The Human Truth Foundation

Human Rights, Equality and Freedom in Armenia

By Vexen Crabtree 2018


Comments:
FB, LJ

#Armenia #equality #freedom #human_rights #politics #tolerance

Armenia
Republic of Armenia

[Country Profile Page]
StatusIndependent State
CapitalYerevan
Land Area 28 480km21
LocationAsia, Europe
Population3.1m (2011)2
Life Expectancy74.89yrs (2017)3
GNI$8 189 (2017)4
ISO3166-1 CodesAM, ARM, 515
Internet Domain.am6
CurrencyDram (AMD)7
Telephone+3748

Armenia does relatively well in ensuring human rights and freedom, compared to many other countries. Armenia does better than average in supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms9, opposing gender inequality10, supporting press freedom11, its nominal commitment to Human Rights12 and in LGBT equality13 although widespread harassment, discrimination and violence against LGBT folk still exists18. Armenia does not succeed in everything, however. It does worse than average in eliminating modern slavery14, fighting corruption15 and in its Global Peace Index rating16. And finally, it falls into the bottom 20 in fighting anti-semitic opinions17. Domestic violence persists as a serious problem and in 2017 there were many examples of human-rights defenders facing threats and harassment, and excessive force was used against protesters and journalists18.


1. Politics and Freedom

#antisemitism #Armenia #corruption #freedom #human_development #human_rights #mass_media #peace #politics #slavery

Anti-Semite Opinions (2014)17
Pos.Lower is better
%17
1Laos0
2Philippines3
3Sweden4
...
80Senegal53
81Korea, S.53
82Iran56
83Armenia58
84Malaysia61
85Turkey69
86Greece69
87Saudi Arabia74
World Avg36.8
q=101.
Corruption (2012-2016)15
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score15
1Denmark90.8
2New Zealand90.6
3Finland89.4
...
98Maldives36.0
99Philippines35.6
100Algeria35.2
101Armenia35.0
102Gabon35.0
103Albania34.4
104Egypt34.2
105Argentina34.2
World Avg43.05
q=176.
Global Peace Index (2012)16
Pos.Lower is better16
1Iceland1.11
2New Zealand1.24
3Denmark1.24
...
111Egypt2.22
112Jamaica2.22
113Benin2.23
114Armenia2.24
115Niger2.24
116Turkmenistan2.24
117Bahrain2.25
118Rwanda2.25
World Avg2.02
q=157.

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)12
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties12
1Argentina24
2Chile23
3Costa Rica23
...
80Morocco17
81Guinea17
82Russia17
83Armenia17
84Egypt16
85Togo16
86Belarus16
87Seychelles16
World Avg15.1
q=194.
Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)9
Pos.Lower is better
Rank9
1Hong Kong1
2Switzerland2
3New Zealand3
...
52Israel52
53Peru53
54Bosnia & Herzegovina54
55Armenia55
56Macedonia55
57Suriname55
58El Salvador58
59Ghana59
World Avg79.7
q=159.
Press Freedom (2013)11
Pos.Lower is better11
1Finland638
2Netherlands648
3Norway652
...
70Kenya2780
71Zambia2793
72Mozambique2801
73Armenia2804
74Malawi2818
75Congo, (Brazzaville)2820
76Kuwait2828
77Nicaragua2831
World Avg3249
q=178.

"Authorities failed to bring to justice officials responsible for excessive use of force against protesters and journalists, including during largely peaceful protests in Yerevan in July 2016. [...] Authorities aggressively prosecuted protest participants and leaders"18.

Slavery (2018)14
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims14
1Japan0.0003
2Canada0.0005
3Taiwan0.0005
...
97Gabon0.0048
98Sierra Leone0.0050
99Uzbekistan0.0052
100Armenia0.0053
101Mozambique0.0054
102Russia0.0055
103Moldova0.0055
104Egypt0.0055
World Avg0.0065
q=167.
[In 2017] Human rights defenders faced threats and harassment. Domestic violence persists as a serious problem. The government introduced in parliament a draft law on violence in the family, but women's rights groups opposed it, fearing it emphasized keeping families together rather than protecting victims. Many children with disabilities lack quality education and live in institutions separated from their families. The government overhauled the onerous system for prescribing and accessing opioid pain medications. Discrimination against women and people with disabilities, and based on sexual orientation and gender identity, persisted. [...]

In November, Armenia and the European Union (EU) signed a Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement, aiming to strengthen political dialogue, increase economic cooperation, and promote reforms, including on human rights and the rule of law. Following the EU-Armenia Human Rights Dialogue in May, the EU called for adoption of laws against domestic violence and discrimination, and for effective investigation and prosecution of crimes committed by law enforcement.

"World Report 2018" by Human Rights Watch (2018)18

2. Gender Equality

#Armenia #gender #misogyny #politics #women

Gender Inequality (2015)10
Pos.Lower is better10
1Switzerland0.04
2Denmark0.04
3Netherlands0.04
...
58Tunisia0.29
59Malaysia0.29
60Barbados0.29
61Armenia0.29
62Cuba0.30
63Costa Rica0.31
64Maldives0.31
65Chile0.32
World Avg0.36
q=159.
Year Women Can Vote19
Pos.Lower is better
Year19
1New Zealand1893
2Australia1902
3Finland1906
...
23Lithuania1921
24Sweden1921
25Azerbaijan1921
26Armenia1921
27Georgia1921
28Ireland1922
29Tajikistan1924
30Mongolia1924
World Avg1930
q=189.

Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

Armenia is on the way towards ending gender inequality but women are still in an unfavourable position much of the time.

See:

3. LGBT Equality and Tolerance

#Armenia #equality #homosexuality #human_rights #intolerance #sexuality #tolerance

LGBT Equality (2017)13
Pos.Higher is better
Score13
1Netherlands103
2Belgium90
3Sweden86
...
88Marshall Islands20
89Guinea-Bissau20
90Micronesia20
91Armenia20
92Mozambique17
93Laos15
94Haiti15
95Azerbaijan15
World Avg12.6
q=196.

Discrimination against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) folk is rife across the world. Legal restrictions co-exist alongside social stigmatisation and physical violence20. LGBT tolerance and equal rights have been fought for country-by-country across the world, often against tightly entrenched cultural and religious opposition. Homosexual activity is outlawed in around 80 countries20. The Social & Moral LGBT Equality Index was created to compare countries and regions, granting points to each country for a variety of factors including how long gay sex has been criminalized and the extent of LGBT legal rights. Graded negative points are given for criminality of homosexuality, unequal ages of consent, legal punishments and for not signing international accords on LGBT tolerance. The signs in many developed countries are positive, and things are gradually improving. Europe is by far the least prejudiced region (Scandinavia in particular being exemplary). The Middle East and then Africa are the least morally developed, where cultural bias goes hand-in-hand with state intolerance, all too often including physical violence.

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people face harassment, discrimination, and violence. ... Officials opened investigations in several cases, but the law does not include anti-LGBT bias as an aggravating circumstance. Fear of discrimination and public disclosure of their sexual orientation prevents many LGBT people from reporting crimes.

"World Report 2018" by Human Rights Watch (2018)18

4. Armenia Overall National and Social Development

#Armenia #human_development

Social & Moral
Development Index
21
Pos.Higher is better
Points21
1Iceland83.4
2Denmark82.4
3Sweden82.1
...
90Azerbaijan55.5
91Bolivia55.4
92El Salvador55.4
93Armenia55.3
94Georgia55.3
95Kyrgyzstan55.1
96Guatemala54.7
97Cuba54.6
98Turkmenistan54.5
World Avg55.3
q=198.

The Social and Moral Development Index concentrates on moral issues and human rights, violence, public health, equality, tolerance, freedom and effectiveness in climate change mitigation and environmentalism, and on some technological issues. A country scores higher for achieving well in those areas, and for sustaining that achievement in the long term. Those countries towards the top of this index can truly said to be setting good examples and leading humankind onwards into a bright, humane, and free future. See: What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life.

Current edition: 2018 Aug 16
http://www.humantruth.info/armenia_human_rights_and_freedom.html
Parent page: Armenia (Republic of Armenia)

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#antisemitism #Armenia #corruption #equality #freedom #gender #homosexuality #human_development #human_rights #intolerance #mass_media #misogyny #peace #politics #sexuality #slavery #tolerance #women

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References: (What's this?)

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Crabtree, Vexen
(2017) "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" (2017). Accessed 2018 Aug 16.

Donnelly, Jack
(2013) Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice. 3rd edition. Published by Cornell University Press.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016.

Human Rights Watch
(2018) World Report 2018. Covering the events of 2017.

United Nations
(2011) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. This edition had the theme of Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All. Available on hdr.undp.org/... UN Development Program: About the Human Development Index.
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Available on hdr.undp.org/.

Footnotes

  1. World Bank data on data.worldbank.org accessed 2013 Nov 04.^
  2. UN (2011) .^
  3. UN (2017). Table 1.^
  4. UN (2017). Gross National Income, per person. Table 1.^
  5. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on www.iso.org, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  6. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on www.iana.org.^
  7. According to ISO4217.^
  8. According to ITU-T.^
  9. Fraser Institute, the (2016). Covers data for 2014.^^
  10. UN (2017). Table 5. Lower is better.^^
  11. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^^
  12. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^^
  13. Sources:^^
  14. Global Slavery Index (2018), published by The Walk Free Foundation. Accessed 2018 Aug 16.^^
  15. Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index (2017). Accessed 2017 Dec 30. The scores given are the TI average for the years 2012-2016.^^
  16. ^^
  17. ADL (2014). Lower is better.^^
  18. Human Rights Watch (2018). P41-47.^^^
  19. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life: 2.6. Women Stand for Election & Vote" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^
  20. Donnelly (2013). Chapter 16 "Nondiscrimination for All: The Case of Sexual Minorities" p278.^
  21. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life" by Vexen Crabtree (2017)^

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