The Human Truth Foundation

French Guiana (Overseas Region of Guiana)

By Vexen Crabtree 2013



French Guiana
Overseas Region of Guiana
StatusProto Dependency (Overseas Region)
Land Area
LocationSouth America, The Americas
Population0.2m (2014)1
Life Expectancy
ISO3166-1 CodesGF, GUF, 2542
Internet Domain.gf3
CurrencyEuro (EUR)4

1. Overview


In the early 21st century, five French overseas entities - French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Reunion - became French regions and were made part of France proper.

CIA's The World Factbook (2013)6

Book CoverA small slice of France in South America, French Guiana is an intriguing colonial outpost with Gallic flavours in a Caribbean climate and tales of hardship from prisons of the past. French Guiana is a tiny country of cleaned-up colonial architecture, eerie prison-camp history and some of the world´s most diverse plant and animal life. It´s a strange mix of French law and rainforest humidity, where only a few destinations along the coast are easily accessed and travel can be frustratingly difficult as well as expensive. As a department of France, it´s one of South America´s wealthiest corners, with funds pouring in to ensure a stable base for the satellite launcher. The capital Cayenne is a crossroads of the Caribbean, South America and Europe, in its architecture and its excellent food from croissants and Creolo dishes to Vietnamese pho.

But not even a European superpower can tame the vast, pristine jungle away from the city – you´ll find potholes in newly paved roads, and ferns sprouting between bricks while Amerindians, Maroons and Hmong refugees live traditional lifestyles so far from la vie Metropole that it´s hard to believe they´re connected at all.

"The World" by Lonely Planet (2014)7

As a territory of France I do not have many specific statistics for this territory in its own right.

Current edition: 2013 May 01
Last Modified: 2017 Jun 21
Parent page: Compare International Statistics by Region and Continent

All #tags used on this page - click for more:

#france #french_guiana

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References: (What's this?)

(2013) World Factbook. The USA Government's Central Intelligence Agency (USA CIA) publishes The World Factbook, and the online version is frequently updated.

Lonely Planet
(2014) The World. Subtitled: "A Traveller's Guide to the Planet". Published by Lonely Planet, London, UK. Each chapter is devoted to a specific country and includes a list of the most interesting places to visit and a few other cultural notes.


  1. Lonely Planet (2014). Chapter "Falkland Islands".^
  2. International Standards Organisation (ISO) standard ISO3166-1, on, accessed 2013 May 01.^
  3. Top level domains (TLDs) are managed by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) on^
  4. According to ISO4217.^
  5. According to ITU-T.^
  6. CIA (2013). Special: accessed 2014 Apr 27.^
  7. Lonely Planet (2014). Chapter "French Guiana".^

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