The Human Truth Foundation

Which are the Best Countries in Europe?

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

#belgium #estonia #europe #finland #france #germany #human_development #malta #netherlands #norway #spain

Social & Moral
Development Index
1,2
Pos.Lower is better
Avg Rank1,2
1Denmark30.5
2Norway30.9
3Finland32.0
4Sweden33.3
5Germany34.3
6Netherlands35.5
7Austria35.6
8Switzerland37.2
9Luxembourg39.5
10Iceland39.6
Europe Avg58.0
World Avg86.4
q=48.

Human rights, equality and the rule of law define Europe, and European countries thusly make up most of the top countries on the Social and Moral Index. In "Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice" by Jack Donnelly3 Europe is described as the leading practical example of the implementation of human rights, where they really are seen as intrinsic rights and not merely liberties4. The European Court of Human Rights is heavily over-subscribed and influential: it answers to the call of the citizens themselves, and only very rarely do governments ignore its rulings5.

There are 57 locations that fall within this category. By adding up all the known populations that fall within these locations, and summing their physical land areas, we can calculate population densities. Some islands and territories can end up being counted twice depending on how they are classified and divided up politically, but, mostly such errors involve only small populations. So, some data on this collection of countries in total:


1. Basic Stats and Demographics

#economics #human_development #population

Pos.Population (2018)
Population6
Social & Moral
Lower is better

Avg Rank1,2
Gross National
Income (2011)
Higher is better
PPP $7
UN HDI (2016)
Lower is better

Rank8
Land Area (2011)
km29
People
Per km2
Lower is better
1Germany83.1m34.3$45 0004 348 570 238
2Turkey82.3m77.4$18 70571 769 630 107
3UK67.1m39.8$37 93116 241 930 278
4France65.0m44.0$38 08521 547 660 119
5Italy60.6m45.1$33 57326 294 140 206
6Spain46.7m42.2$32 77927 498 800 94
7Ukraine44.2m75.2$7 36184 579 320 76
8Poland37.9m52.8$24 11736 304 150 125
9Romania19.5m61.6$19 42850 230 160 85
10Netherlands17.1m35.5$46 3267 33 730 506
11Belgium11.5m43.5$41 24322 30 280 379
12Czechia10.7m49.0$28 14428 77 240 138
13Greece10.5m62.6$24 80829 128 900 82
14Portugal10.3m50.7$26 10441 91 470 112
15Sweden10.0m33.3$46 25114 410 340 24
16Azerbaijan9.9m87.6$16 41378 82 658 120
17Hungary9.7m48.0$23 39443 90 530 107
18Belarus9.5m77.4$15 62952 202 910 47
19Austria8.9m35.6$43 60924 82 409 108
20Serbia8.8m68.5$12 20266 87 460 101
21Switzerland8.5m37.2$56 3642 40 000 213
22Bulgaria7.1m66.7$16 26156 108 560 65
23Denmark5.8m30.5$44 5195 42 430 136
24Finland5.5m32.0$38 86823 303 890 18
25Slovakia5.5m57.0$26 76440 48 088 113
26Norway5.3m30.9$67 6141 304 250 18
27Ireland4.8m42.9$43 7988 68 890 70
28Croatia4.2m61.7$20 29145 55 960 74
29Moldova4.1m73.2$5 026107 32 854 123
30Georgia4.0m77.7$8 85670 69 490 58
31Bosnia & Herzegovina3.3m73.5$10 09181 51 000 65
32Armenia3.0m76.1$8 18984 28 480 104
33Albania2.9m71.4$10 25275 27 400 105
34Lithuania2.8m64.4$26 00637 62 674 45
35Macedonia2.1m76.4$12 40582 25 220 83
36Slovenia2.1m47.2$28 66425 20 140 103
37Latvia1.9m61.1$22 58944 62 200 31
38Estonia1.3m51.1$26 36230 42 390 31
39Cyprus1.2m55.6$29 45933 9 240 129
40Montenegro0.6m77.4$15 41048 13 450 47
41Luxembourg0.6m39.5$62 47120 2 590 233
42Malta0.4m56.6$29 50033 3201 373
43Iceland0.3m39.6$37 0659 100 250 3
44Andorra77 00692.3$47 97932 470 164
45Monaco38 68270.5 219 341
46Liechtenstein37 91073.5$75 06515 160 237
47San Marino33 785111.0$50 063 60 563
Europe Avg14.9m58.0$30 45738.8 130 702 114
World Avg39.0m86.4$17 24094.3 620 450 63
q=47.

Not showing due to lack of data: the Vatican City. This page only shows places where the database has enough data to be able to come to reasonable conclusions about each place. The main focus is on nation states, but, some distinct external territories may be listed if the database has enough information about them. Averages are calculated from as many valid data points as possible, meaning, that some territories and locations that are not listed above may still be used to calculate some of the average values. Some calculations only use Independent State data - hover the cursor over values to see hints.

Links:

2. Emigration and Immigration

#emigration #europe #immigration #migration

Pos.Immigrants (2017)
%10
Emigrants (2010)
%11
1Liechtenstein65.1%17.1%
2Monaco54.9%56.3%
3Andorra53.3%10.7%
4Luxembourg45.3%11.8%
5Switzerland29.6%5.4%
Europe Avg13.7%13.4%
q=47.

Some tiny countries in Europe are mostly comprised of immigrants. The countries in Europe with the highest percent of immigrants in their populations are Liechtenstein (65.1%), Monaco (54.9%) and Andorra (53.3%), although the average for Europe is 14%. Of the large countries with more than 10 million in their population, the highest proportion of immigrants can be found in Spain (15%), Belgium (14%) and Germany (13%). When it comes to emigration the highest rates are Monaco (56.3%), Albania (45.4%) and Bosnia & Herzegovina (38.9%), with a continental average of 13% who have crossed a national border to live elsewhere.

For full stats and comparisons, see: Which Country in Europe Has the Most Immigrants Or Emigrants?.

3. Social and Moral Development

#education #equality #health #human_development #human_rights #modernity #morals #politics #prejudice #technology #the_internet #tolerance

Here are each country's overall scores across the categories that make up the Social and Moral Development Index. This is followed by lists of how each country scores in each individual data set.

Pos.Social & Moral
Lower is better

Avg Rank1,2
Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2020)
Lower is better

Avg Rank12,13
Health (2020)
Lower is better

Avg Rank14,13
Modernity and Learning (2020)
Lower is better

Avg Rank15
Demographics (2020)16
1Denmark30.59.774.910.0
2Norway30.916.162.016.6
3Finland32.018.965.98.0
4Sweden33.310.075.613.3
5Germany34.318.673.317.1
6Netherlands35.518.076.418.6
7Austria35.618.573.918.9
8Switzerland37.249.665.614.9
9Luxembourg39.523.672.922.2
10Iceland39.621.376.019.1
11UK39.824.280.915.8
12Spain42.224.169.128.8
13Ireland42.935.887.816.4
14Belgium43.528.678.49.1
15France44.028.182.922.0
16Italy45.132.166.433.5
17Slovenia47.236.879.819.5
18Hungary48.052.481.021.2
19Czechia49.035.583.015.5
20Portugal50.740.871.527.0
21Estonia51.142.685.314.9
22Poland52.835.882.528.1
23Cyprus55.644.179.347.1
24Malta56.644.081.646.5
25Slovakia57.040.280.138.9
26Latvia61.151.493.827.3
27Romania61.645.5105.144.6
28Croatia61.753.282.940.0
29Greece62.664.876.129.3
30Lithuania64.452.094.830.5
31Bulgaria66.749.1104.042.7
32Serbia68.561.199.146.6
33Monaco70.5101.5
34Albania71.465.082.864.1
35Kosovo73.263.8
36Moldova73.285.498.660.1
37Bosnia & Herzegovina73.558.883.148.1
38Liechtenstein73.578.8
39Ukraine75.264.2108.641.9
40Armenia76.170.576.065.3
41Macedonia76.478.981.553.1
42Turkey77.481.685.640.0
43Montenegro77.472.6102.956.8
44Belarus77.475.7109.446.0
45Georgia77.765.592.462.8
46Azerbaijan87.681.498.468.6
47Andorra92.387.494.853.8
48San Marino111.0114.8
Europe Avg58.050.383.533.3
World Avg86.489.892.369.0
q=48.

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: Which are the Best Countries in the World? The Social and Moral Development Index.

4. Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance

#antisemitism #equality #freedom #gender #gender_equality #homosexuality #human_rights #international_law #mass_media #misogyny #politics #slavery #tolerance #women

The best countries in the world at ensuring human rights, fostering equality and promoting tolerance, are Denmark, Sweden and Norway12. These countries are displaying the best traits that humanity has to offer. The worst countries are Tuvalu, The Solomon Islands and Palestine12.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are statistics on commentary in Human Rights Watch reports, its nominal commitment to Human Rights, speed of uptake of HR treaties, supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, supporting press freedom, eliminating modern slavery, opposing gender inequality, the year from which women could participate in democracy, its success in fighting anti-semitic prejudice and LGBT equality. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Baltic States and Europe12, whereas the worst are Micronesia, Melanesia and Australasia12.

Europe has an excellent record on women's rights and gender equality. The biases of the male-dominated past have largely come to an end. The battle isn't over, but, there is nowhere else in the world where the spurious prejudices of human culture have been so diminished in the realm of gender.

There is indeed a broad consensus throughout Europe to ensure men and women can access contraception, safe abortion services and reproductive healthcare and information on sexuality. This is the basis upon which people can make free and fair choices about their family life and composition.

NSS (2015)17

Europe also has the best press freedom in the world; according to the Press Freedom Index in 2013, "the same three European countries that headed the index last year hold the top three positions again this year. For the third year running, Finland has distinguished itself as the country that most respects media freedom. It is followed by the Netherlands and Norway".

Human Rights & Tolerance:

Pos.HRW (2017)
Score18
Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)
Higher is better
Treaties19
HR Treaties Lag (2019)
Lower is better
Avg Yrs/Treaty20
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)
Lower is better
Rank21
Press Freedom (2013)
Lower is better22
Slavery (2018)
Lower is better

% Victims23
1Albania2010.945030880.69
2Andorra1512.91682
3Armenia-11711.005528040.53
4Austria5225.68119400.17
5Azerbaijan-52110.0812847730.45
6Belarus-3165.7148351.09
7Belgium6228.301712940.20
8Bosnia & Herzegovina-6219.175426860.34
9Bulgaria5204.244028580.45
10Croatia42210.654426610.60
11Cyprus5205.813313830.42
12Czechia52011.731810170.29
13Denmark5225.0657080.16
14Estonia51712.06219260.36
15Finland6197.4996380.17
16France9215.613121600.20
17Georgia-22012.774330090.43
18Germany9235.621310240.20
19Greece5198.444828460.79
20Hungary3205.913726090.37
21Iceland207.57258490.21
22Ireland71913.38410060.17
23Italy5226.562826110.24
24Latvia51611.392422890.39
25Liechtenstein22013.28735
26Lithuania51811.032018240.58
27Luxembourg6199.67116680.15
28Macedonia2011.715534270.87
29Malta5189.60162330
30Moldova1811.996926010.55
31Monaco1612.76
32Montenegro2114.204432970.59
33Netherlands8198.29106480.18
34Norway1205.05136520.18
35Poland4206.342113110.34
36Portugal5206.691916750.25
37Romania5205.523023050.43
38San Marino1613.63
39Serbia-32312.446726590.33
40Slovakia52011.242713250.29
41Slovenia52311.133920490.22
42Spain5234.603620500.23
43Sweden7234.88159230.16
44Switzerland1911.7129940.17
45Turkey-2179.487346560.65
46Ukraine0204.9411136790.64
47UK9196.62616890.21
48Vatican City1011.34
49Kosovo-128470.40
Europe Avg3.519.59.0933.920440.38
World Avg-1.915.110.0279.732490.65
q=49. No data: 824

Gender Equality:

Pos.Gender Inequality (2015)25Year Women Can Vote
Lower is better
Year
1Albania0.271920
2Andorra1973
3Armenia0.291921
4Austria0.081919
5Azerbaijan0.331921
6Belarus0.141919
7Belgium0.071948
8Bosnia & Herzegovina0.161949
9Bulgaria0.221944
10Croatia0.141945
11Cyprus0.121960
12Czechia0.131919
13Denmark0.041915
14Estonia0.131918
15Finland0.061906
16France0.101944
17Georgia0.361921
18Germany0.071919
19Greece0.121952
20Hungary0.251958
21Iceland0.051915
22Ireland0.131922
23Italy0.081945
24Latvia0.191918
25Liechtenstein1984
26Lithuania0.121921
27Luxembourg0.071919
28Macedonia0.161946
29Malta0.221947
30Moldova0.231994
31Monaco1962
32Montenegro0.16
33Netherlands0.041919
34Norway0.051913
35Poland0.141919
36Portugal0.091976
37Romania0.341946
38San Marino1973
39Serbia0.18
40Slovakia0.181919
41Slovenia0.051945
42Spain0.081931
43Sweden0.051921
44Switzerland0.041971
45Turkey0.331934
46Ukraine0.281919
47UK0.131928
48Vatican City0
Europe Avg0.151895
World Avg0.361930
q=48. No data: 926

Prejudice:

Pos.Anti-Semite Opinions (2014)
%27
LGBT Equality (2017)
Higher is better

Score28
1Albania40
2Andorra63
3Armenia5820
4Austria2856
5Azerbaijan3715
6Belarus3815
7Belgium2790
8Bosnia & Herzegovina3235
9Bulgaria4433
10Croatia3345
11Cyprus40
12Czechia1339
13Denmark972
14Estonia2245
15Finland1557
16France3778
17Georgia3235
18Germany2744
19Greece6939
20Hungary4149
21Iceland1672
22Ireland2053
23Italy2040
24Latvia2825
25Liechtenstein25
26Lithuania3630
27Luxembourg70
28Macedonia25
29Malta63
30Moldova3025
31Monaco40
32Montenegro2935
33Netherlands5103
34Norway1572
35Poland4540
36Portugal2163
37Romania3539
38San Marino35
39Serbia4240
40Slovakia39
41Slovenia2745
42Spain2979
43Sweden486
44Switzerland2640
45Turkey6925
46Ukraine3825
47UK872
48Kosovo35
Europe Avg29.946.9
World Avg36.812.6
q=48. No data: 929

5. Health

#alcohol #birth_control #demographics #health #life_expectancy #longevity #mental_health #obesity #overpopulation #parenting #population #smoking #suicide #vaccines

The countries with the best overall approach to public health, in terms of both public policy and individual lifestyle choices, are Hong Kong, Singapore and The Maldives14. These countries are worth emulating. And, although often through no fault of the average citizen, the worst countries are S. Sudan, Nigeria and Equatorial Guinea14.

The data sets used to calculate points for each country are its average life expectancy, its alcohol consumption rate, its fertility rate, its smoking rate, its suicide rate, its food aid and health contributions and WHO compliance, the prevalence of overweight adults, its adolescent birth rate and its immunizations take-up. The regions with the best average results per country are Scandinavia, Asia and Europe14, whereas the worst are Africa, Micronesia and Polynesia14.

Health:

Pos.Life
Expectancy (2015)

Years7
Alcohol Consumption (2016)
Lower is better

Per Capita30
Fertility Rate (2013)
2.0 is best
31
Smoking Rates (2014)
Lower is better
32
Suicide Rate (2013)
Per 100k33
Food Aid, Health Contributions & WHO Compliance (2017)
Lower is better

Rank34
Overweight Adults (2016)
Lower is better
%35
1Albania77.977.51.511 177813857.7
2Andorra81.4611.363.7
3Armenia74.895.51.741 5453.93154.4
4Austria81.5811.61.351 98830.92854.3
5Azerbaijan70.900.82.162 1141.38953.6
6Belarus71.4611.21.473 83157.56759.4
7Belgium80.9812.11.832 35339.11659.5
8Bosnia & Herzegovina76.636.41.132 2339553.3
9Bulgaria74.3212.71.541 505255361.7
10Croatia77.508.91.491 70936.48359.6
11Cyprus80.3310.81.461 6889.15959.1
12Czechia78.7814.41.502 19428.34762.3
13Denmark80.4110.41.881 37823.9355.4
14Estonia77.0111.61.711 77537.92755.8
15Finland81.0110.71.871 083391257.9
16France82.3612.61.99 99333.22359.5
17Georgia75.029.81.531 3788.86654.2
18Germany81.0913.41.441 48023.9756.8
19Greece81.0710.41.542 08672962.3
20Hungary75.3111.41.421 75950.63361.6
21Iceland82.729.12.10 55123.54159.1
22Ireland81.0513.02.10 95423.7260.6
23Italy83.347.51.471 44312.82458.5
24Latvia74.3412.91.501 04148.27057.8
25Liechtenstein80.16
26Lithuania73.5015.01.491 12471.76459.6
27Luxembourg81.8813.01.672 28419.31158.7
28Macedonia75.538.11.402 73213.53458.1
29Malta80.738.11.281 2666.97666.4
30Moldova71.7315.21.461 11435.78751.8
31Montenegro76.408.01.634 12513459.4
32Netherlands81.718.71.791 39618.6957.8
33Norway81.717.51.95 55623.8558.3
34Poland77.6211.61.401 39630.57958.3
35Portugal81.1812.31.311 11319.63957.5
36Romania74.8412.71.421 62024.511257.7
37Serbia75.0511.11.561 64438.110657.1
38Slovakia76.4111.51.361 61825.75256.2
39Slovenia80.5812.61.472 637445756.1
40Spain82.7710.01.501 26515.32261.6
41Sweden82.359.21.93 83125.5156.4
42Switzerland83.1311.51.531 63436.2654.3
43Turkey75.532.02.041 5814466.8
44Ukraine71.138.61.481 85444.85558.4
45UK80.8511.51.87 82713.9463.7
Europe Avg78.3610.31.611 64826.9947.458.5
World Avg71.276.22.81 81920.9382.049.0
q=45. No data: 1236

Children's Health:

Pos.Adolescent Birth Rate (2015)
Per 100025
Infant Immunizations 2011-2015 (2015)
Higher is better

Avg %37
1Albania21.797.1
2Andorra97.1
3Armenia23.095.6
4Austria7.193.8
5Azerbaijan59.892.2
6Belarus18.285.3
7Belgium8.297.8
8Bosnia & Herzegovina8.688.0
9Bulgaria37.793.7
10Croatia9.595.9
11Cyprus5.095.3
12Czechia9.998.7
13Denmark4.092.3
14Estonia13.193.9
15Finland6.598.1
16France8.992.6
17Georgia39.793.1
18Germany6.794.0
19Greece7.597.3
20Hungary18.099.0
21Iceland6.191.5
22Ireland10.489.2
23Italy6.093.8
24Latvia13.692.8
25Lithuania11.093.9
26Luxembourg5.998.0
27Macedonia17.695.2
28Malta16.695.5
29Moldova22.691.5
30Monaco97.3
31Montenegro12.289.9
32Netherlands4.088.1
33Norway5.994.3
34Poland13.496.5
35Portugal9.995.7
36Romania34.692.7
37San Marino79.3
38Serbia19.093.5
39Slovakia20.297.0
40Slovenia3.895.2
41Spain8.496.5
42Sweden5.777.8
43Switzerland2.995.3
44Turkey27.695.5
45Ukraine24.155.2
46UK14.694.6
Europe Avg14.692.7
World Avg47.988.3
q=46. No data: 1138

6. Modernity and Learning

#education #english #intelligence #it_security #maths #politics #religion #research #science #the_internet

Modernity and Education:

Pos.Research and Development (2016)
% RDP PPP
Secondary Education (2018)
Higher is better
39
Length of Schooling (2018)
Higher is better

Years40
Intellectual Endeavours (2017)
Lower is better

Rank34
Maths, Science & Reading (2015)
Higher is better

Score41
Religiosity (2009)
Lower is better

%42
IQ (2006)
Higher is better43
1Albania0.154492.9%15.210512453990
2Andorra72.3%13.398
3Armenia0.244597.2%13.2567394
4Austria3.0046100.0%16.361477100
5Azerbaijan0.214595.6%12.41295087
6Belarus0.674592.2%15.4463497
7Belgium2.464784.8%19.79150899
8Bosnia & Herzegovina0.334581.2%13.81677
9Bulgaria0.654595.1%14.814131993
10Croatia0.814595.7%15.03314267090
11Cyprus0.484580.3%14.731131375
12Czechia2.004799.8%16.82147298
13Denmark3.054789.3%19.1415131998
14Estonia1.4347100.0%16.13615731699
15Finland3.1747100.0%19.37156899
16France2.264783.5%15.52414873098
17Georgia0.134898.0%15.48612168194
18Germany2.844796.3%17.12115244099
19Greece0.844764.8%17.32713767192
20Hungary1.374797.2%15.1314243998
21Iceland1.8947100.0%19.2151443101
22Ireland1.524788.3%18.83215285492
23Italy1.294779.6%16.241145672102
24Latvia0.604599.2%16.01314603998
25Liechtenstein14.7
26Lithuania0.954594.9%16.51814254291
27Luxembourg1.2647100.0%14.237145039
28Macedonia0.444549.8%13.519110776
29Malta0.894578.2%15.962139186
30Moldova0.354596.4%11.64712647296
31Montenegro0.384591.6%15.048125671
32Netherlands1.974788.3%18.081524100
33Norway1.704795.4%18.1491513100
34Poland0.944785.3%16.42315117599
35Portugal1.284754.2%16.339149195
36Romania0.384790.0%14.33013138494
37San Marino15.1
38Serbia0.734589.5%14.82854
39Slovakia0.894799.3%14.542138996
40Slovenia2.394797.6%17.41015284796
41Spain1.224775.8%17.94014754998
42Sweden3.164788.9%18.81714871799
43Switzerland2.964996.5%16.211151941101
44Turkey1.014753.1%16.455127382
45Ukraine0.764594.6%15.114697
46UK1.704784.5%17.45149927100
47Kosovo108790
Europe Avg1.3288.3%16.031.3141755.296.6
World Avg0.8463.0%13.282.0138975.185.6
q=47. No data: 1050

Technology and Information:

Pos.Internet Users (2016)51Internet Freedom (2012)
Lower is better
52
IT Security (2013)
Lower is better
53
IPv6 Uptake (2017)
Higher is better

Ratio54
1Albania63%0.0
2Andorra97%0.0
3Armenia50%1.220.0
4Austria81%7.5
5Azerbaijan61%501.210.0
6Belarus61%691.220.0
7Belgium89%55.4
8Bosnia & Herzegovina62%3.1
9Bulgaria59%1.3
10Croatia74%0.1
11Cyprus72%0.0
12Czechia88%0.2410.1
13Denmark96%3.1
14Estonia91%1017.6
15Finland93%14.1
16France86%1.1318.8
17Georgia53%300.0
18Germany88%151.4641.8
19Greece65%33.5
20Hungary80%190.277.4
21Iceland100%0.3
22Ireland81%0.1126.1
23Italy66%231.151.7
24Latvia76%0.332.2
25Liechtenstein96%0.0
26Lithuania77%0.1
27Luxembourg95%0.1132.4
28Macedonia69%0.0
29Malta80%0.0
30Moldova48%0.710.3
31Monaco93%0.0
32Montenegro62%0.0
33Netherlands94%1.4710.5
34Norway98%14.7
35Poland72%0.553.6
36Portugal67%26.6
37Romania58%0.528.7
38San Marino0.0
39Serbia54%0.1
40Slovakia83%0.8
41Slovenia72%5.4
42Spain82%0.880.6
43Sweden93%0.443.8
44Switzerland87%0.5535.1
45Turkey58%460.520.3
46Ukraine44%271.440.1
47UK93%251.3424.7
48Guernsey0.0
49Isle of Man0.0
50Jersey0.1
51Faroe Islands99%1.4
Europe Avg76.7%31.40.808.11
World Avg48.1%46.70.983.82
q=51. No data: 655

7. National Culture

#charity #corruption #happiness #morals #politics

Pos.Personal Charitability
(World Position, 2013-2016)
56
Corruption (2012-2016)
Higher is better

Avg Score57
Happiness (2018)
Higher is better
58
Creativity and Culture (2017)
Lower is better

Rank34
Open Trading, Aid and Development (2017)
Lower is better

Rank34
1Albania101.2534.44.67815
2Armenia126.2535.04.310348
3Austria21.2572.27.1713
4Azerbaijan102.2528.65.213986
5Belarus94.7532.65.59584
6Belgium47.2576.06.917
7Bosnia & Herzegovina10740.05.16945
8Bulgaria12241.44.93939
9Croatia11348.45.33810
10Cyprus3161.65.84438
11Czechia116.551.86.7998
12Denmark25.590.87.662
13Estonia103.2568.25.7337
14Finland28.2589.47.6139
15France80.570.06.51417
16Georgia117.7552.44.310911
17Germany22.7579.67.01514
18Greece13341.85.44750
19Hungary10252.45.61923
20Iceland1679.27.537105
21Ireland6.7572.67.081
22Italy63.543.86.02636
23Latvia101.2554.05.91780
24Lithuania126.2557.46.023124
25Luxembourg43.7581.66.91056
26Macedonia98.7542.25.25574
27Malta1456.66.62842
28Moldova103.533.85.64622
29Montenegro121.7543.25.36171
30Netherlands1083.47.424
31Norway13.3386.07.6228
32Poland96.560.86.12146
33Portugal80.2562.85.41221
34Romania99.7544.85.93181
35Serbia12540.85.4336
36Slovakia110.549.06.220142
37Slovenia38.7559.45.91677
38Spain6460.06.33034
39Sweden3388.27.353
40Switzerland2585.87.545
41Turkey12845.45.57540
42Ukraine10026.64.16272
43UK6.7578.06.81135
44Kosovo7633.85.7
Europe Avg74.950681818181857.636.0635.042.6
World Avg68.118589743589743.055.3882.082.0
q=44. No data: 1359

8. Peace Versus Instability

#extremism #human_development #peace #politics #religious_violence #terrorism

Pos.Global Peace Index (2012)60Peacekeeping and Security (2017)
Lower is better

Rank34
Refugees and UN Treaties (2017)
Lower is better

Rank34
Impact of Terrorism (2019)
Lower is better

Score61
1Albania1.9380740.42
2Armenia2.241361041.17
3Austria1.336511.66
4Azerbaijan2.36421320.70
5Belarus2.2113292
6Belgium1.38109133.64
7Bosnia & Herzegovina1.92149351.39
8Bulgaria1.7069320.37
9Croatia1.65146580.00
10Cyprus1.9673170.42
11Czechia1.4098480.87
12Denmark1.246490.96
13Estonia1.7293720.12
14Finland1.355282.03
15France1.7153165.01
16Georgia2.54791011.34
17Germany1.423724.25
18Greece1.98115314.17
19Hungary1.4817430.18
20Iceland1.1177420.03
21Ireland1.3350212.69
22Italy1.6955143.11
23Latvia1.77104700.23
24Lithuania1.7499560.46
25Luxembourg10020
26Macedonia1.94135540.30
27Malta1245
28Moldova1.939640.12
29Montenegro2.01128411.00
30Netherlands1.612732.35
31Norway1.485170.08
32Poland1.52107240.48
33Portugal1.47133280.00
34Romania1.6358360.00
35Serbia1.9284450.12
36Slovakia1.59113520.06
37Slovenia1.33160180.00
38Spain1.5571153.35
39Sweden1.426743.45
40Switzerland1.3544100.19
41Turkey2.3478396.53
42Ukraine1.95108575.55
43UK1.6148125.41
44Kosovo2.26
Europe Avg1.7084.637.81.62
World Avg2.0282.082.02.78
q=44. No data: 1359

9. The Natural Environment

#biodiversity #climate_change #over-exploitation #the_environment

Pos.Forest Area Change 1990-2015 (2015)
%62
Environmental Performance (2018)
Higher is better
63
Energy to GDP Efficiency (2014)
Higher is better64
CBD
Earlier is better

Signed
Rational Beliefs on the Environment (2011)
Higher is better
%65
1Albania-02.265.512.501994 Apr 059.4%
2Andorra00.02015 May 05
3Armenia-00.962.107.691993 Dec 2925.3%
4Austria02.579.011.241994 Nov 1631.8%
5Azerbaijan34.662.310.872000 Nov 0131.7%
6Belarus10.965.005.811993 Dec 2923.7%
7Belgium77.408.471997 Feb 2026.9%
8Bosnia & Herzegovina-01.541.804.522002 Nov 2444.0%
9Bulgaria17.167.906.541996 Jul 1632.5%
10Croatia03.865.510.001997 Jan 0537.8%
11Cyprus07.272.612.991996 Oct 0871.0%
12Czechia01.567.707.461994 Mar 0316.0%
13Denmark12.681.614.931994 Mar 2114.9%
14Estonia01.264.306.131994 Oct 2515.9%
15Finland01.878.606.331994 Oct 2522.9%
16France17.784.009.901994 Sep 2938.4%
17Georgia02.655.707.251994 Aug 3131.9%
18Germany01.278.411.241994 Mar 2136.1%
19Greece22.973.611.241994 Nov 0277.6%
20Hungary14.065.009.801994 May 2538.0%
21Iceland205.678.602.411994 Dec 1113.1%
22Ireland62.278.817.541996 Jun 2027.9%
23Italy22.577.013.161994 Jul 1449.6%
24Latvia05.866.109.801996 Mar 1319.5%
25Liechtenstein06.21998 Feb 17
26Lithuania12.169.310.421996 May 0125.6%
27Luxembourg79.113.331994 Aug 0733.3%
28Macedonia10.361.110.001998 Mar 0230.1%
29Malta00.080.915.152001 Mar 2957.3%
30Moldova28.252.005.031996 Jan 1840.4%
31Monaco1993 Dec 29
32Montenegro32.161.309.172006 Jun 0335.9%
33Netherlands09.375.510.751994 Oct 1023.0%
34Norway-00.277.510.421993 Dec 2920.5%
35Poland06.364.109.711996 Apr 1723.8%
36Portugal-07.571.912.351994 Mar 2155.8%
37Romania07.464.811.491994 Nov 1533.4%
38San Marino1995 Jan 26
39Serbia09.957.500.722002 May 3041.1%
40Slovakia01.070.609.091994 Nov 2331.1%
41Slovenia05.167.608.851996 Oct 0745.1%
42Spain33.278.412.501994 Mar 2144.8%
43Sweden00.880.508.621994 Mar 1624.3%
44Switzerland09.087.417.541995 Feb 19
45Turkey21.853.011.111997 May 1547.4%
46Ukraine04.152.903.281995 May 0841.5%
47UK13.279.913.891994 Sep 0122.6%
48Vatican City
Europe Avg15.069.609.801899 Dec 3033.6%
World Avg02.856.409.291899 Dec 3039.9%
q=48. No data: 926

10. Economic Inequality and Poverty

#capitalism #economics #health #inequality #life_expectancy #poverty #social_development

Pos.Inequality in Life Expectancy (2019)66Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient) (2017)
Lower is better
%67
Multidimensional Poverty (2018)
Lower is better
Severity68
1Albania7.2029.0.003
2Armenia8.7033.6.001
3Austria3.7030.5
4Azerbaijan13.90
5Belarus4.4025.4
6Belgium3.6027.7
7Bosnia & Herzegovina5.4033.0.008
8Bulgaria6.1037.4
9Croatia4.3031.1
10Cyprus3.6034.0
11Czechia3.0025.9
12Denmark3.6028.2
13Estonia3.6032.7
14Finland3.0027.1
15France3.8032.7
16Georgia7.9037.9
17Germany3.8031.7
18Greece3.5036.0
19Hungary4.2030.4
20Iceland2.4027.8
21Ireland3.4031.8
22Italy3.1035.4
23Latvia5.4034.2
24Lithuania5.5037.4
25Luxembourg3.4033.8
26Macedonia7.9035.6.010
27Malta4.6029.4
28Moldova9.6025.9.004
29Montenegro3.6031.9.002
30Netherlands3.1028.2
31Norway3.0027.5
32Poland4.3030.8
33Portugal3.5035.5
34Romania6.3035.9
35Serbia4.9028.5.001
36Slovakia5.0026.5
37Slovenia2.9025.4
38Spain3.0036.2
39Sweden2.9029.2
40Switzerland3.5032.3
41Turkey9.0041.9
42Ukraine7.4025.0.001
43UK4.1033.2
Europe Avg4.8631.5.004
World Avg14.5938.1.154
q=43. No data: 1469

11. Demographics

#birth_control #demographics #health #immigration #life_expectancy #longevity #migration #overpopulation #population

Population:

Pos.Population (2018)
Population6
Life
Expectancy (2015)
Higher is better

Years7
Fertility Rate (2013)
2.0 is best
31
Old-Age Dependency Ratio (2016)
Lower is better

Per 10070
1Albania2.9m77.971.5131.8
2Andorra77 00681.46
3Armenia3.0m74.891.7428.7
4Austria8.9m81.581.3540.5
5Azerbaijan9.9m70.902.1618.7
6Belarus9.5m71.461.4730.3
7Belgium11.5m80.981.8338.1
8Bosnia & Herzegovina3.3m76.631.1337.3
9Bulgaria7.1m74.321.5437.0
10Croatia4.2m77.501.4939.7
11Cyprus1.2m80.331.4626.9
12Czechia10.7m78.781.5036.1
13Denmark5.8m80.411.8837.1
14Estonia1.3m77.011.7137.9
15Finland5.5m81.011.8743.3
16France65.0m82.361.9940.5
17Georgia4.0m75.021.5329.7
18Germany83.1m81.091.4447.7
19Greece10.5m81.071.5441.3
20Hungary9.7m75.311.4232.9
21Iceland0.3m82.722.1032.5
22Ireland4.8m81.052.1029.2
23Italy60.6m83.341.4748.6
24Latvia1.9m74.341.5036.7
25Liechtenstein37 91080.16
26Lithuania2.8m73.501.4936.0
27Luxembourg0.6m81.881.6728.3
28Macedonia2.1m75.531.4027.7
29Malta0.4m80.731.2839.9
30Moldova4.1m71.731.4624.7
31Monaco38 682
32Montenegro0.6m76.401.6330.0
33Netherlands17.1m81.711.7941.9
34Norway5.3m81.711.9532.2
35Poland37.9m77.621.4036.3
36Portugal10.3m81.181.3144.7
37Romania19.5m74.841.4233.6
38San Marino33 785
39Serbia8.8m75.051.5632.7
40Slovakia5.5m76.411.3631.6
41Slovenia2.1m80.581.4742.7
42Spain46.7m82.771.5041.4
43Sweden10.0m82.351.9337.0
44Switzerland8.5m83.131.5338.3
45Turkey82.3m75.532.0418.0
46Ukraine44.2m71.131.4830.8
47UK67.1m80.851.8735.0
Europe Avg14.9m78.361.6135.0
World Avg39.0m71.272.8118.3
q=47. No data: 1071

Migration:

Pos.Immigrants (2017)
%10
Emigrants (2010)
%11
1Albania1.8%45.4%
2Andorra53.3%10.7%
3Armenia6.5%28.2%
4Austria19.0%7.1%
5Azerbaijan2.6%16.0%
6Belarus11.4%18.4%
7Belgium11.1%4.2%
8Bosnia & Herzegovina1.1%38.9%
9Bulgaria2.2%16.0%
10Croatia13.4%17.1%
11Cyprus16.0%17.0%
12Czechia4.1%3.6%
13Denmark11.5%4.7%
14Estonia14.7%12.6%
15Finland6.2%6.2%
16France12.2%2.8%
17Georgia2.0%25.1%
18Germany14.8%4.3%
19Greece10.9%10.8%
20Hungary5.2%4.6%
21Iceland12.5%13.0%
22Ireland16.9%16.1%
23Italy10.0%5.8%
24Latvia13.2%12.3%
25Liechtenstein65.1%17.1%
26Lithuania4.3%13.2%
27Luxembourg45.3%11.8%
28Macedonia6.3%21.9%
29Malta10.6%26.2%
30Moldova3.5%21.5%
31Monaco54.9%56.3%
32Montenegro11.3%0.0%
33Netherlands12.1%6.0%
34Norway15.1%3.8%
35Poland1.7%8.3%
36Portugal8.5%20.8%
37Romania1.9%13.1%
38San Marino15.7%9.9%
39Serbia9.1%2.0%
40Slovakia3.4%9.6%
41Slovenia11.8%6.5%
42Spain12.8%3.0%
43Sweden17.6%3.4%
44Switzerland29.6%5.4%
45Turkey6.0%5.6%
46Ukraine11.2%14.4%
47UK13.4%7.5%
Europe Avg13.7%13.4%
World Avg9.4%11.5%
q=47. No data: 1071

12. Religion and Beliefs

#belief #buddhism #christianity #folk_religion #god #hinduism #human_development #islam #judaism #no_religion #religion

Over the last 60 years, religion in Europe has seen a strong decline. On average throughout the 27 EU countries, only half of its people believe in God72 and 25.4% directly say that they have no religion73. There is much variation from country to country. Only 16% of the populace of Estonia believe in God and the Scandinavian countries are highly atheist. But 95% believe in Malta. Two main social groups are particularly prone to belief in God; those over 55 years old and those whose education did not proceed beyond the 15-year-old stage.72. For a discussion on secularisation in general, see: "Secularisation Theory: Will Modern Society Reject Religion? What is Secularism?" by Vexen Crabtree

Despite the low rate of belief in God, many Europeans still claim to belong to theistic religions. 49.5% of the population of Europe say they are Catholic Christian, 15.7% say they're Muslim, 12.7% say they're Protestant Christian, 8.6% say they're Orthodox Christian and 0.4% say they are Jewish73. These numbers mean that at least 30% of Europeans are putting down a religion despite not believing in the very basic first principal of the religion they put down. In some places, this percent is higher. In France only 52% of Catholic believe in God and "only 18 percent define God according to the teachings of the Catholic Church"74. This is all because most people in Europe confuse religion and cultural heritage, and for many the actual beliefs of a religion don't really matter. For a discussion of this, see: "Institutionalized Religions Have Their Numbers Inflated by National Polls" by Vexen Crabtree.

Pos.Religiosity (2009)
%42
Disbelief In God (2007)
Higher is better
%75
Jews (2010)
%76
Christians (2010)
%76
Muslims (2010)
%76
Hindus (2010)
%76
Buddhists (2010)
%76
Folk Religion (2010)
%76
Unaffiliated (2010)
%76
1Albania3980.118.080.30.10.10.11.4
2Andorra0.389.50.80.50.10.18.8
3Armenia73140.198.50.10.10.10.11.3
4Austria180.280.45.40.10.20.113.5
5Azerbaijan5000.13.096.90.10.10.10.1
6Belarus34170.171.20.20.10.10.128.6
7Belgium430.364.25.90.10.20.229.0
8Bosnia & Herzegovina770.152.345.20.10.10.12.5
9Bulgaria340.182.113.70.10.10.14.2
10Croatia7070.193.41.40.10.10.15.1
11Cyprus750.173.225.30.10.20.11.2
12Czechia610.123.30.10.10.10.176.4
13Denmark19480.183.54.10.40.20.111.8
14Estonia16490.139.90.20.10.10.159.6
15Finland280.181.60.80.10.10.117.6
16France30440.563.07.50.10.50.328.0
17Georgia8140.188.510.70.10.10.10.7
18Germany40420.368.75.80.10.30.124.7
19Greece71160.188.15.30.10.10.16.1
20Hungary39320.181.00.10.10.10.118.6
21Iceland160.195.00.20.30.40.53.5
22Ireland5450.192.01.10.20.20.26.2
23Italy7260.183.33.70.10.20.112.4
24Latvia39200.155.80.10.10.10.143.8
25Liechtenstein0.191.95.00.10.10.12.9
26Lithuania42130.189.80.10.10.10.110.0
27Luxembourg390.170.42.30.10.10.126.8
28Macedonia760.159.339.30.10.10.11.4
29Malta860.197.00.20.20.10.12.5
30Moldova7260.697.40.60.10.10.11.4
31Monaco1.786.00.40.10.10.111.7
32Montenegro710.178.118.70.10.10.13.2
33Netherlands420.250.66.00.50.20.242.1
34Norway310.184.73.70.50.60.110.1
35Poland7530.194.30.10.10.10.15.6
36Portugal40.193.80.60.10.60.54.4
37Romania8440.199.00.30.10.10.10.1
38San Marino0.391.60.10.10.10.17.2
39Serbia540.192.54.20.10.10.13.3
40Slovakia170.185.30.20.10.10.114.3
41Slovenia47350.178.43.60.10.10.118.0
42Spain49150.178.62.10.10.10.119.0
43Sweden17640.167.24.60.20.40.227.0
44Switzerland41170.381.35.50.40.40.111.9
45Turkey820.10.498.00.10.10.11.2
46Ukraine46200.183.81.20.10.10.114.7
47UK27420.571.14.41.30.40.321.3
48Vatican City0.199.00.10.10.10.10.1
49Isle of Man0.184.10.20.20.10.115.4
50Gibraltar2.188.84.01.80.10.12.9
51Faroe Islands0.198.00.10.10.10.11.7
52Kosovo900.111.487.00.10.10.11.6
53Channel Islands0.185.20.10.10.10.114.2
Europe Avg55.223.60.274.711.50.20.20.113.2
World Avg75.19.90.560.622.42.03.52.77.9
q=53. No data: 477

Links:

More on religion in Europe:

13. The European Union (EU)78