The Human Truth Foundation

Comparing Small Islands on Human Rights, Freedom, Tolerance and Equality

By Vexen Crabtree 2019


Comments:
FB, LJ

#equality #human_rights #morals #politics #Small_Islands #tolerance

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2019)1
Pos.Higher is better
Points1
1Taiwan77.1
2Cyprus75.3
3Malta73.2
4Singapore65.6
5Mauritius63.5
6Seychelles62.5
7Jamaica62.3
8Cape Verde62.0
9Barbados59.4
10Trinidad & Tobago59.2
...
36Marshall Islands29.0
37Kiribati26.3
38Tuvalu25.1
Small Islands Avg48.8
World Avg55.7
q=38.

The best countries amongst those classed as small islands at protecting human rights, engendering tolerance and supporting equality, are Taiwan, Cyprus and Malta but the collection as a whole does poorly compared to the global average. The worst countries are Tuvalu, Kiribati and The Marshall Islands.


1. Overall Results

1.1. Human Rights, Equality and Tolerance

#human_rights

Human rights, tolerance, equality and freedom (HRETF) form a key part of the Human Truth Foundation's Social and Moral Development Index. The HRETF factors taken into account for each country are (1) fighting anti-semitic opinions, (2) fighting corruption, (3) opposing gender inequality, (4) its Global Peace Index rating, (5) its commentary from Human Rights Watch, (6) LGBT equality, (7) its nominal commitment to Human Rights, (8) supporting personal, civil & economic freedoms, (9) supporting press freedom, (10) eliminating modern slavery and (11) the year from which women could participate in democracy. Many of these data sets are themselves comprised of multiple factors. The HRETF final score is the average of a country's position across those data sets. Across the world, the five countries with the highest scores, who can truly be said to be protecting their people, are Sweden, Denmark, New Zealand.

1.2. Full Results List

#equality #human_rights #morals #politics #tolerance

Here is the full results list for Small Islands:

Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2019)1
Pos.Higher is better
Points1
1Taiwan77.1
2Cyprus75.3
3Malta73.2
4Singapore65.6
5Mauritius63.5
6Seychelles62.5
7Jamaica62.3
8Cape Verde62.0
9Barbados59.4
10Trinidad & Tobago59.2
11Dominican Rep.58.0
12Timor-Leste (E. Timor)57.3
13Bermuda56.4
14Bahamas54.8
15Maldives53.9
16Brunei53.9
17Fiji53.4
18Haiti53.2
19St Vincent & Grenadines52.9
20St Lucia51.5
21Dominica49.0
22Antigua & Barbuda45.9
23Bahrain45.5
24Grenada42.4
25Samoa41.6
26Comoros40.5
27Vanuatu37.3
28St Kitts & Nevis36.8
29Sao Tome & Principe36.0
30Cook Islands35.4
Small Islands Avg48.8
q=38.
Human Rights, Equality & Tolerance (2019)1
Pos.Higher is better
Points1
31Tonga35.0
32Nauru33.7
33Solomon Islands31.6
34Micronesia30.5
35Palau29.0
36Marshall Islands29.0
37Kiribati26.3
38Tuvalu25.1
Small Islands Avg48.8
q=38.

Compare Small Islands to other regions of the world: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent.

2. Gender Equality

#christianity #gender #human_rights #misogyny #politics #women

Year Women Can Vote2
Pos.Lower is better
Year2
1St Lucia1924
2Maldives1932
3Dominican Rep.1942
4Bermuda1944
5Jamaica1944
6Trinidad & Tobago1946
7Malta1947
8Singapore1947
9Seychelles1948
10Barbados1950
...
30Micronesia1979
31Marshall Islands1979
32Palau1979
33Vanuatu1980
34Samoa1990
Small Islands Avg1959
World Avg1930
q=34.

Women now have equal rights in the vast majority of countries across the world. Although academic literature oftens talks of when a country "grants women the right to vote", this enforces a backwards way of thinking. Women always had the right to vote, however, they were frequently denied that right. The opposition to women's ability to vote in equality with man was most consistently and powerfully opposed by the Catholic Church, other Christian organisations, Islamic authorities and some other religious and secular traditionalists.

Gender Inequality (2015)3
Pos.Lower is better3
1Singapore0.07
2Cyprus0.12
3Malta0.22
4Bahrain0.23
5Barbados0.29
6Maldives0.31
7Trinidad & Tobago0.32
8St Lucia0.35
9Fiji0.36
10Bahamas0.36
...
13Samoa0.44
14Dominican Rep.0.47
15Sao Tome & Principe0.52
16Haiti0.59
17Tonga0.66
Small Islands Avg0.36
World Avg0.36
q=17.

The UN Human Development Reports include statistics on gender equality which take into account things like maternal mortality, access to political power (seats in parliament) and differences between male and female education rates. Gender inequality is not a necessary part of early human development. Although a separation of roles is almost universal due to different strengths between the genders, this does not have to mean that women are subdued, and, such patriarchialism is not universal in ancient history. Those cultures and peoples who shed, or never developed, the idea that mankind ought to dominate womankind, are better cultures and peoples than those who, even today, cling violently to those mores.

3. Politics and the Rule of Law

#corruption #democracy #freedom #human_rights #politics

Corruption (2012-2016)4
Pos.Higher is better
Avg Score4
1Singapore85.2
2Barbados71.5
3Bahamas69.8
4St Lucia68.3
5Cyprus61.6
6St Vincent & Grenadines61.5
7Taiwan61.2
8Dominica58.3
9Cape Verde57.8
10Brunei57.7
...
19Maldives36.0
20Dominican Rep.31.4
21Timor-Leste (E. Timor)30.8
22Comoros26.4
23Haiti18.8
Small Islands Avg50.98
World Avg43.05
q=23.

Corruption is the abuse of public office for private gain5. There are many forms of corruption. Politicians can sometimes (1) steal money (theft or embezzlement), (2) accept bribes (such as backhanders for awarding government contracts to companies), (3) give bribes (i.e., for electoral support or support in the mass media), (4) improperly coerce others (extortion), (5) give positions of power to friends and family without fairly seeking other applicants for those jobs (cronyism), or (6) grant favours to friends and family (nepotism) such as buying services from them at inflated prices (graft). The least corrupt countries between 2012-2016 were Denmark, New Zealand and Finland and the worst were Somalia, N. Korea and Afghanistan.

Nominal Commitment to HR (2009)6
Pos.Higher is better
Treaties6
1Cyprus20
2Malta18
3Timor-Leste (E. Timor)17
4Seychelles16
5Cape Verde15
6Maldives15
7St Vincent & Grenadines15
8Mauritius14
9Jamaica14
10Dominican Rep.14
...
32Singapore5
33Nauru5
34Marshall Islands4
35Palau4
36Kiribati3
Small Islands Avg10.3
World Avg15.1
q=36.

There are many international agreements on human rights, and, many mechanisms by which countries can be brought to account for their actions. Together, these have been the biggest historical movement in the fight against oppression and inhumanity. Or, putting it another way: these are rejected mostly by those who wish to oppress inhumanely. None of them are perfect and many people object to various components and wordings, but, no-one has come up with, and enforced, better methods of controlling the occasional desires that states and peoples have of causing angst for other states and peoples in a violent, unjust or inhumane way. Points are awarded for the number of human rights agreements ratified by the country, plus the acceptance of the petition mechanisms for disputes. The maximum possible score in 2009 was 24.

Personal, Civil & Economic Freedom (2014)7
Pos.Lower is better
Rank7
1Malta16
2Taiwan26
3Cyprus33
4Mauritius34
5Singapore40
6Bahamas48
7Seychelles51
8Jamaica60
9Fiji61
10Haiti61
...
13Trinidad & Tobago79
14Barbados85
15Bahrain88
16Cape Verde92
17Timor-Leste (E. Timor)120
Small Islands Avg60.2
World Avg79.7
q=17.

The Human Freedom Index published by the Fraser Institute is...

... a broad measure of human freedom, understood as the absence of coercive constraint. It uses 79 distinct indicators of personal and economic freedom in the following areas: Rule of Law, Security and Safety, Movement, Religion, Association, Assembly, and Civil Society, Expression, Relationships, Size of Government, Legal System and Property Rights, Access to Sound Money, Freedom to Trade Internationally, Regulation of Credit, Labor, and Business. [...]

The highest levels of freedom are in Western Europe, Northern Europe, and North America (Canada and the United States. The lowest levels are in the Middle East and North Africa, South Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa. [...]

Countries in the top quartile of freedom enjoy a significant higher per capita income ($37,147) [compared with] the least-free quartile [at] $8,700). The HFI finds a strong correlation between human freedom and democracy.

"The Human Freedom Index" by The Fraser Institute (2016)8

See:

4. Global Peace Index

#human_development #peace #politics

Global Peace Index (2012)9
Pos.Lower is better9
1Mauritius1.49
2Singapore1.52
3Taiwan1.60
4Cyprus1.96
5Dominican Rep.2.07
6Trinidad & Tobago2.08
7Haiti2.18
8Jamaica2.22
9Bahrain2.25
Small Islands Avg1.93
World Avg2.02
q=9.

"The 2012 Global Peace Index is the sixth edition of the world's leading study on global levels of peacefulness. The GPI ranks 158 nations using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, which gauge three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation. By generating new information on the state of peace at the national and global level, the Institute for Economics and Peace hopes to make a valuable contribution to better understanding how civil society, researchers, policymakers, and government can create a more peaceful society"9. The most peaceable countries in the world are Iceland, New Zealand and Denmark and the worst are Somalia, Afghanistan and Sudan.

5. Press Freedom

#democracy #freedom #mass_media #politics #UK

Press Freedom (2013)10
Pos.Lower is better10
1Jamaica988
2Cyprus1383
3Cape Verde1433
4Trinidad & Tobago2312
5Malta2330
6Taiwan2382
7Samoa2384
8Haiti2409
9Comoros2452
10Mauritius2647
...
15Maldives3110
16Fiji3269
17Brunei3545
18Singapore4343
19Bahrain6275
Small Islands Avg2766
World Avg3249
q=19.

The freedom to investigate, publish information, and have access to others' opinion is a fundamental part of today's information-driven world. Scores on the Press Freedom Index are calculated according to indicators including pluralism - the degree to which opinions are represented in the media, media independence of authorities, self-censorship, legislation, transparency and the infrastructure that supports news and information, and, the level of violence against journalists which includes lengths of imprisonments. The index "does not take direct account of the kind of political system but it is clear that democracies provide better protection for the freedom to produce and circulate accurate news and information than countries where human rights are flouted".

It must be noted that press freedom is not an indicator of press quality and the press itself can be abusive; the UK suffers in particular from a popular brand of nasty reporting that infuses several of its newspapers who are particularly prone to running destructive and often untrue campaigns against victims. The Press Freedom Index notes that "the index should in no way be taken as an indicator of the quality of the media in the countries concerned".

6. Anti-Semite Opinions

#antisemitism #christianity #germany #indonesia #israel #jordan #judaism #laos #morocco #netherlands #pakistan #philippines #religion #religious_violence #saudi_arabia #spain #sweden #turkey #UK #vietnam

Anti-Semite Opinions (2014)11
Pos.Lower is better
%11
1Singapore16
2Jamaica18
3Trinidad & Tobago24
4Haiti26
5Dominican Rep.41
6Mauritius44
7Bahrain81
Small Islands Avg35.7
World Avg36.8
q=7.

Anti-Semitism is the world given to irrational racism against Jews. It is not the same as anti-Judaism (involving arguments against the religion) nor the same as anti-Zionism (arguments against Israel). In history, influential Christian theologians concocted the arguments against Jews that led, very early on, to widespread Christian action against Jews12,13,14,15. As Christianity rose to power in the West and presided over the Dark Ages, there were widespread violent outbursts against Jews of the most persistent and horrible kind. The Crusades were frequently aimed at them and the feared Spanish Inquisition paid Jews particular attention. The horror of the holocaust instigated by German Nazis in the 1940s was followed (finally) by the era of European human rights and a movement against racism in general.

The places that are the least anti-Semitical are a few countries of south-east Asia (Laos, the Philippines and Vietnam) and some of the secular liberal democracies of Europe (Sweden, the Netherlands and the UK). The worst countries for antisemitism are Islamic states of the Middle East16, which are undergoing their own Dark Age. Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Morocco, Indonesia, Pakistan and Turkey see the most oppressive and violent actions towards Jews17,18. Jews in Muslim countries face a host of restrictions and "ceaseless humiliation and regular pogroms"19. In 2004 the European Union Monitoring Center on Racism and Xenophobia reported on violent anti-Jew crimes in the EU and found that that largest group of perpetrators were young Muslim males20.

See:

7. Human Rights Watch Comments

#human_rights

Human Rights Watch Comments (2017)21
Pos.Higher is better
Score21
1Cyprus5
2Malta5
3Haiti-2
4Singapore-2
5Bahrain-5
Small Islands Avg0.2
World Avg-1.9
q=5.

Human Rights Watch comments concentrate mostly on negative issues, however, they also make positive comments for those countries that engage in human rights defence around the world, or who make improvements at home. By adding up positive and negative comments (including double-points for negatives that involve large scales and crimes against humanity), the Social and Moral Index turns HRW commentary into quantified values. Some countries may be unfairly penalized because HRW have not examined them, and, some countries "get away" with abuses if they manage to hide it, or if it goes unnoticed - a negative point has been given for those countries in which HRW specifically state that access to investigators has been barred. The points were limited to a minimum of -10 because there are some points at which things are so bad, with abuses affecting so many, it is difficult to be more specific about the depths of the issues.

8. LGBT Equality

#equality #homosexuality #human_rights #intolerance #sexuality #tolerance

LGBT Equality (2017)22
Pos.Higher is better
Score22
1Malta63
2Cyprus40
3Fiji32
4Timor-Leste (E. Timor)30
5Taiwan25
6Seychelles25
7Dominican Rep.25
8Cape Verde25
9Marshall Islands20
10Nauru20
...
33St Kitts & Nevis-25
34Tonga-30
35Comoros-30
36Tuvalu-30
37Solomon Islands-44
Small Islands Avg02.8
World Avg12.6
q=37.

Discrimination against Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) folk is rife across the world. Legal restrictions co-exist alongside social stigmatisation and physical violence23. LGBT tolerance and equal rights have been fought for country-by-country across the world, often against tightly entrenched cultural and religious opposition. Adult consensual sexual activity is a Human Right, protected by privacy laws24. Despite this, homosexual activity is outlawed in around 80 countries23. The Social & Moral LGBT Equality Index was created to compare countries and regions, granting points to each country for a variety of factors including how long gay sex has been criminalized and the extent of LGBT legal rights. Graded negative points are given for criminality of homosexuality, unequal ages of consent, legal punishments and for not signing international accords on LGBT tolerance. The signs in many developed countries are positive, and things are gradually improving. Europe is by far the least prejudiced region (Scandinavia in particular being exemplary). The Middle East and then Africa are the least morally developed, where cultural bias goes hand-in-hand with state intolerance, all too often including physical violence.

See:

9. Slavery

#burundi #eritrea #france #human_rights #indonesia #slavery

Slavery (2018)25
Pos.Lower is better
% Victims25
1Taiwan0.05
2Mauritius0.10
3Bahrain0.19
4Jamaica0.26
5Barbados0.27
6Trinidad & Tobago0.30
7Singapore0.34
8Dominican Rep.0.40
9Cape Verde0.41
10Cyprus0.42
...
9Cape Verde0.41
10Cyprus0.42
11Haiti0.56
12Timor-Leste (E. Timor)0.77
13Brunei1.09
Small Islands Avg0.40
World Avg0.65
q=13.

The taking of slaves has been an unwholesome feature of Human cultures since prehistory26. Private households and national endeavours have frequently been augmented with the use of slaves. The Egyptian and Roman empires both thrived on them for both purposes. Aside from labourers they are often abused sexually by their owners and their owners' friends27. The era of colonialism and the beginnings of globalisation changed nothing: the imprisonment and forced movements of labour continued to destroy many lives except that new justifications were invented based on Christian doctrine and the effort to convert non-Christians. By 1786 over 12 million slaves had been extracted from Africa and sent to colonial labour camps, with a truly atrocious condition of life28. But they were not the only ones to blame; in Africa internal nations such as the Asantes sold and bought tens of thousands of slaves29.

The abolition of the slave trade was a long and slow process. Until a relatively modern time, even philosophers, religious leaders and those concerned with ethics justified, or ignored, the problem of slavery30. The first abolitionists were always the slaves themselves. Their protests and rebellions caused the industry to become too expensive to continue. After that, it was the economic costs of maintain slave colonies that led the British to reject and then oppose the slave trade globally. Finally, the enlightenment-era thinkers of France encouraged moral and ethical thinking including the declaration of the inherent value of human life and human dignity31. A long-overdue wave of compassionate and conscientious movements swept across the West, eliminating public support for slavery, until the industries and churches that supported it had no choice but to back down.

'Modern slavery' includes forced labour (often of the under-age), debt bondage (especially generational), sexual slavery, chattel slavery and other forms of abuse, some of which can be surprisingly difficult to detect, but often target those fleeing from warzones and the vulnerable.32. Some industries (diamond, clothing, coal) from some countries (Burundi25, Eritrea25, Indonesia33) are a particular concern. The Walk Free Foundation, say that in 2016, 40.3 million people were living in modern slavery34.

See:

Current edition: 2019 Jan 20
http://www.humantruth.info/small_islands_human_rights_tolerance_equality.html
Parent page: Which are the Best Small Island Nations?

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#antisemitism #burundi #christianity #corruption #democracy #equality #eritrea #france #freedom #gender #germany #homosexuality #human_development #human_rights #indonesia #intolerance #israel #jordan #judaism #laos #mass_media #misogyny #morals #morocco #netherlands #pakistan #peace #philippines #politics #religion #religious_violence #saudi_arabia #sexuality #slavery #Small_Islands #spain #sweden #tolerance #turkey #UK #vietnam #women

Social Media

References: (What's this?)

Book Cover

Book Cover

Book Cover

Anti-Defamation League. (ADL)
(2014) ADL Global 100, Executive Summary. Accessed on global100.adl.org on 2017 Jan 02. The numbers given are of those who state that racist stereotyped statements about Jews are true; they have to agree to 6 or more of the 11 statements to be counted. An example statements is "Jews are hated because of the way they behave". The data was collected from 53,100 interviews across 101 countries plus the West Bank and Gaza. The global average is 26%.

Bawer, Bruce
(2006) While Europe Slept: How Radical Islam is Destroying the West from Within. Published by Broadway Books. A paperback book.

Beetham, David
(2005) Democracy: A Beginner's Guide. Published by Oneworld Publications, Oxford, UK. A paperback book.

Casely-Hayford, Gus
(2012) The Lost Kingdoms of Africa. Published by Bantram Press. A hardback book.

Donnelly, Jack
(2013) Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice. 3rd edition. Published by Cornell University Press.

The Fraser Institute
(2016) The Human Freedom Index. Published by The Cato Institute, The Fraser Institute and the Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom. Covers data up to 2014. On www.fraserinstitute.org/.../human-freedom-index-2016.

Harris, Sam
(2006) The End of Faith: Religion, Terror and the Future of Reason. 2006 edition. Published in UK by The Great Free Press, 2005. A paperback book.

Heywood, Andrew
(2003) Political Ideologies. 3rd edition. Originally published 1992. Current version published by Palgrave MacMillan. A paperback book.

Hinnells, John R.. Currently professor of theology at Liverpool Hope University.
(1997, Ed.) The Penguin Dictionary of Religions. Originally published 1984. Current version published by Penguin Books, London, UK. References to this book simply state the title of the entry used. A paperback book.

Human Rights Watch
(2018) World Report 2018. Covering the events of 2017.

Klein, Naomi
(2004) No Logo. Originally published 2000, HarperCollins, London, UK. A paperback book.

Kressel, Neil
(2007) Bad Faith: The Danger of Religious Extremism. Amazon Kindle digital edition. Published by Prometheus Books, New York, USA. An e-book.

McCall, Andrew
(1979) The Medieval Underworld. 2004 edition. Published by Sutton Publishing. A paperback book.

Russell, Bertrand. (1872-1970)
(1946) History of Western Philosophy. 2000 edition. Published by Routledge, London, UK. A paperback book.

Thomson, Oliver
(1993) A History of Sin. Published by Canongate Press. A hardback book.

United Nations. (UN)
(2017) Human Development Report. Published by the UN Development Programme. Data for 2015. Available on hdr.undp.org/.

Walk Free Foundation
(2018) Global Slavery Index. Published on www.walkfreefoundation.org/.

Footnotes

  1. "Human Rights" by Vexen Crabtree (2018)^^
  2. "What is the Best Country in the World? An Index of Morality, Conscience and Good Life: 2.9. Women Stand for Election & Vote" by Vexen Crabtree (2019)^
  3. UN (2017). Table 5. Lower is better.^
  4. Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index (2017). Accessed 2017 Dec 30. The scores given are the TI average for the years 2012-2016.^
  5. Beetham (2005). Chapter 4 "Success and Setback in the New and Emergent Democraces" p85.^
  6. Max possible=24. Total amount of treaties ratified. Nominal Commitment to Human Rights report published by UCL School of Public Policy, London, UK, at ucl.ac.uk/spp/research/research-projects/nchr accessed 2011 Apr 30.^
  7. Fraser Institute, the (2016). Covers data for 2014.^
  8. Fraser Institute, the (2016) .^
  9. ^
  10. Reporters Without Borders Report "2013 World Press Freedom Index: Dashed hopes after spring" at fr.rsf.org/.../classement_2013_gb-bd.pdf accessed 2013 Feb.^
  11. ADL (2014). Lower is better.^
  12. Hinnells (1997). Entry "anti-semitism".^
  13. Heywood (2003). p233.^
  14. Russell (1946). p324.^
  15. McCall (1979). p259-260.^
  16. ADL (2014) .^
  17. Kressel (2007). Chapter 2 "Militant Islam: The Present Danger" digital location 868-871.^
  18. Harris (2006). p93.^
  19. Harris (2006). p114-115.^
  20. Bawer (2006) P140-148.. The EUMC report (published 2004) is entitled "Manifestations of Anti-Semitism in the European Union".^
  21. Human Rights Watch (2018). Negative and positive comments have been added to create a score for each country covered in the report.^
  22. Sources:^
  23. Donnelly (2013). Chapter 16 "Nondiscrimination for All: The Case of Sexual Minorities" p278.^
  24. Donnelly (2013). Chapter 16 "Nondiscrimination for All: The Case of Sexual Minorities" p289. According to a 1992 ruling of the Human Rights Committee, which declared that 'it is undisputed that adult consensual sexual activity in private is covered by the concept of privacy' when discussing Article 17 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. See Human Rights Committee, Communication 488/1992, paragraph 8.2.^
  25. Walk Free Foundation (2018) .^
  26. Thomson (1993). p28.^
  27. McCall (1979). p180.^
  28. Thomson (1993). p166.^
  29. Casely-Hayford (2012). p253.^
  30. Thomson (1993). p31.^
  31. Thomson (1993). p199.^
  32. Thomson (1993). p28-29.^
  33. Klein (2004) .^
  34. Walk Free Foundation (2018). p2.^

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