The Human Truth Foundation

Which Country in Africa Has the Most Immigrants Or Emigrants?

By Vexen Crabtree 2017

#africa #emigration #immigration #migration #population

Percent of Population
Pos.Immigrants (2017)
%1
Emigrants (2010)
%2
Population (2018)
Population3
1Equatorial Guinea17.5%14.9%1.3m
2Gabon13.8%1.7%2.1m
3Seychelles13.6%14.6%97 096
4Libya12.4%1.7%6.7m
5Djibouti12.1%1.5%1.0m
6Gambia9.8%3.7%2.3m
7Ivory Coast9.0%5.4%25.1m
8Congo, (Brazzaville)7.6%5.6%5.2m
9Botswana7.3%3.2%2.3m
10S. Africa7.1%1.7%57.8m
11S. Sudan6.7%11.0m
12Uganda3.9%2.2%42.7m
13Mauritania3.8%3.5%4.4m
14Namibia3.8%0.7%2.4m
15Burkina Faso3.7%9.7%19.8m
16Togo3.6%5.4%7.9m
17Rwanda3.6%2.6%12.3m
18Chad3.3%2.1%15.5m
19Cape Verde2.8%37.6%0.5m
20Burundi2.8%4.2%11.2m
21Zimbabwe2.4%9.9%14.4m
22Swaziland2.4%13.4%1.1m
23Mauritius2.3%10.9%1.3m
24Benin2.3%5.8%11.5m
25Cameroon2.2%1.4%25.2m
26Kenya2.2%1.1%51.4m
27Angola2.1%2.8%30.8m
28Liberia2.1%10.5%4.8m
29Mali2.1%7.6%19.1m
30Central African Rep.1.9%2.9%4.7m
31Sudan1.8%2.2%41.8m
32Senegal1.7%5.0%15.9m
33Comoros1.5%5.6%0.8m
34Ghana1.4%3.4%29.8m
35Niger1.4%2.4%22.4m
36Malawi1.3%1.4%18.1m
37Sierra Leone1.3%4.6%7.7m
38Guinea-Bissau1.3%6.8%1.9m
39Ethiopia1.2%0.7%109.2m
40Sao Tome & Principe1.1%21.9%0.2m
41Congo, DR1.1%1.3%84.1m
42Guinea1.0%5.2%12.4m
43Zambia0.9%1.4%17.4m
44Tanzania0.9%0.7%56.3m
45Mozambique0.8%5.0%29.5m
46Nigeria0.6%0.6%195.9m
47Algeria0.6%3.4%42.2m
48Tunisia0.5%6.3%11.6m
49Egypt0.5%4.4%98.4m
50Eritrea0.3%18.0%3.5m
51Somalia0.3%8.7%15.0m
52Lesotho0.3%20.5%2.1m
53Morocco0.3%9.3%36.0m
54Madagascar0.1%0.4%26.3m
Africa Avg3.6%6.2%23.6m
q=54.

In 2015, an estimated 30 million Africans lived outside Africa4; their work abroad allows them to send home money to support their families4. This simple economic gesture is powerful enough to slow migration, reduce poverty and prevent some crime throughout the poorest parts of Africa. Internal migration is much greater: The countries in Africa with the highest percent of immigrants in their populations are Equatorial Guinea (17.5%), Gabon (13.8%) and Seychelles (13.6%), although the average for Africa is 4%. And which countries are seeing most people emigrate? Cape Verde (37.6%), Sao Tome & Principe (21.9%) and Lesotho (20.5%), with a continental average of 6% who have crossed a national border to live elsewhere.

Recorded remittances in 2015 were worth over US $65 billion (more than the total foreign aid to Africa) [but the full value is much higher due to informal methods of sending money] Because these remittances go directly to individuals (who tend to spend money on those improvements that benefit them most) without administrative overheads, they often have a greater beneficial impact at the local level than either aid or commercial investment.

"Africa Out to 2045" by DCDC (2016)4