The Human Truth Foundation

Liberal Values

By Vexen Crabtree 2019


#equality #human_rights #liberalism #politics

Liberal values can be divided into the social, political and economic. Some people may be socially liberal but not an economic liberal; others may be overall liberal, but not when it comes to political structures. (1) Liberal social values are those of fairness and equality1,2,3 without prejudice based on superficial features, the virtues of personal freedom and individuality2,3,4,5,6 (with restrictions against harming others7,2), generosity8, The acceptance of Human Rights2,3,9,10, open-mindedness8,11, rationality12 and reason13, secularism (giving no religious group special preference)10,14 and the worth of a social security net with guaranteed access to health services and education9. (2) Liberal political values include a government limited by constitutional boundaries15,16,17, that represents all of its people15 without giving preference to a particular religious, economic, racial or social group, that justice requires that all people are subject to the same rule of law18,19, and that governmental power isn't centralized into individual hands without checks and balances (the separation of powers)16. (3) Liberal economic values are those of free trade9,20, tempered by protections against irresponsibility and abuse.

1. The Social Values of Liberalism

#equality #freedom #human_rights #justice #liberalism #morality #UK


2. The Political Values of Liberalism

#democracy #liberalism #politics

Liberalism does not automatically require a democratic structure around it17, however, no other system of governance has engendered and supported consistent liberalism10. The very meaning of "democracy" has now come to imply a range of liberal values10.

3. The Economic Values of Liberalism

#economics #liberalism

Current edition: 2019 Jan 27
Parent page: The Human Truth Foundation

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#democracy #economics #equality #freedom #human_rights #justice #liberalism #morality #politics #UK

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References: (What's this?)

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Book Cover

Book Cover

Book Cover

Book Cover

Copson, Andrew
(2017) Secularism politics, religion, and freedom. An e-book.

Donnelly, Jack
(2013) Universal Human Rights in Theory and Practice. 3rd edition. Published by Cornell University Press.

Emmott, Bill
(2017) The Fate of the West. Subtitled: "The Battle to Save the World´s Most Successful Political Idea". Published by The Economist via Profile Books, London, UK. An e-book.

Heywood, Andrew
(2003) Political Ideologies. 3rd edition. Originally published 1992. Current version published by Palgrave MacMillan. A paperback book.

House of Commons (UK Government)
(2018) Disinformation and 'fake news´: Interim Report. Published by House of Commons (UK Government). Fifth Report of Session 2017–19 together with formal minutes relating to the report. Ordered by the House of Commons to be printed 24 July 2018. A briefing paper.

Russell, Bertrand. (1872-1970)
(1946) History of Western Philosophy. 2000 edition. Published by Routledge, London, UK. A paperback book.

Zakaria, Fareed
(2003) The Future of Freedom. Subtitled: "Illiberal Democracy at Home and Abroad". Published by W.W. Norton & Company, New York, USA. A hardback book.


  1. Emmott (2017). Chapter "Introduction" digital location 90.^^
  2. Donnelly (2013). Chapter 4 "Equal Concern and Respect" p64-69.^^
  3. The Liberal Democrats Constitution on (dated 2018 Sep, accessed 2019 Jan 29).^^
  4. Heywood (2003). p10.^^
  5. Russell (1946). Chapter "Introduction" p22.^^
  6. Emmott (2017). Chapter "Introduction" digital location 86.^^
  7. House of Commons (2018). Para85. Rt Hon Matt Hancock MP describes the liberal value of "supporting and cherishing... freedom but not the freedom to harm others".^^
  8. Heywood (2003). p25.^^
  9. Heywood (2003). p27.^^^
  10. Zakaria (2003). Chapter "Introduction" p17.^^^
  11. Emmott (2017). Chapter 1 "Let battle commence" digital location 213.^^
  12. Russell (1946). Chapter "Introduction" p21-22.^^
  13. Heywood (2003). p28.^^
  14. Copson (2017). Chapter 6 "Conceptions of Secularism" digital location 1399.^^
  15. Heywood (2003). p4.^^
  16. Zakaria (2003). Chapter "Introduction" p17,20.^^
  17. Donnelly (2013). p224.^^
  18. Heywood (2003). p39-40.^^
  19. Zakaria (2003). Chapter "Introduction" p20.^^
  20. Russell (1946). p479.^^
  21. Zakaria (2003). Chapter 3 "Illiberal Democracy" p105. The authors says "Unchecked centralization has been the enemy of liberal democracy".^
  22. Heywood (2003). p26.^
  23. Zakaria (2003). Chapter 1 "A Brief History of Human Liberty" p44.^
  24. Heywood (2003). p54-55.^
  25. Emmott (2017). Chapter "Introduction" digital location 79.^

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