The Human Truth Foundation

Which are the Best Countries in Europe?

By Vexen Crabtree 2013


Comments:
FB, LJ

#belgium #estonia #europe #finland #france #germany #human_development #malta #netherlands #norway #spain

Social & Moral
Development Index
1
Pos.Higher is better
Points1
1Denmark83.6
2Finland83.1
3Sweden82.6
4Netherlands82.0
5Norway81.9
6Switzerland81.4
7Germany80.6
8Iceland80.3
9Belgium80.3
10Ireland79.4
Europe Avg67.8
World Avg55.4
q=48.

Human rights, equality and the rule of law define Europe, and European countries thusly make up most of the top countries on the Social and Moral Index. In "Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice" by Jack Donnelly2 Europe is described as the leading practical example of the implementation of human rights, where they really are seen as intrinsic rights and not merely liberties3. The European Court of Human Rights is heavily over-subscribed and influential: it answers to the call of the citizens themselves, and only very rarely do governments ignore its rulings4.

There are 57 locations that fall within this category. By adding up all the known populations that fall within these locations, and summing their physical land areas, we can calculate population densities. Some islands and territories can end up being counted twice depending on how they are classified and divided up politically, but, mostly such errors involve only small populations. So, some data on this collection of countries in total:


1. Basic Stats and Demographics

#economics #human_development #population

Pos.Population (2012)
Population5
Social & Moral
Higher is better

Points1
Gross National
Income (2011)
Higher is better
PPP $6
UN HDI (2016)
Lower is better

Rank7
Land Area (2011)
km28
People
Per km2
Lower is better
1Germany82.0m80.6$45 0004 348 570 235
2Turkey74.5m56.5$18 70571 769 630 97
3France63.5m75.1$38 08521 547 660 116
4UK62.8m79.0$37 93116 241 930 260
5Italy61.0m70.7$33 57326 294 140 207
6Spain46.8m73.0$32 77927 498 800 94
7Ukraine44.9m56.5$7 36184 579 320 78
8Poland38.3m68.2$24 11736 304 150 126
9Romania21.4m62.8$19 42850 230 160 93
10Netherlands16.7m82.0$46 3267 33 730 496
11Greece11.4m63.0$24 80829 128 900 89
12Belgium10.8m80.3$41 24322 30 280 356
13Portugal10.7m70.3$26 10441 91 470 117
14Czechia10.6m71.6$28 14428 77 240 137
15Hungary9.9m70.5$23 39443 90 530 110
16Serbia9.8m61.3$12 20266 87 460 113
17Belarus9.5m54.4$15 62952 202 910 47
18Sweden9.5m82.6$46 25114 410 340 23
19Azerbaijan9.4m54.0$16 41378 82 658 114
20Austria8.4m78.7$43 60924 82 409 102
21Switzerland7.7m81.4$56 3642 40 000 193
22Bulgaria7.4m63.6$16 26156 108 560 68
23Denmark5.6m83.6$44 5195 42 430 132
24Slovakia5.5m66.2$26 76440 48 088 114
25Finland5.4m83.1$38 86823 303 890 18
26Norway5.0m81.9$67 6141 304 250 16
27Ireland4.6m79.4$43 7988 68 890 66
28Croatia4.4m64.4$20 29145 55 960 78
29Georgia4.3m57.2$8 85670 69 490 62
30Bosnia & Herzegovina3.7m57.3$10 09181 51 000 73
31Moldova3.5m59.4$5 026107 32 854 107
32Lithuania3.3m65.5$26 00637 62 674 53
33Albania3.2m60.6$10 25275 27 400 118
34Armenia3.1m57.1$8 18984 28 480 109
35Latvia2.2m67.0$22 58944 62 200 36
36Macedonia2.1m57.6$12 40582 25 220 82
37Slovenia2.0m70.7$28 66425 20 140 101
38Estonia1.3m73.4$26 36230 42 390 32
39Cyprus1.1m67.1$29 45933 9 240 122
40Montenegro0.6m56.5$15 41048 13 450 47
41Luxembourg0.5m78.1$62 47120 2 590 202
42Malta0.4m65.5$29 50033 3201 310
43Iceland0.3m80.3$37 0659 100 250 3
44Andorra87 51855.3$47 97932 470 186
45Liechtenstein36 58461.5$75 06515 160 229
46Monaco35 44465.6 217 722
47San Marino31 94554.3$50 063 60 532
Europe Avg14.7m67.8$30 45738.8 130 702 112
World Avg36.0m55.4$17 24094.3 620 450 58
q=47.

Not showing due to lack of data: the Vatican City. This page only shows places where the database has enough data to be able to come to reasonable conclusions about each place. The main focus is on nation states, but, some distinct external territories may be listed if the database has enough information about them. Averages are calculated from as many valid data points as possible, meaning, that some territories and locations that are not listed above may still be used to calculate some of the average values. Some calculations only use Independent State data - hover the cursor over values to see hints.

Links:

2. Emigration and Immigration

#emigration #europe #immigration #migration

Pos.Immigrants (2010)
%9
Emigrants (2010)
%9
1Monaco71.6%56.3%
2Andorra64.4%10.7%
3San Marino37.0%9.9%
4Luxembourg35.2%11.8%
5Liechtenstein34.6%17.1%
Europe Avg13.2%13.4%
q=47.

Some tiny countries in Europe are mostly comprised of immigrants. The countries in Europe with the highest percent of immigrants in their populations are Monaco (71.6%), Andorra (64.4%) and San Marino (37.0%), although the average for Europe is 13%. Of the large countries with more than 10 million in their population, the highest proportion of immigrants can be found in Spain (15%), Belgium (14%) and Germany (13%). And emigration: Monaco (56.3%), Albania (45.4%) and Bosnia & Herzegovina (38.9%), whilst the continental average of emigrants for a country is 13%.

For full stats and comparisons, see: Which Country in Europe Has the Most Immigrants Or Emigrants?.

3. The Environment

#biodiversity #birth_control #climate_change #demographics #health #human_development #over-exploitation #overpopulation #the_environment

Pos.Social & Moral
Points1
Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)
Higher is better

%10
Environmental Performance (2018)
Higher is better
11
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)
Higher is better12
Fertility Rate (2013)
2.0 is best
13
1Albania60.6-02.265.512.501.51
2Andorra55.300.0
3Armenia57.1-00.962.107.691.74
4Austria78.702.579.011.241.35
5Azerbaijan54.034.662.310.872.16
6Belarus54.410.965.005.811.47
7Belgium80.377.408.471.83
8Bosnia & Herzegovina57.3-01.541.804.521.13
9Bulgaria63.617.167.906.541.54
10Croatia64.403.865.510.001.49
11Cyprus67.107.272.612.991.46
12Czechia71.601.567.707.461.50
13Denmark83.612.681.614.931.88
14Estonia73.401.264.306.131.71
15Finland83.101.878.606.331.87
16France75.117.784.009.901.99
17Georgia57.202.655.707.251.53
18Germany80.601.278.411.241.44
19Greece63.022.973.611.241.54
20Hungary70.514.065.009.801.42
21Iceland80.3205.678.602.412.10
22Ireland79.462.278.817.542.10
23Italy70.722.577.013.161.47
24Latvia67.005.866.109.801.50
25Liechtenstein61.506.2
26Lithuania65.512.169.310.421.49
27Luxembourg78.179.113.331.67
28Macedonia57.610.361.110.001.40
29Malta65.500.080.915.151.28
30Moldova59.428.252.005.031.46
31Monaco65.6
32Montenegro56.532.161.309.171.63
33Netherlands82.009.375.510.751.79
34Norway81.9-00.277.510.421.95
35Poland68.206.364.109.711.40
36Portugal70.3-07.571.912.351.31
37Romania62.807.464.811.491.42
38San Marino54.3
39Serbia61.309.957.500.721.56
40Slovakia66.201.070.609.091.36
41Slovenia70.705.167.608.851.47
42Spain73.033.278.412.501.50
43Sweden82.600.880.508.621.93
44Switzerland81.409.087.417.541.53
45Turkey56.521.853.011.112.04
46Ukraine56.504.152.903.281.48
47UK79.013.279.913.891.87
48Vatican City
49Guernsey
50Isle of Man
51Jersey
52Gibraltar
53Faroe Islands
54Aland Islands
55Svalbard
56Kosovo51.5
57Channel Islands
Europe Avg67.815.069.609.801.61
World Avg55.402.856.409.292.81
q=57.

4. Health 14

#alcohol #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

Pos.Life
Expectancy (2015)

Years6
Alcohol Consumption (2016)
Lower is better

Per Capita15
Smoking Rates (2014)
Lower is better
16
Overweight Adults (2016)
Lower is better
%17
Suicide Rate (2013)
Lower is better

Per 100k18
1Albania77.977.51 17757.78
2Andorra81.4611.363.7
3Armenia74.895.51 54554.43.9
4Austria81.5811.61 98854.330.9
5Azerbaijan70.900.82 11453.61.3
6Belarus71.4611.23 83159.457.5
7Belgium80.9812.12 35359.539.1
8Bosnia & Herzegovina76.636.42 23353.3
9Bulgaria74.3212.71 50561.725
10Croatia77.508.91 70959.636.4
11Cyprus80.3310.81 68859.19.1
12Czechia78.7814.42 19462.328.3
13Denmark80.4110.41 37855.423.9
14Estonia77.0111.61 77555.837.9
15Finland81.0110.71 08357.939
16France82.3612.6 99359.533.2
17Georgia75.029.81 37854.28.8
18Germany81.0913.41 48056.823.9
19Greece81.0710.42 08662.37
20Hungary75.3111.41 75961.650.6
21Iceland82.729.1 55159.123.5
22Ireland81.0513.0 95460.623.7
23Italy83.347.51 44358.512.8
24Latvia74.3412.91 04157.848.2
25Liechtenstein80.16
26Lithuania73.5015.01 12459.671.7
27Luxembourg81.8813.02 28458.719.3
28Macedonia75.538.12 73258.113.5
29Malta80.738.11 26666.46.9
30Moldova71.7315.21 11451.835.7
31Monaco
32Montenegro76.408.04 12559.4
33Netherlands81.718.71 39657.818.6
34Norway81.717.5 55658.323.8
35Poland77.6211.61 39658.330.5
36Portugal81.1812.31 11357.519.6
37Romania74.8412.71 62057.724.5
38San Marino
39Serbia75.0511.11 64457.138.1
40Slovakia76.4111.51 61856.225.7
41Slovenia80.5812.62 63756.144
42Spain82.7710.01 26561.615.3
43Sweden82.359.2 83156.425.5
44Switzerland83.1311.51 63454.336.2
45Turkey75.532.01 58166.8
46Ukraine71.138.61 85458.444.8
47UK80.8511.5 82763.713.9
48Vatican City
49Guernsey
50Isle of Man
51Jersey
52Gibraltar
53Faroe Islands
54Aland Islands
55Svalbard
56Kosovo
57Channel Islands
Europe Avg78.3610.31 64858.526.99
World Avg71.276.2 81949.020.93
q=57.

And Children's Health:

Pos.Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)
Avg %19
Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)
Lower is better

Per 100020
1Albania97.121.7
2Andorra97.1
3Armenia95.623.0
4Austria93.87.1
5Azerbaijan92.259.8
6Belarus85.318.2
7Belgium97.88.2
8Bosnia & Herzegovina88.08.6
9Bulgaria93.737.7
10Croatia95.99.5
11Cyprus95.35.0
12Czechia98.79.9
13Denmark92.34.0
14Estonia93.913.1
15Finland98.16.5
16France92.68.9
17Georgia93.139.7
18Germany94.06.7
19Greece97.37.5
20Hungary99.018.0
21Iceland91.56.1
22Ireland89.210.4
23Italy93.86.0
24Latvia92.813.6
25Liechtenstein
26Lithuania93.911.0
27Luxembourg98.05.9
28Macedonia95.217.6
29Malta95.516.6
30Moldova91.522.6
31Monaco97.3
32Montenegro89.912.2
33Netherlands88.14.0
34Norway94.35.9
35Poland96.513.4
36Portugal95.79.9
37Romania92.734.6
38San Marino79.3
39Serbia93.519.0
40Slovakia97.020.2
41Slovenia95.23.8
42Spain96.58.4
43Sweden77.85.7
44Switzerland95.32.9
45Turkey95.527.6
46Ukraine55.224.1
47UK94.614.6
48Vatican City
49Guernsey
50Isle of Man
51Jersey
52Gibraltar
53Faroe Islands
54Aland Islands
55Svalbard
56Kosovo
57Channel Islands
Europe Avg92.714.6
World Avg88.347.9
q=57.

5. Human Rights, Tolerance and Equality

#equality #human_development #human_rights #morals #politics #tolerance

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2019)21
Pos.Higher is better
Points21
1Sweden92.4
2Denmark92.2
3Netherlands91.4
4Finland89.8
5Iceland89.3
6Luxembourg88.5
7Germany87.9
8Norway86.9
9UK86.6
10Austria85.7
...
47Azerbaijan54.0
48San Marino52.4
49Vatican City16.7
Europe Avg73.0
World Avg55.7
q=49.
.

Europe has an excellent record on women's rights and gender equality. The biases of the male-dominated past have largely come to an end. The battle isn't over, but, there is nowhere else in the world where the spurious prejudices of human culture have been so diminished in the realm of gender.

There is indeed a broad consensus throughout Europe to ensure men and women can access contraception, safe abortion services and reproductive healthcare and information on sexuality. This is the basis upon which people can make free and fair choices about their family life and composition.

NSS (2015)22

Europe also has the best press freedom in the world; according to the Press Freedom Index in 2013, "the same three European countries that headed the index last year hold the top three positions again this year. For the third year running, Finland has distinguished itself as the country that most respects media freedom. It is followed by the Netherlands and Norway".

6. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #folk_religion #god #hinduism #human_development #islam #judaism #no_religion #religion

Over the last 60 years, religion in Europe has seen a strong decline. On average throughout the 27 EU countries, only half of its people believe in God23 and 25.4% directly say that they have no religion24. There is much variation from country to country. Only 16% of the populace of Estonia believe in God and the Scandinavian countries are highly atheist. But 95% believe in Malta. Two main social groups are particularly prone to belief in God; those over 55 years old and those whose education did not proceed beyond the 15-year-old stage.23. For a discussion on secularisation in general, see: "Secularisation Theory: Will Modern Society Reject Religion? What is Secularism?" by Vexen Crabtree

Despite the low rate of belief in God, many Europeans still claim to belong to theistic religions. 49.5% of the population of Europe say they are Catholic Christian, 15.7% say they're Muslim, 12.7% say they're Protestant Christian, 8.6% say they're Orthodox Christian and 0.4% say they are Jewish24. These numbers mean that at least 30% of Europeans are putting down a religion despite not believing in the very basic first principal of the religion they put down. In some places, this percent is higher. In France only 52% of Catholic believe in God and "only 18 percent define God according to the teachings of the Catholic Church"25. This is all because most people in Europe confuse religion and cultural heritage, and for many the actual beliefs of a religion don't really matter. For a discussion of this, see: "Institutionalized Religions Have Their Numbers Inflated by National Polls" by Vexen Crabtree.

Pos.Religiosity (2009)
%26
Disbelief In God (2007)
Higher is better
%27
Jews (2010)
%28
Christians (2010)
%28
Muslims (2010)
%28
Hindus (2010)
%28
Buddhists (2010)
%28
Folk Religion (2010)
%28
Unaffiliated (2010)
%28
1Albania3980.118.080.30.10.10.11.4
2Andorra0.389.50.80.50.10.18.8
3Armenia73140.198.50.10.10.10.11.3
4Austria180.280.45.40.10.20.113.5
5Azerbaijan5000.13.096.90.10.10.10.1
6Belarus34170.171.20.20.10.10.128.6
7Belgium430.364.25.90.10.20.229.0
8Bosnia & Herzegovina770.152.345.20.10.10.12.5
9Bulgaria340.182.113.70.10.10.14.2
10Croatia7070.193.41.40.10.10.15.1
11Cyprus750.173.225.30.10.20.11.2
12Czechia610.123.30.10.10.10.176.4
13Denmark19480.183.54.10.40.20.111.8
14Estonia16490.139.90.20.10.10.159.6
15Finland280.181.60.80.10.10.117.6
16France30440.563.07.50.10.50.328.0
17Georgia8140.188.510.70.10.10.10.7
18Germany40420.368.75.80.10.30.124.7
19Greece71160.188.15.30.10.10.16.1
20Hungary39320.181.00.10.10.10.118.6
21Iceland160.195.00.20.30.40.53.5
22Ireland5450.192.01.10.20.20.26.2
23Italy7260.183.33.70.10.20.112.4
24Latvia39200.155.80.10.10.10.143.8
25Liechtenstein0.191.95.00.10.10.12.9
26Lithuania42130.189.80.10.10.10.110.0
27Luxembourg390.170.42.30.10.10.126.8
28Macedonia760.159.339.30.10.10.11.4
29Malta860.197.00.20.20.10.12.5
30Moldova7260.697.40.60.10.10.11.4
31Monaco1.786.00.40.10.10.111.7
32Montenegro710.178.118.70.10.10.13.2
33Netherlands420.250.66.00.50.20.242.1
34Norway310.184.73.70.50.60.110.1
35Poland7530.194.30.10.10.10.15.6
36Portugal40.193.80.60.10.60.54.4
37Romania8440.199.00.30.10.10.10.1
38San Marino0.391.60.10.10.10.17.2
39Serbia540.192.54.20.10.10.13.3
40Slovakia170.185.30.20.10.10.114.3
41Slovenia47350.178.43.60.10.10.118.0
42Spain49150.178.62.10.10.10.119.0
43Sweden17640.167.24.60.20.40.227.0
44Switzerland41170.381.35.50.40.40.111.9
45Turkey820.10.498.00.10.10.11.2
46Ukraine46200.183.81.20.10.10.114.7
47UK27420.571.14.41.30.40.321.3
48Vatican City0.199.00.10.10.10.10.1
49Guernsey
50Isle of Man0.184.10.20.20.10.115.4
51Jersey
52Gibraltar2.188.84.01.80.10.12.9
53Faroe Islands0.198.00.10.10.10.11.7
54Aland Islands
55Svalbard
56Kosovo900.111.487.00.10.10.11.6
57Channel Islands0.185.20.10.10.10.114.2
Europe Avg55.223.60.274.711.50.20.20.113.2
World Avg75.19.90.560.622.42.03.52.77.9
q=57.

Links:

More on religion in Europe:

7. The European Union (EU)29