The Human Truth Foundation

Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013



Falkland Islands
Islas Malvinas
StatusDependency (Overseas Territory)
Land Area
LocationSouth America, The Americas
GroupingsSmall Islands
Population3 140 (2014)1
Life Expectancy
ISO3166-1 CodesFK, FLK, 2382
Internet Domain.fk3
CurrencyPound (FKP)4

1. Overview

#argentina #spain #UK

Although first sighted by an English navigator in 1592, the first landing (English) did not occur until almost a century later in 1690, and the first settlement (French) was not established until 1764. The colony was turned over to Spain two years later and the islands have since been the subject of a territorial dispute, first between Britain and Spain, then between Britain and Argentina. The UK asserted its claim to the islands by establishing a naval garrison there in 1833. Argentina invaded the islands on 2 April 1982. The British responded with an expeditionary force that landed seven weeks later and after fierce fighting forced an Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982. With hostilities ended and Argentine forces withdrawn, UK administration resumed. In response to renewed calls from Argentina for Britain to relinquish control of the islands, a referendum was held in March 2013, which resulted in 99.8% of the population voting to remain a part of the UK.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)6

Book CoverControversially fought over but still staunchly British, the Falkland Islands sit isolated in the wild Southern Ocean, home to penguins, waterbirds, a few humans and lots of sheep. Most people associate the Falklands (known as Isla Malvinas in Argentina) with the 1982 war, which saw Britain regain control after an invasion by the Argentine military. These days the islands are a popular stopover for Southern Ocean cruise ships and intrepid wildlife watchers. Bays, inlets, estuaries and beaches create an attractive and tortuous coastline boasting abundant wildlife. These sea islands attract striated and crested caracaras, cormorants, oystercatchers, snowy sheathbills and a plethora of penguins - Magellanic, rockhopper, macaroni, gentoo and king - who share top billing with sea lions, elephant seals, fur seals, five species of dolphin and killer whales.

Stanley, the islands´ capital on East Falkland, is an assemblage of brightly painted metal-clad houses and a good place to throw down a few pints and listen to island lore. Elsewhere in `Camp´ - as the rest of the islands are known - you´re more likely to bump into a sheep or a penguin than a person.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)1

As a territory of the UK I do not have many specific statistics for this territory in its own right.

2. Religion and Beliefs

#buddhism #christianity #hinduism #islam #judaism

Data from the Pew Forum, a professional polling outfit, states that in 2010 the religious makeup of this country was as follows in the table below7:

Folk Religion0.1%

The CIA World Factbook has slightly different data, and states: Christian 67.2%, none 31.5%, other 1.3% (2006 census)8.


Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2017 Jun 21
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#argentina #buddhism #christianity #falkland_islands #hinduism #islam #judaism #spain #UK

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References: (What's this?)

(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Lonely Planet
(2014) The World. Subtitled: "A Traveller's Guide to the Planet". Published by Lonely Planet, London, UK. Each chapter is devoted to a specific country and includes a list of the most interesting places to visit and a few other cultural notes.


  1. Lonely Planet (2014). Chapter "Falkland Islands".^^
  2. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  3. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on^
  4. According to ISO4217.^
  5. According to ITU-T.^
  6. CIA (2013). Https:// accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  7. Pew Forum (2012) publication "The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World´s Major Religious Groups as of 2010" (2012 Dec 18) accessed 2013 May 01.^
  8. CIA (2013). Https:// accessed 2014 Apr 27.^

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