The Human Truth Foundation

Christmas Island (Territory of Christmas Island)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013

Christmas Island
StatusAn external territory of Australia
CapitalThe Settlement (Flying Fish Cove)
Land Area
GroupingsSmall Islands
ISO3166-1 CodesCX, CXR, 1621
Internet Domain.cx2
CurrencyDollar (AUD)3

1. Overview

Named in 1643 for the day of its discovery, the island was annexed and settlement began by the UK in 1888 with the discovery of the island's phosphate deposits. Following the Second World War, Christmas Island came under the jurisdiction of the new British Colony of Singapore. The island existed as a separate Crown colony from 1 January 1958 to 1 October 1958 when its transfer to Australian jurisdiction was finalized. That date is still celebrated on the first Monday in October as Territory Day. Almost two-thirds of the island has been declared a national park.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)5

As a territory of Australia I do not have many specific statistics for this territory in its own right.

2. Religion and Beliefs

The CIA World Factbook states: Buddhist 36%, Muslim 25%, Christian 18%, other 21% (1997)6.


There isn't much information in the database for Christmas Island, most likely because it is either a part of another country (i.e., a territory or possession) and therefore most international statistics are counted for the country as a whole, or, this is such an exotic place that little data exists about it.