30.10.10.16.1
20Hungary39320.181.00.10.10.10.118.6
21Iceland160.195.00.20.30.40.53.5
22Ireland5450.192.01.10.20.20.26.2
23Italy7260.183.33.70.10.20.112.4
24Latvia39200.155.80.10.10.10.143.8
25Liechtenstein0.191.95.00.10.10.12.9
26Lithuania42130.189.80.10.10.10.110.0
27Luxembourg390.170.42.30.10.10.126.8
28Macedonia760.159.339.30.10.10.11.4
29Malta860.197.00.20.20.10.12.5
30Moldova7260.697.40.60.10.10.11.4
31Monaco1.786.00.40.10.10.111.7
32Montenegro710.178.118.70.10.10.13.2
33Netherlands420.250.66.00.50.20.242.1
34Norway310.184.73.70.50.60.110.1
35Poland7530.194.30.10.10.10.15.6
36Portugal40.193.80.60.10.60.54.4
37Romania8440.199.00.30.10.10.10.1
38San Marino0.391.60.10.10.10.17.2
39Serbia540.192.54.20.10.10.13.3
40Slovakia170.185.30.20.10.10.114.3
41Slovenia47350.178.43.60.10.10.118.0
42Spain49150.178.62.10.10.10.119.0
43Sweden17640.167.24.60.20.40.227.0
44Switzerland41170.381.35.50.40.40.111.9
45Turkey820.10.498.00.10.10.11.2
46Ukraine46200.183.81.20.10.10.114.7
47UK27420.571.14.41.30.40.321.3
48Vatican City0.199.00.10.10.10.10.1
49Isle of Man0.184.10.20.20.10.115.4
50Gibraltar2.188.84.01.80.10.12.9
51Faroe Islands0.198.00.10.10.10.11.7
52Kosovo900.111.487.00.10.10.11.6
53Channel Islands0.185.20.10.10.10.114.2
Europe Avg55.223.60.274.711.50.20.20.113.2
World Avg75.19.90.560.622.42.03.52.77.9
q=53. No data: 565

Links:

More on religion in Europe:

13. The European Union (EU)66